DOD Questionnaire: Questions for Soldiers on Detainee Treatment and Rules of Engagement

DoD Questionnaire: Questions for soldiers concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter. Soldier with the 320 Military Police Battalion Guard answers questions about detainee operations.

Doc_type: 
Questionnaire
Doc_rel_date: 
Sunday, October 30, 2005
Doc_text: 

GUARD FORCE (NCO)

COLLECTION POINT & INTERNMENT FACILITY SENSING SESSION QUESTIONS 32.6 MP g
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1. How did you prepare yourself and your Soldiers to become familiar with and
understand the applicable regulations, OPORD/FRAGOs directives, international
laws and administrative procedures to operate an I/R facility or Collection Point?
(1.1, 1.2,1.4, 1.6, 4.1) AR 350-1 para 4-14 c (2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April

2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted
personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-2, Commanders are familiar with applicable regulation, directives, international laws, and administrative procedures. ) ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE."
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2. Did you and 'all of your Soldiers undergo Law of War training prior to deployment? Explain what training Occurred. What is your plan to train new Soldiers (replacements) to the unit? Did this training include the treatment of Detainees? Explain. (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1) (AR 350-1 para 4-14c.(2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs
and enlisted personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1-5(4)(C DOD Directive 5100.77), All prisoners will receive humane treatment and that the following acts are prohibited murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence to include public curiosity. (DoD Directive 5100.77, para 5.5.1, The Secretaries of the Military Departments shall providedirectives, publications, instructions, and training so that the principles and rules of law of war will be known to members of their respective Departments, the extent of such knowledge to be commensurate with e individual's duties and resAn ilities.
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3. What policies/procedures does your unit have in place to support the U. S. policy relative to the humane treatment of Detainees? (1.1,1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-a-g, (All persons detained, captured, interned, or otherwise held in U S Armed Forces custody du ng
the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the
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hands of U S forces until final release and repatriation. All persons taken into custody by U S force-s will be provided with the protection of the GPW until some other legal status is determined by competent authority.)
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4. Does your unit have a formal training program for the care and control of
Detainees? Describe what it includes. (For Permanent Internment Facilities
only) (1.1,1.2,1.4) (FM 3-19.40, para 2-48. Personnel assigned or attached to I/R facilities are

trained on the care and control of housed personnel. They are fully cognizant of the provisions of the Geneva and UN Conventions and applicable regulations as they apply to the treatment of housed personnel. A formal training program should include— * Principles and laws of land warfare, specifically provisions of Geneva and UN Conventions and HN laws and customs. * Supervisory and human relations techniques. * Methods of self-defense. *The use of force, the ROE, and the ROI. *Firearms qualification and familiarization. *Public relations, particularly CONUS operations. *First aid. *Stress management techniques. *Facility regulations and SOPs. *Intelligence and counterintelligence techniques. * Cultural customs and habits of internees. *The basic language of internees. FM 3-19.40 para 2-49. The guard force should receive additional training in— *Riot control measures, control agents, and dispersers. *QRF actions. *Searching techniques, including the use of electronic detection devices. *Nonlethal equipment and weapons.
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5. What training did your unit receive on the established Rules of Engagement (ROE)? How often does this loccur? Does this training include Rules of Interaction (R01)? 0.4, 4. /) ((DoD DirectiVe 5100.77, para 5.5.1, The Secretaries of the Military
Departments shall provide directives, publications, instructions, and training so that the principles and rules of law of war will be known to members of their respective Departments, the extent of such knowledge to be commensurate with each individual's duties and responsibilities.) ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE."
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6. What procedures do you have in place to ensure Soldiers understand the use of force and rules of engagement for the interment facility/collection point? What
guidance or policies do you have to ensurefrat9rnization is not taking place between
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U.S military personnel and the detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4,1.6, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-6 a, The following acts will not be permitted: (1) Fraternization between EPW, RP and U.S. military or civilian personnel. Fraternization is defined as improper or intimate communications or actions between U.S. Armed Forces personnel and EWP/RP (FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-29, An MP commander ensures that soldiers understand use-of-force guidelines and the ROE established by higher headquarters for each mission. Because the use of force and ROE vary depending on the category of housed personnel and the operational environment, the commander develops SOPs that follow the guidance provided. He balances the physical security of force with mission accomplishment and the protection of deployed forces. ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE.).
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7. Describe the training the guard force received to prepare them for their duties ( & T)) How does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee Operations in Thea 9 How often does this occur and please describe it? When did your unit last conduct raining? (1.1, 1.2,1.4, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, para 2-48. Personnel assignedJor
attached to I/R facilitiesJtrained on the care and control of housed personnel. They are fully cognizant of the provisions ofJeneva and UN Conventions and applicable regulations as they apply to the treatment of housed perso JI. A formal training program should include— * Principles and laws of land warfare, specifically provisio JGeneva and UN Conventions and HN laws and customs. * Supervisory and human relations technic -s. * Methods of self-defense. *The use of force, the ROE, and the ROI. *Firearms qualification and - ••iliarization. *Public relations, particularly CONUS operations. *First aid. *Stress managemen chniques. *Facility regulations and SOPs. *Intelligence and counterintelligence techniques. * Cultural c Jms and habits of internees. *The basic language of internees. FM 3-19.40 para 2-49. The guard forc Jould receive additional training in— *Riot control measures, control agents, and dispersers. *QRF a Jns. Searching techniques, including the use of electronic detection devices. *Nonlethal equipm and weapons. The guard force should receive additional training in— • Riot control measures, contil• -gents, and dispersers. • QRF actions. • Searching techniques, including the use of electronic detecticc devices.
• Nonlethal equipment and weapons.
8. -What Home Station/Mob Site Training did your unit conduct prior to deployment to help your unit prepare for Detainee Operations? Describe it. How did the training prepare you to conduct Detainee Operations for this deployment? What are your unit's strengths and weaknesses? How did this training distinguish between the different categories of Detainees (EPWs, RPs, Cls, etc.)? (1.1,1.2, 1.4, 4.1) (AR
350-1 para 4-14c.(2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel commensurate with the
missions of the unit. AR 190-8 pare 1-5(4)(C DOD Directive 5100.77), All prisoners will receive
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humane treatment and that the following acts are prohibited murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence to include public curiosity.
9. Describe the training you received during your last Military Institutional School (BNCOC/ANCOC) in handling/processing Detainees. How was it helpful in preparing you for Detainee Operations? How would you improve the training at the schoolhouse? (1.1, 1.4)
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10.What are some of the basic operations of the collection point/internment facility?
Is there a copy of the Geneva Convention posted in the detainee's home language within these camps? Are camps segregating Detainees by nationality, language, rank, and sex? How are captured Medical personnel and Chaplains being used in the camps? What proytsions are in place for the receipt and distribution of Detainee correspondence/mail? Are the daily food rations sufficient in quantity or quality and variety to keep detainees in good health? Are personal hygiene items and needed clothing being supplied to the Detainees? Are the conditions within the camp sanitary enough to ensure a clean and healthy environment free from disease and epidemics? Is there an infirmary located within the cAmp? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-5 a-g, (All
persons detained, captured, interned, or otherwise held in U S Ari\nc:1 Forces custody during the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of U S forces until final release and repatriation. All persons taken into custody by U S forces will be provided with the protection of the GPW until some other legal status is determined by competent authority.) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-4. AR 190-8 para 3-4.b ...females will be separated from males. AR 190-8, 1-5, g (1) EPW, and RP will enjoy latitude in the exercise of their religious practices, including attendance at service of their faith, on condition that they comply with the disciplinary routine prescribed by the military authorities. (2) Military chaplains who fall into the hands of the U.S. and who remain or are retained to assist EPW, and RP, will be allowed to minister to EPW, RP, of the same religion Para 6-6, g: (1) Hygiene and sanitation measures will conform to those prescribed in AR 40-5 and related regulations. (2) A detailed sanitary order meeting the specific needs of each CI camp or branch camp will be published by the CI camp commander. Copies will be reproduced in a language that the CI understands and will be posted in each- compound. (3) Each CI will be provided with sanitary supplies, service, and facilities necessary for their personal cleanliness and sanitation. Separate sanitary facilities will be provided for each sex. (4) All CI will have at their disposal, day and night, latrine facilities conforming to sanitary rules of the Army.
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the collection point/internmen lity? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-6 (Measures needed to maintain discipline and security will be established in each camp/collection point and rigidly
4..enforced. The camp commander will maintain records of disciplinary punishments. These records will
be open to inspection by the protecting power. The following adts will not be permitted; Frateffiization Xlk
between EPW, RP and U.S. military or civilian personnel. Fraternization is defined as improper or intimate communications or actions between U.S. Armed Forces personnel and EPW/RP. Donating
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or receiving gifts or engaging in any commercial activity between persons in U.S. custody and U.S.
personnel. Setting up of courts by detainees. Disciplinary powers will not be delegated to or
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exercised by EPW/RP. Punishment will not be administ red by EPW/RP.)

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12.What procedures are in place to account for and dispose of captured enemy
supplies and equipment? What procedures are in place to process personnel,
equipment, and evidence?(I./, 1.2, 4.1)) AR 190-8, para 2-1, a. (1) (b) (c), An equipment,
documents, and personal property confiscation during the search must be tagged and
administratively accounted for by the capturing unit. DD Form 2745, Part C is attached to the
property confiscated from the Detainee, so that it may later be matched to that Detainee. AR 190-8,
paragraph 1-4g(3), (Commanders will collect and dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipment
through theater logistics and EOD channels.)
13.What is your ratio of guards to detainees in your collection point/internment
facility? Is this ratio the proper mix for you to perform your mission? If not, what are
the shortfalls? VVhy are their shortfalls? How do these shortfalls impact your
mission? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 3.1, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraphs 3-38 thru 3-39. . A brigade
without an MP platoon in DS sets up and operates its own forward CPs The number of MP teams
needed to operate a forward CP is based on the number of captives expected and METT-TC. The

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projected number of captives is based on mission analysis and intelligence estimates conducted by the brigade Intelligence Officer (US Army) (S2). Division forward CPs are mobile; they can be set up, expanded, and relocated quickly as the tactical situation warrants. AR 190-47,paragrpah 11-3(4)(a), Guard requirements for prisoners being transported outside an ACS facility, by means of foot, motor vehicle, or aircraft (other than AIREVAC or U.S. Marshals Service aircraft) are as follows:
(a)
Trained correctional, military police or security personnel: Under maximum custody circumstances, there will be one guard per restrained prisoner and two unarmed guards or one armed guard per unrestrained prisoner. Under medium custody circumstances, there will be one guard per five prisoners. In minimum custody circumstances there will be one guard per ten prisoners. Trustee guards will be determined by the ACS facility commander.

(b)
Non-correctional personnel: It is required that at least one guard be a SGT or above who is equal or senior to prisoners in a pretrial status. Under maximum custody circumstances, prisoners will have two guards per prisoner. In medium custody

14. How are you organized to handle the different categories of personnel (EPW, CI, OD, females, juveniles and refugees)? Do you maintain a separate site for sick or wounded Detainees? If so where is it and how does your unit maintain the security and safeguarding of Detainees there? (1.1, 1.2,1.3, 2.1, 3.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2.-1, An MP battalion commander tasked with operating an I/R facility is also the facility commander. As
such, he is responsible for the safety and well-being of all personnel housed within the.facility. Since an MP unit may be tasked to handle different categories if personnel (EPW, CI, OD refuges, and US military prisoner), the commander, the cadre, and support personnel must be aware of the requirements for each category.
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15.What is the number of personnel needed to escort prisoners internally and externally? (i.e. for medical, evacuation, etc.)? (1.1,1.7) (FM 3-19.4 Chapter 7 Para 7.8, The number of MP needed to operate a division forward collecting point is based on the number and
rate of captives expected and the METT-TC. ) AR 190-47,paragrpah 11-3(4)(a), Guard requirements for prisoners being transported outside an ACS facility, by means of foot, motor vehicle, or aircraft (other than AIREVAC or U.S. Marshals Service aircraft) are as follows:
(a)
Trained correctional, military police or security personnel: Under maximum custody circumstances, there will be one guard per restrained prisoner and two unarmed guards or one armed guard per unrestrained prisoner. Under medium custody circumstances, there will be one guard per five prisoners. In minimum custody circumstances there will be one guard per ten prisoners. Trustee guards will be determined by the ACS facility commander.

(b)
Non-correctional personnel: It is required that at least one guard be a SGT or above who is equal or senior to prisoners in a pretrial status. Under maximum custody circumstances, prisoners will have two guards per prisoner. In medium custody

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16.VVhat are the procedures for transporting and evacuating detainees? Whatare the procedures for transferring Detainees from the collection points to US Military controlled detention facilities? How is the transfer of Detainees handled between different services? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-11 (General. d. Transfer within the
terr ory of the detaining power will always be carried out humanely and in conditions no less favora• z than those enjoyed by the troops of the detaining power during their movements. If EPW/RP ar ansferred on foot, only those who are
fit to walk may • = so transferred. The EPW/RP will not be exposed to excessive fatigue during transfer by foot.
e. The sick, wounded, infirm EPW and RP as well as maternity cases will be evacuated through
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military.medical chan Is and will remain in medical channels until they are certified "fit for normal internment" by compe nt medical authorities.

f.
Necessary clothing, adequate elter, and medical attention will be made available.

g.
Suitable precautions will be take to prevent EPW and RP, from escaping and to ensure their

safety. Wounded and sick EPW and Jwill not be transferred as long as their recovery may be endangered by the journey, unless thei afety demands it.
h. The EPW and RP will be permitted to t e with them their personal effects and property. The weight of their baggage may be limited if the onditions of transfer so require, but in no case will it be limited to less than 55 pounds per EPW/R The personal property that the EPW and RP are unable to carry will be forwarded separately.
17.What are the procedures for the transfer of custody of Detal' nees from the collection points/internment facility to Military Intelligence/OGAI personnel? When the detainee is returned to the guard force, what procedures occur with the detainee?
rocessing, medical screening, suicide watch, observation report DD Form 271 ., tc) (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) FM 3-19.40 para 3-14. Property Accountability. *Have MI sign for property onJForm 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708. *Return confiscated property to supply after it is c red by MI teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence value are forwarded through MI channels. vacuate retained items with the captive when he moves to the next level of internment. * Maintain con Iled access to confiscated and impounded property
18.What MP units (guards, escort, detachments) do you have at yoUr disposal to operate and maintain this collection point/intemment facility? What non-MP units are you using to help operate this collection point/internment facility? If you do not use MP teams, what forces are required to operate the Collection Point (guard,
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security etc)? Do you have any shortfalls in performing the Collection Point mission? How does this affect your doctrinal mission? How long are you holding Detainees-at the collection point? Is holding the detainees longer than the 12/24 hours impacting on your units' ability to perform its mission? Why? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3) FM 3-19.40, paragraph
3-45, Captives should not remain at a forward CP more than 12 hours before being escorted to the central CP. Fm 3-19.40, paragraph 3-54. Captives should not remain at the central CP more than 24 hours before being evacuated to the CHA. When all captives are accounted for, processed, and ready for evacuation to the CHA,

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19. Describe how this unit is able to maintain the security and safeguarding of Detainees at this interment facility/collection point. Describe your security requirements. (What are your clear zones? How do your Guard Towers permit an unobstructed view of the clear zone and how do they allow for overlapping fields of fire? Describe your perimeter security. (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 2.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-1, An MP battalion commander tasked with operating an I/R facility is also the facility commander. As such,
he is responsible for the safety and well being of all personnel housed within the facility. Since an MP unit may be tasked to handle different categories if personnel (EPW, CI, OD refuges, and US military prisoner), the commander, the cadre, and support personnel must be aware of the requirements for each category.
20.How so you maintain a high tate of discipline with your Soldiers to enhance the internal an. - • -rnal security of the internment facility/Collection Point? (1.1,1.2,
1.6) FM 3-19.40, paraJ• 4.. h 2-19, The MP commander establishes security measures that effectively control housed personnel wiJinimal use of force JThe physical construction of the facility and
the presence of guard personne . -ate the most obvious means of providing intemal and external security. Maintaining a high state of cipline, a system of routines, and required standards of behavior are all measures that enhance e ctive security and control.
21. Does this facility include Sally Ports? Describe the system in place. (1.8, 4.1)
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22.What do you have in place for communications (between guards/towers and the TOC/C2)? What problems do you have? How do you overcome them? (1.1, 1.2, 1.5, 1.8)
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23. Decribe the latrine facilities for Detainees' use (do they have access to it day and night and does it conform to the rules of hygiene and do females have separate facilities). How are they cleaned and how often and by whom? Where do they bathe and conduct other personal hygiene (this will depend how long it takes to evacuate Detainees to U.S. Military Controlled Detention Facilifies--12/24 hours is the standard)? (1.1,1.2, 1.8)) AR 190-8 para 3-4.i.(1) paraphrased...EPVVs will have day/night access to latrines that are clean. Females will have separate latrines. AR 190-8 para 6-6.g.(4)
paraphrased...All CI will have access to day/night latrines that are sanitary.
24.How do the Detainees receive fresh water (Bottled water or Lister bag)? (1.1,1.2, 1.8)) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-4 f(3) Sufficient drinking water will be supplies to EPW/RP.
25.Can you give some examples of contraband? What are the procedures when you find contraband?? (i.e.., Knives, Narcotics, weapons, currency) AR 190-8 and local SOP.
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26. Describe your lighting systems at the Facility/Collection Point (how does it affect security) . How about heating during the winter? What fire prevention/safety measures are in place? (/.8) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-4 e, EPW/RP will be quartered under
conditions as favorable as those for the force of detaining power billeted in the same area. The conditions shall make allowance for the habits and customs of the prisoners and shall in no case be prejudicial to their health. The forgoing shall apply in particular to the dormitories of EPW/RP as it regards both total surface and minimarn cubic space and the general installation of bedding and blankets. Quarters furnished to EPW/RP must be protected from dampness, must be adequately lit and heated (particularly between dusk and lights-out), and must have adequate precautions taken against the dangers of fire. FM 3-19.40 para 4-103 "...minimize escapes by examining the lighting system during darkness to detect poorly lighted areas along the perimeter (replace burned out or broken light bulbs immediately" FM 3-19.40 para 2-37 The engineer officer is responsible for the maintenance of utilities (i.e. heat). AR 190-8 para 3-17(a) A safety program for EPW/RP will be setup and administered in each camp. AR 190-8 para 3-17(a) A safety program for CI will established and
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27.How are Detainee complaints and requests to the camp commander processed?
(1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-16 (EPW and RP have the right to make complaints and requests to camp commanders and the ICRC/protecting powers regarding the conditions of their internment. EPW and RP may not be punished for making complaints, even if those complaints later prove unfounded; Complaints will be received in confidence, as they might endanger the safety of other detainees. Appropriate action, including segregation, will be taken to protect detainees when necessary. This policy also applies to persons who are confined pending trial or as a result of a trial.
b. EPW and RP may take complaints or requests to the camp comniander.
c . Persons exerCising the right to complain to the ICRC or protecting power about their treatment and camp may do so:

(1)
By mail.

( 2 ) In person to the visiting representatives of the ICRC or protecting power.
(3)
Through their detainee representative.

d.
Written complaints to the protecting power will be forwarded promptly through HQDA, ODCSOPS (DAMO-ODL) NPWIC. A separate letter with the camp commander's comments will be included. Military endorsements will not be placed on a detainee's communication.

e.
If an ICRC/protecting power communicates directly with an EPW/CI camp commander about any matter requiring an answer, the communication and commander's reply will be forwarded to HQDA, ODCSOPS (DAMO-ODL) NPWIC, for proper action. f Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment will be investigated and, if substantiated, reported to HQDA as a Serious Incident Report (SIR) per AR 190-40. Once completed, a copy of the SIR accompanies the prisoner to the EPW/CI camp, and a copy is furnished to the monitoring Branch PWIC. All available pertinent information that the EPW or RP is willing to give, will be entered on the form.)


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28.What are your shortcomings/problems in feeding the population? What is the menu of the population? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, paragraph 6-14. If dining facilities don't exist, then Detainees are to be fed MREs.)
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29.What problems, if any, do you feel the unit has regarding manning or personnel resourcing in conducting Detention Operations? What about the number of personnel to control the detention operation in regards to riot control? (1.1, 1.7, 2.1)
30.What personal equipment is the unit experiencing as a shortfall concerning
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detainee operations, (i.e., restraints, uniforms, CIF items, weapons, etc.)?
31.What types of supplies is greater in-demand for the.unit.during detainee operations? And are these items regularly filled? What major shortfalls has the unit encountered in regard to materiel and supply distribution? (1.5)
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32.What tra ortation problems is the unit experiencing to move detainees during the operation? ( .1)
33.W t safety programs/policies are currently being used in the Detainee camps? (1.1, 1.2,.AR 190-8, paragraph 3-17 (A safety program for EPW and RP will be set up and administered in e EPW camp. Army regulations, circulars, and pamphlets in the 385-series may
be used as guides for e dishing an EPW and RP safety program. Accident injury forms used in the EPW and RP safety program I be prepared , administered , and maintained separately from those prepared for other persons in . sed under the Army Safety Program.) AR 190-8 para 3-17(a) A safety program for CI will established an. :•ministered IAW AR 385-10.
34. Do you know of the procedures to get stress counseling sychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? Do your Soldiers know of the procedures to get counseling (Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 2.1, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-48: Personnel assigned or attached to I/R facilities are trained on the care and control of housed
personnel. They are fully cognizant of the provisions of the Geneva and UN Conventions and applicable regulations as they apply to the treatment of housed personnel. A formal training program should include stress management techniques. FM 8-51, Appendix D, D-2 f (3): Combat stress control units should provide routine mental health consultation to EPW confinement facilities. This should include: stress control advice to the command regarding the stressors of US Army MP personnel and any allied or coalition personnel working at the confinement facility; individual evaluation and intervention for guards or prisoners when indicated. AR 190-8, Paragraph 1-5, (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is not justified by the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable violation under international law
d the nifo m • • of Militae ustice (UCMJ).
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35.Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) AR 190-40 para 2-1, Military and civilian personnel assigned to or accompanying a DoD Component know that they shall report reportable incidents through their chain of command and that such reports also may also be made through other channels, such as the military police, a judge advocate, or an Inspector General.) AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident.
36.Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or become aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.1, 1314196, 4.1) AR 190-40 para 2-1, Military and
civilian personnel assigned to or accompanying a DoD Component know that they shall report -reportable incidents through their chain of command and that such reports also may also be made through other channels, such as the military police, a judge advocate, or an Inspector General. AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other -incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C--
1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody,. disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident..AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
37.What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of alleged
Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious
Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the cornmander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Arrny confinement or correctional facilitie,s to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee,
a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This. provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity: In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI
will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals 3150

1011P1
of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
38.Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse outside Command channels (IG, CID) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander deterrnines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C. Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concem to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General . protection policy—civilian internee; a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of 'minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed bylhese regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, -their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At-all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, IJodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex
39.What procedures do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (IG, CID, Next Level Commander) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander
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determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8,5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee,
a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their mariners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI
will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race; religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
40.What systems are in place for detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6,

4.1)
AR 190-8, para 5-1, g. Appeals and periodic review of security internment cases. (1) Appeals. The CI who are interned for imperative security reasons will be accorded the right to appeal the order directing their internment. Such appeals will be decided with the least possible delay by a board of
officers. Appeals will be decided only on the grounds of the existence or nonexistence of imperative
security reasons requiring the internment of the protected person. 6-4.,Internee Committee a.
Election.
At each camp and branch camp, CI will be elected by secret written ballot to the Internee
Committee. This committee is empowered to represent the camp to the protecting powers,
International Committee of the Red Cross, or other authorized relief or aid organizations and U.S.

military authorities.
e. Duties. (3) (c) The presentation and tiransmittal of petitions and complaints to the appropriate authorities in proportion to the kind of labor performed. 6-9. Complaints and requests to camp commanders and protecting power,
a. Persons may make complaints or requests to the
camp commander, who will try to resolve the complaints and answer the requests. If the CI are not
satisfied with the way the commander handles a complaint or request, they may submit it in writing,
through channels, to HQDA, ODCSOPS (DAMO - ODL) NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400.

b. Persons
exercising the right to complain to the protecting power about their treatment and camp may do so—
(1) By mail. (2) In person to the visiting representatives of the protecting power. (3) Through their Internee Committee. c. Written complaints to the protecting power will be forwarded promptly through HQDA (DAMO - ODL) NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400. A separate letter with the comments of the
camp commander will be included. Military endorsements will not be placed on any CI
communications.
d. If a protecting power communicates with a CI camp commander about any matter requiring an answer, the communication and commander's reply will be forwarded to HQDA (DAMO-ODL) NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400, for proper action. e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL),
WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be
used.
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41. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance of
(Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude concerning -
your role in that mission. unit mission and their role) AR 600-20 Command Policy 2-1. Chain of Command a. The chain of command assists commanders at all levels to achieve their primary function of accomplishing the unit's assigned mission while caring for personnel and property in their charge. A simple and direct chain of command facilitates the transmittal of orders from the highest to the lowest levels in a
b. Commanders delegate sufficient
minimum of time and with the least chance of misinterpretation.
authority to soldiers in the chain of command to accomplish their assigned duties, and commanders
may hold these soldiers responsible for their actions.

42. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7) FM 10-1, Ch. 7, para. 3, 'Tactical Vision. A primary QMC focus at the tactical level will continue to be on sustainment of the soldier. Each company-sized unit will have two cooks and a small, state-of-the-art field kitchen. This provides a limited capability to prepare or heat meals and supplements. An improved containerized capability for providing responsive laundry and shower support well forward on the battlefield must be developed. Frontline soldiers require brief respites from the rigors
associated with combat. A facility complex (Force Provider) will be available in which they can shower, clean their clothes, eat hot meals, and rest in an environmentally controlled shelter.
43. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or
(Identifies Soldier's perception of the chain of
evolved since you have been in Theater?
command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel the
Command cares? Are they getting clear guidance?) 1 AR 600-20 • 13 May 2002 1-5. Command, b. Elements of command. c. The commander is responsible for establishing leadership climate of the unit and developing disciplined and cohesive units. This sets the parameters within which command will be exercised and, therefore, sets the tone for social and duty relationships within the command. (1) Commanders and other leaders committed to the professional Army ethic promote a positive environment.-If leaders show loyalty to their soldiers, the Army, and the Nation, they earn the loyalty of their soldiers. If leaders consider their soldiers' needs and care for their well-being, and if they demonstrate genuine concern, these leaders build a positive command climate. (2) Duty is obedient and disciplined performance. Soldiers with a sense of duty accomplish tasks given them,
seize opportunities for self-improvement, and accept responsibility from their superiors. Soldiers,
leader and led alike, work together to accomplish the mission rather than feed their self-interest...
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44. Please provide by show of hands if you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit? (Those that raise their hands, need to be noted and interviewed individually afterwards using the ABUSE QUESTIONAIRE) AR 190-8, 1-5. General protectionpolicy a. U.S. policy, relative to the treatment of EPW, CI and RP in the custody of the U.S. Armed Forces, is as follows: (1) All persons captured, detained, interned, or otherwise held in U.S. Armed Forces custody during the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of U.S. forces until final release or repatriation. (2) All persons taken into custody by U.S. forces will be provided with the protections of the GPW until some other legal status is determined by competent authority. (3) The punishment of EPW, CI and RP known to have, or suspected of having, committed serious offenses will be adminiitered IAW due process of. law and under legally constituted authority per the GPW, GC, the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the Manual for Courts Martial. (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is. not justified by the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable violation under international law and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). b. All prisoners will receive humane treatment without regard to race, nationality, religion, political opinion, sex, or other criteria. The following acts are prohibited: murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, the taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. c. All persons will be respected as human beings. They will be protected against all acts of violence to include rape, forced prostitution, assault and theft, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, and reprisals of any kind. They will not be subjected to medical or scientific experiments. This list is not exclusive. EPW/RP are to be protected from all threats or acts of violence. d. Photographing, filming, and video taping of individual EPW, CI and RP for other than internal Internment Facility administration or intelligence/counterintelligence purposes is strictly prohibited. No group, wide area or aerial photographs of EPW, CI and RP or facilities will be taken unless approved by the senior Military Police officer in the Internment Facility commander's chain of command. e. A neutral state or an international humanitarian organization, such as the ICRC, may be designated by the U.S. Government as a Protecting Power (PP) to monitor whether protected persons are receiving humane treatment as required by the Geneva Conventions. The text
of the Geneva Convention, its annexes, and any special agreements, will be posted in each cimp in the language of the EPW, CI and RP.
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