Email between Army Officers re: Information Paper on Detainee Operations at Abu Ghraib Prison

Email concerning Detainee Operations at Abu Ghraib prison before and after May 2004. This email contains information, chronology and talking points in response to a 60 Minutes report on detainee abuse at Abu Ghraib prison.

Doc_type: 
Email
Doc_date: 
Tuesday, August 24, 2004
Doc_rel_date: 
Tuesday, March 22, 2005
Doc_text: 

"
From: LTC G3 Sent: 24,20045:16 PM To: PT -G3 AXO Cc: LTCG3;.....TC-G3 Subject: Aug
Detainee Ops 24
Aug,doc

Made the corrections .. thanks
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001080
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INFORMATION PAPER
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AFOP-TRO 1:164-6303

ugust 2004
ISSUE: Detainee Operations before and after May 200460 Minutes broadcast on Abu Ghraib
FORseOM G3 training was asked to provide information on actions taken in response to the detainee abuse situation before and after 4 May.
Sequence of events

Sometime prior to 31 March: USAMPS deploys a Mobile Training Team to Iraq to provide training on detainee operations, and develop a training support package for use in preparing soldiers for deployment. FORSeOM Provost Marshal contributes one team member.


4 May -10 May: FORSeOM G3 Training is asked to answer training questions related to the 800th Military Police Brigade.


11 May: Hard copy of the USAMPS in theater detainee operations training received. Followed by electronic copy 12 May.


14 May: Email from TRADOe indicates that MP and MI schoolsare working a scrub of their doctrine.

• 15 May: LTG McKiernan white paper on detainee operations training is received.


17 May: FORSeOM completes draft training guidance for units performing detainee operations training and missions at detention facilities. This training guidance is reviewed and adjusted by eOL(P) Terry on 18 May .


7 Jun: FORSeOM publishes training guidance for all units that will be performing detainee operations missions and missions at detention facilities.

• 15 Jun: USAMPS completes the detainee operations training support package .


22 Jun: Detainee ops training support package is available on Army Knowledge Online.

001081

ISSUE: Detainee Operations before and after May 200460 Minutes broadcast on Abu
Ghraib

Actions prior to 4 May 04.

FORSCOM provided combat arms, combat support, and combat service support forces
to engage in major hostilities. FORSCOM training guidance required units to be
proficient in tasks essential to their mission. Individuals are trained on Rules of
Engagement and Rules for the Use of Force.

Actions after 4 May 04.
FORSCOM responds to pre-mobilization and post mobilization training questions
concerning several Military Police units mobilized and deployed for Operation Iraqi
Freedom.

FORSCOM is aware of the developing situation regarding alleged detainee abuse at
Abu Ghraib, and some of the actions being taken by Training and Doctrine Command
and the combatant commander chain of command to assess the situation, define the
problem, and make recommendations. FORSCOM starts revisions of training guidance
in response to initial TRADOC documentation and LTG McKiernan paper with training
recommendations.

General training guidance is changed as follows:

• All deploying units and headquarters will conduct or receive Law of War and Code of Conduct training supported by a Judge Advocate where feasible, Active Component units will perform this training within 60 days prior to deployment. Reserve Component units will conduct this training at the mob station. Training will stress ­
o The Geneva Conventions with specific emphasis on the Geneva Convention relative to the treatment of civilian persons in time of war;

o The basic principles of humane treatment and prohibited acts outlined in AR 190-8, paragraph 1-5b and c, for any captured or detained person, which includes those captured individuals suspected of being unlawful combatants; and

o The importance of immediately reporting all suspected Law of War violations to the chain of command.


All individuals receive training on ­

o The Law of War (Geneva Convention) briefing

o Army Values Briefing

o Comply with the Law of War and the Geneva and Hague Conventions


All leaders receive training on ­

o Enforce the Law of War and the Geneva and Hague Conventions

o Supervise the Handling of Enemy Personnel and Equipment at the Squad level

Specific training guidance is published for units performing internment and detainment operations based on initial training tasks identified by TRADOC and LTG McKiernan's white paper.
2
001082
DODDOA 026496
ISSUE: Detainee Operations before and after May 2004 60 Minutes broadcast on Abu Ghraib
Specific questions
6. Provide unit training exercises that existed to train detainee operations and establish links between MP and MI units. Has training expanded to incorporate lessons learned from OIF and Bosnia:

Before and after 4 May: For units deploying as part of a brigade or division, the mission rehearsal exercise and staff exercises provide a training event where all elements work in concert. For echelons above division (EAD) and echelons above corps (EAC) units, no standard mission rehearsal exercise with other units is conducted.


After 4 May: Individual, leader, and collective training has changed in response to lessons learned in OIF. Training has not been changed in response to lessons learned in Bosnia.

9. What training has been incorporated into our MP/MI schools to prepare soldiers/leaders for detainee operations?
• This question can be answered by Training and Doctrine Command.
10. What training existed to prepare soldiers to report detainee abuse and use of the ethical decision making process when dealing with different categories of detainees? How has this training changed?

Before 4 May: Units were required to be trained and proficient in their mission essential tasks. FORSCOM OIF/OEF Training guidance did not explicitly address training tasks related to preparing soldiers to report detainee abuse or using the ethical decision making process, but all reserve and active component units are required to conduct Law of War and other mandatory briefings annually. No training was specifically directed in the OIF training guidance on differences in categories of detainees.


After 4 May: Units are required to be trained and proficient in their mission essential tasks. FORSCOM OIF/OEF training guidance was changed to incorporate specific training for all individuals on the Law of War, the Geneva and Hague Conventions, and reporting violations of the Law of War. Leaders are trained on supervising the handling of enemy personnel and equipment at the squad level and enforcing compliance with the Geneva and Hague Conventions.

3 001083

I()] 7
DODDOA 026497
BT UNCLAS
SUBJ/TRAINING GUIDANCE FOR UNITS PERFORMING INTERNMENTIDET AINMENT OPERATIONS ISO OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOMI/
RMKS/
1.
PURPOSE. THIS MESSAGE PROVIDES TRAINING GUIDANCE FOR ALL UNITS PERFORMING INTERNMENT AND DETAINMENT OPERATIONS IN SUPPORT OF OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM.

2.
THEATER SPECIFIC INDIVIDUAL TRAINING. SEE FORSCOM OIF TRAINING GUIDANCE CHANGE 3.

3.
THEATER SPECIFIC LEADER TRAINING. SEE FORSCOM OIF TRAINING GUIDANCE CHANGE 3.

4.
GENERAL COLLECTIVE COMPETENCIES. UNITS SHOULD BE TRAINED TO A " P" IN COMPETENCIES THAT ARE GENERAL IN NATURE AND INHERENT IN A UNITS NORMAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES. THESE INCLUDE:

4.A. THEATER SPECIFIC INTERNMENT AND DETAINEE OPERATIONS COLLECTIVE TASKS.
4.A.I. INTRODUCTION TO DETAINEE OPERATIONS (OIF DETAINEE DEFINITIONS)
4.A.2. COMMUNICATE WITH DETAINEES (MUSLIM CULTURAL AWARENESS)
4.A.3. GENEVA CONVENTIONS (HUMANE TREATMENT OF DETAINEES)
4.A.4. STRESS MANAGEMENT
4.A.5. HIV!UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS WITHIN DETAINEE OPERATIONS
4.A.6. USE OF FORCE FOR DETAINEE AND INTERROGA TION OPERATIONS DROEIIROE)
4.A.7. DETAINEE FRISK, UNDRESS, CELL AND AREA SEARCH PROCEDURES
4.A.8. RESTRAINT PROCEDURES FOR DETAINEES
4.A.9. PERSONAL SAFETY AWARENESS 4.A.1O. REACT TO A PHYSICAL ATTACK USING UNARMED SELF DEFENSE TECHNIQUES
4.A.II. FORCED CELL MOVE (FCM) PROCEDURES
4.A.12. RESPOND TO A BOMB THREAT AND/OR A BOMB WITHIN DETAINEE OPERATIONS
4.A.13. EMERGENCY ACTIONS FOR FIRE, ESCAPES AND DISORDERS WITHIN DETAINEE FACILITIES
4.A.14. CELL BLOCK OPERATIONS WITHIN A DETAINEE CAMP
4.A.15. ACCOUNTABILITY PROCEDURES
4.A.16. PERFORM SECURITY AND CONTROL ACTIVITIES WITHIN DETAINEE OPERATIONS
4.A.17. SPECIAL HOUSING UNIT (SHU) / SEGREGATION OPERATIONS
4.A.18. MAIN GATE/SALLY PORT OPERATIONS
4.A.19. VISITATION PROCEDURES
4.A.20. BIOMETRIC AUTOMATED TOOLSET SYSTEM (BATS) AND NA TIONAL DETAINEE
REPORTING SYSTEM (NDRS)

4.A.21. CAPABILITIES AND LIMITATIONS OF THE INTERROGATION
4.A.22. SUPPORT RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN MILITARY POLICE AND MILITARY
INTELLIGENCE IN DETAINEE OEPRA TIONS

4.A.23. HUMANE TREATMENT OF DETAINEES
4.A.24. INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS AND REGULATIONS RELATING TO DETAINEES
4.A.25. INTEGRATION OF PROCEDURES FOR EV ACUA TION, CONTROL, AND
ADMINISTRATION OF DETAINEES

4.A.26. ESCORT PROCEDURES WITHIN DETAINEE OPERATIONS
4.A.27. NON-LETHAL WEAPONS CAPABILITIES DURING DISORDERS/DISTURBANCES
WITHIN DETAINEE OPERATIONS

!03r

4.B. TRAINING SUPPORT: THE US ARMY MP SCHOOL AT FORT LEONARD WOOD IS PREPARING A TRAINING SUPPORT PACKAGE THAT WILL BE USED BY ALL TRAINERS FOR PRE-DEPLOYMENT TRAINING.
5. FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACTFORSCOM G3 TRAINING, LTcfi ijlDSN 367"'ORCP~DSN__"
/~31
001085

Doc_nid: 
2779
Doc_type_num: 
67