Letter from John Rizzo, CIA, to Patrick Philbin, OLC, forwarding the July 13, 2002 OLC memo on the elements of the crime of torture

<p>This letter from Rizzo, Acting General Counsel, to Philbin forwards a copy of John Yoo's memo of July 13, 2002 addressing &quot;what is necessary to establish the crime of torture.&quot;&nbsp;[OLC Vaughn Index #49]</p>

Legal Memo
Tuesday, June 22, 2004
Sunday, August 23, 2009

\\r,.‘‘'\\ • \\\*\ THIS IS A COVER SHEET FOR CL,SSIFIED INFORMATION ALL INDIVIDUALS HANDLINGIMIS INFORMATION ARE REQUIRED n) PKTTECT ff FROM UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE N THE NTEREST OF THE NATIONAL SECURITY OF THE UNITED STATE& HANDLING, STORAGE, REPRODUCTION AND OK'sTORRION OF THP ATTACHED DOCUMENT MUST BE ACCORDANCE WITH ApptiCABLE EXECunvEO news), STATUTE(S) AND AGENCY IMPLEMENTING RaWLATIONS.- IThi:stomsfu.,st is tinclassilimil N T64-16 ; IIVANDAt-ID nnti 104 ;*-ul ?•3%' 756:::),11$••213••7* .,=.4t...ti:msi 4 1-':SAA•&.00 • \\"\\\.• \.‘.\\.-.k,`•:,\\ .\••• \ •..\\\\•\`‘.\ Central Intelligence Agency Office of General Counsel Washington, DX. 20505 Date: 06/22A4 To: Patrick Philbln Organization: Department of JusticePlume: Far: L From: John A. Rizzo Organization: Office of en ral Counsel Number of Pages (Including Cover) 4 Comments: •,..c..e.kmm..A iQN VT4V if NI° •475.4..t 71' JUSTICE COMMAND CENTER F., VER. SHES:T PRECEECE: IMO) FOR MRLINITY HOMS IMMSDIAI*CIAGDYT -NOTIFY ADDRESStg' UPON ItECEIPT CON1Acr EISITCE COUPLOID CM3ErtVOICC g ru.ur egt.x4 C UNCLASEIFIED FAX:C 3 tefortivr.s.xctrk CLASSIFICkTION JCC MSG CONTROIS ". rt St 5. • : Er"4,&-4:4:3.1 .& Department of Justice Office of Legal Cousel oeim eft N-Re4..,....etAeatoyemeoll John RI= Ac General-Com-al Central IWE-oo= Agency Wash:imp/1, ac ­ 2osos Dear Ntr, Pais lefter itr rezponse to your inquiry a ow area todaY but what to nonessaty toe4reWial themime of torture, a5 sat .fmoil in 18 U,S.0 . 1140 et &eq. The rdernews ofa,the crime a tortum (I) the tortOle moun-,ed outside the United Stiteg; ( 24.-- the &and= aettel uhder the. co !or o f (3) the victim was within ihe dolmicartes oustridy or physical control; (4) the defendant ,pecifitally intended to taut aevere mental or physleal pain or tatiTeeinc. and (3) the ad iasillioted seveJse mental or ph stoat pain or sareriag, See is §23.­ 4001"id, C23,40, With-rmeot twax, ,Ilental pain or twaring .prolongeti mental ha nn mad be. estebbbecl. v.Ionged mews! ktrm mut result from one of the Nhswing am& intentional inflindon tin -tatened litflioiWn sevare . physical pin or sefering; Arintioistation or application of or thrvateuedadministnuion. or application of mind-altering drags or other pmeedurea designed to profoundly disrupt the se rum or personnlb,'T, threat of imminent death; or tiveatening to subject -ivothar lwrson to inirninent c.;etttli, sevaraphyeitat pain or S13.ffattlf or the athninitntion or epplication of alio&&luring $14bgenoov or otherprotodunts to din:mg protemully the te.11:%+.1 or pasonality.See II? 1340(4. Moros vm lo establish that an individual hes ACIrd With to =4"\MC;ifiO itftitt to intlia seven mental o pain r sufferha z. an individual must ne t with apecif lo i ntent, i.e., wit the exp h reas purpoae, tf oausingproi ongedsnental harm in order for the tuo of aby thrptvilleare am to- constittm tenure,Spenifto intent can bo negated by a slimving .‹...rf pod failth„ Thus; egg it divida4 umitetook ta.ky of the predicate ants for severarnootel . pin or suffering, boi did so in ehe good faith holieSthatthore acts would notthe primer prolonged meritd helm,. he would not }lave acted with the specific intent necessary establs-h torture, If„ for example, effOIrs were made to determine what long4ean irnpaci, if auy, specific conduct would hve wid it Iwszta karoed thet the condua would not rteult in pTolonge-d montalbern­ a, any gotiori5 tMdertAcm xelyizz on that advioe would have. be undemktia in good fait_ Due rattyenet. to rneettiti SMACtatif might include such actions in sztrytrvingprofesionalliterature, consulting with experts, or evidence gained from put i2%xpi.4'shOc, 1 00 As you know, our office is in the course of finalizing a more detailed memorandum opinion analyzing section 2340. We look forward to working with you as we finish_ that project. Please contact me or Jennifer Koester if you have any further questions. S' cerely. J Yoo puty Assistant Attorney General 0000 :3 SKRET