DOD Questionnaire: Questions for Soldiers on Detainee Treatment and Rules of Engagement

DoD Questionnaire: Questions for soldiers concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter. The Soldier answers questions on environment, training and detainee operations. He was only in Iraq for three weeks. Few answers.

Friday, July 29, 2005

Rank '') PC Branch 'Date )--(0'AirA1nit'
CrdHow Long in Job 3.%9
Duty Positio'
1. Can you tell me what sources that you use to get policy, doctrine and
(What doctrine was used insetting up
standards for Detainee Operations?
Describe the basic principles of detainee operations and
the collection point?)
how you are applying them. (1.1, 4.1)
2. How did you prepare yourself and your junior leaders/Soldiers to understand applicable regulations, OPORD/FRAGO, directives, international laws and
1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1).
administrative procedures to operate a collection Point? (1.1,
fiej z)
( 6- i)
3. How did Home Station/Mob to Training prepare you to conduct Detainee
(Did this include aw of War and treatment of Detainees
training.)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4d1)
4. Describe the training the guard force received to prepare them for their duties.
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1)
So G-
Operations or
How does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee
5. occur and please-
(How often does this
training for newly assigned personnel? 1.2, 1.4, 4.1)
When did your unit last conduct this training? (1.1,
describe it?)
What kind of security lighting do you have that ensures you have a safe and
secure operation at night? How do you provide heat to detainees during the winter? What fire prevention/safety measures do you have? (1.8)
In relation to where the detainees are housed,'how far away are your
ammunition and fuel storage sites? Where is your screening site where MI
Soldiers interrogate Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8)
int relating to
Describe some of the basic operations of the collection po
sanitation ,
8. personnel, feeding,
detainee segregation, captured medical/reliious
(Do you segregate Detainees by nationality, language, religion, rank,
and sex? How are captured Medical personnel and Chaplains being used? Are the daily food rations sufficient in quantity or quality and variety to keep detainees in good health? Are personal hygiene items and clothing being supplied to the Detainees? Are the conditions within the collection point sanitary enough to ensure a clean and healthy environment
(1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
free from disease and epidemics)?
discipline and
What control measure do you use to maintain detainee
9. 8 2.1 3.1, 4.1)

1.2, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.
securit in the collection p..
10. What are the procedures for the transfer of Detainees from the collection points to US Military controlled detention facilities? How is the transfer of DRtainees handled between coalition forces/host nation? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)

rd q't 3 7, 13 Or-

11. What transportation problems do you experience moving detainees during the operation? (1.5)
12. Describe the procedures you use when you in process a detainee. Forces Apprehension Form, two sworn statements, EPW tag, where do you store Detainees' confiscated personal affects (if any) and how are they accounted for (are they.tagged with DD Form 2745)? How is-evidence tagged? What procedures are in place to dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipment? medically screen detainees?) (1.1, 1.2,
1.8, 4.1
¦ 4,
_ 5 wow
13.What MP units (platoon, guards, escort, detachments) do you have at your disposal to operate and maintain the collection point? Do you have any shortages? How do these shortages impact your mission? What non-MP units are you using to help operate the collection point? Do you have any shortages? How do these shortages impact your mission? (1.1, '1.2, 1.3, 1.7
14. What is your nom-0411d of guards to detainees in the collection point? Is
..this ratio the propermix,for you to perform your mission? If not, what are the
shortfalls? Why are their shortfalls? How do these shortfalls impact your mission? (1.1, 1.2, .1.3, 2.1, 3.1 4.1) METT-TC
15.What is the number of personnel that is needed to move prisoners internally and externally (i.e. to the internment facility, from the BN Collection Points, for medical, evacuation, etc.)? (1.1, 1.7)
16. What personnel shortages do you have? What issues, if any, do you feel your
unit has regarding manning or personnel resourcing in conducting Detention Operations? (1.7, 2.1, 3.1
What equipment shortages (USR) are affecting your ability to perform
detainee operations? What other equipment is the unit experiencing as a shortfall
concerning detainee operations, (i.e., restraints, uniforms, CIF items, weapons,
etc.)? What major shortfalls has the unit encountered in regards to materiel and
supply distribution? (1.3, 1.5, 2.1, 3.1)

Describe how the unit plans and procures logistical support to include:
transportation, subsistence, organizational, and NBC clothing and equipment
items: mail collection and distribution, laundry, and bath equipment ISO DO.
(1.1, 9 1.2,1.4)

1347 .
What logistical support do you receive to run this Facility? What types of19.
supplies is greater in-demand for the unit during detainee operations? And are these items regularly filled? (1.5)
What procedures do you have in place to ensure Soldiers and leaders20.
understand the use of force and rules of engagement for the collection point?
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1)
21.What are the unit's procedures for the interrogation/questioning of Detainees?
(1.1, 1.2, 4.1)

7-01M4. e —5
What kind of stress counseling are Soldiers/Guards provided? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1,

Do you maintain a separate site for sick or wounded Detainees? If so where23.
is it and how does your unit maintain the security and safeguarding of Detainees
there? How about female Detainees? How and where do you house them?
24.What type of Medical personnel/units are available in support of medical
treatment of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 4.1)

Are Detainees given the latitude to practice their religion? Is there a chaplain available to minister to the detainees? Is the chaplain a Retained Personnel, US Forces, or a civilian? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 4.1)

Describe the latrine facilities for Detainees' use (do they have access to it day and night and does it conform to the rules of hygiene and do females have separate facilities). How are they cleaned and how often and by whom? Where do they bathe and conduct other personal hygiene (this will depend how long it takes to evacuate Detainees to U.S. Military Controlled Detention Facilities-12

hours is the standard)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8)
27. How do the Deta nees receive fresh water (Bottled water or Lister bag)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8)
28.What are the procedures if a detainee'in U.S. custody dies? (1.1, 1.2,
9. What AARs or lessons learned have you written or received regarding detainee operations? Can I get a copy? (preferably on disk) (2.1, 2.2)
30.Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or become aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
Ge-EA-1-akej 4.4-n
31.What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of
alleged Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1
32. Do you feel you c n freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse outside Command cpannels (IG, CID) (1.1, 1.z, 1.0, 4.1
do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (IG, CID,
33. What procedure
Next Level Comm nder) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)

34. What systems are in place for detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.1, 1.2,
1.6, 4.1)
7. DA IG

7,.S49,0 (
&Leo 7Dc)
36. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance
(Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude
of your role in that mission.

concerning unit mission and their role)
37: Describe your working environment and living conditions-since being in
(1.2, 1.3, 1.4,

Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact. on Soldier's attitude).
1.5, 1.6, 1.7)
38. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or

(Identifies Soldier's perception of the
evolved since you have been in Theater?
chain of command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel

the Command cares? Are they getting clear guidance
frt Lti g- — -Tv ti-e-.49 Pc7
39. Are you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit?

ADVISEMENT OF RIGHTS (For military personnel)
The text of Article 31 provides as follows a. No person subject to this chapter may compel any
person to incriminate himself or to answer any questions the answer to which may tend to
incriminate him. b. No person subject to this chapter may interrogate or request any statement
from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing him of the nature of

the accusation and advising him that he does not have to make any statement regarding the
offense of which he is accused or suspected, and that any statement made by him may be used
as evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. c. No person subject to this chapter may
compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military tribunal if the
statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade him. d. No statement
obtained from any person in violation of this article, or through the use of coercion, unlawful
influence, or unlawful inducement, may be received in evidence against him in a trial by court-
martial. (1.2, 1.6)
I am '(grade, if any, and name), a member of the (DAIG). I am part of a team inspecting detainee operations, this is not a criminal investigation. I am reading you your rights because of a statement you made causes me to suspect that,you may have committed ' . (specify offense, i.e. aggravated assault, assault, murder). Under Article 31, you have the right'to remain silent, that is, say nothing at all. Any statement you make, oral or written, may be used as evidence against you in a trial by courts-martial or in other judicial or administrative proceedings. You have the right to consult a lawyer and to have a lawyer present during this interview. You have the right to military legal counsel free of charge. In addition to military counsel, you are entitled to civilian counsel of your own choosing, at your own expense. You may request a lawyer at any time during this interview. If you decide to answer questions, you may stop the questioning at any time. Do you understand your rights? Do you want a lawyer? (If the answer is yes, cease.all questions at this point). Are you willing to answer questions?
I a .,
Describe what you understand happened leading up to and during the incident(s) of abuse. (No applicable standard) .

Describe Soldier morale, feelings and emotional state prior to and after these

incidents? (Identifies unit and Soldier morale, atmosphere, mood, attitude, stress, retaliation, preemption, family crisis) '
42. Was this incident reported to the chain of command? How, when & what was done? What would you have done? (Identifies compliance, procedure, timeliness, Soldier perception of action taken and effect on unit morale.) (1.2, 1.6) .
9. DA IG
43. How could the incident have been prevented? (Identifies root cause and perceived solution) (No applicable standard) .
Describe any unit training or other programs that you are aware of that teach
leaders and Soldiers how to recognize and resolve combat stress.
45. What measures are in place to boost morale or to relieve stress?
perceived solution.) '
46. What measures could the command enact to improve the morale and
(Identifies perceived solution.)
command climate of your unit?