Emails between Army Officers re: Training for Treatment of Detainees

These emails concern the updating of the Army training on how the Army conducts detainee operations. The emails cover several proposals, both long and short term, and make reference to the Army battalion participating in peace enforcement operations in Kosovo from September 1999 to March 2000. Large portions of the email text is redacted.

Thursday, August 19, 2004
Tuesday, February 14, 2006

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Ori inal Messa e {
From: Mr HQDA DCS G-3/SY Tech []
Sent: ues a Au ust 17, 2004 4:13 PM
To: G3
Cc• TC HQDA DCS G-3• { LTC HQDA Army G-3

• Subject: Hearing Tasker 21 - 22 July 2004 SASC on the DAIG eport on Deten tion Operation Doctrine and

ifilitan you help with these questions? I just need any related information you can provide (like how you update pre-deployment training requirements or use CALL lessons learned databases). I will format it properly here.
Background. The A/SA, CSA, & TIG testified on 22 July 2004 before the SASC on the Inspector General's Report on Detention Operation Doctrine and Training. There are 2 inserts for the record and 12 questions (attached) for the record for this hearing. I need FORSCOM help with questions 8, 9, and 10. Specifically, ...
8. Secretary Brownlee and General Schoomaker, I recall press reports of detainee abuse involving an Army battalion participating in peace enforcement operations in Kosovo from September 1999 to March 2000. Apparently soldiers and some leaders of this battalion were involved in misconduct and abuses of authority including unauthorized interrogations, inappropriate handling of females, threatening detainees with the use of weapons, and, although not a detainee incident, one soldier committed a rape and murder. Investigations by the Army suggested that the chain of command failed to appropriately train the unit for a peacekeeping mission, exceeded their authority in aggressively favoring one faction over another, and tolerated misconduct by members of the unit. According to investigators, the battalion's command climate fostered actions by troops that, "violated the limits and terms of their military assignments by intimidating, interrogating, abusing, and beating Albanians."
Detainee abuse in Iraq and Afghanistan echoes the incidents reported in Kosovo, with the clear exception of the more dangerous and stressful conditions of combat versus peace enforcement operations. This begs questions, however, about how the Army may have used the lessons of Kosovo and will use the lessons of Iraq and Afghanistan to better prepare leaders and soldiers for the realities of military operations today and tomorrow.
Press reports at the time of the Kosovo situation indicate that the Army ordered detainee treatment training for U.
S. based units. Can you determine if this training specifically used the incidents in Kosovo as an
illustration of what soldiers should not do and what leaders should not allow to happen? (G3-37/TR)

Secretary Brownlee

General Schoomaker

9. Secretary Brownlee and General Schoomaker, if specific examples were not used, can you explain why not? ? (G3-37/TR)
Secretary Brownlee

General Schoomaker

10. Secretary Brownlee and General Schoomaker, was the detainee treatment training directed by the Army
in 2000 integrated into long-term Army training requirements and plans? If not, why not? ? (G3-37/TR)


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Secretary Brownlee

General Schoomaker

Chief of raining,g, RSCOM
404 DSN 367)
nipr: forscom.arm .mil

Ori final Messa e
From: C HQDA DCS G-3 [mailt ]
Sent: W nesday, Au ust 18, 2004 8:10 AM
Cc: LTC, G3
Su Jett: Detainee Ops @ the CTCs

Need your assistance on this tasker. The DAS is requesting update on training at our CTCs on how we are conducting Detainee Ops training. The DAS office will use this info to inform the senior civilian and military leadership on Army Training in detainee ops. Please forward down to the Ops Grp and have them look at Questions d.and e. Use the example format attached. Let me know if you have any questions.
PIs assist CTCD on this tasker if you have any info available.

Suspense: 201400AUG04
«Detainee Ops Tng.tif

CTC Program Chief
Army Director of Training

(703) 692.1111.
DSN 2211111111

DATE: 12 Aug 04 SUBJECT: DAS update on Detainee Operations Training Information. ACTION OFFICE(S): G3 TR SUSPENSE DATE:.20 Aug 04 REMARKS:
The Director of the Army Staff is requesting update of training information from TRADOC and FORSCOM in improving Detainee Operations. The DAS office will use this information to inform senior civilian and military leadership on Army training in detainee operations.

DAS office requests update to Information paper, "Short-term Improvements in Detainee
Training", dated 4 May 04, DAMO-TRC. Information paper attached.

Request following information in update:

Institutional training: Any specific numbers of soldiers trained I courses that have
incorporated updated Detainee training? Any specifics on changes to POI, hours and courses

Theater Support: How many MP/MI MTTs have been sent to theater to train in
Internment/Resettlement or Detainee Ops?

Theater Support: Any additional speOifics on MP/MI MTTs that conducted training in support of CENTCOM- Make-up, Deployment dates, Units trained in theater, tasks trained on, Redeployment dates (Info paper has Jul 04)?

d. CTC Support: Specific information on Detainee Operations training at Combat
Training Centers- Number of rotations that received updated training and at which CTCs?
e. CTC Support: Any information on number of units trained using improved training procedures? Were any units RC? Were any units deploying to OIF 2 and OIF 3?
4. S: for information to HQDA G3 is Friday 20 Aug 04.
(1 ) Information Paper, 'Short-Term Improvements in Detainee training", DAMO-TRC, 4 May 04


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Information Paper
4 May 2004
SUBJECT: Short-term Improvements in Detainee Training
1. Question; What's been done to improve training of Military Police at EPW Camps and Military Intelligence personnel on interrogation procedures?
The Army is improving Military Police training by:

Retraining MP soldiers (31B) to serve as correctional specialists (31E)

Incorporating 01F/OEF lessons learned into MP school curriculum

Executing a correctional specialists course at its Guantanamo Bay facility

Deployed mobile MP training teams to our Combat Training Centers to inculcate OIF/OEF detainee lessons learned

The Army is improving Military Intelligence interrogation procedures by:

Increasing MI soldier training on interrogation procedures

Created a mobile training team to teach tactical questioning

Requiring reserve component MI soldiers to mobilize at Fort Huachuca, enabling them to receive the latest instruction on tactical questioning

c. The Army is improving both training of Military Police at EPW Camps and Military Intelligence personnel on interrogation procedures at our Combat Training Centers by:

Incorporating brigade level detainee holding areas into the tactical scenarios

Increasing observer/controller evaluations of CTC detainee training operations

Some of these improvements were initiated for the later deploying OIF 2 units and will be fully implemented for all OIF 3 deploying units.

DAMO-TRC SUBJECT: Short-term Improvements in Detainee Training
2. Question: What is the standard military training for the treatment of prisoners?

Initially trained in Army basic entry courses for Soldiers and officers, this training includes:

¦ One hour block of instruction on the Law of Land Warfare
• Seventeen hours of instruction on Army Values (including respect for others and integrity)

Army Regulation 350-1 requires refresher training in the Law of Land Warfare, including humane treatment of enemy prisoners, as determined by the commander

Refresher training is used to reinforce previously acquired knowledge

Commanders determine the frequency of refresher training based on assessment of individual and unit proficiency, normally conducted on an annual basis

Normally a one hour block of instruction

This training is now conducted by FORSCOM at all CRC sites for mobilized Soldiers

3. Question: What training is the Army conducting for soldiers executing detainee operations in theater?

The Army deployed a mobile training team to conduct refresher training

Included in the refresher training are blocks of instruction on Geneva Conventions focusing on humane treatment of detainees, international agreements and regulations relating to detainees, and Muslim cultural awareness

Mobile training team provides the instruction to all soldiers executing detainee operations at the Corps level and above

Mobile training team began operations on 28 MAR 04 and is scheduled to complete the training mission by the end of JUL 04.

PREPARED BY:11/1.703-69411111. APPROVED BY: BG Weber