DOD Presentation re: Recognizing and coping with stress

PowerPoint presentation discusses methods for dealing with stress while working as a staff member in a detainee camp.

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Monday, May 30, 2005
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SECTION II. INTRODUCTION
Method of Instruction: Conference / Discussion
Instructor to Student Ratio is:
Time of Instruction: ~5...!.m!..!!!.Cin""s___________________
Media: ....:-N..:..o""nc.:..:e=--___________________________

Motivator NOTE: Show Slide #1 (Stress Management).
As a staff member working in a detainee camp you face stressful challenges daily. You must apply the knowledge you gain by paying close attention to these instructions. Your inability to properly deal with stress could result in having a heart attack, hypertension, and other illnesses. In order to deal with stress, we must first be able to identify what stress is.
NOTE: Instructors are required to incorporate Contemporary Operating Environment (COE) issues and reinforce VALUES in this lesson to include scenarios and practical exercises. There are key variables that can be expected in virtually every conflict that serve as building blocks for the operational environment (OE). They are interrelated and sometimes overlap, and serve collectively as the foundation for understanding COE. Information can come from CALL (Center for Lessons Learned) http://call.army.mil or any media source including newspaper/magazine articles, television/radio information, law enforcement/field training circulars, etc. and should be current and relevant to the training. Do not violate any copyright or reproduction laws.
The eleven variables are:
1.
Physical environment

2.
Nature and stability of the state

3.
Military capabilities

4.
Technology

5. Information
.....,.,,' 6 .. Extef"l'Cil'organizations

7.
Social demographics

8.
Regional Relationships

9.
National will

10.
Time

11.
Economics

NOTE: Show Slide #2 (TLO).
Terminal NOTE: Inform the students of the following Terminal Leaming Objective requirements. Learning
At the completion of this lesson, you [the student] will:
Objective
Action: Discuss the effects of stress and how to cope with it.
Conditions: In a classroom environment, given conference presentation.
Standards: You must be able to identify stress and how to cope with stress in a

3
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DOD 009066
Idetainee camp.
Safety None. Requirements
Risk Low Assessment Level
Environmental NOTE: It is the responsibility of all soldiers and DA civilians to protect the environment from
Considerations damage.
None.

Evaluation None.
Instructional
Lead-In Stress occurs both on and off the job. During this class, we will discuss what causes stress, what are some early warning signs, and methods on how to control stress.
4 009998
SECTION III. PRESENTATION
1. Learning Step / Activity 1. Stress
Method of Instruction: Conference / Discussion Time of Instruction: 40 mins Media: -None­
1. Definition of Stress.
Before we discuss the indicators of stress and how to alleviate stress, we first have to
know what stress is.
NOTE: Show Slide #3.

QUESTION: WHAT DOES THE WORD STRESS MEAN?
NOTE: Show Slide #4.

ANSWER: TENSION, ANXIETY, OR WORRY.
NOTE: INSTRUCTOR GET DEFINITION FROM THE STUDENTS.
NOTE: INSTRUCTOR GIVES BOOK DEFINITION OF STRESS.
NOTE: Show Slides #5 and #6 (Definition of Stress).
ANSWER: STRESS IS ANY PERSONAL OR ENVIRONMENTAL EVENT THAT
PRODUCES AN AUTOMATIC NERVOUS SYSTEM RESPONSE. STRESS CAN BE
POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE.
NOTE: Show Slide #7 (Two Types of Stress).
2. Two types of stress.
Stress has both a positive and negative aspect. In ancient China the symbol for stress included two written characters-one opportunity and one for danger.
(1)
Stress can be helpful (Eustress). A positive and necessary type of stress that enables one to function and accomplish goals.

(2)
Stress can be harmful (Distress). A negative type of stress that, if not managed properly, can lead to a variety of diseases and mental depression.

NOTE: Show Slide #8 (Sources of Stress).
3. Sources of stress.
Stress often arises from uncertainty, lack of control, and pressure, and traumatic experience.
5 009999
(1)
Uncertainty is an unavoidable part of life. Example: Private awaiting to work inside of a Detainee Camp for the first time.

(2)
Lack of control -Staff writes detainee a D/R for unruly conduct that they believe to be guilty and these detainees are not found guilty.

(3)
Pressure is also abundant in a detainee camp with work overloads, paperwork, unrealistic expectations from your supervisor, and the responsibility to protect life and property.

(4)
Traumatic event -when an individual is exposed to unexpected and emotionally overwhelming situation usually loss of life, limb or persons psychological integrity (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder).

4. Early warning signs of stress.
NOTE: Show Slides #9 and #10 (Warning Signs of Stress).
QUESTION: WHAT ARE SOME OF THE EARLY WARNING SIGNS OF STRESS?
ANSWER: a. RAPID MOOD CHANGE.

b.
DEPRESSION.

c.
EXCESSIVE USE OF ALCOHOL.

d.
TAKING UNNECESSARY CHANCES.

e.
POOR SLEEP PATTERN.

f.
EXCESSIVE VIOLENCE (USE OF FORCE).

g.
OVERLY SUSPICIOUS.

h.
IMPOTENCY/FRIGIDITY.

i.
WEIGHT GAIN/LOSS.

j.
ACID INDIGESTION.

k.
MIGRAINES.

NOTE: Show Slides #11-#12 ( Early Warning Signs of PTSD)
5. What are some early warning signs of PTSD?
a.
Panic Attack

b.
Withdrawn and appears emotionally numb

c.
Experience nightmares and sleep problems

d.
May speak as if they are reliving the experience at that very moment

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DOD 009069
e.
Anger, Outburst, Irritability

f.
Difficulty Concentrating

g.
Hyper vigilance

h.
Nervousness or jumpiness

COMMENT: Symptoms may have a sudden onset and usually peak with in ten minutes. Panic Attacks are commonly associated with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. One Key symptom is agitation and a need to "get out" of a confined space.
Some other symptoms are:
NOTE: Show Slides #13 -#14 (Panic Attack Symptoms).
a.
Racing or Pounding Heart Beat

b.
Chest Pains, Commonly interpreted as a Heart Attack

c.
Dizziness, Lightheadedness, Nausea

d.
Difficulty Breathing

e.
Tingling or Numbness in hands

f.
Hot flushes or chills

g.
Terror and Impending Doom

h.
Fear of losing Control

i.
Fear of Dying

NOTE: Show Slide #15 (Physical Damage).
6.
Stress is related to heart problems, hypertension, cancer, ulcers, diabetes, related disorders, asthma, and excessive frequent urination.

7.
Stress you might face on the job.

NOTE: Show Slides #16 and #17 (Stress on the Job). ANSWER: a. SHIFT WORK.
b.
LONG HOURS.

c.
WORK OVERLOAD.

d.
BOREDOM.

e.
ROTATING SHIFTS.

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DOD 009070
f. FEEL THAT YOU ARE NOT IN CONTROL OF EVENTS.
g. VIEW CHANGES AS A THREAT INSTEAD OF A CHALLENGE. NOTE: REPORTING ON A POLL CONDUCTED FOR NORTHWESTERN NATIONAL LIFE BASED ON "THE GROWING REALIZATION THAT STRESS IS CAUSED BY THE ORGANIZATION ITSELF." AMONG THE STRESSORS WERE
AS FOLLOWS: -MANDATORY OVERTIME IS FREQUENTLY REQUIRED. -CONSEQUENCES OF MAKING A MISTAKE ON THE JOB. -WORKLOADS VERY GREAT. -ROTATIONS AMONG SHIFTS. -WORK IS EITHER SEDENTARY OR PHYSICALLY EXHAUSTING.
8. Cope with stress on the job.
QUESTION: WHAT ARE A FEW WAYS YOU CAN COPE WITH STRESS ON THE JOB?
NOTE: Show Slides #18-#19 (Few Ways to Cope with Stress). ANSWER: a. CONCENTRATE ON ONE TASK AT A TIME.
b.
DON'T BE AFRAID OF FAILURE.

c.
DON'T BE AFRAID TO COMPLAIN.

d.
DON'T PUSH YOURSELF BEYOND YOUR LIMITS OF ACHIEVEMENT.

e.
TAKE TODAY AS TODAY -DON'T ADD TOMORROW (TOMORROW WILL TAKE CARE OF ITSELF).

f.
STAY WITHIN THE LAW NO MATTER WHAT TEMPTATIONS ARISE.

g.
BE A GOOD LISTENER AND A SHORT ANSWERER.

h.
WRITE DOWN YOUR GRIPES: LOOK FOR A PATTERN.

i.
PRACTICE BEING ASSERTIVE AND AVOID AGGRESSIVE AND PASSIVE BEHAVIOR.

COMMENT: LEAVE THE JOB AT THE JOB. DON'T TAKE IT HOME WITH YOU.
NOTE: Show Slide #20 (Drugs).
9. Do not smoke, and if you drink, drink in moderation. Avoid drugs to control stress unless recommended by a physician, and even then use them only to the extent absolutely necessary to get to a level where you can cope without drugs.
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NOTE: Show Slide #21 (How to Cope with Stress).
10. Cope with stress off the job.
WHAT ARE A FEW WAYS YOU AS A STAFF MEMBER YOU CAN COPE WITH STRESS AFTER YOU LEAVE THE JOB?
a.
PHYSICAL EXERCISE SUCH AS

(1)
RUNNING

(2)
RELAXATION AND BREATHING TECHNIQUES.

(3)
SWIMMING.

(4)
BIKING.

(5)
TAKE TIME OUT FOR YOURSELF.

(6)
WEIGHTLIFTING.

(7)
LEARN TO SAY NO.

(8)
MAKE FRIENDS.

b.
IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT WE HAVE A BALANCED DIET.

(1)
GOOD NUTRITION.

(2)
AVOID SNACKS.

(3)
GET 7-8 HOURS OF SLEEP.

(4)
KEEP WEIGHT WITHIN NORMAL BALANCE.

(5)
EXERCISE THREE TIMES A WEEK.

c.
TAKE A LEAVE OR PASS JUST TO GET AWAY FROM THE JOB.

d.
TALK PROBLEMS OVER WITH SOMEONE.

(1)
SUPERVISOR.

(2)
FRIENDS.

(3)
FAMILY (PARENTS).

e. REQUEST A DIFFERENT JOB WITHIN THE CAMP (SALLY PORT, TOWER, ETC...).
NOTE: Conduct a check on learning and summarize the learning activity.
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SECTION IV. SUMMARY
Method of Instruction: Conference I Discussion Instructor to Student Ratio is: _________ Time of Instruction: ....:5"-!...:.m=inc.:..:s"--_________ Media: -None-
Check on Determine if students have learned the material presented by:
Learning
a. Soliciting student questions and explanations.
b. Asking questions and getting answers from the students.
c. Providing immediate feedback in context to the material presented and
correcting student misunderstandings.

Review I Summarize Lesson
NOTE: Show Slide #22 (Summary).
1.
RETAIN ATTENTION: How much have you learned about yourself today? Are you in control of yourself? If you have more negative stress than positive, you could be in deep water. If you have learned anything from this class, I hope you can apply it when the time comes.

2.
SUMMARY: During this block of instruction, we have discussed the meaning of stress, the early warning signs of stress, and how to cope with stress on and off the job.

3.
CLOSING STATEMENT: Stress is a normal and natural part of life. You shouldn't blame others when you're upset. Don't take out your stress on detainees. And remember, supervisors aren't perfect, they make mistakes too.

10 810004
DOD 009073
SECTION v. STUDENT EVALUATION
Testing None
Requirements
None.

Feedback NOTE: Feedback is essential to effective learning. Schedule and provide feedback on the
Requirements evaluation and any information to help answer students' questions. Provide remedial
training as needed.
a. Schedule and provide immediate feedback in context to the material presented;
correct student misunderstandings.
b. Provide remedial training as needed.

11 C10005
Appendix A -Viewgraph Masters (N/A)
A-1 Cl0006
Appendix B -Test(s) and Test Solution(s) (N/A)
8-1 CI0007
DOD 009076
Appendix C -Practical Exercises and Solutions (N/A)
C-1 (:1.0008
DOD 009077
Appendix 0 -Student Handouts (N/A)
D-1 (;10009
Terminal Learning Objective

Action:
Discuss the Effects of Stress and How to Cope with It
Condition:
In a Classroom Environment Given a Conference Presentation.
Standards:
You Must Be Able to Identify Stress and How to Cope with Stress in a Detainee Camp.
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Warning Signs of Stress
~ Rapid Mood Change ~ Depression ~ Excessive Use of Alcohol ~ Taking Unnecessary Chances ~ Poor Sleep Patterns
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Warning Signs of Stress
~ Excessive Violence
~ Overly Suspicious
~ Impotency/Frigidity
~ Weight Gain/Loss

~ Migraine Headaches
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Early Warning Signs of PTSD

[g] Anger, Outburst, Irritability
[g] Difficulty Concentrating
[g] Hyper vigilance
[g] Nervousness or jumpiness
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Panic Attack S~mptoms

~ Racing or Pounding Heart Beat
~ Chest Pains -Heart Attack
~ Dizzy, Lightheaded, Nausea
~ Difficulty Breathing

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How to Cope with Stress on the Job
Concentrate Failure Complain Limits
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Doc_nid: 
3513
Doc_type_num: 
75