DOD Questionnaire: Questions for Soldiers on Detainee Treatment and Rules of Engagement

DoD Questionnaire: Questions for soldiers concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter.

Friday, March 24, 2006
Sunday, October 30, 2005

Rank -51C" Branch Liq'.Date: 2V 414A-A, Unit 3/r d / ri-Duty Position L ,L) y .How Long in Job.C Or as-z--.± /1
How Long in Country 6 4e_ 71-4Interviewer .
What references/standards/publications/SOPS do you use to conduct
interrogation Operations? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 41) ,

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What training have you received to ensure your knowledge of DO is IAW the
provisions under the Geneva Convention? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 4.1)

Did your unit undergo Level B Law of War training prior to deployment?
Explain what training occurred. Is there a plan to train new Soldiers

(replacements) to the unit? Did this training include the treatment of Detainees? Explain. (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1
What training did you unit receive on the established Rules of Engagement
(ROE)? How often does this occur? Does this training include Rules of.

Interaction (R01)?, (1.4, 4.1)L
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What is the procedure on how to identify a detainee who may have
intelligence information? Who performs this procedure? Are MPs involved in the
decision-making? Are PIRs used as a basis for the identification of detainees of
(1.1, 1.2, 2.1
interest, personality lists used, etc?
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What is the Rules of Engagement (ROE)/Rules of Interaction (ROI) when interrogating a detainee? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6)
What is the maximum amount of time allowed a detainee could be6.
interrogated during one session? Where is this standard located? (local SOP??) (1.1, 12, 4.1) ,
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What is the procedure in determining how long to hold a detainee at this level
for interrogation once he refuses to ooperate? (1.1, 1.2)

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How many people are authorized to be present in the room when8.
interrogating/screening a detainee? Under what circumstances are you required
and authorized to have more peo • le? (1.7)
9. Who may allow an interrogator to question a detainee if he is wounded or
sick? (Medical personnel) (1.1, 1.2, 4.1

10.What types of restraining devices are authorized on the detainee during the
interrogation? What type and/or amount of physical constraints are interrogators
(No standard to
authorized to place on an unruly detainee during interrogation?

2nd question, only when you are threatened or feel your life is in danger
(1.1, 1.2, 4.1)

should an interrogator physically constrain a detainee)
11. Where are your screening sites located (where detainees are interrogated
and screened)? Are these facilities adequate for your needs? Do you have
enough interrogators for your operation needs? What are your personnel
shortfalls? (1.1, 1.2, 1.7,1.8

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12.Are you receiving sufficient information from the capture paperwork to properly conduct screenings and interrogations? Are the current requirements for documentation of a captured person sufficient or excessive? Did the changes in procedures as far as documenting captured person improve your ability to gather intelligence? (1.1, 1.2, 2.2, 4.1)
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13. What are the procedures for the transfer of custody of Detainees from the MP/Guard personnel to Military Intelligence personnel? When the detainee is returned to the guard force, what procedures occur? (what info is passed on to the Guard Force (type of reward?)...observation report, paper trail audit)
(1.1,1.2, , .1 -
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4.Are the personal effects of a detainee released to the interrogator or is the interrogator allowed to examine the items? DOCUMENT HAN9LING (1.1, 1.2)
15. How are translators/linguists used during the screening/interrogation process? Do you trust the interpreter? How are MPs/Guards used during this process?(1.1, 1.2, 1.7, 2.1)
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16. What is your perception of the co act interrog ors training and capabilities to conduct proper interrogations of etainees? (N standard for perception)
17.What do you perceive to be doctrinal shortcomings pertaining to Interrogation Operations? How would you fix/incorporate into updated doctrine/accomplish differently? How about Force Structure to ensure Interrogation Operations can be successfully accomplished? What are the shortcomings and how do we fix the problem at the Army-level? (1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 4.1)
I • • u kn•of the procedures to get stress counseling (Psychiatrist,
? Do your Soldiers know of the procedures to get counseling
Chaplain, edica ( syc iatrist, haplain, Medical)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 2.1, 4.1) CfrC
19.What is considered abuse to a detainee during interrogation? (1.1, 1.2)
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report abuse or suspected abuse of20. Are you aware of your requirement to detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or
become aware of a Detainee being abused? {1.2, 1.6, 4.1)

What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of alleged Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1

Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse outside Command channels (IG, CID) (1.6, 4.1


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24.What procedures do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (IG, CID, Next Level Commander) (1.2 1.6, 4.1) oo t
25. What procedures are in place for Detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
27. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance
(Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude
of your role in that mission.
concerning unit mission and their role).
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28. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in
Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7)
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29. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or
(Identifies Soldier's perception of the
evolved since you have been in Theater?
chain of coTrnand and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel the Commayld cares? Are they getting clear guidance?) tea`
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30. Are you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit?
ADVISEMENT OF RIGHTS (For military personnel)
The text of Article 31 provides as follows a. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to incriminate himself or to answer any questions the answer to which may tend to incriminate him. b. No person subject to this chapter may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing him of the nature of the accusation and advising him that he does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which he is accused or suspected, and that any statement made by him may be used as evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. c. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military tribunal if the statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade him. d. No statement obtained from any person in violation of this article, or through the use of coercion, unlawful influence, or unlawful inducement, may be received in evidence against him in a trial by court-
martial. (1.2, 1 6)
(grade, if any, and name), a member of the (DAIG). I am part of
I am
a team inspecting detainee operations, this is not a criminal investigation. I
me to
am reading you your rights because of a statement you mad s
. (specify
suspect that you may have committed
offense, i.e. aggravated assault, assault, murder). Under Article 31, you
have the right to remain silent, that is, say nothing at all. Any statement
you make, oral or written, may be used as evidence against you in a trial by
courts-martial or in other judicial or administrative proceedings. You have
the right to consult a lawyer and to have a lawyer present during this
interview. You have the right to military legal counsel free of charge. In
addition to military counsel, you are entitled to civilian counsel of your own
choosing, at your own expense. You may request a lawyer at any time
during this interview. If you decide to answer questions, you may stop the
questioning at any time. Do you understand your rights? Do you want a
lawyer? (If the answer is yes, cease all questions at this point). Are you

willing to answer questions?
Describe what you understand happened leading up to and during the incident(s) of abuse. (No applicable standard)

Describe Soldier morale, feelings and emotional state prior to and after these incidents? (Identifies unit and Soldier morale, atmosphere, mood, attitude, stress,

retaliation, preemption, family crisis)
33. Was this incident reported to the chain of command? How, when & what was
(Identifies compliance, procedure, timeliness,
done? What would you have done?
(1.2, 1.6)
Soldier perception of action taken and effect on unit morale.)
How could the incident have been prevented? (Identifies root cause and
perceived solution) (No applicable standard)

Describe any unit training or other programs that you are aware of that teach leaders and Soldiers how to recognize and resolve combat stress.

36. What measures are in place to boost morale or to relieve stress?
perceived solution
37. What measures could the command enact to improve the morale and command climate of your unit? (Identifies perceived solution.)