DOD Questionnaire: Questions for Soldiers on Detainee Treatment and Rules of Engagement

DoD Questionnaire: Questions for soldiers concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter.

Doc_type: 
Questionnaire
Doc_date: 
Friday, March 19, 2004
Doc_rel_date: 
Sunday, October 30, 2005
Doc_text: 

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INTERNMENT FACILITY
INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
Rank rK(D Branch M41 Date IAMAL Unit 1V2 114e/ iSk) Duty Position /St, GvA,4k How Long in Job -

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1. Can you tell me what basic publications you use for Detainee Operations
(doctrine and standards)? Describe the basic principles of detainee operations and how you are applying them? (1.1, 4.1) (AR 190-8, DoD Directive 5100.77, 1949 Geneva Convention, FM 3-19.40 I/R Operations FM 3-19.4 MP Commander's Handbook are the basic/primary sources for doctrine and standards.
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44. What standards were used in establishing this facility? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 4.1) AR 90-8, paragraph 6-1 thru 6-16
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2. What procedures do you have in place to ensure Soldiers and leaders understand the use of force and rules of engagement for the interment facility?
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-29, An MP commander ensures that soldiers understand use-of-force guidelines and the ROE established by higher headquarters for each mission. Because the use of force and ROE vary depending on the category of housed personnel and the operational environment, the commander develops SOPs that follow the guidance provided. He balances the physical security of force with mission accomplishment and the protection of deployed forces. ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE."
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4. How did you prepare yourself and your junior leaders to become familiar with and understand the applicable regulations, OPORD/FRAGOs, directives, international laws and administrative procedures to operate an I/R facility? OA,
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1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-2, Commanders are familiar with applicable -
reg. .tion, directives, international laws, and administrative procedures. ROE from CJCS. ISO
Iraqi op tions dated 251600Z Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel
are familiar the law of armed conflict and with these ROE.") FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-29, An
MP commander;ures that soldiers understand use-of-force guidelines and the ROE
established by higher adquarters for each mission. AR 350-1 para 4-14 c (2) and table G-1
Refresher training, dated k • ril 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant
officers, NCOs and enlisted pe •nnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8
para 1-5 (4) (C), DOD Directive 511: 7, All prisoners will receive humane treatment and that the
following acts are prohibited murder, to;, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages,
sensory deprivation, collective punishments, ecution without trial by proper authority, and all
cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be • stected against all acts of violence to include
public curiosity.
5. How did Home Station/Mob Site Training prepare you to conduct Detainee Operations at this facility? What training have you and your Soldiers received to ensure your knowledge of DO is IAW the Geneva Convention and DoD/Army policy? (Did this include Law of War and treatment of Detainees training.)?
(1.1, 1.2,1.3, 1.4, 4.1) DoDD 2310.1 (The U.S. Military Services shall be given the necessary training to ensure they have knowledge of their obligations under the Geneva Conventions (references (b) through (e)) and as required by DoD Directive 5100.77 (reference (f)) before an assignment to a foreign area where capture or detention of enemy personnel is possible.) (AR 350-1 para 4-14c.(2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1-5(4)(C DOD Directive 5100.77), All prisoners will receive humane treatment and that the following acts are prohibited murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence to include public curiosity. (DoD Directive 5100.77, para 5.5.1, The Secretaries of the Military Departments shall provide directives, publications, instructions, and training so that the principles and rules of law of war will be known to members of their respective Departments, the extent of such knowledge to be commensurate with each individual' duties;d responsibilities.
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6. Describe the-tl-aining t 'guar for received to pr- fare them for their duties. (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, para 2-48. Personnel assigned or attached to I/R facilities are trained on the care and control of housed personnel. They are fully cognizant of the
provisions of the Geneva and UN Conventions and applicable regulations as they apply to the treatment of housed personnel. A formal training program should include-- * Principles and laws of land warfare, specifically provisions of Geneva and UN Conventions and HN laws and customs. * Supervisory and human relations techniques. * Methods of self-defense. *The use of force, the ROE, and the ROI. *Firearms qualification and familiarization. *Public relations,
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particularly CONUS operations. *First aid. *Stress management techniques. *Facility regulations and SOPs. *Intelligence and counterintelligence techniques. * Cultural customs and habits of -internees. *The basic language of internees. FM 3-19.40 para 2-49. The guard force should receive additional training in— *Riot control measures, control agents, and dispersers. *QRF actions. *Searching techniques, including the use of electronic detection devices. *Nonlethal
equipment and weapons.
How does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee Operations or
7.
training for newly assigned personnel? When did your unit last conduct this

DoDD 2310.1 (The U.S. Military Services shall be given the
traini / 1, 1 2 / 4 4.1)
-nsure they have knowledge of their obligations under the Geneva
necessary trainin.;through (e)) and as required by DoD Directive 5100.77 (reference (f))
Conventions (references;before an assignment to a for- •n area where capture or detention of enemy personnel is nd table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B
possible.) AR 350-1 para 4-14 c (;
training is conducted in units for office warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel
commensurate with the missions of the un AR 190-8 para 1-5 (4) (C), DOD Directive 5100.77,

All prisoners will receive humane treatment a that the following acts are prohibited murder,
torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking o ostages, sensory deprivation, collective
punishments, execution without trial by proper auth .ty, and all cruel and degrading treatment.

*nclude public curiosityPrisoners will be protected against all acts of violence ;
Describe some of the basic operations of the camp relating to detainee
8.
segregation, captured medical/religious personnel, feeding, sanitation, etc?
Where do you maintain copies of the Geneva Convention around the
facility? (Is it posted in the detainee's home language within the facilities)?
Are camps segregating Detainees by nationality, language, rank, and sex?
How are captured Medical personnel and Chaplains being used in the
camps? What provisions are in place for the receipt and distribution of
Detainee correspondence/mail? Are the daily food rations sufficient in
quantity or quality and variety to keep detainees in good health? Are
personal hygiene items and needed clothing being supplied to the
Detainees? Are the conditions within the camp sanitary enough to ensure a

clean and healthy environment free from disease and epidemics? Is there
an infirmary located within the camp? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-5 a-g,
(All persons detained, captured, interned, or otherwise held in U S Armed Forces custody during
the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into

the hands of U S forces until final release and repatriation. All persons taken into custody by U S
forces will be provided with the protection of the GPW until some other legal status is determined
by competent authority.) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-4. AR 190-8 para 3-4.b ...females will be
separated from males. AR 190-8, 1-5, g (1) EPW, and RP will enjoy latitude in the exercise of

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their religious practices, including attendance at service of their faith, on condition that they comply with the disciplinary routine prescribed by the military authorities. (2) Military chaplains-who fall into the hands of the U.S. and who remain or are retained to assist EPW, and RP, will be allowed to minister to EPW, RP, of the same religion Para 6-6, g: (1) Hygiene and sanitation measures will conform to those prescribed in AR 40-5 and related regulations. (2) A detailed sanitary order meeting the specific needs of each CI camp or branch camp will be published by the CI camp commander. Copies will be reproduced in a language that the CI understands and will 17e-pe-st;each compound. (3) Each CI will be provided with sanitary supplies, service, and
ir personal cleanliness and sanitation. Separate sanitary facilities will be
facilities necessary;
provided for each sex. (4) A have at their disposal, day and night, latrine facilities

conforming to sanitary rules of the Ar

9. How are you organized to handle the different categories of personnel
(EPW, CI, OD, females, JVs, and refuges)? How about female Detainees? How and where do you house them? Do you maintain a separate site for sick or wounded Detainees? If so where is it and how does your unit maintain the security and safeguarding of Detainees there? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 2.1, 3.1)AR 190-8
para 3-4.i.(2) Every camp will have an infirmary. AR 190-8 para 3-4.b ...females will be separated from males. FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-1, An MP battalion commander tasked with operating an I/R facility is also the facility commander. As such, he is responsible for the safety and well being of all personnel housed within the facility. Since an MP unit may be tasked to handle different categories if personnel (EPW, CI, OD refuges, and US military prisoner), the commander, the cadre, and support personnel must be aware of the requirements for each category.
10. Describ he procedures you use when you inprocess a detainee. (CPA Forces Apprehension Form, two sworn statements, EPW lag, where do you store Detainees' confiscated personal affects (if any) and how are they accounted for (are they tagged with DD Form 2745)? How is evidence tagged? What proc ures are in place to dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipme ?) How is the transfer of Detainees handled between different services and Other overnmental Organizations? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 4.1)
(AR 190-8, para 2-1, a. (1) (b) (c), A quipment, documents, and personal property confiscation during the search must be tagged and ministratively accounted for by the capturing unit. DD . Form 2745, Part C is attached to the prop y confiscated from the Detainee, so that it may later be matched to that Detainee.) AR 190-8, par....raph 1-4g(3), (Commanders will collect and dispose of captured enemy supplies and equip ent through theater logistics and EOD channels.)
en seizing property from a captive—* Bundle itFM 3-19.40 para 3-14. Property Accountability.;
or place it in a bag to keep it intact and separate fro other captives' possessions. *Prepare DA Form 4137 for confiscated and impounded property. ' epare a receipt for currency and negotiable instruments to be signed by the captive and th eceiver. Use cash collection vouchers
so that the value can be credited to each captive's account.;t currency and negotiable
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instruments on the captive's personal-property list, but treat them as impounded property. * Keep the original receipt with the property during evacuation. Give the captive a copy of the _ receipt, and tell him to keep it to expedite the return of his property. *Have MI sign for property on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708. *Return confiscated property to supply after it is cleared by MI teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence value are forwarded through MI channels. * Evacuate retaines items with the captive when he moves to the next level of internment. *Maintain control • access to confiscated and impounded property. FM 3-19.40 para 3-14. Property Accountabilit *Have MI sign for property on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708. *Return confisca d property to supply after it is cleared by MI teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence valu are forwarded through MI channels. * Evacuate retained items with the captive when he moves to e next level of internment. * Maintain controlled access to confiscated and impounded prop y. FM 190-8, para 6-2, c. (1) DA Form 4237-R will be prepared for each protected civilian proce ed in an occupied territory as a CI or dependent
child.
11. Where do y u store Detainees' confiscated perso al affects (if any) and how are they accou ed for? (Are they tagged with DD Form 2745)? (1.2, 1.8) (FM 3-19.40 para4-12 (for 'IWs) and para 5-28 (for Cls) "Store personal property in a temporary storage area..."AR 190-8, para 2-1, a. (1) (b) (c), All equipment, documents, and personal property confiscation diiriqg the search must be tagged and administratively accounted for by the capturing unit. DD Form 27‹45, Part C is attached to the property confiscated from the Detainee, so that it may later be match'ecl to that Detainee.) FM 3-19.40 para 3-14. Property Accountability. When seizing property from a captive--* Bundle it or place it in a bag to keep it intact and separate from other captives' posessions. *Prepare DA Form 4137 for confiscated and impounded property. * Prepare a receipt f r currency and negotiable instruments to be signed by the captive and the receiver. Use ca collection vouchers so that the value can be credited to each captive's account. List currency nd negotiable instruments on the captive's personal-property list, but treat them as impounde• property. * Keep the original receipt with the property during evacuation. Give the captive a ce•y of the receipt, and tell him to keep it to expedite the return of his property. *Have MI sign for 3roperty on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708. *Return confiscated property to sup oly after it is cleared by MI teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence value are forwarded th 'ugh MI channels. * Evacuate retained items with the captive when he moves to the next level of in rnment. * Maintain controlled access to confiscated and impounded property. Property seiz d from a CI (AR 190-8, 6-3b), will
be documented on the DA Form 4237-R. Use of the DA Form 37 is not required. Property seized from an EPW/RP [AR 190-8, 2-2b(1)] will be documented • the DA Form 4137.
12. What are the procedures for the interrogation/questioning of Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 2-1d, (The use of physical or mental torture or any coercion to compel prisoners to provide information is prohibited. Detainees may voluntarily
cooperate with PSYOP personnel in the development, evaluation, or dissemination of PSYOP messages or products. Detainees may not be threatened, insulted, or exposed to unpleasant or
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Intelligence or
disparate treatment of any kind because of their refusal to answer questions.
counterintelligence personnel will normally perform Interrogations.)
rocedures for the transfer of custody of Detainees from the
13. What are th
ilitary Intelligence personnel? When the detainee is
MP/Guard personnel
(what info is passed on to
at procedures occur?
returned to the guard force,

?)?...Observation report, paper trail audit)
the Guard Force (type of rewa
Property Accountability. *Have MI sign for property
(1./, 1.2, 1.7, 4.1) FM 3-19.40 para 3-1
708. *Return confiscated property to supply
on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD For
use of intelligence value are forwarded
after it is cleared by MI teams. Items kept by MI b
captive when he moves to the next level
through MI channels. * Evacuate retained items with
nd impounded property.
of internment. * Maintain controlled access to confiscate
14.What control measures do you use to maintain discipline and security in theFM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-19, The
facility? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 2.1, 3.1, 4.1) MP commander establishes security measures that effectively control housed personnel with minimal use of force..... The physical construction of the facility and the presence of guard personnel create the most obvious means of providing internal and external security. Maintaining
a high state of discipline, a system of routines, and required standards of behavior are all measures that enhance effective security and control. AR 190-8, paragraph 3-6 (Measures needed to maintain discipline and security will be established in each camp/collection point and rigidly enforced. The camp commander will maintain records of disciplinary punishments. These records will be open to inspection by the protecting power. The following acts will not be permitted; Fraternization between EPW, RP and U.S. military or civilian personnel. Fraternization is defined as improper or intimate communications or actions between U.S. Armed Forces personnel and EPW/RP. Donating or receiving gifts or engaging in any commercial activity between persons in U.S. custody and U.S. personnel. Setting up of courts by detainees. Disciplinary powers will not be delegated to or exercised by EPW/RP. Punishment will not be administered by EPW/RP.) AR 190-8, para 6-10, Measures needed to maintain discipline and
security will be set up in each camp and rigidly enforced. Offensive acts against discipline will be
dealt wi promptly.

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15. What MP units (guards, escort, detachments) do you have at your disposal to operate and maintain this internment facility? Do you have any shortages? How do these shortages impact your mission? What non-MP units are you using
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to help operate this facility? Do you have any shortages? How do these shortages impact your mission? (1.1, 1.2,1.3, 1.7, 2.1, 3.1) FM 3-19.40, Appendix
D, Table d-1HHC MP Battalion (I/R) (EPW/Cl/DC) Provide C2, administrative, and logistic support to operate an I/R facility. Is capable of interning and supporting 4,000 EPWs and Cls or 8,000 DCs. MP Company (guard) is capable of securing 500 US military prisoners, 2,000EPWs, 2,000 Cls, or 4,000 DCs in an UR facility, MP company (escort guard) provides supervision and security for evacuating and moving EPWs, Cls, DCs, US military prisoners, and other detained persons via vehicles, trains, planes, and road marches.
16. What kind of securit Wilting do you have that ensures you have a safe and secure operation at night? •Fitvit do you provide heat to detainees during the winter? What fire prevention/safety measures do you have? (1.8)) AR 190-8,
paragraph 3-4 e, EPW/RP will be quartered under conditions as favorable as those for the force of detaining power billeted in the same area. The conditions shall make allowance for the habits and customs of the prisoners and shall in no case be prejudicial to their health. The forgoing shall apply in particular to the dormitories of EPW/RP as it regards both total surface and minimum cubic space and the general installation of bedding and blankets. Quarters furnished to EPW/RP must be protected from dampness, must be adequately lit and heated (particularly between dusk and lights-out); and must have adequate precautions taken against the dangers of fire. FM 3-19.40 para 4-103 "...minimize escapes by examining the lighting system during darkness to detect poorly lighted areas along the perimeter (replace burned out or broken lightbulbs immediately" FM 3-19.40 para 2-37 The engineer officer is responsible for the maintenance of utilities Ji.e. heat). AR 190-8 para 3-17(a) A safety program for EPW/RP will be setup and administered in each camp. AR 190-8 para 3-17(a) A safety program for CI will established and administered IAW AR 385-10.
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17. Are you employing detainees for wor ? What are the General policy and procedures for the Employment and Compensation of Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) (AR 190-8, paragraph 4-1 thru 4-22 (To the extent possible, EPW will be employed in work
needed to construct, administer, manage, and maintain EPW camps. Para 7-1, b. & c., The CI will be employed so far as possible for the construction, administration, management, and maintenance of the CI Camps. The CI compensation procedures will be accomplished IAW AR 37-1.)

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18. What type of Medical assets are present in support of medical treatment of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 4.1) AR 190-8 para 1-4g(6) (The commander should identify -requirements for Army Medical units in support of the EPW, CI, and RP program and ensure that the medical annex of OPLANs, OPORDs, and CONPLANs include procedure for treatment of EPW, CI, RP, and ODs. a. Medical support specifically includes: First aid and all sanitary aspects of food service including provision§ for potable water, pest management, and entomological support. b. Preventive Medicine: Reviewing, recommending, and coordinating the use and assignment of medically trained EPW, CI, RP, and OD personnel and medical material?
Establishing policy for medical repatriation of EPW, CI, and RP and monitoring the actions of the
Mixed Medical Commission?
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19. What kind of stress counseling do you provide to Soldiers/Guards? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-48, Personnel assigned or attached to I/R facilities are trained on the care and control of housed personnel. They are fully cognizant of the provisions of the Geneva and UN Conventions and applicable regulations as they apply to the treatment of housed personnel. A formal training program should include - stress management techniques.
prohibited and is not
AR 190-8, Paragraph 1-5, (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is
justified by the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and
punishable violation under international law and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ).
FM 8-51, Appendix D, D-2 f (3): Combat stress control units should provide routine mental health
consultation to EPW confinement facilities. This should include: stress control advice to the
command regarding the stressors of US Army MP personnel and any allied or coalition personnel
working at the confinement facility; individual evaluation and intervention for guards or prisoners
when indicated.
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Are Detainees allowed to practice their religion? Is there a chaplain
20. available to minister to the detainees? Is the chaplain a Retained Personnel, US Forces, or a civilian? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 4.1) AR 190-8, 1-5, g (1) EPW, and RP will enjoy latitude in the exercise of their religious practices, including attendance at service of their faith, on condition that they comply with the disciplinary routine prescribed by the military authorities. Adequate space will be provided where religious service may held. (2) Military chaplains who fall into the hands of the U.S. and who remain or are retained to assist EPW, and RP, will be allowed
to minister to EPW, RP, of the same religion... AR 190-8, para 6-17.a.(1) Cls will be encouraged to participate in religious practices.
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21. Describe the latrine facilities for Detainees' use (do they have access to it day and night and does it conform to the rules of hygiene and do females have separate facilities). How are they cleaned and how often and by whom? Where do they bathe and conduct other personal hygiene (this will depend how long it takes to evacuate Detainees to U.S. Military Controlled Detention Facilities--12 hours is the standard)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8)AR 190-8 para 3-4.i.(1)
paraphrased...EPWs will have day/night access to latrines that are clean. Females will have
separate latrines. AR 190-8 para 6-6.g.(4) paraphrased...All CI will have access to day/night
latrines that are sanitary.


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22. Describe how the unit plans and procures logistical support to include: transportation, subsistence, organizational, and NBC clothing and equipment items, mail collection and distribution, laundry, and bath equipment ISO DO. What logistical support do you receive to run this Facility? What types of supplies is greater in-demand for the unit during detainee operations? What are your shortfalls (1.1, 1.2,1.4,1.5) (AR 190-8 para 1-4 g (2), Should include: transportation,
subsistence, personal, organizational and NBC clothing and equipment items, mail collection and distribution, laundry and bath.)? AR 190-8, paragraph 1-4g(2), (Commanders will plan and procure logistical support to include: transportation, subsistence, personal, organizational and NBC clothing and equipment items, mail collection and distribution, laundry, and bath for DO.)
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23. How do tlie Detainees receive fresh water ( ed ter or Lister bag)?
(1.1, 1.2, 1.8) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-4 f(3) Sufficient drinking water will be supplies to EPW/RP.
24. What personnel or equipment USR shortages are affecting your ability to perform detainee operations? (1.3, 1.5,17, 2.1, 3.1)
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25.What do you perceive to be doctrinal shortcomings pertaining to Detainee _ Opera II di and how would you fix/incorporate into updated doctnne/accomplish differently? " • , about Force Structure to ensure Detainee Operations can be successfully accom• : ed? What are the shortcomings and how do we fix the problem at the Army-leve 1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 4.1)
26. What are the procedures if an EPW or RP in U.S. oust°. • ies? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-3a (20): Report allegations of criminal acts or war crimes committed by or against EPW/RP to the supporting element of the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation
Command (USACIDC). Deaths resulting from other than natural causes will be investigated by USACIDC. Para 3-10 c: When an EPW or RP in US custody dies, the attending medical officer furnish the cannp (or hospital) commander or other officer charged with their custody before death, the following information: (1) Full name of deceased. (2) ISN of deceased. (3) Date, place, and cause of death. (4) Statement that death was, or was not, the result of the deceaSed's own misconduct. (5) When the cause of death is undetermined, the attending medical officer will make a statement to that effect. When the cause of death is finally determined, a supplemental report will be made as soon as possible. e. The attending medical officer and the appropriate camp commander will complete a DA Form 2669-R (Certificate of Death). DA Form 2669-R will be reproduced locally on 8 1/2 by 11-inch paper. The form is located at the back of this regulation. This form is for the use of Army only. Enough copies of form will be made out to provide distribution as follows: (1) Original—information center. (2) Copy—information center (branch), if necessary. (3) Copy—The Surgeon General. (4) Copy—EPW or RP personal file. (5) The proper civil authorities responsible for recording deaths in the particular state if the EPW dies in the United States.
27.
What AARs or lessons learned have you written or received regarding detainee operations? Can I get a copy? (preferably on disk) (2.1, 2.2)

28.
Are you aware of your requirement to rep abuse or suspected abuse of

detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-40 para 2-1, Milita;nd civilian personnel assigned to or ortable incidents through their
accompanying a DoD Component know that they shall report ;
chain of command and that such reports also may also be made ugh other channels, such as
b. War
the military police, a judge advocate, or an Inspector General.) AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category
1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:
crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions,
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and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of
the incident.
Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or
29.
(AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category
become aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.2)
b. War
1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or
alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of
30.
(AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable

alleged Detainee abuse? (1.2, 4.1)
b. War crimes,
Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:
including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and
atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to
HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of
the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or

alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army
confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances
which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths.
C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the
nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-

3165 rtA\1.l.f
11;
8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibitron against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
31. Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse (AR 19040, Appendix B, Category 1
-
outside Command channels (IG, CID) (1.6, 4.1)
b. War
Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C. Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or
alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HODA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their
person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair
and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against
all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such
as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the
same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex,
or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of
this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), VVASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious
Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
3166
12 ; (1),("sk(5
32. What procedures do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (IG, CID,
Next Level Commander) (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportal5le

• Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8,5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
33. What procedures are in place for Detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) AR 190-8, para 5-1, g. Appeals and periodic review of security internment cases. (1) Appeals. The CI who are interned for imperative security reasons will be accorded the right to appeal the order directing their internment. Such appeals will be decided with the least possible
delay by a board of officers. Appeals will be decided only on the grounds of the existence or nonexistence of imperative security reasons requiring the internment of the protected person. 6–
4. Internee Committee a. Election. At each camp and branch camp, CI will be elected by secret written ballot to the Internee Committee. This committee is empowered to represent the camp to the protecting powers, International Committee of the Red Cross, or other authorized relief or aid organizations and U.S. military authorities. e. Duties. (3) (c) The presentation and transmittal of
petitions and complaints to the appropriate authorities in proportion to the kind of labor performed. 6-9. Complaints and requests to camp commanders and protecting power, a. Persons may make complaints or requests to the camp commander, who will try to resolve the complaints and answer the requests. If the CI are not satisfied with the way the commander handles a complaint or request, they may submit it in writing, through channels, to HQDA, ODCSOPS (DAMO - ODL)
NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400. b. Persons exercising the right to complain to the protecting power about their treatment and camp may do so--(1) By mail. (2) In person to the visiting representatives of the protecting power. (3) Through their Internee Committee. c. Written complaints to the protecting power will be forwarded promptly through HQDA (DAMO - ODL)
NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400. A separate letter with the comments of the camp commander will be included. Military endorsements will not be placed on any CI communications. d. If a protecting power communicates with a CI camp commander about any matter requiring an
3167 13 ; A•N&
answer, the communication and commander's reply will be forvvarded to HQDA (DAMO-ODL)
;-
NPW IC, WASH DC 20310-0400, for proper action. e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.
34. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance
(Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude
of your role in that mission.
AR 600-20 Command Policy 2-1. Chain of Command

concerning unit mission and their role)
The chain of command assists commanders at all levels to achieve their primary function of
a.
accomplishing the unit's assigned mission while caring for personnel and property in their charge. A simple and direct chain of command facilitates the transmittal of orders from the highest to the
b. Commanders
lowest levels in a minimum of time and with the least chance of misinterpretation.
delegate sufficient authority to soldiers in the chain of command to accomplish their assigned

;
duties, and commanders may hold these soldiers responsible for their actions.
35. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in
(1.2, 1.3, 1.4,

Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude).
1.5, 1.6, 1.7) FM 10-1, Ch. 7, para. 3, 'Tactical Vision. A primary QMC focus at the tactical level will continue to be on sustainnnent of the soldier. Each company-sized unit will have two cooks and a small, state-of-the-art field kitchen. This provides a limited capability to prepare or heat meals and supplements. An improved containerized capabilitY for providing responsive laundry and shower support well forward on the battlefield must be developed. Frontline soldiers require brief respites from the rigors associated with combat. A facility complex (Force Provider) will be available in which they can shower, clean their clothes, eat hot meals, and rest in an
environmentally controlled shelter. ;
36. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or

(Identifies Soldier's perception of the
evolved since you have been in Theater?

chain of command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel
AR 600-20 • 13 May 2002 1-5.

the Command cares? Are they getting clear guidance?) 1
Command, b. Elements of command. c. The commander is responsible for establishing leadership climate of the unit and developing disciplined and cohesive units. This sets the
parameters within which command will be exercised and, therefore, sets the tone for social and
3168
14
duty relationships within the command. (1) Commanders and other leaders committed to the professional Army ethic promote a positive environment. If leaders show loyalty to their soldiers, the Army, and the Nation, they earn the loyalty of their soldiers. If leaders consider their soldiers' needs and care for their well-being, and if they demonstrate genuine concern, these leaders build a positive command climate. (2) Duty is obedient and disciplined performance. Soldiers with a sense of duty accomplish tasks given them, seize opportunities for self-improvement, and accept responsibility from their superiors. Soldiers, leader and led alike, work together to accomplish the mission rather than feed their self-interest. . ;
37.Are you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit? AR
190-8, 1-5. General protection policy a. U.S. policy, relative to the treatment of EPW, CI and RP
in the custody of the U.S. Armed Forces, is as follows: (1) All persons captured, detained,
interned, or otherwise held in U.S. Armed Forces custody during the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of U.S. forces until final release or repatriation. (2) All persons taken into custody by U.S. forces will be
provided with the protections of the GPW until some other legal status is determined by competent authority. (3) The punishment of EPW, CI and RP known to have, or suspected of having, committed serious offenses will be administered IAW due process of law and under legally constituted authority per the GPW, GC, the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the Manual for Courts Martial. (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is not justified by the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and
b.
punishable violation under international law and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). All prisoners will receive humane treatment without regard to race, nationality, religion, political opinion, sex, or other criteria. The following acts are prohibited: murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, the taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. c. All persons will be respected as human beings. They will be protected against all acts of violence to include rape, forced prostitution, assault and theft, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, and reprisals of any kind. They will not be subjected to medical or scientific experiments. This list is not exclusive. EPW/RP are to be protected from all threats or acts of violence. d. Photographing, filming, and video taping of individual EPW, CI and RP for other than internal Internment Facility administration or intelligence/counterintelligence purposes is strictly prohibited. No group, wide area or aerial photographs of EPW, CI and RP or facilities will be taken unless approved by the senior Military Police officer in the Internrnent Facility commander's chain of command. e. A neutral state or an international humanitarian organization, such as the ICRC, may be designated by the U.S. Government as a Protecting Power (PP) to monitor whether protected persons are receiving humane treatment as required by the Geneva Conventions. The text of the Geneva Convention, its annexes, and any special agreements, will be posted in each camp in the
language of the EPW, CI and RP. ;
ADVISEMENT OF RIGHTS (For military personnel)
;
31 6 9
;
15 VC\(-5
The text of Article 31 provides as follows a. No person subject to this chapter may compel any
person to incriminate himself or to answer any questions the answer to which may tend to
incriminate him. b. No person subject to this chapter may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing him of the nature of the accusation and advising him that he does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which he is accused or suspected, and that any statement made by him may be used as evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. c. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military tribunal if the statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade him. d. No statement obtained from any person in violation of this article, or through the use of coercion, unlawful influence, or unlawful inducement, may be received in evidence against him in a trial by court-
martial. (1.2, 1.6)
I am (grade, if any, and name), a member of the (DAIG). I am part of
a team inspecting detainee operations, this is not a criminal investigation. I
am reading you your rights because of a statement you made causes me to suspect that you may have committed . (specify
offense, i.e. aggravated assault, assault, murder). Under Article 31, you
have the right to remain silent, that is, say nothing at all. Any statement you make, oral or written, may be used as evidence against you in a trial by courts-martial or in other judicial or administrative proceedings. You have the right to consult a lawyer and to have a lawyer present during this interview. You have the right to military legal counsel free of charge. In addition to military counsel, you are entitled to civilian counsel of your own choosing, at your own expense. You may request a lawyer at any time during this interview. If you decide to answer questions, you may stop the questioning at any time. Do you understand your rights? Do you want a lawyer? (If the answer is yes, cease all questions at this point). Are you willing to answer questions?
38.
Describe what you understand happened leading up to and during the incident(s) of abuse. (No applicable standard);

39.
Describe Soldier morale, feelings and emotional state prior to and after these

incidents? (Identifies unit and Soldier morale, atmosphere, mood, attitude, stress, retaliation, preemption, family crisis)
31 70
;
`-DC'S\kf
16
40. Was this incident reported to the chain of command? How, when & what was
(Identifies compliance, procedure, timeliness,
done? What would you have done?
(1.2, 1.6) (AR 190-40,
Soldier perception of action taken and effect on unit morale.)
Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving
b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of thethe following:
Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C Category 2, Reportable Serious
g. Incidents involving prisonersIncidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:
or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern
to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimuiin force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and with-out adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
41.
How could the incident have been prevented? (Identifies root cause and
perceived solution) (No applicable standard);

42.
Describe any unit training or other programs that you are aware of that teachFM 22-51, para

leaders and Soldiers how to recognize and resolve combat stress. 11-5. Prevention of Misconduct Stress Behaviors. The measures which reduce battle fatigue and prevent battle fatigue casualties should also help reduce the incidence of misconduct stress behaviors. However, additional actions also need to be practiced consistently by leadership at all echelons and by buddies at the small unit level. FM 22-51, para 1-3, Stress control requires special involvement from direct (small unit) leaders. The responsibility extends up through the organizational leaders and their staffs (both officers and noncommissioned officers [NCOs]) at all echelons. Appendix A describes combat stress risk factors and prescribes leaders' actions to control them. Leaders, staffs, and individual soldiers all receive assistance from the supporting
A.-)‘c\kS
17
3171

chaplains, the medical personnel, and combat stress control/mental health personnel (see Appendix B for information pertaining to combat stress control units). If any link in the chain of responsibility is weak, it is the responsibility of the other members of the chain to strengthen it. FM 8-51, para 1-1, b. Responsibility For Stress Control. Control of stress is the commander's responsibility (see FM 22-51) at all echelons. The commander is aided in this responsibility by the noncommissioned officer (NCO) chain of support; the chaplaincy; unit medical personnel; general, principal, and special staff, and by specialized Army CSC units and mental health
personnel. );

(Identifies
43. What measures are in place to boost morale or to relieve stress?
perceived solution.) FM 22-51, para 11-5. Prevention of Misconduct Stress Behaviors. The measures which reduce battle fatigue and prevent battle fatigue casualties should also help reduce the incidence of misconduct stress behaviors. However, additional actions also need to be practiced consistently by leadership at all echelons and by buddies at the small unit level. FM 22-51, para 1-3, Stress control requires special involvement from direct (small unit) leaders. The responsibility extends up through the organizational leaders and their staffs (both officers and noncommissioned officers [NCOs]) at all echelons. Appendix A describes combat stress risk factors and prescribes leaders' actions to control them. Leaders, staffs, and individual soldiers all receive assistance from the supporting chaplains, the medical personnel, and combat stress control/mental health personnel (see Appendix B for information pertaining to combat stress control units). If any link in the chain of responsibility is weak, it is the responsibility of the other members of the chain to strengthen it. FM 8-51, para 1-1, b. Responsibility For Stress Control. Control of stress is the commander's responsibility (see FM 22-51) at all echelons. The commander is aided in this responsibility by the noncommissioned officer (NCO) chain of support; the chaplaincy; unit medical personnel; general, principal, and special staff, and by specialized Army CSC units and mental health personnel. ;
44. What measures could the command enact to improve the morale and

(Identifies perceived solution.) FM 22-103, Leadership
command climate of your unit?
and Command at Senior Levels, 21 Jun 1987, p. 6, - "Leadership. The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation." AR 600-100, Army Leadership, 17 Sep 1993, p. 8, 1987- "Senior-level leadership is the art of direct and indirect influence and the skill of creating the conditions for sustained organizational success to achieve the desired result. But, above all, it is the art of taking a vision of what must be done, communicating it in a way that the intent is clearly understood, and then being tough enough to
ensure its execution.";
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