DOD Questionnaire: Questions for Soldiers on Detainee Treatment and Rules of Engagement

DoD Questionnaire: Questions for soldiers concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter. Staff sergeant says that the Rules of Engagement when interrogating a detainee say one "can't hit them or [illegible], dependent on the personality." States that being loud was allowed, "pride and ego down" was not.

Doc_type: 
Questionnaire
Doc_date: 
Wednesday, March 31, 2004
Doc_rel_date: 
Friday, September 2, 2005
Doc_text: 

INTERROGATOR QUESTIONS

Rank SC 6 Branch M T Date: 31114 14,- Unit 302M 8 co Duty PositionThiv How Long in Job IUt.o s. Interviewe How Long in Country U2 vt/U2
1. What references/standards/publications/SOps do you use to conduct
interrogation Operations? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 4.1)

AR 190-8, DoD Directive 5100.77, 1949
Geneva Convention, FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation, FM 3-19.40, These are the primary
source for standards and doctri.e concerning Detainee Operations)

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2.
What training have you received to ensure your knowledge of DO is IAW the ,
provisions under the Geneva Convention? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 4.1) DoDD 2310.1 para 3­
3.2 (The U.S. Military Services shall be given the necessary training to ensure they have
knowledge of their obligations under the Geneva Conventions (references (b) through (e)) and as
required by DoD enemy personnel is possible.) AR 190-8, paragraph 4(b-c) The inhumane
treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is not justified by the stress of combat or with deep
provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable violation under international law
and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). All prisoners will receive humane treatment
without regard to race, nationality, religion, political opinion, sex, or other criteria. The following
acts are prohibited: murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, the taking of hostages,
sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all
cruel and degrading treatment. All persons will be respected as human beings. They will be
protected against all acts of violence to include rape, forced prostitution, assault and theft, insults,
public curiosity, bodily injury, and reprisals of any kind. They will not be subjected to mediCal or
scientific experiments. This list is not exclusive. EPW/RP are to be protected from all threats or

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3.
Did your unit undergo Level B Law of War training prior to deployment? Explain what training occurred. Is there a plan to train new Soldiers (replacements) to the unit? Did this training Include the treatment of Detainees? ,12,Explain. (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1)
(AR 350-1 para 4-14c.(2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1-5(4)(C DOD Directive 5100.77), All prisoners will receive humane treatment and that the following acts are prohibited murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory
deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence to include public curiosity. (DoD Directive 5100.77, para 5.5.1, The Secretaries of the Military Departments shall
provide directives, publications, instructions, and training so that the principles and rules of law ofwar will be known to members of their respective Departments, the extent of such knowledge tobe commensurate with each individual's duties and responsibilities.)
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4. What training did you unit receive on the established Rules of Engagement
(ROE)? How often does this occur? Does this training include Rules of
Interaction (R01)? (1.4, 4.1) (DoD Directive 5100.77, para 5.5.1, The Secretaries of the

Military Departments shall provide directives, publications, instructions, and training so that the principles and rules of law of war will be known to members of their respective Departments, the extent of such knowledge to be commensurate with each individual's duties and responsibilities.) ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE."
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5. Wh is the procedure on how to identify a detainee who may have intellig ce information? Who performs this procedure? Are MPs involved in the decision-making? Are PIRs used as a basis for the identification of detainees of
interest, personality lists used, etc? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1) (FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation, page 3-2) If time permits, screeners should question holding area personnel about the EPWs and detainees. Since these personnel are in almost constant contact with the EPWs and detainees, their descriptions of specific ones can help identify sources who might answer the supported commander's PIR and IR. Screeners should identify and note those EPWs and detainees whose appearance and behavior indicate they are willing to cooperate immediately or are unlikely to cooperate ever, Unless time is critically short, screeners should—personally observe the EPWs and detainees. Pay attention to rank and branch of service insignias, and condition of uniform and equipment. Carefully observe the behavior demonstrated by other EPWs and, detainees. Look for things like attempts to talk to the guards, intentional placement in the wrong segregation group, or any overt signs of nervousness, anxiety. Or fright. Note any EPWs and detainees whose appearance or behavior indicates willingness to talk.)
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0 S 6.What s the Rules of Engagement (ROE)/Rules of Interaction (ROI) when interrogating a detainee? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6)
(FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation, Chapter 1 page 1-8 Physical or mental torture: These persons are protected by the Geneva Conventions for the Protection of War Victims of August 12, 1949, as they relate to captured wounded and sick enemy personnel (GWS), retained enemy medical personnel and chaplains
(GWS), enemy prisoners of war (GPW), and civilian internees (GC). Captured insurgents and other detained personnel whose status is not clear, such as suspected terrorists, are entitled to PW protection until their precise status has been determined by competent authority. The GWS, GPW, GC, and US policy expressly prohibit acts of violence or intimidation, physical or
mental torture, threats, insults, or exptisure including to inhumane treatment as a means of or aid
to inter rogation. Such illegal acts are not authorized and will not be condoned by the US Army. Acts in violation of these prohibitions are criminal acts punishable under the UCMJ. The
psychological techniques and principles in this manual should neither be confused with, nor
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construed to be synonymous with, unauthorized techniques such as brainwashing, physical or
mental torture, or any other form of mental coercion to include drugs that may induce lasting and
permanent mental alteration and damage. Physical or mental torture and coercion revolve around
eliminating the source's free will, and are expressly prohibited by GWS, Article 13; GPW, Articles

13 and 17; and GC, Articles 31 and 32. Torture is defined as the infliction of intense pain to body
or mind to extract a confession or information, or for sadistic pleasure to extract a confession or
infor ation, or tor aadisl pleasure.)

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7. What is the maximum amount of time allowed a detainee could be
interrogated during one session? Where is this standard located? (local SOP??)

(1.1, 1.2, 4.1) working (FM 34-52 page 3-28 Reasons for termination: The source remains
uncooperative during the approach phase. The source could be wounded, sick, or elderly, and his
condition might force the interrogator to terminate until a later time. The interrogation objective
requires several questioning periods to obtain all the information. The source may change his
attitude during the interrogation, and may become more alert, belligerent, bored, or too talkative,
thus indicating termination until later. The interrogator fails to maintain rapport and loses control
of the interrogation. Interrogation objectives have been satisfied. The interrogator becomes
physically or mentally unable to continue. Information possessed by the source is of such value
his immediate evaluation to the next echelon is required.

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to the procedure in deter ming how long to hold a detainer at this level
for interrogation once he refuses to cooperate? (1.1, 1.2) (FM 34-52 Intelligence
Interrogation, page 3-28 Reasons for termination: The source remains uncooperative during the
approach phase. The source could be wounded, sick, or elderly, and his condition might force the
interrogator to terminate until a later time. The interrogation objective requires several questioning

periods to obtain all the information. The source may change his attitude during the interrogation,
and may become more alert, belligerent, bored, or too talkative, thus indicating termination until
later. The interrogator fails to maintain rapport and loses control of the interrogation. Interrogation
objectives have been satisfied. The interrogator becomes physically or mentally unable to
continue. Information possessed by the source is of such value his immediate evaluation to the

next echelon is required.)
9. ow many people are authorized to be present in the room when
interrogating/screening a detainee? Under what circumstances are you required
and authorized to have more people'? (1.7) no standard

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10. Who may allow an interrogator to question a detainee if he is wounded or sick? (Medical personnel) (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) (FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation, page 2-12 sometimes it may be advantageous to conduct interrogations at the medical company. Wounded prisoners being evacuated through medical channels are frequently valuable sources of information; however, interrogators cannot represent themselves as medical or Red Cross personnel. The fact the EPW is wounded, and in an "enemy" hospital, puts him in a state of mind conducive to interrogation. The permission of competent medical authority is required before wounded prisoners can be interrogated. US Army doctors and medics are considered competent medical authorities. In their absence, the interrogation may not commence, even upon direction of non-medical military authority. When interrogating a sick or wounded EPW, great care must be taken to avoid implying that treatment will be withheld if cooperation is denied. The interrogation process must not interfere with timely medical treatment, to include administering medical to
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11. What types of restraining devices are authorized on the detainee during the interrogation? What type and/or amount of physical constraints are interrogators authorized to place on an unruly detainee during interrogation? (No standard to 2nd question, only when you are threatened or feel your life is in danger.
should an interrogator physically constrain a detainee) (1.1, 1.2, 4.1).(FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation, page 3-11 Rapport, There are two types of rapport postures determined during planning and preparation, stern and sympathetic. In the stern posture, the interrogator keeps the EPW or detainee at attention. The aim is to make the EPW or detainee keenly aware of his helpless and inferior status. Interrogators use the posture with officers, NCOs, and security-conscious enlisted men. The interrogator must always be in control of the interrogation. If the EPW or detainee challenges this control, the interrogator must act quickly and firmly. Everything the interrogator says and does must be within the limits of the GPW, Article 17. At no time may the interrogator use any type of physical restraints on any EPW.

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1 . Where are your scre ing sites locate ( ere detainees are interrogated and screened)? Are these facilities adeqUate or your needs? Do you have enough interrogators for your operation needs? What are your personnel shortfalls? (1.1, 1.2, 1.7,1.8) Local SOPs (FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation, page 2-9 At
brigade level, EPWs can be detained in open fields, courtyards, gardens, jungle clearings, or similar sites if they are hidden from enemy observation. If necessary, these areas can be

enclosed with barbed wire far more efficient EPW handling. Because EPWs seldom remain at a
forward collecting point for more than a few hours, EPWs are not usually kept in a building or other shelter. Interrogation facilities at battalion and brigade are kept to a minimum. 2-10 Compared to brigade facilities, division interrogator facilities are expanded. When practicable, interrogations at division should be conducted in improvised interrogation rooms in buildings
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adjacent to the division collecting point. If possible, separate rooms should be available to permit several interrogations at once. 2-22) The EAC interrogation facility will normally be designated as the Theater Interrogation Facility (TIF). A TIF is staffed by US Army interrogators and analysts, with support from Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and other US national agencies as required. In a multinational operation, a combined interrogation facility (CIF) may be established with allied interrogation augmentation-) .
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13.Are you receiving sufficient information from the capture paperwork to properly conduct screenings and interrogations? Are the current requirements for documentation of a captured person sufficient or excessive? Did the changes in procedures as far as documenting captured person improve your ability to gather intelligence? (1.1, 1.2, 2.2, 4.1) ((FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-3, The commander is responsible for the administrative processing of each internee. When processing is complete, he submits a DA Form 2674-R to the servicing internment/resettlement information center (IRIC), which function as the field operations agency for the national !RIC located in CONUS.) (AR 190­8, para 2-1, a. (1) (b) (c), All equipment, documents, and personal property confiscation during the search must be tagged and administratively accounted for by the capturing unit. DD Form 2745, Part C is attached tb the property confiscated from the Detainee, so that it may later be matched to that Detainee to include the CJTF Directive on proper paperwork procedures)
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14. What are the procedures for the transfer of custody of Detainees from the MP/Guard personnel to Military intelligence personnel? When the detainee is returned to the guard force, what procedures occur? (what info is passed on to the Guard Force (type of reward?)...observation report, paper trail audit) (1.1,1.2, 4.1) (FM 3-19-40, chapter 3/3--68) If a captive or his equipment or documents are removed from the receiving/processing line, account for them on DD Form 2708 and DA Form 4137. 3-68. The site is located where screeners can observe captives as they are segregated and processed. It is shielded from the direct view of captives and is far enough away that captives cannot overhear screeners'conversations. The site has an operation, administrative, and interrogation area. The interrogation area accommodates, a captive, a guard, and an interpreter as well as furniture. Lights are available for night operations. Accountability procedures are implemented and required forms are available.)
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15. Are thepersonal effects of a detainee released to the interrogator or is the interrogator allowed to examine the items?. DOCUMENT HANDLING (1.1, 1.2) ( FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation, page 4-4 The accountability phase begins at the time the document is captured. Original documents must not be marked, altered, or defaced in any way.
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Documents must be clearly tagged. The capturing unit attaches a capture document tag (DA Form 5976, Part CNOTE: Different tag. AR 190-8, para 2-1a(b) says use a DD Form 2745 and
(d) says Part C is attached to property confiscated from the detainee.) to each document; multiple CEDs are bundled or bagged together. The capture data is always recorded on a captured document tag. The capture document tag should be assigned a sequential number at the first formal exploitation point, showing the nationality of the capturing force by national letters prescribed in STANAG 1059. The capturing unit will record the information as follows: Time , document was captured, recorded as a DTG. Place document was captured, including the six-or­eight-digit coordinate, and description of the location of capture. Identify of the capturing unit. Identity of the source from whom the document was taken, if applicable. Summary of the circumstances under which the document was found. CED intelligence value will be determined and exploited as early as possible. The document must be forwarded immediately to higher headquarters. Custody of CEDs transfer (normally from the MP) to MI when MI identifies a document as having intelligence interest. When MI interest in an EPW-related CED stops, MI gives it back to the MP. FM 3-19-40, chapter 3 para 3-64, 3-68) to facilitate collecting enemy tactical information, MI may collocate interrogation teams at CPs and CHAs. This provides MI with direct access to captives and their equipment and documents. Coordination is made between MP and MI to establish operating procedures that include accountability. An
interrogation area is established away from the receiving/processing line so that MI personnel can interrogate captives and examine their equipment and documents. If a captive or his equipment or documents are removed from the receiving/processing line, account for them on DO Form 2708 and DA Form 4137.
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16. How are translators/linguists used during the screening/interrogation . process? Do you trust the interpreter? How are MPs/Guards used during this process? (1.1, 1.2, 1.7, 2.1) (FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation, use of interpreter page 3-30
Interpreter briefing: Once the interrogator has chosen a method of interpretation,.he must brief his interpreter. This briefing must cover- current tactical situation, background information obtained on the source, specific interrogation objectives, method of interpretation to be used, and the conduct of the interrogation. ) (use METE-T)
17. What is your perception of the contract interrogators training and capabilities to conduct proper interrogations of detainees? (No standard for perception)
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18. What do you perceive to be doctrinal shortcomings pertaining to interrogation Operations? How would you fix/incorporate into updated doctrine/accomplish ­
differently? How about Force Structure to ensure Interrogation Operations can be successfully accomplished? What are the shortcomings and how do we fix the
problem at the Arrny-level? (1 .1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 4.1)
19. Do you know of the procedures to get stress counseling (Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? Do your Soldiers know of the procedures to get counseling (Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 2.1, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-48: Personnel assigned or attached to I/R facilities are trained on the care and control of housed personnel. They are fully cognizant of the provisions of the Geneva and UN Conventions and applicable regulations as they apply to the treatment of housed personnel. A formal training program should include stress management techniques. FM 8-51, Appendix D, D-2 f (3): Combat stress control units should provide routine mental health consultation to EPW confinement facilities. This should include: stress control advice to the command regarding the stressors of US Army MP personnel and any allied or coalition personnel working at the confinement facility; individual evaluation and intervention for guards or prisoners when indicated. AR 190-8, Paragraph 1-5, (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is not justified by
the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable
violation under international law and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ).

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20. What is considered abuse to a detainee during interrogation? (1.1, 1.2) (FM 34-52 Chapter 1 page 1-8 Examples of physical torture include: electric shock, infliction of pain through chemicals or bondage (other than legitimate use of restraints to prevent escape), forcing an individual to stand, sit, or kneel in abnormal positions for prolonged periods of time, food deprivation, any form of beating. Examples of mental torture include: mock executions, abnormal sleep deprivation, chemically induced psychosis. Coercion is defined as actions designed to unlawfully induce another to compel an act against one's will. Examples of coercion include— Threatening or implying physical or mental torture to the subject, his family, or others to whom he owes loyalty. Intentionally denying medical assistance or care in exchange for the information
sought or other cooperation.
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21.Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) AR 190-40 para 2-1, Military and civilian personnel assigned
to or accompanying a DoD Component know that they shall report reportable incidents through their chain of command and that such reports, also may also be made through other channels, such as the military police, a judge advocate, or an Inspector General.) AR 190-40, Appendix B,
Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:
b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of
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immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident.
22. Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or
become aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:
b.
War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:

g.
Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all ­acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such. as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 203100400 as a Serious Incident

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Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
23. What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of alleged Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to
HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for advEise publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190 40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C -1. Actual or
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alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths.
HQDA based on the
C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to
nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 1 90-
8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture
or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition
against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or
directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their
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person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of _ violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against
all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such
as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious
Incident. Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
24. Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse outside Command channels (IG, CID) (1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War
crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C. Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or
alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190­8, 5-1. General protection policy: civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their
person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
25..What procedures do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (IG, CID, Next Level Commander) (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and
atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HODA based' on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances
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which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on-the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8,5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture
or moral coercion will be exercised against the CI. This provision does not constitute a prohibitionagainst the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners
and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of
violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair
and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against
all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such
as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the
same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex,
or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of
this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious
Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)

26. What procedures are in place for Detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.2,
1.6, 4.1) AR 190-8, para 5-1, g. Appeals and periodic review of security internment cases. (1)
Appeals. The CI who are interned for imperative security reasons will be accorded the right to
appeal the order directing their internment. Such appeals will be decided with the least possible

delay by a board of officers. Appeals will be decided only on the grounds of the existence or
nonexistence of imperative security reasons requiring the internment of the protected person. 6­
4. Internee Committee a. Election. At each camp and branch camp, CI will be elected by secret
written ballot to the Internee Committee..This committee is empowered to represent the camp to
the protecting powers, International Committee of the Red Cross, or other authorized relief or aid
organizations and U.S. military authorities.

e. Duties. (3) (c) The presentation and transmittal of
petitions and complaints to the appropriate authorities in proportion to the kind of labor performed.
6-9. Complaints and requests to camp commanders and protecting power,

a. Persons may make
complaints or requests to the camp commander, who will try to resolve the complaints and
answer the requests. If the CI are not satisfied with the way the commander handles a complaint
or request, they may submit it in writing, through channels, to HQDA, ODCSOPS (DAMO - ODL)
NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400. b . Persons exercising the right to complain to the protecting

power about their treatment and camp may do so—(1) By mail. (2) In person to the visiting
representatives of the protecting power. (3) Through their Internee Committee.

c.
Written
complaints to the protecting power will be forwarded promptly through HQDA (DAMO - ODL)
NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400. A separate letter with the comments of the camp commander
will be included. Military endorsements will not be placed on any CI communications.

d.
If a
protecting power communicates with a CI camp commander about any matter requiring an
answer, the communication and commander's reply will be forwarded to HQDA (DAMO-ODL)
NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400, for proper action. e. Any act or allegation of inhumane

treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC
20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.

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27. What do you perceive as the mission of your it? Describe the importance
of your role in that mission. (Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude -concerning unit mission and their role) AR 600-20 Command Policy 2-1. Chain of Command
a. The chain of command assists commanders at all levels to achieve their primary function of
accomplishing the unit's assigned mission while caring for personnel and property in their charge. A simple and direct chain of command facilitates the transmittal of orders from the highest to the lowest levels in a minimum of time and with the least chance of misinterpretation. b. Commanders delegate sufficient authority to soldiers in the chain of command to accomplish their assigned duties, and commanders may hold these soldiers responsible for their actions.

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28. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7) FM 10-1, Ch. 7, para. 3, "Tactical Vision. A primary QMC focus at the tactical level will continue to be on sustainment of the soldier. Each company-sized unit will have two cooks and a small, state-of-the-art field kitchen. This provides a limited capability to prepare or heat meals and supplements. An improved containerized capability for providing responsive laundry and shower support well forward on the battlefield must be developed. Frontline soldiers require
brief respites from the rigors associated with combat. A facility complex (Force Provider) will be
available in which they can shower, . clean their clothes, eat hot meals, and rest in an s

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29. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or evolved since you have been in Theater? (Identifies Soldier's perception of the chain of command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel the Command cares? Are they getting clear guidance?) 1 AR 600-20 • 13 May 2002 1-5. Command, b. Elements of command. c. The commander is responsible for establishing leadership climate of the unit and developing disciplined and cohesive units. This sets the parameters within which command will be exercised and, therefore, sets the tone for social and duty relationships within the command. (1) Commanders and other leaders committed to the professional Army ethic promote a positive environment. If leaders show loyalty to their soldiers, the Army, and the Nation, they earn the loyalty of their soldiers. If leaders consider their soldiers' needs and care for their well-being, and if they demonstrate genuine concern, these leaders build a positive command climate. (2) Duty is obedient and disciplined performance. Soldiers with a
sense of duty accomplish tasks given them, seize opportunities for self-improvement, and accept responsibility from their superiors. Soldiers, leader and led alike, work together to accomplish the mission rather than feed their self-interest.. •
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30. Are you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit? AR 190-8, 1-5. General protection policy a. U.S. policy, relative to the treatment of EPW, CI and RP in the custody of the U.S. Armed Forces, is as follows: (1) All persons captured, detained, interned, or otherwise held in U.S. Armed Forces custody during the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of U.S. forces until final release or repatriation. -(2) All persons taken into custody by U.S. forces will be provided with the protections of the GPW until some other legal status is determined by. competent authority. (3) The punishment of EPW, CI and RP known to have, or suspected of having, committed serious offenses will be administered IAW due process of law and under legally constituted authority per the GPW, GC, the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the Manual for Courts Martial. (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is not
justified by the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable violation under international law and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). b. All prisoners will receive humane treatment without regard to race, nationality, religion, political opinion, sex, or other criteria. The following acts are prohibited: murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, the taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. c. All persons will be respected as human beings. They will be protected against all acts of violence to include rape, forced prostitution, assault and theft, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, and reprisals of any kind. They will not be subjected to medical or scientific experiments. This list is not exclusive. EPW/RP are to be protected from all threats or acts of violence. d. Photographing, filming, and video taping of individual EPW, CI and RP for other than internal Internment Facility administration or intelligence/counterintelligence purposes is strictly prohibited. No group, wide area or aerial photographs of EPW, CI and RP or facilities will be taken unless approved by the senior Mililary. Polite officer.in the Internment Facility commander's chain of command. e. A neutral state or an international humanitarian organization, such as the ICRC, may be designated by the U.S. Government as a Protecting Power (PP) to monitor whether protected persons are receiving humane treatment as required by the Geneva ConVentions. The text of the Geneva Convention, its annexes, and any special agreements, will be posted in each camp in the language of the EPW, CI and RP.
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ADVISEMENT OF RIGHTS (For military personnel) The text of Article 31 provides as follows a. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to incriminate himself or to answer any questions the answer to which may tend to incriminate him. b. No person subject to this chapter may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing him of the nature of the accusation and advising him that he does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which he is accused or suspected, and that any statement made by him may be used as evidence against him in a trial by court -martial. C. No person subject to this chapter may
compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military tribunal if the statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade him. d. No statement obtained from any person in violation of this artide, or through the use of coercion, unlawful
2116
DA IG .
12
influence, or unlawful inducement, may be received in evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. (1.2, 1.6)
I am U(grade, if any, and name), a member of the (DAIG). I am part of a team inspecting detainee operations, this is not a criminal investigation. I am reading you your rights because of a statement you made causes me to suspect that you may have committed U . (specify offense, i.e. aggravated assault, assault, murder). Under Article 31, you have the right to remain silent, that is, say nothing at all. Any statement you make, oral or written, may be used as evidence against you in a trial by courts-martial or in other judicial or administrative proceedings. You have the right to consult a lawyer and to have a lawyer present during this interview. You have the right to military legal counsel free of charge. In addition to military counsel, you are entitled to civilian counsel of your own choosing, at your own expense. You may request a lawyer at any time during this interview. If you decide to answer questions, you may stop the questioning at any time. Do you understand your rights? Do you want a lawyer? (If the answer is yes, cease all questions at this point). Are you willing to answer questions?
31.
Describe what you understand happened leading up to and during the incident(s) of abuse. (No applicable standard)

32.
Describe Soldier morale, feelings and emotional state prior to and after these

incidents? (Identifies unit and Soldier morale, atmosphere, mood, attitude, stress, retaliation, preemption, family crisis)
33. Was this incident reported to the chain of command? How, when & what was done? What would you have done? (Identifies compliance, procedure, timeliness, Soldier perception of action taken and effect on unit morale.) (1.2, 1.6) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. 8-2. Any other incident the commander determines to bed
immediate concern to HODA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C Category 2, Reportable Serious
Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners
21 317 13 DA IG
or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisciner,_ and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences
civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No
of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with
measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the Cl will be
treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases
be
they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The
CI will be treated with the same consideration and with-out adverse distinction based on.race, -9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane
religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
34.
How could the incident have been prevented? (Identifies root cause and perceived solution) (No applicable standard)

35.
Describe any unit training or other programs that you are aware of that teach FM 2251, para

-
leaders and Soldiers how to recognize and resolve combat stress. 11-5. Prevention of Misconduct Stress Behaviors. The measures which reduce battle fatigue and prevent battle fatigue casualties should also help reduce the incidence of misconduct stress behaviors. However, additional actions also need to be practiced consistently by leadership at all echelons and by buddies at the small unit level. FM 22-51, para 1-3, Stress control requires
the
special involvement from direct (small unit) leaders. The responsibility extends up through organizational leaders and their staffs (both officers and noncommissioned officers [NCOs)) at all echelons. Appendix A describes combat stress risk factors and prescribes leaders' actions to control them. Leaders, staffs, and individual soldiers all receive assistance from the supporting chaplains, the medical personnel, and combat stress control/mental health personnel (see Appendix B for information pertaining to combat stress control units). If any link in the chain of responsibility is weak, it is the responsibility of the other members of the chain to strengthen it. FM 8-51, para 1-1, b. Responsibility For Stress Control. Control of stress is the commander's responsibility (see FM 22-51) at all echelons. The commander is aided in this responsibility by the noncommissioned officer (NCO) chain of support; the chaplaincy; unit medical personnel;
general, principal, and special staff, and by specialized Army CSC units and mental health
personnel. )
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14 DA IG
36.
What measures are in place to boost morale or to relieve stress? (Identifies perceived solution.) FM 22-51, para 11-5. Prevention of Misconduct Stress Behaviors. The measures which reduce battle fatigue and prevent battle fatigue casualties should also help reduce the incidence of misconduct stress behaviors. However, additional actions also need to be practiced consistently by leadership at all echelons and by buddies at. the small unit level. FM 22­51, para 1-3, Stress control requires special involvement from direct (small unit) leaders: The responsibility extends up through the organizational leaders and their staffs (both officers and noncommissioned officers [NC0s]) at all echelons. Appendix A describes combat stress risk factors and prescribes leaders' actions to control them. Leaders, staffs, and individual soldiers all receive assistance from the supporting chaplains', the medical personnel, and combat stress control/mental health personnel (see Appendix B for information pertaining to combat stress control units). If any link in the chain of-responsibility is weak, it is the responsibility of the other members of the chain to strengthen it. FM 8-51, para 1-1, b. Responsibility For Stress Control. Control of stress is the commander's responsibility (see FM 22-51) at all echelons. The commander is aided in this responsibility by the noncommissioned officer (NCO) chain of support; the chaplaincy; unit medical personnel; general, principal, and special staff, and by specialized Army CSC units and mental health personnel.

37.
What measures could the command enact to improve the morale and command climate of your unit? (Identifies perceived solution.) FM 22-103, Leadership and Command at Senior Levels, 21 Jun 1987, p. 6, - "Leadership. The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation." AR 600-100, Army Leadership, 17 Sep 1993, p. 8, 1987- "Senior-level leadership is the art of direct and indirect influence and the skill of creating the conditions for sustained organizational success to achieve the desired result. But, above all, it is the art of taking a vision of what must be done,

communicating it in a way that the intent is clearly understood, and then being tough enough to ensure its execution."
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