DOD Questionnaire: Questions for Soldiers on Detainee Treatment and Rules of Engagement

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DoD Questionnaire: Questions for soldiers concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter.

Sunday, March 28, 2004
Friday, July 29, 2005

Rank556-13ranch 91 Date
23 7711-7 Unit Pr/ 0 Di f Duty Position •.(VC-0/C--How Long in Job 2c,e7 Interviewer
1. Can you tell me what sources that you use to get policy, doctrine and
standards for Detainee Operations?
(What doctrine was used in setting up the collection point?)
Describe the basic principles of detainee operations and how you are applying them. (1.1, 4.1) SO Pa84, ya y I0 A-12_ 190 -S
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2. How did you prepare yourself and your junior leaders/Soldiers to understand applicable regulations, OPORD/FRAGO, directives, international laws and a ministrative orocedu es to operate a collection Point? (
.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1),
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How did Home Station/Mob Site Training prepare you to conduct Detainee Operations? (Did this include Law of War and treatment of Detainees traini g.)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 4.1)
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Describe the training the guard force received to prepare them for their duties.
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4 4.1)
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How does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee Operations or training for newly assigned personnel?
(How often does this occur and pleasedescribe it?) When did your unit last conduct this trainin•? 1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1) •
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What kind of security lighting do you have that ensures you have a safe and secure operation at night? How do you provide heat to detainees during the winter? What fire prevention/safety measur s d • you have? (1.8)
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7. In relation to where the detainees are housed, how far away are your
ammunition and fuel storage sites? Where is your screening site where MI
Soldiers interrogate Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8)

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8. Describe some of the basic operations of the collection point relating to detainee segregation, captured medical/religious personnel, feeding, sanitation,etc? (Do you segregate Detainees by nationality, language, religion, rank, and sex? Flow are captured Medical personnel and Chaplains being used? Are the daily food rations sufficient in quantity or quality and variety to keep detainees in good health? Are personal hygiene items and needed clothing being supplied to the Detainees? Are the conditions within the . collection point sanitary enough to ensure a clean and healthy environment
free from disea e and epidemi s)? (1.1, 2, 4.1)
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9. What control measures do you use to maintain detainee discipline and security in the collection point? 1.1, 1.2,
5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 2.1, 3.1, 4.1)
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10. What are the procedures for the transfer of Detainees from the collection
points to US Military controlled detention facilities? How is the transfer of
Detainees handled between coalition forces/host nation? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)

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11. What transportation problems do you experience. moving detainees during the operation? 1.5)
12. Describe the procedures you use when you in process a detainee. (CPA Forces Apprehension Form, two sworn statements, EPW tag, where do you store Detainees' confiscated personal affects (if any) and how are they accounted for (are they tagged with DD Form 2745)? How is evidence tagged? What procedures are in place to dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipment? Do you medically screen detainees?) (1.1, 1.2,
1. 8,-4.1
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13. What MP units (plato , guards, escort, detachments) do you have at your
disposal to operate and maintain the collection point? Do you have any
shortages? How do these shortages. impact your mission? What non-MP units
are you using to help operate the collection point? Do you have any shortages?

621. How do these ortages imps your mission? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.7 4-4 SO& /'S06
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14. What is your normal ratio of guards to detairfees in the collection point? Is
this ratio the proper mix for you to perform your mission? If not, what are the

shortfalls? Why are their shortfalls? How do these shortfalls impact your
mis ,.? (1.1, 1. , 2.1, 3.1, 4.1) mETT-Tc

15. What is the number of personnel that is needed to move prisoners internally and externally (i.e. to the internment facility, from the BN Collection Points, for medical, e.tion, etc.)? (1.1, 1.7)

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16.What personnel shortages do you have? What issues, if any, do you feel your unit has regarding manning or personnel resourcing in conducting Detention Operations? (1.7, 2.1, 3.1
17: What equipment shortages (USR) are affecting your ability to perform detainee operations? What other equipment is the unit experiencing as a . shortfall concerning detainee operations, (i.e., restraints, uniforms, CIF items, weapons,. etc.)? What major shortfalls has the unit encountered in regards to materiel and supply distribution? (1.3, 1.5, 2.1, 3.1)

18. Describe how the unit plans and procures logistical support to include: transportation,.-subsistence, organizational, and NBC clothing and equipment items, mail collection and distribution, laundry, and bath equipment ISO DO.
(1.1, 1.2,1.4)
19. What logistical support do you receive to run this Facility? What types of
supplies is greater in-demand for the unit during detainee operations? And are these items regularly filled? (1.5)
20. What procedures do you have in place to ensure Soldiers and leaders -understand the use of force and rules of engagement for the collection point?
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1)
21. What are the unit's procedures for the interrogation/questioning of Detainees?
(1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
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22. What kind of stress counseling are Soldiers/Guards provided? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1,
23. Do you maintain a separate site for sick or wounded Detainees? If so where is it and how does your unit maintain the security and safeguarding of. Detainees there? How about female Detainees? How and where do you house them? (1.1,1.2, 1.8, 2.1, 3.1
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22. What type of Medical personnel/units are available in support of medical treatment of detainees? (1.1, 1. , 2.1, 4.1)
25. Are Detainees given the Utitude to practice their religion? Is there a chaplain
available to minister to the detainees? Is the chaplain a Retained Personnel, US Forces, or a civilian? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 4.1)
26. Describe the latrine facilities for Detainees' use (do they have access to it day and night and does it conform to the rules of hygiene and do females have separate facilities). How are they cleaned and how often and by whom? Where do they bathe and conduct other personal hygiebe (this will depend how long it takes to evacuate Detainees to U.S. Military Controlled Detention Facilities-12
hours istithe standard)? (1.1, 1.2 1.8 /PI
27:How do the Detainees receive fresh water (Bottled water or Lister bag)?
1.2, 1.8)
28. What are the
rocedures if a detainee in U.S. custody dies? 1.1, 1.2,
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What AARs or lessons learned have you written or received regarding inee operations? Can I get a copy? (preferably on disk) (2.1, 2.2)
30.Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
Do your suborIlinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or become aware of a pD pinee being abused? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of all ed Detainee ,Z? (1.2, 1.6 ; 4.1

Do you feel yo can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse
outside Command channels (IG, CID) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1

What procedure do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (IG, CID,

-Next Level Comma der) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
34. What systems are in place for detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
36. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance of your role in that mission.
(Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude . concerning unit mission and their role)
37. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in
Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 4.3, 1.4,1.5, 1.6, 1.7) ..f-r-0
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38. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or evolved since you have been in Theater? (Identifies Soldier's perception of the chain of command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel
the Co mand cares? Are they getting clear gui ance .
39. Are you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit?
ADVISEMENT OF RIGHTS (For military personnel) The text of Article 31 provides as follows a. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to incriminate himself or to answer any questions the answer to which may tend to incriminate him. b. No person subject to this chapter may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing him of the nature of

the accusation and advising him that he does not have to make any statement regarding the
offense of which he is accused or suspected, and that any statement made by him may be used
as evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. c. No person subject to this chapter may
compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military tribunal if the
statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade him. d. No statement
obtained from any person in violation .of this article, or through the use of coercion, unlawful
influence, or unlawful inducement, may be received in evidence against him in a trial by court-
martial. (1.2, 1.6)

I am .(grade, if any, and name), a member of the (DAIG). I am part of
a team inspecting detainee operations, this is not a criminal investigation. I
am reading you your rights because of a statement you made causes me .to
suspect that you may have committed . . (specify
offense, i.e. aggravated assault, assault, murder). Under Article 31, you
have the right to remain silent, that is, say nothing at all. Any statement
you make, oral or written, may be used as evidence against you in atrial by
courts-martial or in other judicial or administrative proceedings. You have
the right to consult a lawyer and to have a lawyer present during this
interview. You have the right to military legal counsel free of charge. In
addition to military counsel, you are entitled to civilian counsel of your own
choosing, at your own expense. You may request a lawyer at any time
during this interview. If you decide to answer questions, you may stop the
questioning at any time. Do you understand your rights? Do you want a
lawyer? (If the answer is yes, cease all questions at this point). Are you

willing to answer questions?
Describe what you understand happened leading up to and during the
incident(s) of abuse. (No applicable standard) .

Describe Soldier morale, feelings and emotional state prior to and after these

incidents? (Identifies unit and Soldier morale, ,atmosphere, mood, attitude, stress, retaliation, preemption, family crisis) .
42. Was this incident reported to the chain of command? How, when & what was done? What would you have done? (Identifies compliance,. procedure, timeliness, Soldier perception of action taken and effect on unit morale.) (1.2, 1.6) .
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43. How could the incident have been prevented? (Identifies root cause and
perceived solution) (No applicable standard)

44. Describe any unit training or other programs that you are aware of that teach leaders and Soldiers how to recognize and resolve combat stress.
45. What measures re in plac oto boost morale or relieve stress? (Ie
perceived. nFN !:•,".
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46. What measures could the command enact to improve the morale and
co m nd climat of your unit? (Identifies perceived solution.) :b.4........ F00.A....aidb.,,.Af/11.-Ar..-6.1101.. Aof
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