DOD Questionnaire: Questions for Soldiers on Detainee Treatment and Rules of Engagement

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DoD Questionnaire: Questions for soldiers concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter. Soldiers say they had no training on control of detainees.

Sunday, March 28, 2004
Friday, July 29, 2005

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7 fr,S_s Rank.Branch lylf .State/Component Pkc.,-k-.Date a& (Yo-r Unit 1 :1-1-iyA cm-so-Duty P ss tion G-ti,D.,,,\A .How Long in Job R DA, )4, Interviewer
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1. How did you prepare yourself and your Soldiers to become familiar with and understand the applicable regulations, OPORD/FRAGOs directives, international laws and administrative procedures to operate an I/R facility or Collection Point?
(1.1, 1.2, 1 4, 1.6, 4.1).
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2. Did you and all of your Soldiers undergo Law of War training prior to deployment? Explain what training occurred. What is your plan to train new Soldiers (replacements) to the unit? Did this training include the treatment of . Detainees? Explain. (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1)
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3. What policies/procedures does your unit have in place to support the U. S. policy
relative to the humane treatment of Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) 11
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4: Does your unit have a formal training program for the care and control of Detainees? Describe what it includes. (For Permanent Internment Facilities only) (1.1, 1.2, 1.4)

5. What training did your unit receive on the established Rules of Engagement
(ROE)? How often does this occur? Does this training include Rules of Interaction (ROI)? (1.4, 4.1)
6. What procedures do you have in place to ensure Soldiers understand the use of force and rules of engagement for the interment facility/collection point? What guidance or policies do you have to ensure fraternization is not taking place between
U.S military personnel and the detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4,1.6, 4.1)
Describe the training the guard force received to prepare them for their duties (5Ss
& 1)) How does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee Operations in
Theater? How often does this occur and please describe it? When did your unit last
conduct this training? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1
7. What Home Station/Mob Site Training did your unit conduct prior to deployment to help your unit prepare for Detainee Operations? Describe it. How did the training prepare you to conduct Detainee Operations for this deployment? What are your unit's strengths and weaknesses? How did this training distinguish between the different categories of Detainees (EPWs, RPs, Cls, etc:)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1)
8. Describe the training you received during your last Military Institutional SchoOl _ONCOC/ANCOC) in handling/processing Detainees. How was it helpful in
p you for Detainee Operations? How would you improve the training at the schoolhouse? (1.1, 1.4)
9. What are some of the basic operations of the collection point/internment facility?
Is there a copy of the Geneva Convention posted in the detainee's home
language within these camps? Are camps segregating Detainees by
nationality, language, rank, and sex? How are captured Medical personnel and
Chaplains being used in the camps? What provisions are in place for the
receipt and distribution of Detainee correspondence/mail? Are the daily food
rations sufficient in quantity or quality and variety to keep detainees in good
health? Are personal hygiene items and needed clothing being supplied to the
Detainees? Are the conditions within the camp sanitary enough to ensure a
clean and healthy environment free from disease and epidemics? Is there an
infirmary located within the camp? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)

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10.Whatcontrol measures are your unit using to maintain discipline and security in the ollection point/internment facility? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
11. What procedures are in place to account for and dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipment? What procedures are in place to process personnel, equipment, and evidence?(1.1, 1.2 4.1))

(a) What is your ratio of guards to detainees in your collection point/internent
, what are facility? Is this ratio the proper mix for you to perform your mission? If not the shortfalls? Why are their shortfalls? How do these shortfalls impact your
mission? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 3.1, 4.1

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.12. How are you organized to handle the different categories of personnel (EPW OD, females, juveniles and refugees)?- Do you maintain a separate site for sic or wounded Detainees? If so where is it and how does your unit maintain the security
and safeguarding of Detainees there? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 3.1)
(a) What is the number of personnel needed to escort prisoners internally and externally? (i.e. for medical, evacuation, etc.)? (1./, 1.7)
What are the procedures for transporting and evacuating detainees? Wat are the
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procedures for transferring Detainees from the collection points to US controlled detention facilities? How is the transfer of Detainees handled between
different services? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
13. What are the procedures for the transfer of custody of Detainees from the
collection points/internment facility to Military Intelligence/OGA personnel? When the detainee is returned to the guard force, what procedures occur with the detainee? (in processing, medical screening, suicide watch, observation report DD Form2713?, etc) (1.1, 1:2, 4.1
14. What MP units (guards, escort, detachments) do you have at your disposal to operate and maintain this collection point/internment facility? What non-MP units are you using to help operate this collection point/internment facility? If you do not use MP teams, what forces are required to operate the Collection Point (guard, security etc)? Do you have any shortfalls in performing the Collection Point mission? How does this affect your doctrinal mission? How long are you holding Detainees at the collection point? Is holding the detainees longer than the 12/24 hours impactingon your units' ability to •erform its mission? Why? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3)
15. Describe how this unit is able to maintain the security and safeguarding of Detainees at this interment facility/collection point. Describe your security requirements. (What are your clear zones? How do your Guard Towers permit an unobstructed view of the clear zone and how do they allow for overlapping fields of
fire? Describe your perimeter security. (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 2.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-1, AnMP battalion commander tasked with operating an l/R facility is also the facility commander. As such,the is-responsible for the safety and well being of all personnel housed within the facility. Since an MP
unit may be tasked to handle different categories if personnel (EPW, Cl, OD refuges, and US military
• prisoner), the commander, the cadre, and support personnel must be aware of the requirements for
each category.
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16. How do you maintain a .high state of discipline with your Soldiers to enhance the internal and external security of the internment facility/Collection Point?
(1.1, 1.2, 1,6
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Does this facility include Sally Ports? IDescribe the system in place. (1.8, 4.1)

What do you have in place for communications (between guards/towers and the TOC/C2)? What problems do you have? How do you-overcome them? (1.1, 1.2, 1.5, 1.8)

19. Describe the latrine facilities for Detainees'use (do they have access to it day and night and does it conform to the rules of hygiene and do females have separate facilities). How are they cleaned and how often and by whom? Where do they bathe and conduct other personal hygiene (this will depend how long it takes to evacuate Detainees to U.S. Military Controlled Detention Facilities-12/24 hours is the standard)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8))
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20. How do the Detainees receive fresh water (Bottled water or Lister bag)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8))
21. Can you give some examples of contraband? What are the procedures when you find contraband?? (i.e.., Knives, Narcotics, weapons, currency)
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22. Describe your lighting systems at the Facility/Collection Point (how does it affect
security) . How about heating during the winter? What fire prevention/safety measures are in place? (1.8)
How are Detainee complaints and requests to the camp commander processed?
(1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
23. What are your shortcomings/problems in feeding the population? What is the
menu of the population? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 4:1) (FM 3-19.40, paragraph 6-14. If dining facilities
don't exist, then Detainees are to be fed MREs.)

24. What problems, if any, do you feel the unit has regarding manning or personnel resourcing in conducting Detention Operations? What about the number of personnel to control the detention operation in regards to riot control?
(1.1, 1.7, 2.1)
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25. What personal equipment is the unit experiencing as a shortfall concerning detainee operations, (i.e., restraints, uniforms, CIF items, weapons, etc.)?
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What types of supplies is greater in-demand for the unit during detainee operations? And are these items regularly filled? What major shortfalls has the unit encountered in regard to materiel and supply distribution? (1.5)

What transportation problems is the unit experiencing to move detainees during the operation? (1.5, 2.1)

What safety programs/policies are currently being used in the Detainee camps?

(1.1, 1_2, 4.1)
29. Do you know of the procedures to get stress counseling (Psychiatrist,
Chaplain, Medical)? Do your Soldiers know of the procedures to get counseling (Psychiatrist,LhaRkin, Medical)? (1.1; 1.2, 1.6, 2.1, 4.1
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30. Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of
detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) A1-0-3? .-cA" cSrl i
Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or become aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6,

What steps would you take if

. a subordinate reported to you an incident of alleged
Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6,
Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse outside Command channels (IG, CID) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6,

What procedures do you have to report suspected detainee abuse

(IG, CID, NextLevel Commander) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) • ,
35.What systems are in place for detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6,4.1)

41. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance of your role in that mission.
(Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude concerning unit mission and their role)
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Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in Theater.
(Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7
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Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or
evolved since you have been in Theater?

(Identifies Soldier's perception of the chain of command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel the Command cares? Are they getting clear guidance?)
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44. Please provide by show of hands if you aware of any incidences of detainee or
other abuse in your unit? (Those that raise their hands, need to be noted and interviewedindividually afterwards using the ABUSE QUESTIONAIRE)