DOD Questionnaire: Questions for Soldiers on Detainee Treatment and Rules of Engagement

DoD Questionnaire: Questions for soldiers concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter.

Wednesday, March 24, 2004
Friday, July 29, 2005

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1. How did you prepare yoyrs 1' and your Soldiers to become familiar with and
understand the applicable

eg lations, OPORD/FRAGOs directives, international
laws and administrative

ocedures to operate an I/R facility or Collection Point?
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1)

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2. Did you and all of your Soldiers undergo Law of War training prior to
deployment? Explain what training occurred. What is your plan to train new
Soldiers (replacements) to the unit? Did this training include the treatment of
Detainees? Explain. (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1)

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What policies/procedures does your unit have in place to support the U. S. policy relative to the humane treatment of Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
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Does your unit have a formal training program for the care and control of Detainees? Describe what it includes. (For Permanent Internment Facilitiesonly) (1.1, 1.2, 1.4)
5. What training did your unit receive on the established Rules of Engagement
(ROE)? How often does this occur? Does this training include Rules of Interactidn (R01)? (1.4, 4.1)
6. What procedures do you have in place to ensure Soldiers understand the use of force and rules of engagement for the interment facility/collection point? What guidance or policies do you have to ensure fraternization is not taking place between
U.S military personnel Ed the detRinees? (1.1, 1 , 1 4,1.6, 4.1A
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Describe the training the guard force received to prepare them for their duties (5Ss . & T)) How does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee Operations in Theater? How often does this occur and please describe it? When did your unit last
conduct this training? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1
7. What Home Station/Mob Site Training did your unit conduct prior to deployment to help your unit prepare for Detainee Operations? Describe it. How did the training prepare you to conduct Detainee Operations for this deployment? What are your unit's strengths and weaknesses? How did this training distinguish between the different categories of Detainees (EPWs, RPs, Cis, etc.)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1)
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Describe the training you received during your last Military Institutional School
(BNCOC/ANCOC) in handling/processing Detainees. How was it helpful in preparing you for Detainee Operations? How would you improve the training at the
schoolhouse? (1.1 , 1.4) INCD-1 ol4e)
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What are some of the basic operations of the collection point/internment facility?
Is there a copy of the Geneva Convention posted in the detainee's home
language within these camps? Are camps segregating Detainees by
nationality, language, rank, and sex? How are captured Medical personnel and
Chaplains being used in the camps? What provisions are in place for the
receipt and distribution of Detainee correspondence/mail? Are the daily food

• rations sufficient in quantity or quality and variety to keep detainees in good health? Are personal hygiene items and needed clothing being supplied to the Detainees? Are the conditions within the camp sanitary enough to ensure a clean and healthy environment free from disease and epidemics? Is there an
infirmary located within the camp? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
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What control measures are your unit using to maintain discipline and security in

the collection point/internment facility? (1.1, 1.2,
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11. What procedures are in place to account for and dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipment? What procedures are in place to process personnel,
equipment, and evidenc, 1.2, 4.1)
(a) What is your ratio of guards to detainees in your collection point/internment . facility? Is this ratio the proper mix for you to perform your mission? If not, what are the shortfalls? Why are their shortfalls? How do these shortfalls impact your mission? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 3.1, 4.1

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12. How are you organized to handle the different categories of personnel (EPW, CI, OD, females, juveniles and refugees)? Do you maintain a separate site for sick or
• wounded Detainees? If so where is it and how does your unit maintain the security and safeguarding of Detaicnz ther ? ( .1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 3.1)
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(a) What is the number of personnel needed to escort prisoners internally and
externally? (i.e. for medical, evacuation, etc.)? (1.1, 1.7)

What are the procedures for transporting and evacuating detainees? What are the procedures for transferring Detainees from the collection points to US Military controlled detention facilities? How is the transfer of Detainees handled between different services? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
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13. What are the procedures for the transfer of custody of Detainees from the collection points/internment facility to Military Intelligence/OGA personnel? When the
detainee is returned to the guard force, what procedures occur with the detainee?
(in processing, medical screening, suicide watch, observation report DD Form 2713?, etc) (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
14. What MP units (guards, escort, detachments) do you have at your disposal to operate and maintain this collection point/internment facility? What non-MP units are you using to Help operate this collection point/internment facility? If you do not use MP teams, what forces are required to operate the Collection Point (guard, security etc)? have any shortfalls in performing the Collection Point mission? How does this affect your doctrinal mission? How long are you holding Detainees at the collection point? Is holding the detainees longer than the 12/24 hours impacting on your units' ability to perform its mission? Why? 1.1, 1 .2 1.3)
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15. Describe how this unit is able to maintain the security and safeguarding of Detainees at this interment facility/collection point. Describe your security requirements. (What are your clear zones? How do your Guard Towers permit an unobstructed view of the clear zone and how do they allow for overlapping fields of fire? Describe your perimeter security. (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 2.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-1, An MP battalion commander tasked with operating an I/R facility is also the facility commander. As such, he is responsible for the safety and well being of all personnel housed within the facility. Since an MP unit may be tasked to handle different categories if personnel (EPW, CI, OD refuges, and US military prisoner), the commander, the cadre, and support personnel must be aware of the requirements for
each category.
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16. How do you maintain a high state of discipline with your Soldiers to enhance the internal and external security of the internment facility/Collection Point? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6
17. Does this facility include Sally Ports? Describe the system in place. (1.8, 4.1)
18. What do you have in place for communications (between guards/towers and the TOC/C2)? What problems do you have? How do you overcome them? (1.1, 1.2, 1.5, 1.8)
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19. Describe the latrine facilities for Detainees' use (do they have access to it day and night and does it conform to the rules of hygiene and do females have separate facilities). How are they cleaned and how often and by.whom? Where do they . bathe and conduct other personal hygiene (this will depend how long it takes to evacuate Detainees to U.S. Military Controlled Detention Facilities-12/24 hours is • the standard)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8))
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20. How do the Detainees receive fresh water (Bottled water or Lister bag)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8))
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21. Can you give some examples of contraband? What are the procedures when you find contraband?? (i.e.., Knives, Narcotics, weapons, currency)

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22. Describe your lighting systems at the Facility/Collection Point (how does it affect
security) . How about heating during the winter? What fire prevention/safety measures are in place? (1.8) 1
How are Detainee complaints and requests to the camp commander processed?

(1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
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23.What are your shortcomings/problems in feeding the population? What is the menu of the population? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 4.1)(FM 3-19.40, paragraph 6-14. If dining facilities
don't exist, then Detainees are to be fed MREs i)
What problems, if any, do you feel the unit has regarding manning or personnel resourcing in conducting Detention Operations? What about the number of personnel to control the detention operation in regards to riot control? (1.1, 1.7, 2.1)

What personal equipment is the unit experiencing as a shortfall concerning detainee operations, (i.e. restraints, u ifo s, CIF items weap ns, etc.)?ty ok

26.What types of supplies is greater in-demand for the unit during detainee operations? And are these items regularly filled? What major shortfalls has the unit
encountered in regard to materiel and supply distribution?
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27.What transportation problems is the unit experiencing to move detainees during
the operation? (1.5, 2.1) Gito
28.What safety programs/policies are currently being used in the Detainee camps? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
29. Do you know of the procedures to get stress counseling (Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? Do your Soldiers know of the procedures to get counseling
(Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 2.1, 4.1
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30.Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of
detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) .

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Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or become aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6,

What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of alleged Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6,

33. Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse outside Command channels (IG, CID) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6,
34.What procedures do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (IG, CID, Next Level Commander) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
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35. What systems are in place for detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
41. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance of
your role in that mission. (Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude concerning unit mission and theif role)
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42.. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7)
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43. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed evolved since you have been in Theater? (Identifies Soldier's perception of the chain of
command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel the Command cares? Are they getting clear guidance?)
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44. Please provide by show of hands if you aware of any incidences of detainee or
other abuse in your unit?. (Those that raise their hands, need to be noted and interviewed individually afterwards using the ABUSE QUESTIONAIRE)
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