Army Training and Evaluation Program No. 5-520-10-MTP: Mission Training Plan for the Engineer Team, Quarry, (75TPH) (LC)

Army Training and Evaluation Program No. 5-520-10-MTP: Mission Training Plan for the Engineer Team, Quarry, (75TPH) (LC).

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ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
Engineer Team, Quarry (75TPH) (LC)
OCTOBER 2002

DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY

Dorman, n9r2fIR
HEADQUARTERS'ARMY TRAINING ANDM DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMYEVALUATION PROGRAMM Washington, DC, 1 October 2002No. 5-520-10-MTPM
MISSION TRAINING PLAN
for the
Engineer Team, Quarry (75TPH) (LC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE

Table of Contents
ii
PREFACE
1-1
Chapter 1. Unit Training
2-1
Chapter 2. Training Matrixes
2-1
2-1. General M 2-1
2-2. Mission to Collective Tasks Matrix M
Chapter 3. Mission Outlines / Training Plans 3-1
4-1
Chapter 4. Training Exercise
5-1
Chapter 5. Training and Evaluation Outlines
6-1
Chapter 6. External Evaluation
A-1
APPENDIX A - EXERCISE OPERATION ORDER (OPORD)
B-1
APPENDIX B - THREAT ANALYSIS
C-1
APPENDIX C - METRIC CONVERSION CHART
Glossary-1Glossary References-1
References Questionnaire-1Questionnaire
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
*This publication, along with ARTEP-MTPs 5-520-12, 5-520-14, 5-530-14, 5-530-16, and 5-500-66,
supersedes ARTEP 5-500-21-MTP, 18 October 1996.

PREFACE
This mission training plan (MTP) provides the Active (AC) and Reserve Component (RC) training manager with a descriptive, mission-oriented training program to train the unit to perform its critical wartime operations. While general defense plan missions and deployment assignments impact on the priorities, the operations described here are the principal ones that the Engineer Team, Quarry (75TPH) (LC) is expected to execute with a high level of proficiency. Each unit is expected to train, as a minimum, to the standards of the training and evaluation outlines (T&EOs) in the MTP. Standards for training may be more difficult but may not be lowered. This document is in alignment with and part of the United States (US) Army's training and tactical doctrine.
This MTP applies to the Engineer Team, Quarry (75TPH) (LC) table of organization and equipment (TOE) 05520LC00.
The proponent of this publication is Headquarters (HQ), US Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC). Send comments and recommendations on Department of Army (DA) Form 2028 directly to Commander, US Army Maneuver Support Center, ATTN: ATZT-DT-WF-E, Directorate of Training
Development, 320 MANSCEN Loop, Suite 220, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri 65473-8929.
Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.
CHAPTER 1
Unit Training
1-1. General. This MTP provides the commander and leaders with guidance on how to train the key missions of the unit. The specific details of the unit's training program will depend on the-

Unit's mission-essential tasks list (METL).


Chain-of-command's training directives and guidance.


Unit's training priorities.


Availability of training resources and areas.

1-2. Supporting Material. This MTP describes a critical wartime mission-oriented training program. In addition to collective tasks, the training program includes references to soldier training publications (STPs) for the appropriate military occupational specialty (MOS) and skill levels.
1-3. Contents. This MTP is organized into six chapters and three appendixes.
a.
Chapter 1, Unit Training, provides the explanation and organization of this MTP. This chapter explains how to use this MTP in establishing an effective training program.

b.
Chapter 2, Training Matrixes, shows the relationship between the mission and the collective tasks.

c.
Chapter 3, Mission Outlines/Training Plans, presents a graphic portrayal of the relationship between missions and their subordinate tasks.

d.
Chapter 4, Training Exercises, consists of a field training exercise (FTX). This exercise provides training information and a preconstructed scenario. It can serve as a part of an internal or external evaluation. This exercise may be modified to suit the training needs of the unit

e.
Chapter 5, Training and Evaluation Outlines (T&EOs), provides the training and evaluation criteria for all the tasks that the unit must master to effectively perform its mission. Each task is a T&EO that identifies task steps, performance measures, individual and leader tasks, and opposing forces (OPFOR) counter tasks. Each T&EO is part of a mission and, in various combinations, composes the training exercise in Chapter 4.

f.
Chapter 6, External Evaluation, provides instructions for the planning, preparation, and execution of an external evaluation.

g.
Appendix A, Sample Operation Order (OPORD), contains a sample OPORD to be used with the exercise in Chapter 4.

h.
Appendix B, Threat Analysis, describes the local, regional, and global threats, as well as special situations that impact operations.

i.
Appendix C, Metric Conversion Chart, shows how to convert US and metric measurements. 1-4. Missions and Tasks.

a.
This MTP concerns specific missions found in the TOE and an implied mission that the unit must perform in order to accomplish the specified missions. The critical missions are the focus for the unit.

The commander may supplement these missions with his own. The following is a listing of the missions for the unit:

Rock crushing operations.


Sustain engineer operations.


Unit defense.


Unit survivability.

b.
Each of these tasks may be trained individually or jointly with other tasks. Training is based on the criteria described in the T&EOs. Several T&EOs can be trained as a situational training exercise (STX). Various combinations of STXs can be used to develop an FTX for the unit to practice its entire mission responsibility. Several STXs can be developed into an external evaluation that is designed by the next higher echelon to evaluate the unit's ability to perform multiple missions under stress in a realistic environment.

c.
Squad tasks are trained in much the same way as described above. However, the squad leader must also train the drills provided in the drill book.

d.
Leader tasks that support the unit's missions are trained through STP training, battle simulations, and execution of the unit's missions.

e.
Individual tasks that support unit tasks are mastered by training to standards outlined in the appropriate STPs. The T&E0s in Chapter 5 show the individual tasks that support collective-task training.

1-5. Principles of Training. This MTP is based on the training principles explained in Field Manual (FM) 25-100.
1-6. Training Strategy. The training program developed and executed by the engineer battalion to train to standards in its critical wartime missions will be a component of the Army's Combined-Arms Training Strategy (CATS). The purpose of CATS is to provide direction and guidance on how the total Army will train and identify the resources required to support that training. The CATS will provide the tools that enable the Army to focus and manage training in an integrated manner. Central to the CATS is a series of proponent-generated unit and institutional strategies that describe the training events and resources required to facilitate training to standard. The CATS will be embedded in the Standard Army Training System (SATS) version 4.1 and higher. The Web site for this information is http://www.atsc.armv.mil/atmd/strac.
a.
The unit training strategies central to the CATS provide the commander with a descriptive "menu" for training reflecting that while there is an optimal way to train to standard, it is unlikely that all units in the Army will have the exact mix of resources required to execute an optimal training strategy.

b.
The unit's training strategy is a descriptive training strategy that provides a means for training the battalion to standard by listing required training events, critical training gates, training event frequencies, and training resources. The commander selects from this MTP those tasks required to train his METL. The training strategies to be provided in the SATS 4.1 will provide the means whereby those tasks that can be trained through a focused and integrated training plan.

c.
The unit's training strategy will be comprised of three separate training strategies. When integrated with the training tasks found in this MTP, they form a comprehensive and focused training strategy that allows the unit to train to standard. The elements of the unit's training strategy are-

(1)
Maneuver- and collective-training strategy. The maneuver strategy is intended to provide a set of recommended training frequencies for key training events in a unit and depicts those resources that are required to support the training events.

(2)
Gunnery strategy. The gunnery strategy is based on weapons systems found in the unit and is intended to provide an annual training plan and to depict resources required to support weapons training. Data for the gunnery strategy comes from the Standards in Training Commission (STRAC) manual or the appropriate FM publications.

(3)
Soldier strategy. The soldier strategy provides an annual plan for training and maintaining skills at the individual level and lists the resources required to train a soldier.

d.
A vital element in the unit's training strategy is the identification of critical training gates. Critical training gates are defined as training events that must be conducted to standard before moving on to a more difficult or resource-intensive training event or task. Training gates follow the crawl, walk, run training methodology. For instance, if the unit training strategy calls for conducting an FTX, and an STX has been identified as a critical training gate for the FTX, the training tasks in the STX must be trained to standard before conducting the FTX. Standards for all tasks must be clearly defined so that the trainer can assess the preparedness of the soldiers, or units, to move on to more complex training events. The provision for critical training gates is made recognizing that the unit's METL and the commander's assessment of his unit's training status will determine the selection and timing of the collective-training exercises in a specific unit's training strategy.

e.
When developing the unit's training plan, the commander identifies from the MTP the training tasks required to train his METL.

1-7. Conducting Training. This MTP is designed to facilitate planning, preparing, and conducting unit training as explained in FMs 25-100 and 25-101. The commander—
a.
Assigns the missions and supporting tasks for training based on his METL and guidance from the next higher HQ. Trainers must plan and execute training to support this guidance.

b.
Reviews the mission outline in Chapter 3 to determine whether STXs and FTXs provided will support, or can be modified to support, command guidance. If they do not support the guidance, or if they need to be modified, refer to the matrixes in Chapter 2. These matrixes provide a list of all critical collective tasks, drills, and individual tasks that must be mastered to perform the mission.

c.
Prioritizes the tasks that need training. There is never time to train everything. You must orient on the greatest challenges and the most difficult sustainment skills.

d.
Integrates training tasks into the training schedule, using the following procedures:

(1)
List the tasks in the priority and frequency that they need to be trained.

(2)
Determine the amount of time required and how you can use multiechelon training for the best results.

(3)
Determine where the training can take place.

(4)
Determine who will be responsible for what. The leader of the element being trained must always be involved.

(5)
Organize needs into blocks of time and training vehicles.

e.
Approves the list of tasks to be trained and schedules them on the unit's training schedule.

f.
Determines the equipment and supplies needed to conduct the training.

g.
Keeps subordinate leaders informed and oversees their training. The standards must be rigidly enforced.

1-8. Force Protection.
a. Safety. Safety is a component of force protection. Commanders, leaders, and soldiers use risk assessment and risk management to tie force protection into the military around the mission. Risk management assigns responsibility, institutionalizes the commander's review of operational safety, and leads to decision-making at a level of command appropriate to the risk. The objective of safety is to help units protect combat power through accident prevention, which enables units to win fast and decisively, with minimum losses. Safety is an integral part of all combat operations. Safety begins with readiness that determines a unit's ability to perform its METL to standard. Readiness standards addressed during METL assessment are--
(1)
Soldiers with the self-discipline to consistently perform tasks to standard.

(2)
Leaders who are ready, willing, and able to enforce standards.

(3)
Training that provides skills needed for performance to standard.

(4)
Standards and procedures for task preferences that are clear and practical.

(5)
Support for task preference, including equipment, personnel, maintenance, facilities, and services.

b.
Risk management. Risk management is a tool that addresses the root causes (readiness shortcomings) of accidents. It assists commanders and leaders in not only identifying what the next accident is going to be, but also helps identify who will have the next accident. Risk management is a way to put more realism into training without paying the price in deaths, injuries, or damaged equipment.

c.
Chain of command. Safety dem ands total chain-of-command involvement in planning, preparing, executing and evaluating training. Responsibilities of the chain of command include—

(1)
Commanders.

(a)
Seek optimum, not adequate, performance.

(b)
Specify the risk you will accept to accomplish the mission.

(c)
Select risk reductions provided by the staff.

(d)
Accept or reject residual risk, based on the benefit to be derived.

(e)
Train and motivate leaders at all levels to effectively use risk-management concepts.

(2)
Staff.

(a)
Assist the commander in assessing risks and developing risk-reduction options for training.

(b)
Integrate risk controls in plans, orders, METL standards, and performance measures.

(c)
Eliminate unnecessary safety restrictions that diminish training effectiveness.

(d)
Assess safety performance during training.

(e)
Evaluate safety performance during after-action reviews (AARs).

(3)
Subordinate leaders.

(a)
Apply consistently effective risk-management concepts and methods to the operations they lead.

(b) Report risk issues beyond your control or authority to your superiors.

(4)
Individual soldiers.

(a)
Report unsafe conditions and acts: correct the situation when possible.

(b)
Establish a buddy system to keep a safety watch on one another.

(c)
Take responsibility for personal safety

(d)
Work as a team member.

(e)
Modify your own risk behavior.

d.
Steps. Risk management is a five-step cyclic process that is easily integrated into the decision­making process outlined in FM 101-5. The risk management process consists of the following five steps:

(1)
Identify hazards. Identify the most probable hazards for the mission.

(2)
Assess hazards. Analyze each hazard to determine the probability of it causing an accident and the probable effect of the accident. Identify control options to eliminate or reduce the hazard. The Army standard risk assessment matrix in Figure 1-1 is a tool to be used for assessing hazards.

(3)
Make risk decisions. Weigh the risk against the benefits of performing the operations. Accept no unnecessary risks, and make any remaining risk decisions at the proper level of command.

(4)
Implement controls. Integrate specific controls into operation plans (OPLANs), OPORDs, standing operating procedures (SOPs), and rehearsals. Communicate controls to the individual soldier.

(5)
Supervise. Determine the effectiveness of controls in reducing the probability and effect of identified hazards, to include follow-up and MR. Develop lessons learned.

HAZARD PROBABILITY
FREQUENT PROBABLE OCCASIONAL REMOTE IMPROBABLE
CATASTROPHIC
CRITICAL
MARGINAL MEDIUM
NEGLIGIBLE
Effect
Catastrophic Death or permanent total disability, system loss, and major property damage.
Critical Permanent partial disability, temporary total disability in excess of 3 months, major system damage,

significant property damage. Marginal Minor injury, lost workday accident, compensable injury or illness, minor system/property damage. Negligible First aid or minor supportive medical treatment, minor system impairment.
Probability

Frequent Individual soldier/item. Occurs often in career/equipment or both service life.

All soldiers exposed or item inventory Continuously experienced.
Probable Individual soldier/item Occurs several times in career/equipment service life.
All soldiers exposed or item inventory Occurs frequently.

Occasional Individual soldier/item. Occurs sometime in career/equipment service life. All soldiers exposed or item inventory Occurs sporadically, or several times in inventory service life.
Remote Individual soldier/item Possible to occur in career/equipment service life.
All soldiers exposed or item inventory Remote chance of occurrence; expected to occur
sometime in inventory service life.

Improbable Individual soldier/item Can assume will not occur in career/equipment service life. All soldiers exposed or item inventory Possible, but not probable; occurs only very rarely.
Risk Levels
Extremely High Loss of ability to accomplish mission.
High Significantly degrades mission capabilities in terms of required mission standards.
Medium Degrades mission capabilities in terms of required mission.
Low Little or no impact on mission accomplishment.

Figure 1-1. Risk Assessment Matrix
e.
Fratricide. Fratricide prevention is a component of force protection and is closely related to safety. Fratricide is the employment of weapons, with the intent to kill the enemy or destroy his equipment, that results in unforeseen and unintentional death, injury, or damage to friendly personnel or equipment. Fratricide is by definition an accident. Risk assessment and risk management are mechanisms used to control the incidence of fratricide.

f.
Causes of fratricide. The primary causes of fratricide are—

(1)
Direct fire control plan failures. These failures result when units fail to develop defensive and, particularly, offensive fire control plans.

(2)
Land navigation failures. These failures result when units stray out of sector, report incorrect locations, and become disoriented.

(3)
Combat identification failures. These failures include gunners or pilots being unable to distinguish thermal and optical signatures near the maximum range of their sighting systems and units in proximity mistaking each other for the enemy under limited-visibility conditions.

(4)
Inadequate control measures. These occur when units fail to disseminate the minimum maneuver and fire support control measures that are necessary to tie control measures to recognizable terrain or events.

(5)
Reporting communication failures. Units at all levels face problems in generating timely, accurate, and complete reports as locations and tactical situations change.

(6)
Weapons errors. Lapses in individual discipline lead to charge errors, accidental discharges, mistakes with explosives or hand grenades, and similar incidents.

(7)
Battlefield hazards. Unexploded ordnance (UXO), unmarked or unrecorded minefields, scatterable mines (SCATMINEs), and booby traps litter the battlefield. Failure to mark, record, remove, or anticipate these hazards increases the risk of friendly casualties.

g.
Results. Fratricide results in unacceptable losses and increases the risk of mission failure. Fratricide undermines the unit's ability to survive and function. Units experiencing fratricide observe these consequences:

(1)
Loss of confidence in unit leadership.

(2)
Increase of self-doubt among leaders.

(3)
Hesitation to use supporting combat systems.

(4)
Oversupervision of units.

(5)
Hesitation to conduct night operations.

(6)
Loss of aggressiveness during fire and maneuver.

(7)
Loss of initiative.

(8)
Disrupted operations.

(9)
General degradation of cohesiveness, morale, and combat power.

1-9. Environmental Protection. Protection of natural resources has continued to become an ever­increasing concern to the Army. It is the responsibility of all unit leaders to decrease and, if possible, eliminate damage to the environment when conducting training. Environmental risk management parallels safety risk management and is based on the same philosophy. Environmental risk management consists of the following steps:
a.
Identify hazards. Identify potential sources for environmental degradation during analysis of mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available, and civilian considerations (METT-TC) factors. This requires identification of environmental hazards. An environmental hazard is a condition with the potential for polluting air, soil, or water and/or destroying cultural and historical artifacts.

b.
Assess the hazard. Analyze the potential severity of environmental degradation using the environmental risk assessment matrix (Figure 1-2). Consider the severity of environmental degradation when determining the potential effect an operation will have on the environment. The risk impact value is defined as an indicator of the severity of environmental degradation. Quantify the risk to the environment

resulting from the operation as extremely high, high, medium, or low, using the environmental risk assessment matrix.
Environmental Area: Rating:
Unit Operations Risk Impact
Movement of heavy vehicles/systems 5 4 3 2 1 0
Movement of personnel and light vehicles/systems 5 4 3 2 1 0
Assembly area activities Field maintenance of equipment 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0
Garrison maintenance of equipment 5 4 3 2 1 0

Environmental Risk Assessment Work Sheet
Unit Operation Environmental Issues Movement of Heavy Vehicles/ Systems Movement of Personnel and Ught Vehicles/ Systems Assembly Area Activities Field Maintenance of Equipment Garrison Maintenance of Equipment Risk Rating
Air pollution
Archeological and historical sites
Hazardous materiel/waste
Noise pollution
Threatened/endangered species
Water pollution
Wetland protection
Overall rating
Overall Environmental Risk Assessment Form

Environmental Decision MakerCategory Range
Damage
Low 0-58 Little or none Appropriate level Medium 59-117
Minor Appropriate level High 118-149 Significant Division commander Extremely High 150-175
Severe MACOM commander
Risk Categories
Figure 1-2. Environmental Risk-Assessment Matrix
c.
Make environmental risk decisions. Make decisions and develop measures to reduce high environmental risks.

d.
Brief the chain of command. Brief the chain of command (to include the installation environmental office, if applicable) on proposed plans and pertinent high-risk environmental matrixes. Risk decisions are made at a level of command that corresponds to the degree of risk.

1 - 8
DODDOA 020345
e.
Implement controls. Implement environmental protection measures by integrating them into plans, orders, SOPs, training-performance standards, and rehearsals.

f.
Supervise. Supervise and enforce environmental-protection standards.

1-10. Evaluation. The T&EOs in Chapter 5 describe standards that must be met for each task.
a.
Evaluations can be either internal or external. Internal evaluations are conducted at all levels, and they must be inherent in all training. External evaluations are usually more formal and are normally conducted by a HQ two levels above the evaluated unit. See Chapter 6 for more information on external evaluations.

b.
A critical weakness in training is the failure to evaluate each task every time it is executed. The ARTEP concept is based on simultaneous training and evaluation. Too often, leaders do not practice continuous evaluation. Soldiers or small units are trained to perform a task to standard, and then later, when they execute that task as part of a training exercise, they execute it poorly or incorrectly and are not corrected. For this program to work, trainers and leaders must continually evaluate training as it is being executed.

c.
Leaders should emphasize direct, on-the-spot evaluations. Correcting poor performance during individual or small-group training is easy to do. In higher-level exercises, it is usually not feasible to do this with outside evaluators, but should not be totally eliminated. Plan AARs at frequent logical intervals during the exercises (usually after the completion of a major subordinate task). This is a proven technique that will allow you to correct performance shortcomings while they are still fresh in everyone's mind. Also, it gets everyone involved and prevents the reinforcement of bad habits.

d.
FM 25-101 provides detailed instructions for conducting an AAR. It also provides detailed guidance on coaching and critiquing during training.

1-11. Feedback. Recommendations for improvement of this ARTEP MTP are requested. Feedback will help to ensure that this MTP answers the training needs of units in the field. Please send DA Form 2028 comments to the address reflected in the preface, or use the questionnaire provided at the end of this MTP.
1 - 9
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CHAPTER 2

Training Matrixes
2-1. General. The training Matrix assists the commander in planning the training of his unit's personnel.
2-2. Mission to Collective Tasks Matrix. This matrix (Figure 2-2), identifies the missions and their supporting collective tasks. The tasks are listed under the appropriate BOS which are indicated by an X in the matrix. The BOS used in this matrix are defined in TRADOC Pam 11-9. A specific mission is trained by identifying collective tasks in the vertical column for the mission. Based on the proficiency of the unit, training is focused on operational weaknesses.
The mission identification table listed below (Figure 2-1) provides mission identification for the unit.

Mission Identification Table
Missign Title
• Perform Rock Crushing Operations
(ROCK CRUSHING OPERATIONS)
• CSS to Sustain Engineer Operations
(SUSTAIN ENGINEER OPERATIONS)
• Defend the Unit
(UNIT DEFENSE)
• Conduct Unit Survivability Operations
(UNIT SURVIVABILITY)
Figure 2-1. Mission Identification Table

Collective Tasks ROCK SUSTAIN UNIT DEFENSE UNIT
CRUSHING ENGINEER SURVIVABIUTY
OPERATIONS OPERATIONS •
.,:::.:, -.-,._.•____z,....;c-iti-svr---`1
05-1-1389MIdentify Topographic X X X
Suw • rt R- • uirements
19-3-3105.05-TO1A Process Captured X X X
Documents and
E•ui•ment
71-2-0332.05-TO1A Maintain Operations X X
SecuriMOPSEC
Llg-,,' -5 ,---a7;2•-::-_-'-o- z . —'-i.'M..„2,i.i..,•...,_._....L...-..,.M', . .,- .M--.-Th -ML_t
07-1-1923.05-TO1A React to Indirect Fire X X
07-2-1301.05-TO1A Conduct a Convoy X X X
07-3-0219.05-TO1A Establish Unit X X X
Defense
07-3-1112.05-TO1A React to an Ambush X X X
07-3-1123.05-TO1A Conduct a Tactical X X X
Road March
07-3-C211.05-T01A Move Tactically 7..­.­-`1-1-';::::.-.M'M-M'M "M''' M' ' M--.' .__,.M- X X
03-2-3008.05-T01A Conduct a X X X
Radiological, Chemical.
or Biological
Reconnaissance or
Surve

Collective Tasks ROCK CRUSHING OPERATIONS SUSTAIN ENGINEER OPERATIONS UNIT DEFENSE UNIT SURVIVABIUTY
03-3-C201.05-T01A Prepare for Operations under Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Conditions X X
03-3-C202.05-T01A Prepare for a Chemical Attack X X
03-3-C203.05-T01A Respond to a Chemical Attack X X
03-3-C205.05-T01A Prepare for a Friendly Nuclear Strike X X
03-3-C206.05-T01A Prepare for a Nuclear Attack Y. X
03-3-C208.05-T01A Cross a Radiologically Contaminated Area X X
03-3-C222.05-TO1A Respond to the Residual Effects of a Nuclear Attack X X
03-3-C223.05-TO1A Respond to the Initial Effects of a Nuclear Attack X
03-3-C224.05-T01A Conduct Operational Decontamination X X
03-3-C226.05-TO1A Cross a Chemically Contaminated Area X X X
05-2-0301MCamouflage Vehicles and Equipment X X X
05-2-0911MDefend a Convoy Against a Ground Attack X X X
05-3-0113MConduct an Extraction From a Minefield X X X
05-3-0210MDisable Critical Equipment and Material X X X
05-3-0230MConstruct a Protective Obstacle X X X
05-3-0767MClear Obstacles With Engineer Equipment X
09-2-0337.05-T01A React to Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) X X X
19-3-2204.05-T01A Employ Physical Security Measures X X X
44-1-C220.05-TO1AUse Passive Air Defense Measures X X X
71-2-0326.05-TO1A Perform Risk Management Procedures ::.',.•-:.M---1 ...: :4:-
41:-).-­7.,:­.1.-::-...::::­.V12--...._:4 ...M.M.M,, .M— - ..M....M.M.M. - — 05-1-0716MPrepare Construction Estimates X X . --*"-r.'4 1 -. --X ___-_— ..—.... • fa. _d X .-M _M.-_ _ X . -.M_ .__ ..
05-2-0051MCoordinate for Food Service Support X X X

Collective Tasks ROCK CRUSHING OPERATIONS SUSTAIN ENGINEER OPERATIONS UNIT DEFENSE
05-2-0828MConduct Quarry Operations X
05-2-0830MDevelop a New/Existing Quarry Site X
05-2-0832MSet up Crushing Equipment X
05-2-0834MConduct Rock-Crushing Operations X
05-2-0836MProduce Blast Rock X
05-2-1126MCoordinate for Organizational Maintenance Support X
05-3-0762MConduct Clearing, Grubbing, and Stripping Operations X
05-3-0779MConduct Lifting and Loading Operations X X
08-2-C316.05-TO1A Transport Casualties (for Units Without Medical Treatment Personnel) . X
08-2-R303.05-T01A Conduct Battlefield Stress Reduction and Stress Prevention Procedures X X
08-2-R315.05-TO1A Perform Field Sanitation Functions X X
10-2-0318.05-TO1A Perform Unit Graves Registration (GRREG) Operations X X
10-2-0320.05-TO1A Provide Company Supply Support X
11-5-0121.05-T01A Provide a Field Cable or Wire System X
19-3-3106.05-TO1A Handle Enemy Prisoners of War (EPWs) X X
43-2-0001.05-T01A Conduct Unit-Level Maintenance 0. -rations 1.--• .. X X
05-1-0719MConduct Quality Control Operations X X
05-1-0721MPlan/Control Augmentation Support X X
05-2-7008MPrepare an Operation Order (OPORD) (Company/Platoon) X X
05-3-1018MConduct Troop-Leading Procedures X X
11-3-0214.05-TO1A Establish and Operate a Single-Channel Voice Radio X X
Figure 2-2. Collective Task to Missions

Net
UNIT
SURVIVABILITY
X
X •
X
X X
X X X
X
_M..; •
X X
X X
CHAPTER 3
Mission Outlines/Training Plans
3-1. General. The mission outline illustrates the relationship between the missions and their support tasks. Each outline provides the trainer with a diagram of the unit's mission, sample FTXs and STXs, and the collective tasks that comprise them.
3-2. Mission Outlines. Since unit training is mission-oriented, the mission outline shows how task training contributes to the unit's ability to perform its missions. The mission outlines, Tables 3-1 through 3-6, provide the commander with a visual outline of his unit's missions in a format that facilitates the planning and management of training.
Table 3-1. Sample Countermobility Mission Outline

ENGINEER PLATOON
COUNTERMOBILITY
Task Number Task Title
03-2-3008.05-TO1A Conduct a Radiological, Chemical, or Biological Reconnaissance or
Survey
03-3-C201.05-TO1A Prepare for Operations under Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC)
Conditions
05-3-1018.05-R01A Conduct Troop-Leading Procedures
05-3-0904.05-R01A Establish Jobsite Security
05-3-0306 Construct a Tank Ditch
05-3-0307 Construct a Log Obstacle
05-3-0303.05-R01A Construct Wire Obstacles
07-1-1923.05-T01A React to Indirect Fire
10-2-0319.05-T01A Receive Airdrop Resupply
71-2-0326.05-TO1A Perform Risk Management Procedures
Table 3-2. Sample Fight as Engineers Mission Outline

ENGINEER PLATOON FIGHT AS ENGINEERS

Task Number Task Title
03-3-C203.05-T01A Respond to a Chemical Attack 03-3-C209.05-T01A React to Smoke Operations 05-1-1200 Fight as Engineers 07-1-1923.05-T01A React to Indirect Fire 07-2-0414.05-T01A Establish a Company Defensive Position
ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
Table 3-3. Sample General Engineering Mission Outline
ENGINEER COMPANY GENERAL ENGINEERING
Task Number 05-3-0407 05-3-0904 05-3-0778 05-3-0611 05-3-0313 05-2-0726 05-3-0118 05-3-0791 05-3-0792 05-3-0710 05-3-0765 05-3-0784 05-3-0402 08-2-0314.05-TO1A 05-3-0209 05-3-0787 05-3-0789 05-3-0790 Task Title Conduct an Engineer Reconnaissance Establish Jobsite Security Construct/Repair a Steel Frame Structure M Construct/Repair a Bridge Abutment Construct Revetments Conduct Hauling Operations Conduct Minesweep:ng Operations Construct/Repair a Water Distribution System Install Coupled Pipeline Assemble/Install Culverts Construct/Repair a Sewerage System Construct/Repair Head Walls Conduct a Route Reconnaissance Treat Casualties Clear Obstacles Using Demolitions Construct/Repair a Wood Frame Structure Construct/Repair a Concrete Structure Construct/Repair Electrical Utilities '
Table 3-4. Sample Mobility Mission Outline
ENGINEER PLATOON MOBILITY
Task Number 03-2-3008.05-TO1A 03-3-C208.05-T01A 05-3-0114 05-3-0404 05-3-0609 05-3-0603 05-3-0767 Task Title Conduct a Radiological, Chemical, or Biological Reconnaissance or Survey Cross a Radiologically-Contaminated Area Support Breaching Operations Conduct a River-Crossing Site Reconnaissance Operate River-Crossing Sites Prepare Expedient Fords Clear Obstacles with Engineer Equipment
Table 3-5. Sample Perform Survivability Construction Mission Outline
ENGINEER PLATOON PERFORM SURVIVABILITY CONSTRUCTION
Task Number 03-3-C202.05-T01A 03-3-C205.05-T01A 03-3-C206.05-T01A 05-3-0306 05-3-0304 05-3-0305 05-3-0312 Task Title Prepare for a Chemical Attack Prepare for a Friendly Nuclear Strike Prepare for a Nuclear Attack Construct a Tank Ditch Construct Vehicle Fighting Positions Construct Vehicle Protective Positions Construct Bunkers and Shelters
3 - 2
DODDOA 020351

Table 3-6. Sample Unit Survivability/Unit Defense Mission Outline

ENGINEER COMPANY
UNIT SURVIVABILITY/UNIT DEFENSE
Task Number Task Title
05-3-0913 Secure and Defend the Unit's Position
05-2-0301 Camouflage Vehicles and Equipment
11-5-0121.05-TO1A Provide a Field Cable or Wire System
03-3-C203.05-T01A Prepare for a Chemical Attack
03-3-C205.05-T01A Prepare for a Friendly Nuclear Strike
44-1-C220.05-T01A Use Passive Air Defense Measures
44-1-C221.07-1332 Conduct Active Combined Arms Air Defense Measures Against Hostile Aircraft
05-3-1043 Exchange Mission-Oriented Posture (MOPP) Gear

CHAPTER 4
Training Exercise
4-1. General. Training exercises are used to train and practice the performance of collective tasks. This MTP contains a sample STX. It is designed to assist in developing, sustaining, and evaluating the unit's mission proficiency. Table 4-1 lists the STX by exercise number, title, and page number.
Table 4-1. STX Exercises
Exercise Number Exercise Title Page
MM
STX 5-2-E0001 Breaching Obstacles 4-1
4-2. Situational Training Exercise. STXs are short, scenario-driven, mission-oriented, tactical exercises used to train a group of closely related collective tasks. The STX provides the information for training the missions that make up the critical wartime mission. The STX-
a.
Provides repetitive training of missions.

b.
Allows the training to focus on identified weaknesses.

c.
Allows the unit to practice the mission STX before conducting a higher-echelon FTX.

d.
Saves time by providing most of the information needed to develop a vehicle for training.

ENGINEER PLATOON
STX
5-2-E0001
BREACHING OBSTACLES

1.
Objective. This sample STX trains collective, leader, and individual tasks in the platoon's operation (breaching obstacles).

2.
Interface. This STX supports the company FTX 5-2-E0001 requirement to conduct combat operations.

3.
Training.

a.
Individual training. This training should be based on the soldier's manual tasks required to support this STX. Use the individual-to-collective task matrix in Chapter 2 as a source for these individual tasks. Individual training is based on the tasks, conditions, and standards in the 12B and the soldier's common tasks manuals. Training should be hands-on and performance-oriented. During training, leaders assess soldier proficiency by evaluating task performance against the soldier's manual standards then providing feedback to the soldiers. The individual training and evaluation program includes common task tests and the commander's evaluations.

b.
Collective training. This training should be based on the collective tasks required for the STX. Battle drills and STXs are key tools for squad and platoon collective training. As with individual tasks, drills should be trained to standard with feedback provided. Collective tasks that could support this STX and mission (as well as other missions) are in the mission-to-collective task matrix in Chapter 2.

c.
Leader training. This training should be based on the leader tasks required for the exercises as well as the individual tasks. Leader tasks are trained in the same manner as stated in paragraph 3a or by one or. all of the following methods. When material and facilities are not available, innovation is the answer. Do not limit training to the methods listed below.

(1)
Classroom discussions on how to plan the exercise and how to implement unit's SOP.

(2)
A map reconnaissance assists in terrain analysis and war gaming. (Use a map of the area where the STX is to be conducted.)

(3)
Terrain board or sand table exercises permit simulations or miniatures to be used to gain three-dimensional perspectives in war gaming or rehearsals. (Model the terrain board or the sand table to match the terrain where the exercise will be conducted.)

(4)
Tactical exercises without troops (TEWTs) allow leaders to train on the ground, practicing land-navigation movement, reporting, and other leader actions.

(5)
Simulations and games teach leaders as part of a continuing officer and noncommissioned officer (NCO) development program.

(6)
Training extension courses use audiovisual equipment to present information and demonstrate how tasks are performed to standard.

d.
Training tips and instructions. The following are training tips and general instructions on how to prepare for and accomplish the STX:

(1)
Know the requirements for breaching obstacles, marking obstacles, and tactical movement.

(2)
Conduct a leader's reconnaissance of the training area with squad leaders to ensure that you do not make time-consuming mistakes.

(3)
Review the standards for the T&EO that supports this exercise.

(4)
Conduct this STX using one of the following options:

(a)
With ammunition, without ammunition, or using live fire. The use of ammunition is encouraged to add more realism to the exercise.

(b)
With or without the Multiple Integrated Laser-Equipment System (MILES). The MILES provides better feedback and should be used if it is available.

(c)
Under all environmental conditions, both day and night and with or without NBC. These scenarios should involve an active NBC environment.

(5)
Ensure that this STX is initially trained and rehearsed slowly, on open terrain, during good visibility, and with frequent explanations and critiques by leaders. This simple execution, combined with a thorough prebrief and "chalk talks" constitutes the "crawl" stage of STX training. The "walk" phase of this STX entails conducting the training at closer to normal rates, on more difficult terrain, and with stops for explanation and critique only when problems occur (expect for planned AARs). During the "run" phase, the STX is executed under conditions as close as possible to those expected in combat (including full operational security [OPSEC] and camouflage, realistic time frames and distances, challenging terrain, and aggressive OPFOR, NBC environment, and movement distance). This exercise is conducted at full speed after conducting building block training (individual training and drills) to reach the run level of execution.

(6)
Ensure that the T&EO standards for this exercise (from Chapter 5) are met to obtain the maximum benefits from the training.

(7)
Conduct this exercise on a recurring basis to sustain proficiency: however, since many of the T&EOs in this STX will be trained in other STXs, practice may occur through integration rather than retraining the STX.

(8)
Ensure that the OPFOR replicates enemy forces in size and strength to portray threat activities realistically.

(9)
Assign at least one evaluator to control OPFOR activities. The evaluator evaluates OPFOR actions, ensures realism, stresses safety, and assesses loss and damage. If the OPFOR are in groups for several simultaneous actions, additional OPFOR evaluators or controllers are necessary.

(10)
Ensure that OPFOR units look and fight like a potential enemy. This will help soldiers understand threat tactics, doctrine, and weapons systems.

e.
Training enhancers. This STX requires the platoon to breach an obstacle, move tactically, support by fire, and mark an obstacle.

(1)
When basic proficiency is attained for the tasks in this STX, the STX may be conducted under limited visibility conditions, both with and without night vision devices (NVDs).

(2)
This STX can be conducted under increasing MOPP levels as proficiency increase.

4. General Situation.
a.
Contact with the enemy obstacle has been established. Initial reports indicate that the obstacle is overwatched by a company-sized element. His defensive positions are not well established. He has the capability for indirect fire and close air support (CAS). The enemy has used chemical weapons and will probably do so again. A breach of the obstacle has been ordered to allow maneuver forces to move through to attack the enemy. Figure 4-1 illustrates the graphic scenario of task performance in this exercise.

b.
This exercise begins with the receipt of a company fragmentary order (FRAGO) by the platoon and ends after the obstacle is marked. An MR should be held after the obstacle has been breached and marked. A final AAR should be conducted once all evaluation notes are compiled. If necessary, run portions of the exercise again until you are satisfied with your platoon's performance. Table 4-2 provides a recommended sequence of T&EOs and a recommended time for each portion of the STX.

Occupy an Assembly Area (AA Prepare for Combat »Disrupt AA Activities
)UmuunTuuumuuuuuuuuuuu

vvvvvvonnnnnnnnnnt
Conduct Tactical Movement
»Engage Moving Unit
Breach the Obstacles
Mark the Obstacles
Disrupt Breaching Operations

X X X X X X X X
6666666 6 6 666666
X X X X X X X
Objective
Richmond


cD

Indicates OPFOR tasks
Final AAR
Figure 4-1. General Scenario STX
Table 4-2. Sample Suggested Scenario
Event I Action I Estimated Time
Module 1
1 Occupy an Assembly Area (AA) 4 hours 2 Receive a FRAGO 15 minutes 3 Plan Breaching Operations 3 hours 4 Issue a FRAGO 2 hours 5 Conduct an AAR 1 hour
6 Conduct Precombat Operations 2 hours 7 Conduct Tactical Movement 1 hour 8 Breach the Obstacle 1 hour 9 Conduct an AAR 1 hour
10 Mark the Obstacle 1 hour
11 Conduct an AAR 1 hour
Total time: 17.25 hours

1.
These tasks are integrated and evaluated throughout the exercise.

2.
Events will be trained to standards, not time limitations. The time required to train an event will vary based on METT-TC factors and the unit's training proficiency.

3.
Additional time may be required if great portions of the exercise are conducted at night or during other limited visibility.

* NOTE: These tasks are integrated and evaluated throughout the exercise.
5. Special Situation.
a.
Your platoon is part of a company in a secure AA. The platoon receives a FRAGO to breach obstacles (see Figure 4-2).

b.
The company commander has ordered your platoon to lift your supporting fires. A sister platoon is prepare to provide support for the breach and marking of the obstacle. The company commander orders your platoon to breach the obstacle.

6. Support Requirements.
a.
Minimum trainers and observers/controllers (Os/Cs). The company commander or the platoon leader can conduct this exercise and will be the trainer and primary evaluator. At least one other 0/C is required with the OPFOR. Another platoon being trained or evaluated should be used as the platoon supporting the breach operations. This platoon will need an additional trainer or 0/C.

b.
Vehicles/communications. Those organic to the platoon are needed for this exercise. Two or three vehicles or trailers should be in the OPFOR supply site.

c.
Opposing forces. The OPFOR ground force should at least be a reinforced squad.

FRAGMENTARY ORDER
CopyMofMcopies 25th EN BN
FRAGMENTARY ORDER References:
1. SITUATION.
a.
Enemy Forces. The enemy forces are at 60 to 70 percent strength. They are preparing to counterattack and are expected to use air-delivered or artillery-delivered nonpersistent nerve agent.

b.
Friendly Force. (Element designation) attack (date/time group) to destroy the enemy force at Objective Mto disrupt the enemy's counterattack.

2.
MISSION. (Element destination) is to provide breach support for (supported elements designation) to breach obstacles along the main avenue of approach.

3.
EXECUTION.

a. Concept of the Operations. (See overlay.)
(1)
Intent. Breach obstacles and destroy the enemy preparing to counterattack.

(2)
Fire Support. Priority of fire to (another) platoon.

b.
(Another) Platoon.

(1)
Provide breach support for (evaluated) platoon.

(2)
Prepare to replace (evaluated) platoon in case they become combat ineffective.

c.
(Evaluated) Platoon.

(1)
Provide local support by fire (initially).

(2)
Breach obstacles.

(3)
Mark obstacles according to the tactical standing operating procedure (TSOP).

d.
Coordinating Instructions.

(1)
Company release point (RP) is (grid).

(2)
Company linkup point is (grid).

Figure 4-2. Sample FRAGO for STX 5-2-E0001
d. Maneuver area. A 15- by 4-kilometer training area is desired. This area should provide for infiltration, cross-county movement, locations for supply sites, and a complex obstacle. The terrain should offer multiple covered and concealed approaches to the objective area. Using terrain that limits
the leader to a "geographical" or "school" solution does not allow evaluation of the unit's ability to conduct a terrain analysis and select and conceal positions.
e. Consolidated support requirements. This exercise requires the items listed in Table 4-3.
Table 4-3. Consolidated Support Requirements for STX 5-2-E0001
Ammunition DODIC Estimated Basic Load
5.56 millimeters (mm) A080 150 rounds per rifle
7.62 mm A111 400 rounds per M60
5.56 mm A075 250 rounds per squad automatic weapon (SAW)
Caliber .50 A598 250 rounds per M2
Antitank Weapon-Effect Simulator System L367 15 each per company (inert)
(ATWESS) (AT-4)
Hand grenade, body, M69 G811 2 per man
Hand grenade, fuse (practice) G878 2 per man
Simulators, projectile, ground burst L598 50 per exercise
Simulator, hand grenade, M116 series L601 20 per squad (without live demolitions to simulate demolitions) or 6 per squad
Demolitions (See the note below.)
Mine-clearing line charge (MICLIC) • 4 per company with 2 reloads
Bangalore torpedo kit 1 per squad
Charge, block trinitrotoluene (TNT) 50 per squad
Modernized demolition initiator (MDI) M11, 15 each (total 60) per platoon
12, 13, 14
MDI igniters 60 each platoon
Time fuse 500 feet per platoon
Satchel charge, M183 30 per platoon
40-pound shape charge 12 per platoon
Smoke grenades, white 60 per platoon
Smoke pot, ground 10 per platoon
Other Items
Batteries, BA 200 (6-volt) 50 each
Batteries, BA 3090 (9-volt) 400 each
CLASS IV
Concertina wire
Mines
Company Evaluators OPFOR
MILES Equipment Armored personnel carrier (APC) 13 13/4
Caliber .50 system 15 13/4
M240 system M19 blank firing adapter M16 system 2 15 120 13/4 120/28
M60 machine-gun system 13 13/2
Controller guns 8
Small-arms alignment fixture 2

NOTE: Ammunition and demolitions are basic loads and should be restocked (according to use) during the exercise.
f. Regulations and requirements. Commanders should consult local regulations and range-control requirements during coordination to ensure compliance with restrictions such as constraints on pyrotechnics.
7. Training and Evaluation Outline Sequence. Table 4-4 lists the T&EOs from Chapter 5 that are used to
evaluate this STX.
Table 4-4. T&EOs Used in Evaluating STX 5-2-E0001
Task Title Task Number
Conduct Troop-Leading Procedures 05-3-1018.05-R01A Conduct a Radiological, Chemical, or Biological Reconnaissance or Survey 03-2-3008.05-TO 1 A Cross a Radiologically Contaminated Area 03-3-C208.05-T01 A Support Breaching Operations 05-3-0114 Reorganize as Infantry 05-2-1200 Fight as Infantry
05-2-1215
CHAPTER 5
Training and Evaluation Outlines
5-1. General. This chapter contains the T&EOs for the unit. T&EOs are the foundation of the MTP and the collective training of the unit. T&EOs are training objectives (task, conditions, and standards) for the collective tasks that support critical wartime operations. The unit must master designated collective tasks to perform its critical wartime operations. T&EOs may be trained separately, in an STX, in an FTX, or in live-fire exercises. For collective live-fire standards, the trainer needs to refer to the applicable gunnery manual for the appropriate course of fire. Those standards and courses of fire need to be integrated into the training exercise.
5-2. Structure. The T&EOs in this chapter are listed in Table 5-1. The mission-to-collective task matrix in Chapter 2 lists the T&EOs required to train the critical wartime missions according to their specific BOS.
5-3. Format. The T&EOs are prepared for every collective task that supports critical wartime operation accomplishment. Each T&EO contains the following items:
a.
Element. This identifies the unit or unit element(s) that perform the task.

b.
Task. This describes the action to be performed by the unit, and provides the task number.

c.
References. These are in parenthesis following the task number. The reference that contains the most information (primary reference) about the task is listed first and underlined. If there is only one reference, it is not underlined.

d.
Iteration. This is used to identify how many times the task is performed and evaluated during training. The "M" identifies when the task is performed in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.

e.
Commander or Leader Assessment. The unit's leadership uses this to assess the proficiency of the unit in performing The task to standard. Assessments are subjective in nature. Therefore, use all available evaluation data and subunit-leader input to develop an assessment of the organization's overall capability to accomplish the task. Use the ratings listed below.

(1)
T - Trained. The unit is trained and has demonstrated its proficiency in accomplishing the task to wartime standards.

(2)
P - Needs practice. The unit needs to practice the task. Performance has demonstrated that the unit does not achieve the task to standard without some difficulty or has failed to perform some task steps to standard.

(3)
U - Untrained. The unit cannot demonstrate an ability to achieve wartime proficiency.

f.
Task Conditions. This describes the situation or environment in which the unit is to do the collective task.

g.
Task Standards.

(1)
The task standard states the performance criteria that a unit must achieve to successfully execute the task. This overall standard should be the focus of training and should be understood by every soldier.

(2)
The trainer or evaluator determines the unit's training status using performance observation measurements (where applicable) and his judgment. The unit must be evaluated in the context of the METT-TC conditions. The conditions should be as similar as possible for all evaluated elements. This will establish a common base line for unit performance.

h.
Task Steps and Performance Measures. This is a list of actions that are required to complete the task. These actions are stated in terms of observable performance for evaluating training proficiency. The task steps are arranged sequentially along with supporting individual task and their references. An asterisk (*) to the left of the step number indicates the leader tasks within each T&EO. Under each task step are listed the performance measures that must be accomplished to correctly perform the task step. If the unit fails to correctly perform one of these task steps to standard, it has failed to achieve the overall task standard.

i.
GO/NO-GO Column. This column is provided for annotating the platoon's performance of the task steps. Evaluate each performance measure for a task step and place an X in the appropriate column. A major portion of the performance measures must be marked a GO for the task step to be successfully performed.

j.
Task Performance/Evaluation Summary Block. This block provides the trainer with a means of recording the total number of task steps and performance measures evaluated and those evaluated as GO. It also provides the evaluator with a means to rate the unit's demonstrated performance as a GO or NO-GO. It also provides the leader with a historical record for five training iterations.

k.
Supporting Individual Tasks. This is a listing of all supporting individual tasks required to correctly perform the task. The reference number, tasks number, and task title for each individual task are listed.

I.
OPFOR Tasks. These standards specify overall OPFOR performance for each collective task. The standards ensure that the OPFOR soldiers accomplish meaningful training and force the training unit to perform its task to standard or "lose" to the OPFOR. The OPFOR standards specify what must be accomplished—not how it must be accomplished. The OPFOR must always attain its task standards, using tactics consistent with the type of enemy they are portraying.

5-4. Usage. The T&EOs can be used to train or evaluate a single task. Several T&EOs can be used to train or evaluate a group of tasks such as an STX or FTX.
Conduct Quarry Reconnaissance (05-5-0805) M 5-4 Set Up Wash/Screening Equipment (05-5-0807) M 5-8
Develop Intelligence
Identify Topographic Support Requirements (05-1-1389) M 5-12 Process Captured Documents and Equipment (19-3-3105.05-T01A) M 5-19 Maintain Operations Security (OPSEC) (71-2-0332.05-T01A) M 5-25
Deploy/Conduct Maneuver
React to Indirect Fire (07-1-1923.05-T01A) M 5-32 Conduct a Convoy (07-2-1301.05-T01A) M 5-39 Establish Unit Defense (07-3-0219.05-TO1A) M 5-47 React to an Ambush (07-3-1112.05-T01A) M 5-56 Conduct a Tactical Road March (07-3-1123.05-TO1A) M 5-63 Move Tactically (07-3-C211.05-TO1A) M 5-71
Protect the Force
Conduct a Radiological, Chemical, or Biological Reconnaissance or Survey (03-2-3008.05-
TO1A) M
5-79 Prepare for Operations under Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Conditions (03-3-C201.05-TO1A) M 5-86 Prepare for a Chemical Attack (03-3-C202.05-T01A) M 5-93 Respond to a Chemical Attack (03-3-C203.05-T01A) M 5-99 Prepare for a Friendly Nuclear Strike (03-3-C205.05-T01A) M 5-106 Prepare for a Nuclear Attack (03-3-C206.05-T01A) M 5-112
Cross a Radiologically Contaminated Area M(03-3-C208.05-T01A) M 5-118 Respond to the Residual Effects of a Nuclear Attack M(03-3-C222.05-TO1A) M 5-125 Respond to the Initial Effects of a Nuclear Attack M(03-3-C223.05-TO1A) M 5-131 5-138
Conduct Operational Decontamination M(03-3-C224.05-TO1A) M Cross a Chemically Contaminated Area M(03-3-C226.05-TO1A) M 5-146 Camouflage Vehicles and Equipment (05-2-0301) M 5-152 Defend a Convoy Against a Ground Attack (05-2-0911) M 5-159 5-166
Conduct an Extraction From a Minefield M(05-3-0113) M Disable Critical Equipment and Material M(05-3-0210) M 5-174 5-181
Construct a Protective ObstacleM(05-3-0230) M Clear Obstacles With Engineer Equipment (05-3-0767) M 5-188 React to Unexploded Ordnance (UXO)M(09-2-0337.05-TO1A) M 5-196 Employ Physical Security Measures M(19-3-2204.05-T01A) M 5-202 5-208
Use Passive Air Defense MeasuresM(44-1-C220.05-TO1A) M Perform Risk Management Procedures (71-2-0326.05-TO1A) M 5-215
Perform CSS and Sustainment
Prepare Construction EstimatesM(05-1-0716) M 5-222 Coordinate for Food Service Support M(05-2-0051) M 5-229 Conduct Quarry Operations (05-2-0828) M 5-236 Develop a New/Existing Quarry Site M(05-2-0830) M 5-242 Set up Crushing EquipmentM(05-2-0832) M 5-249 Conduct Rock-Crushing Operations M(05-2-0834) M 5-256 Produce Blast Rock (05-2-0836) M 5-262 Coordinate for Organizational Maintenance SupportM(05-2-1126) M 5-269 Conduct Clearing, Grubbing, and Stripping Operations M(05-3-0762) M 5-276 Conduct Lifting and Loading Operations M(05-3-0779) M 5-284 Transport Casualties (for Units Without Medical Treatment Personnel)M(08-2-C316.05-5-291
TO1A) M Conduct Battlefield Stress Reduction and Stress Prevention Procedures M(08-2-R303.05-TO1A) M 5-299 Perform Field Sanitation Functions M(08-2-R315.05-TO1A) M 5-306 Perform Unit Graves Registration (GRREG) Operations M(10-2-0318.05-T01A) M5-313 Provide Company Supply SupportM(10-2-0320.05-T01A) M 5-320 Provide a Field Cable or Wire SystemM(11-5-0121.05-TO1A) M 5-327 Handle Enemy Prisoners of War (EPWs) M(19-3-3106.05-T01A) M 5-334 Conduct Unit-Level Maintenance Operations M(43-2-0001.05-TO1A) M 5-340
Exercise Command and Control
Conduct Quality Control Operations M(05-1-0719) M 5-348 Plan/Control Augmentation Support M(05-1-0721) M 5-356 Prepare an Operation Order (OPORD) (Company/Platoon) (05-2-7008) M 5-363 Conduct Troop-Leading Procedures M(05-3-1018) M 5-370 Establish and Operate a Single-Channel Voice Radio Net M(11-3-0214.05-TO1A) M5-378
Figure 5-1. List of T&EO's
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Quarry Reconnaissance (05-5-0805) (TM 5-332)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5MM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.TMP UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The team is assigned to conduct a field reconnaissance of preselected locations for establishing and developing a quarry. Results and data from the preliminary reconnaissance are available. All required tools and equipment are on-site. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The team formulates a field reconnaissance plan to locate the best source of quarry materials. It assembles, analyzes, and evaluates all intelligence information pertaining to potential, probable, and known quarry sites. The team presents the results for the final investigation and determination of the quarry site(s).
GO NO-GOTASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
* 1. The team leader supervises the quarry reconnaissance mission.
2. The team conducts quarry site reconnaissance.
a.
Assembled the existing site information.

b.
Analyzed the prospective site data.

c.
Checked the site(s).

d.
Assessed the overburdens.

e.
Checked the groundwater and drainage.

f.
Checked existing facilities.

g.
Checked the water supply.

*
3. The team leader analyzes and processes information for the final reports.

a.
Considered the environmental impacts.

b.
Evaluated the site data.

c.
Prioritized the findings.

d.
Recommended the final quarry site selection.

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
5 - 4
DODDOA 020364
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task TitleTask Number.
05-30407MPerform an Engineer Reconnaissance
-
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
• CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents
the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-0PFOR-0018) .
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations. M•
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the
movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment
and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy
the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
ELEMENT: Team LC Quarry
TASK: Set Up Wash/Screening Equipment (05-5-0807) (TM 5-332)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5MM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .TMP UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The team has received a mission to set up wash/screening equipment. The quarry site is established with proper drainage. Authorized equipment and personnel are available. Support equipment augmentation is available upon request. The team leader receives guidance providing anticipated gradient specifications. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The quarry equipment and components will be positioned , cribbed , leveled, secured and accessories attached, installed or stored, and prepared for operation. The crushers will be calibrated to within ( plus or minus) 1/2 inch of calibration specifications.
GO NO-GOTASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
* 1. The team leader supervises construction operations.
2. The team erects wash/screening equipment.
a.
Positioned jaw and roll crushers.

b.
Blocked and leveled crushers

c.
Removed and transported/shipping brackets, accessories, and dollies.

d.
Placed auxiliary conveyors.

e.
Elevated the pan feeder assembly, if required.

f.
Placed the jaw crushers discharge conveyor into the operating position, if
required, and adjusted the tension.


g.
Positioned the power supply/generator.

h.
Replaced all detached accessories.

i.
Grounded all components.

3. The team calibrates equipment. M .
a.
Installed screens.

b.
Adjusted the roll spacing.

c.
Adjusted the jaw spacing.

4. The team observes safety rules.
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
5 - 8
DODDOA 020368
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-0PFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents
the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movemeht and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and
chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Identify Topographic Support Requirements (05-1-1389) (FM 34-130)M (FM 34-2)M (FM 34-3)
ITERATION:T 1M2M3M4M5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:TT P UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The staff conducts continuous tactical operations during the development and implementation of an engineer intelligence collection plan. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Identify the needs for standard and nonstandard topographic products that will support the intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) process, satisfy questions raised in the priority intelligence requirements (PIR), and complete the intelligence annex to the operation order (OPORD) or the operation plan (OPLAN) in the time outlined in the commander's guidance. Digital units send and receive reports, perform Digital Topographic Support System (DTSS) functions, using frequency­modulated (FM) or digital means. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The staff identifies the commander's intelligence requirements.

a.
Received the commander's planning guidance and concept of operations
after receiving the mission from higher headquarters (HQ).

b.
Developed and prioritized the essential elements of information (EEI) and
PIR.

(1)
Developed the PIR in the form of a question or statement.

(2)
Prepared the EEI to answer the PIR. The EEI included but was not limited to,-

(
a) Friendly engineer capabilities.

(
b) Enemy engineer capabilities.

(
c) Enemy conventional and scatterable minefield locations.

(
d) Contaminated areas.

(
e) Engineer resources.

(
f) Electricity; gas; water; and petroleum, oils, lubricants (POL)

resources.
NOTE: The following products are provided by the topographic element: terrain,
waterways/drainage, ports and harbors, roads (including military load classification
[MLCI), railroads, trafficability, airfields, natural and manmade obstacles, and built-up
areas.

*
2. The staff develops a collection plan.

a.
Determined the PIR.

(1)
Reviewed the commander's guidance and intent.

(2)
Considered the current situation.

(3)
Considered the mission.

b.
Identified the EEI needed to answer the PIR.

c.
Implemented the collection strategy.

(1) Assessed the current database.
NOTE: Digital units request DTSS products using Digital capabilities in accordance
with the unit SOP.

( a) Reviewed the maps, charts, and imagery.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
( b) Checked the analysis, reports, and IPB products.
(2) Requested products that answered the PIR questions and fulfilled
mission directives and the commander's intent in order to fill gaps in
the database.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number. Task Tttle
05-1-1391MRequest a Standard Topographic Product

OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Gather Intelligence (5-OPFOR-0011)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) small element, operating in the rear area, is planning attacks on enemy bases. Information is needed to complete the plans.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates, gathers intelligence information, and submits its findings to
the command. 1. Identifies all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence
requirements. 2. Passes through any outpost, defensive wire, or warning devices undetected. 3. Moves
to an observation point that offers cover and concealment and is clear enough to gather PIR and other
intelligence requirements. 4. Gathers all PIR and other intelligence requirements. 5. Withdraws from
the area undetected. 6. Reports all information to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
5-13
DODDOA 020373
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HO).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of
approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke
attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the units allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the
locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-0PFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION:Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and
chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines
operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has
orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10.
Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS
base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents
the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports
actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Process Captured Documents and Equipment (19-3-3105.05-T01A) (FM 3-19.40 (FM 19-40))
ITERATION:. 1M2M3M4M5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T P UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The enemy's equipment and documents have been captured. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element processes all captured equipment and documents based on disposition instructions and within the time standards established by higher headquarters (HQ). The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
1. The element tags all captured equipment and documents.
a.
Described the type of equipment and documents, such as maps, photos,
rifles, and radios.

b.
Annotated the date and time of capture.

c.
Provided the place (grid coordinates) of capture.

d.
Noted the capturing unit.

e.
Furnished the circumstances of the capture.

f.
Identified the prisoners name on the tag, if the items were taken from the
enemy prisoners of war (EPWs).

*
2. The element leader reports the capture of equipment and documents to higher HQ.

a.
Described the type of equipment and documents.

b.
Stated the date and time of capture.

c.
Identified the capturing unit.

d.
Furnished the place (grid coordinates) of the capture.

*
3. The element leader disposes of the equipment and documents according to the guidance received from higher HQ.

a.
Destroyed, secured, evacuated, or abandoned the equipment.

b.
' Evacuated the documents through the chain of command to intelligence
personnel.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has
orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
DODDOA 020380
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area
to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and
supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts
CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment
damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports
actions to superiors.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio
frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus"
orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along .
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, end indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 1 .1. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the
enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to
attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Maintain Operations Security (OPSEC) (71-2-0332.05-T01A) (AR 530-1). (AR 380-5). (FM 24-33) (FM 24-35). (FM 24-35-1). (FM 3-19.30) (FM 34-60)
. .
ITERATION: 1.2.3.4 5.M.(Circle) .
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element is operating where the enemy can detect it. The enemy can employ electronic warfare (EW) measures and air and ground reconnaissance elements. It can also use the local populace and enemy intelligence agencies. Somii iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element prevents the enemy from learning its strength, dispositions, intentions, and any essential elements of friendly information (EEFI) or surprising its main body. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. Leaders check or perform information security measures.

a.
Disseminated the information on a need-to-know basis.

b.
Prohibited fraternization with civilians, as applicable.

c.
Conducted alerts, deployment preparations, and loading operations to
minimize detection.

d.
Ensured that maps contained only the minimum-essential information.

e.
Conducted inspections and gave briefings to ensure that personnel did not
carry any details of military activities in their personal materials, such as
letters, diaries, notes, drawings, sketches, or photographs.

f.
Sanitized all planning areas and positions before departure.

2. The element performs camouflage discipline.
a.
Used natural concealment and camouflage materials, whenever possible,
to prevent ground or air observation.

b.
Moved on covered and concealed routes.

c.
Covered all reflective surfaces and unit markings with nonreflective
material, such as cloth, mud, or a camouflage stick.

d.
Covered or removed all vehicle markings.

3. The element camouflages individual positions and equipment to prevent
detection from 35 meters or greater and camouflages vehicles to prevent
detection from 100 meters or greater.

a.
Ensured that the foliage was not stripped near the unit's position.

b.
Camouflaged earth berms.

c.
Ensured that the camouflage nets were properly erected.

d.
Avoided crossing near footpaths, trails, and roads.

e.
Erased any tracks leading into the positions.

f.
Ensured that vehicles that were parked in the shadows were moved as the
shadows shifted.

g.
Replaced and replenished the camouflage, as needed.

h.
Avoided movement in the area to prevent ground and air detection.

ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
4. The element employs and the company's net control station (NCS) enforces communications security (COMSEC). a. Enforced signal operation instructions (S01) and signal supplemental instructions (SSI) procedures, such as challenges, authentications decoding, and call signs and frequencies and ensured that the monitored traffic did not reveal information to the enemy. b. Employed approved radiotelephone operator (RATELO) procedures. c. Followed COMSEC procedures, such as keeping transmissions short, using the lowest possible power settings, using directional antennas, changing transmission patterns, and maintaining radio silence. d. Followed procedures for operations during jamming. e. Made maximum use of the messenger and wire service. f. Used visual signals according to the unit's standing operating procedure (SOP).
5. The element employs physical security measures. a. Employed observation posts (OPs). b. Employed counterreconnaissance patrols. c. Followed stand-to procedures. d. Employed mines and obstacles, when permitted. e. Tied in with adjacent units for coordination and fire. f. Used the challenge and password. g. Limited access into the unit's area. h. Safeguarded weapons, ammunition, sensitive items, and classified documents. i. Picked up litter. j. Employed air guards.
* 6. All leaders enforce noise and light discipline.
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number 071-325-4425 071-325-4426 071-331-0801 071-331-0815 Task Title Employ an M18A1Claymore Mine Recover an M18A1Claymore Mine Challenge Persons Entering Your Area Practice Noise, Light, and Litter Discipline
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
5-26

OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke
attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has
orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HO.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents
the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) -operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The
enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages
the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy
casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6.
Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned
along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment
damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio
frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus"
orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarrnor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-0PFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. .3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the
enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to
attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: React to Indirect Fire (07-1-1923.05-T01A) (FM 7-7). (FM 7-10) (FM 7-7J) (FM 7-8)
1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
ITERATION:.
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P.U.(Circle) .
CONDITIONS: The element is moving, halted, or occupying a defensive position. Any member of the platoon gives the alert, "Incoming!" or a round impacts on or near their location. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Within 2 seconds of the alert, the leader designates the direction and the distance to move. The platoon moves to the specified location. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
1. The element reacts to indirect fire while moving mounted.
a.
The element leader gave the direction and distance to move; for example,
"3 o'clock, 200 meters."

b.
Vehicle commanders repeated the "Incoming!" alert to squad personnel.

(1)
Personnel closed all hatches.

(2)
Drivers moved rapidly out of the impact area in the direction ordered by the leader.

2. The element reacts to indirect fire while moving dismounted.
a.
Ensured that if vehicles with mounted weapons were available, the
vehicles—

(1)
Halted as close as possible to the dismounted team, allowing
personnel to mount.

(2)
Moved rapidly out of the impact area in the direction ordered by the squad leader.

b.
Ensured that if vehicles were not available, dismounted personnel kept low
and ran out of the impact area in the direction and at the distance ordered
by the squad leader.

3. The element reacts to indirect fire when in a defensive position.
a.
Moved the vehicles immediately out of the impact area to alternate
positions.

b.
Protected personnel by having each one go under the overhead cover of
their fighting positions, if dismounted.

4.
Element members move to designated rally points according to the element's
operation order (OPORD).

5.
The element establishes immediate security at the designated rally point.

6.
The element consolidates and reorganizes.

* 7. The element leader submits a shelling report (SHELREP) or a mortar bombing
report (MORTREP) to higher headquarters (HQ).
NOTE:. Digital units send the SHELREP using frequency-modulated (FM) or digital
means or the Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2) System

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
according to the unit's tactical standing operating procedure (TACSOP).
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
.
Task Number Task Title
0521218.Conduct Report Procedures
-
-
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
5-33
DODDOA 020393
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fi re.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element
surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy
items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful
capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying
markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of
enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-0PFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct a Convoy (07-2-1301.05-TO1A) (FM 55-30). (FM 21-16)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: Upon receipt of an operation order (OPORD), the element moves to a new location given in the OPORD and conducts operations at that location. There is a possibility of enemy contact with threat patrols up to platoon and company size. Threat mounted forces have been operating in the area through which the route passes. The company's standing operating procedure (SOP) is available and contains movement readiness levels and current loading plans. The convoy may be conducted during daylight or darkness, including blackout conditions. Radio and visual signals will be used for convoy control. The column may conduct halts. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element conducts the convoy and arrives at its new location by the time specified in the OPORD. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element commander conducts a map reconnaissance using all available position/navigation (POS/NAV) and terrain analysis capabilities, to include space-based assets.

a.
Indicated the start point (SP).

b.
Identified locations of friendly units.

c.
Pointed out potential ambush sites.

d.
Identified checkpoints (CPs).

e.
Pointed out sites to be used for scheduled halts.

f.
Indicated the release point (RP).

2. The reconnaissance party conducts a route reconnaissance using all available
POS/NAV and mapping capabilities available.

a.
Wore the designated MOPP gear.

b.
Activated the automatic chemical alarm.

c.
Monitored radiation monitoring devices.

d.
Verified map information.

e.
Listed the capacities of bridges and underpasses.

f.
Listed the locations of culverts, ferries, forging areas, steep grades, and
possible ambush sites.

g.
Prepared the map overlay.

h.
Computed the travel time.

i.
Prepared the strip map.

*
3. The convoy commander coordinates for required support with higher
headquarters (HQ), to include—

a.
Military police (MP) support.

b.
Medical support.

c.
Fire support (FS).

d.
Engineer support.

e.
Maintenance contact-team support.

f.
Additional requirements, as required.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
4. The element prepares vehicles and equipment.
a.
Performed preventive-maintenance checks and services (PMCS).

b.
Corrected minor deficiencies.

c.
Reported major deficiencies.

d.
Hardened vehicles using sandbags or other authorized materials.

e.
Covered unit identification markings on vehicles and personnel.

f.
Covered or removed reflective surfaces.

g.
Placed antennas at their lowest height.

h.
Turned radio volumes and squelches to their lowest setting, consistent with operational requirements.

*
5. The convoy commander organizes the convoy.

a.
Assigned cargo vehicle positions.

b.
Positioned control vehicles without setting a pattern.

c.
Assigned recovery vehicle positions.

d.
Arranged hardened vehicles near the head of the convoy.

e.
Specified passenger locations.

f.
Appointed air guards.

g.
Organized the trail party element.

h.
Provided vehicle position listings to the trail party leader.

*
6. The convoy commander briefs the convoy personnel.

a.
Provided strip maps to each vehicle driver.

b.
Identified the convoy's chain of command.

c.
Detailed the convoy's route.

d.
Prescribed the march rate and the catch-up speed.

e.
Specified convoy intervals.

f.
Identified the scheduled halts.

g.
Briefed accident and breakdown procedures.

h.
Briefed immediate-action security measures.

i.
Briefed blackout-condition procedures.

j.
Specified the location of medical support.

k.
Specified the location of maintenance support.

I.
Briefed communication procedures.

m.
Specified the location and the identification of the destination.

7. The convoy crosses the SP.
a.
Crossed at the specified time.

b.
Verified that vehicles had crossed the SP.

c.
Forwarded the SP crossing report to the convoy commander when the entire unit had passed the SP.

*
8. The convoy commander provides the convoy information to higher HQ.

a.
Reported the SP crossing time.

b.
Reported the CP clearance, when crossed.

c.
Pointed out data that conflicted with the maps.

d.
Used the correct signal operation instructions (S01) codes in all transmissions.

e.
Reported the RP crossing time.

9. The convoy maintains march discipline.
a.
Maintained the designated march speed.

b.
Maintained the proper vehicle intervals.

c.
Crossed CPs as scheduled.

d.
Reacted correctly to the convoy commander's signals.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
e. Maintained security throughout the movement and during halts.
10. The company conducts a scheduled halt. a. Stopped the column at the prescribed time. b. Maintained the prescribed vehicular intervals. c. Moved vehicles off the road. d. Established local security. e. Performed PMCS. f. Inspected vehicle loads. g. Departed at the specified times.
11. The company conducts an unscheduled halt. a. Alerted the march column. b. Reported the stoppage to higher HQ. c. Maintained the prescribed vehicular intervals. d. Established local security. e. Reported the resumption of the march to higher HQ.
12. The convoy moves under blackout conditions. a. Provided a visual adjustment period. b. Prepared the vehicles for blackout conditions. c. Maintained the prescribed vehicle distances. d. Wore night vision goggles (specified personnel). e. Wore regular eye protection goggles. f. Used ground guides during poor visibility periods.
13. The trail party recovers disabled vehicles. a. Inspected the disabled vehicle. b. Repaired the disabled vehicle, when possible. c. Towed the vehicle, if necessary. d. Reported the vehicle's status to the convoy commander.
14. The convoy moves through urban areas. a. Identified weight, height, and width restrictions. b. Used close-column formation. c. Obeyed traffic control directions. d. Used direction guides at critical intersections.
15. The convoy crosses the RP. a. Crossed at the specified time. b. Verified that the vehicles had crossed the RP. c. Forwarded the crossing report to higher HQ.
TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
. "'"' indicates a leader task step.

SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number Task Title
05-1-1391 Request a Standard Topographic Product
05-3-0412 Perform a Technical Reconnaissance
19-1-1102 Coordinate Route Reconnaissance and Surveillance
19-1-1201 Prepare Traffic Control Plan

OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the
locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
DODDOA 020402
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents
the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the aesignated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio
frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus"
orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations, 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical
Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.

TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the
enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to
attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Establish Unit Defense (07-3-0219.05-T01A)
(FM 7-8). (FM 24-19) (FM 24-35)
(FM 24-35-1). (FM 7-7) (TC 24-20)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3 4.
5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element has received an operation order (OPORD) or a fragmentary order (FRAGO) with a mission to occupy part of a larger unit's defensive sector, or is isolated and must provide its own security or defense. The element may be opposed by as much as a motorized rifle company. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element completes all preparations for the defense not later than the time specified in the order. The enemy does not surprise the platoon. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader performs a leader's reconnaissance of the tentative defensive position.

a.
Searched the area to ensure that it was free of the enemy, mines, and
booby traps.

b.
Established local security.

c.
Surveyed the area for nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC)
contamination.

d.
Designated sectors and general locations for the operations, vehicles, and
automatic and antiarmor weapons based on the mission, enemy, terrain,
troops, time available, and civilian considerations (METT-TC) factors.

NOTE: At night, the designation of positions must be more exact. Leaders may elect to reconnoiter the area first, position the observation pots (OPs), and then have the guides bring the other members into position.
2. The designated security or operation team moves to assigned positions.
a.
Emplaced the M8A1 Chemical Alarm System, if assigned, within 5 minutes
of occupying the OP.

b.
Positioned the OP within range of the supporting small-arms fire.

c.
Provided cover and concealment for the OP personnel.

d.
Designated covered and concealed routes to and from the OP.

e.
Established communications from the operations to the unit's command

post (CP).
NOTE: The primary means should be wire, supplemented by messenger and radio.

f.
Disseminated the locations of all friendly personnel in the sector.

a.
Identified the target reference points (TRPs).

b.
Included the OP targets within the fire plan.

' 3. The platoon leader and the platoon forward observer (FO) designate targets to
support the OP.

4. The OP team provides early warning.
a.
Provided continuous early warning out to a range that warned of enemy
observation, direct fire, or assault on the main body.

b.
Detected all enemy activity within the vicinity of the unit's position.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
c.
Adjusted illumination or high-explosive (HE) rounds on enemy targets.

d.
Emplaced expedient early-warning devices before dark, if possible.

e.
Demonstrated the correct use of the current challenge and password.

f.
Alternated the OP sites when required, due to the changing visibility or enemy activity.

*
5. The element leader designates the primary, alternate, and supplementary fighting positions for key weapons or vehicles, where applicable, while emplacing the rest of the platoon.

a.
Positioned the machine guns to obtain grazing fire along the most likely dismounted avenue of approach (AA).

b.
Positioned the antiarmor weapons to cover the likely armor AA or the assigned engagement area (EA).

c.
Ensured that the positions were mutually supported along armor and dismounted infantry Ms.

d.
Positioned the M203 grenade launchers, if assigned, to cover dead space in the terrain outside hand grenade range. .


*
6. Leaders place fighting positions to engage targets in designated sectors of fire, covering the most dangerous AAs first.

a.
Determined the sector of fire based on the type of weapon and the weapon's range.

b.
Assigned all personnel to a fighting position.

*
7. The element leader coordinates or contacts adjacent units.

a.
Established boundary responsibilities.

b.
Discovered and eliminated any gaps in the defensive sector.

c.
Ensured that observation and fires overlapped.

8. The element occupies defensive positions. NOTE: The leader establishes task priorities. Normally these are in the unit's standing operating procedure (SOP), but can be modified as needed (based on METT-TC considerations) by the platoon leader or the company commander.
..a. Occupied the assigned positions, physically.
b.
Reconnoitered physically in front of each position to become familiar with the terrain, locate dead space, and view the terrain from the enemy's perspective.

c.
Prepared and forwarded crew-served weapons range cards to the squad leader within 15 minutes of positioning.

d.
Installed aiming stakes.

e.
Cleared fields of fire.

f.
Emplaced obstacles according to the company's obstacle plan.

g.
Dug fighting positions to armpit depth with 0.5 meters of parapet.

h.
Constructed overhead cover for the fighting position.

i.
Camouflaged positions and vehicles from aerial and ground observation, ensuring that fighting positions could not be detected from a distance of more than 35 meters from the front of the position.

j.
Stockpiled ammunition, food, and water.

k.
Constructed alternate and supplementary positions.

I.
Ensured that all element members knew the element's CP location.

*
9. The element leader, along with the fire support team (FIST) or FO if applicable, plans for the employment of indirect fires.

a.
Planned the fires along the enemy's Ms.

b.
Planned the fires at known or likely enemy positions.

c.
Planned final protective fires (FPF), if allocated.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
d. Registered and adjusted TRPs, if available and the situation permitted.
10. The radiotelephone operator (RATELO) establishes communications. a. Used wire as the primary communications, if available. b. Ensured that the platoon or company's CP had communications with operations, higher and subordinate leaders, adjacent units, and fire support. c. Conducted periodic communications checks to ensure that all communications were operational. d. Planned and provided for an alternate means of communications.
*11. The element leader prepares a sector sketch. a. Identified the main terrain features and the range to the terrain features. b. Identified the squad's fighting position locations. c. Indicated the primary and secondary sectors of fire for each position. d. Identified the type of weapon and fire control measures (FPF, principle direction of fire [PDF], and the final protective line [FPL]) for each position. e. Identified the squad leader's position and the OP locations. f. Marked dead space. g. Identified obstacle locations. h. Indicated the direction of north. i. Forwarded a copy of the sector sketch to the platoon leader within 30 minutes of being assigned a sector.
*12. The element leader prepares a platoon sector sketch. a. Indicated the platoon sector or the EA. b. Denoted the primary, alternate, and supplementary squad positions and the sectors of fire. c. Indicated the location of vehicles, antiarmor, and automatic weapon positions with the primary sectors of fire, the FPL, or the PDF for the primary vehicle weapons system, automatic weapons, and TRPs. d. Identified the location of OPs and patrol routes, if any had been planned. e. Outlined the maximum engagement lines for the primary weapon systems. f. Identified the location of indirect-fire targets and FPFs, if any had been allocated.
g. Indicated the direction of north. h. Illustrated the unit identification, up to company level. i. Indicated the date-time group. j. Identified the position of the platoon's CP. k. Forwarded a copy of the platoon sector sketch to the company commander within 1 hour of assigning squad leaders sectors.
13. The element continues to improve defensive positions. a. Improved positions according to the SOP work priorities. b. Upgraded positions as directed by higher headquarters (HQ).
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.

Task Number 071-325-4407 071-325-4425 071-326-5703 071-326-5704 071-331-0804 071-331-0852 071-430-0002
Task Number
05-2-0100 05-2-0127 05-2-0301 05-2-0314 05-2-0508 05-2-0510 05-2-0514 05-2-0516 05-3-0303
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS Task Title
Employ Hand Grenades
Employ an M18A1Claymore Mine
Construct Individual Fighting Positions
Supervise Construction of a Fighting Position
Perform Surveillance Without the Aid of Electronic Devices
Clear a Field of Fire
Conduct a Defense by a Squad
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS Task Title
Coordinate the Synchronization and Integration of Fire Support (FS) Provide Support for Survivability Operations Camouflage Vehicles and Equipment Integrate Obstacles Into Direct- and Indirect-Fire Plans Plan for Survivability Operations Direct Survivability Construction Plan and Control Tactical Obstacles Emplace Situational Obstacles Construct Wire Obstacles
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order td cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has
orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HO.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke
attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing
vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor
weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.

STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The
enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages
the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy
casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6.
Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned
along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment
damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupti enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents,'by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-0PFOR-0014) CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and iight mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENT: Team LC Quarry
TASK: React to an Ambush (07-3-1112.05-101A)
M
(FM 7-8)M (FM 17-98) (FM 34-2-1) (FM 7-92)
ITERATION:T 1M2M3M4M5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:TTTP UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element is in a prepared kill zone. The enemy initiates the ambush with a casualty­producing device and a high volume of fire. The unit has guidance provided by the rules of engagement (ROE) and from mission instructions, such as the peace mandate terms of reference, the Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), and the rules of interaction (ROI). Civilians, government organizations, nongovernmental organizations, private voluntary organizations, and the international press may be present on the battlefield. The presence of civilians can restrict the use of fires and reduce the combat power available to the commander. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element reacts immediately to the ambush based on the type (near, far). The platoon disengages the element in the kill zone or forces the enemy to withdraw. The platoon continues follow-on operations. The unit complies with the ROE, mission instruction, and higher headquarters (HQ) and other special orders. The time required to prepare is increased when conducting this task in mission­oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
NOTE: Leaders ensure that the ROE and the ROI are disseminated to subordinate
personnel.
1. Personnel in the kill zone react to a near ambush (within hand grenade range). a. Returned fire immediately; assumed covered positions; and threw fragmentation, concussion, and smoke grenades. b. Immediately after the grenades detonated, assaulted individually through the ambush using individual fire•and movement .
2. Personnel not in the kill zone react to a near ambush.
a. Identified enemy positions. b. Initiated immediate suppressive fires against the enemy. c. Took up covered positions. d. Shifted fires as personnel in the kill zone assaulted through the ambush.
3. Personnel receiving fire in a far ambush (beyond hand grenade range) immediately return fire and take up covered positions. a. Suppressed or destroyed enemy crew-served weapons first. b. Obscured the enemy position with smoke (M203). c. Sustained suppressive fires and shifted them as the assaulting squads fought through the enemy position.
4. Personnel not receiving fire react to a far ambush. a. Moved by a covered and concealed route to a vulnerable flank of the enemy's position. b. Assaulted using fire and movement techniques.
5. The element forward observer (FO) calls for and adjusts indirect fires as directed by the element leader. a. Used indirect fires to isolate the enemy's position. b. Adjusted fires on any retreating enemy.

-
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NOGO
*
6. The platoon leader accounts for all personnel and equipment after the enemy has withdrawn.

a.
Reported the situation to higher HQ.

b.
Consolidated and reorganized as necessary.

c.
Continued the mission.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number Task Title
05-2-0100 Coordinate the Synchronization and Integration of Fire Support (FS)
08-2-0314.05-101 A Treat Unit Casualties (for Units with Medical Treatment Personnel)
12-1-0403.05-TO1A Report Casualties

OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
-
-
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (070PFOR1112)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) are operating separately or as part of a larger unit. The OPFOR is ordered to conduct an ambush along the enemy's lines of communications. The OPFOR has designated priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements (IR). Light automatic weapons, light mortars, and antiarmor systems are available.
STANDARD: 1. The OPFOR emplaces the ambush not later than the time specified in the order. 2. The OPFOR surprises the enemy. 3. The OPFOR engages, fixes, and/or destroys the specified enemy element in the kill zone. OR 4. The OPFOR engages and destroys all of the specified vehicles in the kill zone. 5. The OPFOR withdraws all personnel and equipment from the objective, on order. 6. All specified PIR and IR are obtained from the ambush site.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of
approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-0PFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Drlays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the
movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment
and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy
the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines
operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in
the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire,
antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and
chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the
element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent
casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the
element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. • Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct a Tactical Road March (07-3-1123.05-TO1A) (FM 7-10)M (FM 7-8) (Circle)
ITERATION:. 1M2M3M4M5MMM
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T P UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element is ordered to conduct a tactical road march. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. The enemy (no larger than a squad or platoon size) can assault mounted or dismounted and employ indirect fires or air support. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element crosses the start point (SP), follows the prescribed route without deviation (unless required otherwise by enemy action or at the direction of higher headquarters [HQ]), and crosses the release point (RP), all as specified in the order. Digital units send and receive reports using frequency-modulated (FM) or digital means. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader issues a warning order (WO) to subordinate leaders.

a.
Included enough information for subordinate elements to prepare for the
mission.

b.
Gave the WO immediately after being alerted for the mission.

c.
Included movement instructions if the movement was to be initiated before
the operation order (OPORD) was issued.

d.
Addressed items not covered in the unit's standing operating procedure
(SOP).

e.
Specified the time and location to issue the OPORD.

*
2. The element leader completes the plan and issues the march order.

a.
Provided a statement of the enemy situation, weather, and visibility
conditions.

b.
Identified the route, the SP, the RP, critical points, and other control points.

c.
Provided the order of movement, the order of march, the march rate, and
the distance to maintain between units.

d.
Established security tasks for subordinate elements, to include all-around
security and air guard coverage for the entire element.

e.
Addressed contingencies for actions on enemy contact.
NOTE: Plans must include the reaction to an enemy ambush; indirect fire; air attack;
nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) attack; and sniper fires.

f.
Provided the soldiers with load guides.

g.
Ensured that subordinate leaders briefed their plans.

3. The element conducts the necessary resupply of water, rations, ammunition,
batteries, and special-issue items.

a.
Inspected personnel and vehicles for the proper load and equipment and
their readiness to move.

b.
Completed a communications check using digital and FM radios to report
the element's readiness to move.

4. The element conducts the road movement.
a. Crossed the SP at the designated time.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
b. Maintained personnel and vehicle intervals and the march rate specified in the order or the unit's SOP. c. Followed the prescribed route.
5. The element maintains local security throughout the movement. a. Maintained all-around observation at all times, to include air guards. b. Oriented as directed, to establish local security.
6. The unit reports and reacts to enemy contact using the Digital Reconnaissance System (DRS). a. Reported and reacted according to directions in the OPORD. b. Reported and reacted according to the unit's SOP.
7. The unit halts. a. Conducted the halt at regular intervals according to the unit's SOP (as the tactical situation permitted) to rest the"troops, adjust and redistribute the equipment, and perform foot hygiene. b. Positioned the element to provide all-around security. c. Reported all halts to the next higher HQ using the digital reporting procedures on the mobile subscriber radiotelephone terminal (MSRT). d. Positioned vehicles in a herringbone formation. e. Dismounted personnel to provide local security. f. Checked the condition of the personnel and equipment. g. Coordinated with the adjacent unit. h. Reported status to higher HQ using the digital reporting procedures on the MSRT.
' 8. The leader controls the unit. a. Used visual, messenger, digital, or radio signals for control throughout the movement. b. Reported control measures as directed by the SOP or the order using the DRS. c. Used control measures from the order, modified as needed.
9. The element arrives at the RP at the time specified in the order. a. Met the quartering-party guide, if one was designated. b. Passed through the RP without halting. c. Reported the crossing to higher HQ using the digital reporting procedures on the MSRT.
TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS Task Number. Task Title 052-191-1501MPerform Individual Camouflage

Task Number
071-329-1000 071-329-1001 071-329-1002 071-329-1003 071-329-1005 071-329-1008 071-329-1012 071-329-1018 071-331-0804 071-331-0815 113-571-1022 121-030-3534 301-348-1050 551-721-1359 551-721-1363 551-721-1408
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Title

Identify Topographic Symbols on a Military Map
Identify Terrain Features on a Map
Determine the Grid Coordinates of a Point on a Military Map
Determine a Magnetic Azimuth Using a Lensatic Compass
Determine a Location on the Ground by Terrain Association
Measure Distance on a Map
Orient a Map to the Ground by Map Terrain Association
Determine Direction Without a Compass
Perform Surveillance Without the Aid of Electronic Devices
Practice Noise, Light, and Litter Discipline
Perform Voice Communications Report Casualties
Report Information of Potential Intelligence Value
Drive Vehicle in a Convoy Drive Vehicle With or Without Trailer/Semitrailer in Blackout Conditions
Implement Defensive Procedures When Under Enemy Attack or Ambush in a
Truck Convoy
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-0PFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and • jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operatirg on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence M• requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (FIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Attack (5-0PFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENT: Team LC Quarry
TASK: Move Tactically (07-3-C211.05-TO1A)
M
(FM 7-7)M (FM 7-10) (FM 7-7J)
(FM 7-8)

ITERATION:T 1M2 3M
4M5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: TTMP UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element is required to move cross-country mounted or dismounted. The threat may consist of up to a motorized rifle company. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element arrives at its destination without being surprised by the opposing forces (OPFOR). The platoon retains its ability to move. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
' 1. The platoon leader assigns areas of responsibility (AORs) during the movement.
a.
Assigned all squads to an AOR.

b.
Directed squad leaders to assign individual AORs.

c.
Ensured that there was all-around coverage of the platoon, including air
guard.

*
2. The platoon leader designates a route for the movement.

a.
Ensured that there was concealment from ground, air, and space
observation.

b.
Ensured that there was cover from the direct fire of known enemy positions.

3. The squads use a wedge formation during the movement.
a.
Formed one or two wedges, based on mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time
available, and civilian considerations (METT-TC) factors.

b.
Closed the wedges during limited.visibility so that visibility was maintained
between individuals, teams, and squads. The rate of movement was
maintained.

c.
Opened the wedges as obstructions to the movement and to diminish
control.

*
4. The platoon leader designates the movement technique to be used, based on METT-TC factors.

a.
Designated the traveling movement technique when enemy contact was not
likely.

b.
Designated the traveling-overwatch movement technique when enemy
contact was possible.

c.
Designated the bounding-overwatch movement technique when enemy
contact was likely.

5. The platoon performs the traveling movement technique.
a.
Maintained fire teams about 20 meters apart when dismounted.

b.
Moved the squads on a column axis about 20 meters apart when
dismounted.

c.
Moved in a column formation, staggered laterally, with 50 to 100 meters
between vehicles when mounted.

d.
Reported obstacles, enemy contact, or danger areas to the platoon leader.

6. The platoon performs the traveling-overwatch movement technique.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
NOTE: (Dismounted) The lead squad uses the traveling-overwatch movement technique, and the trailing squads use the traveling movement technique.
a.
Increased the distance between the lead squad and the platoon's main body by 50 to 100 meters.

b.
Conducted the movement (mounted) with the lead vehicle 100 to 400 meters in front of the rest of the platoon; other vehicles were 50 to 100 meters apart.

c.
Reported obstacles, enemy contact, or danger areas to the platoon leader.

7. The platoon performs the bounding-overwatch movement technique.
a.
Conducted bounds that did not exceed visual overwatch.

b.
Conducted bounds that stayed within the maximum effective range of overwatching weapons.

8. The bounding squad moves.
a.
Signaled to the platoon leader that it was beginning its movement.

b.
Used a covered and concealed route, when available, for its bound.

c.
Employed a point man or buddy team as far forward as visual contact with the rest of the squad allowed.

d.
Moved as quickly as possible while maintaining operations security (OPSEC).

e.
Moved so as not to mask the fires of the overwatching element.

f.
Established an overwatch position upon completion of its bound, to overwatch the succeeding bound.

g.
Informed the platoon leader that it had finished its bound and was ready to overwatch.

h.
Alerted the platoon leader and the overwatching element of any enemy detected, obstacles encountered, or danger areas.

9. The overwatch squad provides overwatch.
a.
Occupied a position that allowed observation and fire to cover the bounding squad's movement to its next overwatch position.

b.
Oriented the weapons on likely enemy positions.

c.
Maintained continuous observation of the bounding squad, its route, and any terrain that could influence the route.

d.
Suppressed enemy units so that the bounding element was not fixed.

e.
Alerted the bounding squad and the platoon leader of any enemy that it detected.

f.
Prepared to bound when the bounding team assumed the overwatch position.

10. The platoon maintains security during the movement.
a.
Maintained visual contact at a normal interval of 10 meters (the interval automatically expands and contracts based on terrain and visibility).

b.
Maintained noise and light discipline.

c.
Observed sectors of fires so that no enemy could approach the platoon within 35 meters and no aircraft could attack the platoon without warning.

*11. Leaders use control measures during the movement.
a.
Positioned themselves where they could control the movement.

b.
Positioned key weapons.

c.
Used visual signals and oral commands to control the movement.

*12. The platoon leader controls the platoon's movements.
a.
Assessed the terrain continuously for potential danger areas.

b.
Used arm and hand signals once contact was made.

GO NO-GO
.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
c. Used visual and audio signals once contact was made.
*13. The platoon leader knows the platoon's location at all times.
a.
Expressed the platoon's location as a six-digit coordinate or by using
current operational graphics.

b.
Knew the location of all the platoon elements and the leading, flanking, and
trailing company elements, and was accurate to plus or minus 100 meters.

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
5-73
DODDOA 020433
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or.breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-0PFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014) CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct a Radiological, Chemical, or Biological Reconnaissance or Survey (03-2-3008.05-TO1A)
(FM 3-19)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element is conducting operations in an area where nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) weapons have been initiated. The commander needs to determine the presence of (or information on) radiological, chemical, or biological hazards in the area of operational concern. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The commander and operations section plan a reconnaissance or survey mission for the company's organic reconnaissance element. The plan is issued with two-thirds planning time remaining for the element. The plan must be detailed and feasible for the element to perform. If the situation and location permit, the commander supervises the preparation and execution. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader receives and analyses the mission and identifies all unit tasks.

*
2. The element leader issues a warning order as soon as possible to subordinate leaders.

*
3. The element leader and the operations section make a tentative plan based on mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available, and civilian considerations (METT-TC) factors.

a.
Planned reconnaissance or survey techniques, locations, turn-back dose
rates (radiological missions), decontamination after the reconnaissance or
survey, fire support, reporting procedures, logistical support, and leader and
signal information.

b.
Coordinated for intelligence information, air or indirect fire support, and
medical support and coordinated its plan with units in the area of operations
if necessary.

c.
Drew, stocked, or coordinated petroleum, oils, and lubricants (POL);
ammunition; MOPP gear; Classes II and VII support; and
maintenance/recovery/Class IX support for the platoon.

*
4. The element leader orders units to start movement, if necessary.

*
5. The element leader reconnoiters the operations area and makes a map reconnaissance as a minimum.

*
6. The element leader completes the plan and issues the operation order (OPORD) with two-thirds of the total planning time remaining for the platoon.

*
7. The element leader supervises preparations of the reconnaissance or survey if the location of operations permits. Communications, supply, and maintenance sections assist the platoons with priority maintenance and resupply support.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
8. The element conducts a tactical road march or executes traveling movement to the reconnaissance or survey site. The reconnaissance or survey element—
a.
Executed a mounted movement technique (traveling, traveling overwatch, or bounding overwatch) or reconnoitered dismounted, as the situation and or mission required.

b.
Detected and marked the contaminated area, ensuring that the marking signs were facing toward friendly areas. Detected uncontaminated areas and routes. Selected decontamination sites with a water source, cover and concealment, and the physical capacity to hold a site if required to perform reconnaissance for decontamination sites as a mission.

c.
Determined the limits of the contaminated area. Detected the types of chemical agents or specific levels and types of radiological contamination as required by the mission.

9. The headquarters (HQ), if prescribed by the mission, assists the reconnaissance or survey units' recovery operations.
*10. The element leader or operations officer, if prescribed by the mission, debriefs returning reconnaissance or survey units and forwards acquired information to higher HQ in NBC 4 or NBC 5 format, if required.
*11. The radiological element leaders record, collate, and submit individual and unit radiation exposure status (RES) readings to higher HQ.
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number Task Title

05-3-0118 Conduct Minesweeping Operations
05-3-0904.05-R01A Establish Jobsite Security
05-3-0913 Secure and defend unit position (Platoon)
05-3-1220 Conduct Fire and Maneuver Operations
05-3-1232 Secure at a Halt
05-3-1233 Cross a Danger Area (Dismounted)
05-3-1239 Plan and Control Indirect Fire
07-2-1125.05-TO1A Conduct Passage of Lines (Passing/Stationary)
07-2-1301.05-TO1A Conduct a Convoy
07-3-C211.05-T01A Move Tactically

GO NO-GO
TOTAL
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's M activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before .halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents
the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-0PFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Prepare for Operations under Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Conditions (03-3-C201.05-TO1A) (FM 3-100). (FM 3-11). (FM 3-3) (FM 3-4)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: Higher headquarters (HQ) informs the unit that opposing forces (OPFOR) are conducting NBC warfare in the area. NBC equipment has been issued. Soldiers carry protective masks with their load-carrying equipment (LCE), having mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) gear readily available (within the work area). This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit uses collective protection or takes measures to limit the effects of NBC attacks and/or contamination and continues the mission. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in MOPP 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader checks accountability and serviceability of NBC defense equipment.

a.
Ensured that NBC detection equipment was issued to trained operators.

b.
Ensured that NBC detection equipment was employed and operating within
15 minutes.

c.
Identified equipment shortages.

d.
Took action to obtain replacement equipment.

2. The element assumes MOPP levels as directed by higher HQ or as the NBC
situation dictates and is prepared to operate at the time specified in the operation
order (OPORD).

a.
Donned masks and hoods within 15 seconds.

b.
Assumed MOPP 4 within 8 minutes.

3. Soldiers take actions to protect themselves against an NBC attack.
a.
Set up and used collective-protective shelters (If available).

b.
Prepared protective shelters, such as foxholes with overhead cover.

* 4. The element leader adjusts the MOPP level using MOPP analysis.
.
a.
Received and analyzed the enemy NBC threat capability. Took the
following into consideration:

(1)
Was the unit targeted or could it be targeted?

(2)
Did the enemy have the capability to deliver chemical or nuclear
weapons?

(3)
When or where could the enemy most likely deliver the chemical or
nuclear weapons?

b.
Collected and analyzed weather data. Took the following into
consideration:

(1)
Was it day or night?

(2)
What were the current weather conditions (see chemical downwind
message [CDM] or weather report)?

(3)
What were weather conditions two, four, and six hours in the future
(see CDM or weather report)?

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
c. Analyzed the element's status and mission. Took the following into
consideration:

(1)
What was the mission?

(2)
What was the work rate?

(3)
How long did the work take?

(4)
What were the training and physical levels of the unit?

(5)
How long did it take to warn all the soldiers of an NBC attack?

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"I"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
.

Task Number Task Title
031-503-3008.Implement Mission-Oriented Protective Posture
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
5-87
DODDOA 070447
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the
element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent
casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the
element's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat. Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of
approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. -Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area
to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus"
orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire. •
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Prepare for a Chemical Attack (03-3-C202.05-T01A) (FM 3-100). (FM 3-11). (FM 3-4)
ITERATION:. 1.2 3.
4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: Opposing forces (OPFOR) are conducting chemical warfare or intelligence indicates its use is imminent. Higher headquarters (HQ) directs implementation of actions to minimize casualties and limit contamination. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Unit personnel assume mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4 within 8 minutes and complete preparation efforts before the attack or its effects reach their location. The unit protects its personnel, equipment, food, and water and continues its mission. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in MOPP 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
* 1. The element leader issues a warning
2. Element personnel start defensive preparations for a chemical attack.
a.
Assumed MOPP 4 within 8 minutes after notification.

b.
Attached M9 detector paper to their right arms, left wrists, either their right
or left ankles, and the vehicles.

c.
Conducted MOPP field sanitation procedures.

d.
Emplaced chemical-agent alarms upwind of their position.

3. Element personnel prepare fighting positions or shelters.
a.
Used existing, natural, or man-made facilities (such as caves, ditches,
culverts, and tunnels) as fighting positions and shelters.

b.
Dug fighting positions and bunkers with overhead cover. NOTE: Fighting positions should have overhead cover consisting of a minimum of 18 inches of soil, if time permits.

*
4. The noncommissioned officers (NCOs) check personnel and fighting positions.

a.
Ensured that personnel were at MOPP 4.

b.
Ensured that individual and element fighting positions were hardened with
sandbags and overhead cover.

*
5. The element leader takes additional actions consistent with the tactical situation by increasing, decreasing, or modifying the MOPP level as appropriate.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO".

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number. Task Title
031-503-3008.Implement Mission-Oriented Protective Posture
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
DODDOA 020454
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's .• preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing . its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Respond to a Chemical Attack (03-3-C203.05-T01A) (FM 3-4). (FM 3-100) (FM 3-11) (FM 3-3). (FM 3-5)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit is deployed in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 2. Intelligence indicates that opposing forces (OPFOR) have initiated chemical warfare. The automatic alarm sounds or the detector paper changes color, causing the unit to react. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The soldiers sound the alarm (vocal or nonvocal), immediately assume MOPP 4, and use available shelter to prevent further exposure to contamination. The unit reacts to the chemical alarm within 9 seconds. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in MOPP
4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. Element leaders ensure that soldiers react to the sound of the chemical-agent alarm or recognize the indicators for a chemical or biological attack.

a.
Gave the alarm (vocal or nonvocal).

b.
Ensured that soldiers put on their protective masks within 9 seconds.

c.
Assumed MOPP 4 as soon as possible.

d.
Sought additional shelter, if available.

e.
Administered a nerve-agent antidote (buddy aid) to other soldiers with
symptoms of nerve-agent poisoning (if applicable).

f.
Administered nerve-agent antidotes to selves (if applicable).

g.
Checked soldiers to ensure that protective measures were followed.

2. Soldiers take additional protective measures.
a.
Protected exposed equipment and supplies.

b.
Monitored the area by testing it with detector kits.

c.
Used prevention procedures, such as marking contaminated areas.

3. Soldiers conduct immediate decontamination.
a.
Conducted skin decontamination.

b.
Wiped down personal equipment with M291 or M280 decontamination kits.

c.
Conducted operator's spray-down of equipment.

*
4. Element leaders initiate unmasking procedures and report to higher headquarters (HQ).

a.
Ensured that casualties were provided with medical care.

b.
Reported casualties.

c.
Submitted a nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) 1 report to higher HQ
immediately.

d.
Continued the mission or requested movement to an alternate location.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"`" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title

081-831-1000 Evaluate a Casualty
081-831-1030 Administer Nerve Agent Antidote to Self (Self-Aid)
081-831-1031 Administer First Aid to a Nerve Agent Casualty (Buddy-Aid)
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number. Task Title

12-1-0403.05-T01A.Report Casualties
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
5 - 100
Dorman, n9nasn
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-0PFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.

TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (1-10) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-0PFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: .The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Prepare for a Friendly Nuclear Strike (03-3-C205.05-T01A) (FM 3-4). (FM 3-3)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3 4.
5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit receives a strike warning message from higher headquarters (HQ) directing specific actions to be implemented. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit completes preparations within 30 minutes of a friendly nuclear-strike warning. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
1. The designated radio operator acknowledges the strike warning message:
a.
Authenticated the call.

b.
Acknowledged the warning by return message.

*
2. The element leader issues a warning order.

a.
Warned subordinate and affected units.

b.
Ensured that subordinates executed actions as directed.

3. Soldiers complete actions before detonation occurs.
a.
Placed vehicles and equipment for the best terrain shielding (hill masses,
slopes, culverts, depressions).

b.
Disconnected nonessential electronic equipment.

c.
Tied down essential antennas.

d.
Took down nonessential antennas and antenna leads.
..e. Improved shelters with consideration for blast, thermal, and radiation

effects. NOTE: Add sandbags to shelters, foxholes, or tents in the direction of the strike. Cover openings or position them away from the strike.
f.
Zeroed dosimeters.

g.
Digital units ensured that the systems were prepared according to the unit's
tactical standing operating procedures (TACSOP).

h.
Secured loose, flammable, or explosive items and food or water containers
to protect them from nuclear-weapons effects.

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. '3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies, 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-0PFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy.Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012) CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-0PFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
•ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Prepare for a Nuclear Attack (03-3-C206.05-T01 A) (FM 3-4) (FM 3-100). (FM 3-3)
ITERATION: 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit receives notice that a nuclear attack is probable and must initiate actions to minimize casualties and damage. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit hardens and shields positions and equipment and conducts periodic monitoring. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
* 1. The element leader issues a warning order to subordinate units, ensuring that all soldiers understand the order.
2. The unit begins defensive preparation for a nuclear attack.
a.
Placed vehicles and equipment for the best terrain shielding (hill masses,
slopes, culverts, depressions).

b.
Turned off and disconnected nonessential electronic equipment according
to the unit's standing operating procedure (SOP).

c.
Tied down essential antennas.

d.
Took down nonessential antenna leads according to the unit's SOP or other
guidance.

e.
Improved shelters with consideration for blast, thermal, and radiation
effects.

f.
Zeroed dosimeters.


g. Secured loose, flammable, or explosive items and food or water containers
to protect them from nuclear-weapons effects.

h.
Took cover in hardened shelters (if available).

i.
Used field-expedient shelters.

3. The unit takes additional actions consistent with the tactical situation.
a.
Continued periodic monitoring.

b.
Reported all dose-rate and dosimeter readings to higher headquarters
(HQ).

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS Task Number. Task Title 05-2-1218.Conduct Report Procedures
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents
the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attack_ s the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and
chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the
element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent
casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the
element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical
Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
• ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for
more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy
items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of
enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has
orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Cross a Radiologically Contaminated Area (03-3-C208.05-T01A) (FM 3-3). (FM 3-100). (FM 3-11) (FM 3-4)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit receives orders to cross a radiologically contaminated area. The approximate boundaries of the area are known or marked. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit crosses the contaminated area by the shortest, fastest route available without incurring radiation casualties or spreading contamination. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO

1. Unit leaders prepare for the crossing.

a.
Directed individuals who may have been exposed to radioactive dust
particles to cover their noses and mouths with handkerchiefs or clean rags,
roll their sleeves down, and wear gloves.

b.
Received operational exposure guidance (OEG) from the commander (turn
back dose rate).

c.
Ensured that radiation, detection, indication, and computation (RADIAC)
equipment operators checked the instruments.

2. The unit prepares for the crossing.
a.
Identified extra shielding requirements (for example, used sandbags on the
vehicle floor).

b.
Placed externally stored equipment inside the vehicle or covered it with


available material.

c.
Started continuous monitoring.

3. The unit crosses the area.
a.
Avoided stirring up dust.

b.
Kept out of the dust cloud by increasing the intervals and distances
between vehicles.

c.
Conducted movement as rapidly as possible (tracked vehicles should have
been buttoned up).

4. The unit performs immediate decontamination of personnel and equipment.
a.
Checked for casualties.

b.
Reported casualties (if applicable).

c.
Conducted necessary decontamination.

d.
Evacuated casualties.

e.
Continued the mission.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK TOTAL
ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M
TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO" TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"`" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
.
Task Number Task Title
.
031-503-3006 Supervise Radiation Monitoring
.
031-503-4003 Control Unit Radiation Exposure
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of
approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
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DODDOA 020479
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HO.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and
chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the
element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent
casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the
element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The
enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages
the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy
casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6.
Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Respond to the Residual Effects of a Nuclear Attack (03-3-C222.05-TO1A) (FM 3-4) (FM 3-100) (FM 3-11) (FM 3-3)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit is located within a predicted fallout area. The mission does not allow movement from the predicted fallout area. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit takes actions to minimize exposure to residual radiation. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. element leaders prepare the unit for fallout.

a.
Ensured that individuals covered their noses and mouths with
handkerchiefs or clean rags, rolled their sleeves down, and wore gloves.

b.
Covered equipment; munitions; petroleum, oil, and lubricants (POL); and
food and water containers or placed them inside shelters or vehicles.

c.
Used shelters, closed vehicles, or available shielding to protect personnel
from fallout.

d.
Ensured that continuous monitoring was maintained using available
nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) detection and identification
equipment.

2. Designated personnel monitor fallout.
a.
Maintained total-dose information using available total-dose instruments.

b.
Ensured that exposure was minimized while the commander determined if
relocation to a clean area was necessary or possible.

c.
Calculated the optimum time of exit.

d.
Sent NBC 4 reports to higher headquarters (HQ) using secure means when
possible.

*
3. The element leader develcips a contingency plan.

a.
Used guidance from higher HQ based on the mission and previous
radiation exposure.

b.
Planned for rotation of individuals to minimize exposure.

*
4. The element leader submits reports in accordance with unit SOP

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
.
Task Number Task Title
031-503-3006.Supervise Radiation Monitoring
031-503-4003.Control Unit Radiation Exposure
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
5 - 126
DODDOA 020486
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD:.The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The
enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages
the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy
casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6.
Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned
along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment
damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Respond to the Initial Effects of a Nuclear Attack (03-3-C223.05-TO1A) (FM 3-4). (FM 3-100). (FM 3-11) (FM 3-3)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: Soldiers observe a brilliant flash of light and/or a mushroom-shaped cloud. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit takes action to minimize exposure to the initial effects of a nuclear detonation in its area and continues its mission. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
1. Soldiers take immediate protective actions in response to a nuclear attack.
a.
Without warning, soldiers—

(1)
Closed their eyes immediately.

(2)
Dropped to the ground in a prone position, with their head toward the blast, if possible (if in the hatch of an armored vehicle, immediately dropped down inside the vehicle).

(3)
Kept their heads and their faces down and helmets on.

(4)
Remained in a prone position until the blast wave passed and all
debris stopped falling.

b.
With warning, soldiers—

(1)
Identified the best available shelter, such as fighting positions or inside shelters.

(2)
Moved to the shelter.

(3)
Took actions to protect themselves from the blast and radiation.

(4)
Kept clothing loosely fitted and their headgear on at all times.

(5)
Protected their eyes and minimized exposed skin areas.

*
2. Leaders reorganize the unit.

a.
Reestablished the chain of command.

b.
Reestablished communications.

c.
Submitted a nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) 1 report to the higher
headquarters (HQ).

d.
Treated casualties.

e.
Reported casualties.

f.
Evacuated casualties.

g.
Evaluated facilities for protection from residual radiation.

h.
Implemented continuous monitoring.

i.
Submitted a damage assessment to higher HQ.

j.
Initiated an area damage control plan as required.

k.
Extinguished all fires.

*
3. Leaders ensure that weapon systems are operational.

4. Soldiers right overturned vehicles.
a. Checked for loss of coolant, fuel, and battery fluids.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
b. Performed operators maintenance to restore moderately damaged vehicles
to combat use.

5. Soldiers improve cover, if applicable.
a.
Chose dense covering material.

b.
Covered in depth.

c.
Provided strong support.

d.
Covered as much of the opening as practical.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M TOTALITERATION
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
031-503-1018 React to a Nuclear Hazard
031-503-3005 Submit an NBC 1 Report
031-503-3006 Supervise Radiation Monitoring
031-503-4003 Control Unit Radiation Exposure
081-831-1005 Prevent Shock
081-831-1007 Give First Aid for Bums
081-831-1016 Put on a Field or Pressure Dressing
081-831-1017 Put on a Tourniquet
081-831-1025 Apply a Dressing to an Open Abdominal Wound
081-831-1033 Apply a Dressing to an Open Head Wound
081-831-1034 Splint a Suspected Fracture

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.

5 - 132
DODDOA 020492
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-0PFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke
attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area
(AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the M with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1.
Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts
heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for
more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's .base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Operational Decontamination (03-3-C224.05-TO1A) (Elv). (FM 3-100). (FM 3-11)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit is operating in a contaminated environment and/or is contaminated. Performance degradation from mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4 is increasing, and protective gear is in danger of penetration by contamination. Time and the tactical situation permit the unit to conduct operational decontamination. Replacement protective gear is available for each soldier. For a nonsupported decontamination, unit decontamination equipment and supplies are available and operational. For a supported decontamination, a decontamination unit is available, operational, and tasked to provide decontamination support. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit decontaminates its individual gear and conducts MOPP gear exchange (using the buddy system) without sustaining additional casualties from nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) contamination. The unit limits the contamination transfer hazard by removing gross chemical contamination on equipment and minimizes contamination on soldiers according to Field Manual (FM) 3­
5. The unit reduces radiological contamination to negligible risk levels according to FM 3-5 and reduces chemical and biological contamination to accelerate the weathering process and eventually provide temporary relief from MOPP 4. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in
MOPP 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The contaminated element leader determines the extent of contamination and . establishes decontamination priorities.

a.
Received input from his staff and subordinate leaders.

b.
Established decontamination priorities.

2. The contaminated unit submits a request for decontamination to higher
headquarters (HQ). The request should include, as a minimum, the-

a.
Contaminated element's designation.

b.
Contaminated element's location.

c.
Contaminated elements frequency and call sign.

d.
Time that the element became contaminated.

e.
Number of vehicles and equipment, by type, that were contaminated.

f.
Type of contamination.

g.
Special requirements (such as a patient decontamination station, recovery
assets, and a unit decontamination team).

*
3. The contaminated unit coordinates with higher HQ.

a.
Obtained permission to conduct decontamination and obtain necessary
support.

b.
Selected a linkup point to meet supporting elements (a company supply
section, a company or battalion power-driven decontamination equipment
[PDDE] crew, or a decontamination squad or platoon).

c.
Coordinated with supporting elements.

d.
Requested replacement MOPP gear.

e.
Coordinated with supporting units to determine if they would also conduct a

• MOPP gear exchange.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
4. The contaminated unit leader and NBC specialist select a site to conduct the operation, ensuring that the site selected provides—

a.
Adequate overhead concealment.

b.
Good drainage.

c.
Easy access and exit (but off the main routes).

d.
Proximity to a water source large enough to support vehicle wash down.

e.
An area large enough to accommodate units involved in the operational
decontamination (100 square meters for both the vehicle wash-down site
and the MOPP gear exchange site).

5. The contaminated unit coordinates for operational decontamination support (a
company or battalion PDDE crew or a decontamination unit).

a.
Requested operational decontamination support.

b.
Notified higher HQ of the area for the operational decontamination.

c.
Established communications with the decontamination unit.

d.
Ensured that the decontamination unit knew the locations of the linkup and
the selected decontamination sites.

6. The contaminated unit and supporting units move to the decontamination site.
a.
Met at the linkup point as coordinated.

b.
The contaminated unit provided security at both the linkup point and the
decontamination site.

7. The elements prepare for operational decontamination.
a.
Set up the decontamination site.

(1)
The supporting decontamination element crew set up the vehicle
wash-down site.

(2)
The contaminated unit set up the MOPP gear exchange site not less than 50 meters upwind of the vehicle wash-down site.

(3)
The remainder of the element prepared its equipment for
decontamination.

b.
Conducted preparatory actions in the predecontamination area.

(1) Vehicle crews (except for the operators) dismounted unless they had an operational overpressure system and an uncontaminated interior.
(2) Dismounted crews removed mud and camouflage from the vehicles. NOTE: The contaminated element provides personnel to do this when the crews do not dismount.
(3)
Separated vehicles and dismounted crews.

(
a) Ensured that vehicle operators were briefed (included the use of overhead cover and concealment and the proper intervals).

(
b) Ensured that vehicles were buttoned up; for example, all doors, hatches, and other openings were closed or covered.

(4)
Moved vehicles (with operators) to the vehicle wash-down site.

(5)
Moved dismounted crews and all other soldiers in the contaminated
unit to the MOPP gear exchange site.

' 8. The noncommissioned officer in charge (NCOIC) of the decontamination unit supervises the operation of the vehicle wash-down site, ensuring that vehicle operators—
a.
Maintained the proper interval between vehicles while processing through
the wash-down station.

b.
Washed vehicles properly.

(1)
Started at the top and worked down.

(2)
Sprayed hot, soapy water for 2 to 3 minutes per vehicle.

(3)
Monitored water consumption.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
c. Moved to the assembly area (AA) after the vehicle's wash down. d. Moved to the MOPP gear exchange site and conducted MOPP gear exchange.
9. The contaminated unit conducts MOPP gear exchange. a. Prepared the equipment decontamination station (with supertropical bleach [STB] dry mix). b. Briefed MOPP gear exchange participants on procedures to be followed. c. Placed the decontaminated individual equipment on a clean surface (such as plastic, a poncho, or similar material). d. Exchanged the MOPP gear using the buddy system. e. Moved soldiers to the AA after completing the MOPP gear exchange. NOTES: 1. Ensure that the supporting units have the opportunity to use the MOPP gear exchange site before proceeding. 2. The supporting decontamination unit cleans and marks the site and reports the area of contamination (using an NBC 4 report) to higher HQ.
*10. Unit leaders account for all personnel and equipment after completing the operational decontamination.
*11. The contaminated unit leader reports to higher HQ. a. Reported the completion and location of the vehicle wash-down and MOPP gear exchange decontamination sites. b. Requested permission to perform unmasking procedures if, through testing, no hazards were detected. c. Determined the adequacy of decontamination and adjusted the MOPP level as required (after obtaining approval from higher HQ).
12. The contaminated unit continues the mission.
TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.

SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
031-503-1023 Protect Yourself From NBC Injury/Contamination When Changing Mission-
Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) Gear
031-503-3006 Supervise Radiation Monitoring

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019) CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting. positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents
the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke
attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the
element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical
Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movementof the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines
operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for
more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Cross a Chemically Contaminated Area (03-3-C226.05-TO1A) (FM 3-3)
ITERATION:. 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit is en route to a new location on a designated route. The unit cannot move off that route and still complete its assigned mission. The unit discovers contamination on the route and is directed to cross the contaminated area. This task is always performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit crosses the contaminated area without suffering chemical-agent casualties. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader selects a route across the contaminated area.

a.
Used a nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) 5 (chemical) report and/or
reconnaissance reports to select a route.

b.
Selected a route that minimized exposure consistent with the mission.

c.
Obtained a route clearance and approval.

2. The element prepares to cross the area.
a.
Assumed MOPP 4 for crossing the area.

b.
Ensured that all drivers, vehicle commanders, and leaders knew the march
route or had strip maps.

c.
Ensured that all vehicles were buttoned up (mounted movement).

d.
Placed externally stored equipment inside the vehicle or covered it with
available material.

e.
Attached M9 detector paper to soldiers and vehicles to provide warning of
contamination.

3. The element crosses the area.
a.
Avoided low ground, overhanging branches, and brush to the extent
allowed by the tactical situation.

b.
Conducted dismounted movement, if necessary, as rapidly as possible.

c.
Crossed the area as quickly and as carefully as possible.

4. The element exits the contaminated area.
a.
Checked for casualties.

b.
Reported casualties, if applicable.

c.
Conducted necessary decontamination.

d.
Continued the mission.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1M 2M 3M 4M 5M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title

031-503-1014 Identify Chemical Agents Using M8 Detector Paper
031-503-2004 Prepare and Submit NBC 4 Reports
031-503-3004 Supervise the Crossing of a Contaminated Area
071-329-1005 Determine a Location on the Ground by Terrain Association
121-030-3534 Report Casualties

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number. Task Title

12-1-0403.05-TO1A.Report Casualties
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. -1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
5 - 147
DODDOA 020507
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from
meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke
attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area
(AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering parry operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from Ms with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Camouflage Vehicles and Equipment (05-2-0301) (FM 20-3)
ITERATION:: 1M2M3M4M5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER1LEADER ASSESSMENT: :T P UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit is tactically deployed. The enemy has air and ground surveillance capability, to include infrared sensors. Camouflage resources are available. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Vehicles, equipment, and individual fighting positions cannot be detected by ground forces within small-arms range. The element's location or identity cannot be determined through aerial photographs or ground surveillance radar (GSR). Digital units send and receive reports using frequency-modulated (FM) or digital means. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader selects concealed vehicle positions and traffic routes.

a.
Ensured that the vehicle operators used concealed routes whenever
possible, following and paralleling hedges, woods, fences, cultivated fields,
and other natural terrain features.

b.
Ensured that the vehicle's track signature continued past the parked
location to another logical spot.

2. Operators maneuver vehicles along concealed routes.
a.
Used existing tracks.

b.
Avoided movement near terrain features (such as hilltops and road
intersections) that may have been used as a reference point by the enemy's
ground or aerial fires.

c.
Obliterated vehicle tracks where they turned, concealing vehicle positions.

3. The element conceals vehicles and equipment.
a.
Positioned vehicles and equipment under natural cover or in shadows.

b.
Positioned vehicles and equipment so that their shapes blended with the
surroundings.

c.
Used natural materials to distort and combine with the shapes or shadows
of vehicles and equipment.

d.
Blended natural materials with the surrounding area.

e.
Replaced cut vegetation when it withered or changed color.

f.
Used nets to create shadows.

g.
Used camouflage-screening systems to enhance natural materials.

h.
Kept heat sources (generators, engines, and mess areas) under screening
systems, even when using natural concealment.

i.
Covered shiny objects such as windshields, headlights, cab windows, and
wet vehicle bodies.

j.
Dug in (if in desert or open terrain) when the situation permitted.

k.
Concealed vehicle track signatures in snow-covered terrain.

I.
Disguised vehicles and equipment to change their appearance or to
resemble something of lesser or greater threat to the enemy.

* 4. Leaders enforce camouflage discipline.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
a.
Ensured that the element's activities did not change the area's appearance
or reveal the presence of military equipment.

b.
Enforced measures to maintain blackout conditions at night.

c.
Ensured that measures were taken to eliminate or reduce noise by muffling
or masking it with the terrain, defilade positions, or shields.

d.
Ensured the prompt and complete police of debris or spoil from the area.

*
5. Leaders know when opposing forces (OPFOR) surveillance is overhead.

a.
Received satellite transmission (SATRAN) information from higher
headquarters (HQ).

b.
Disseminated pertinent SATRAN information to subordinates.

c.
Incorporated SATRAN information into the tactical plan.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-.
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
071-326-5705 Establish an Observation Post
071-328-5301 Inspect Personnel/Equipment
071-331-0815 Practice Noise, Light, and Litter Discipline
071-430-0006 Conduct a Defense by a Platoon

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HO).
TASK; Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
5 - 153
DODDOA 020513

CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an altemate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical
Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can . defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Defend a Convoy Against a Ground Attack (05-2-0911)
(FM 55-30)M (FM 21-75)M (FM 24-19)
(FM 24-35)M (FM 24-35-1)M (FM 71-1)
ITERATION:: 1M2M3M4M5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: :TMPMUM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The team is performing continuous operations. An enemy squad- to platoon-size force attacks the convoy's main body. The operation order (OPORD) and rules of engagement (ROE) provide guidance for the mission and actions to take upon contact. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The convoy protects itself and attacks or disengages from the enemy. The convoy minimizes casualties or damage by taking immediate-action measures. Digital units send and receive orders and reports using frequency-modulated (FM) or digital means to conduct combat operations. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader prepares for combat operations. He—
NOTE: Digital units set stale settings to provide current friendly and enemy unit
locations.

a.
Designated and positioned the security elements throughout the convoy
(front, rear, and flank).

b.
Established radio communications with security elements.

c.
Designated actions upon enemy contact (action front, left, right, or rear; air
attack; or indirect fire).

d.
Assigned each armed vehicle a sector of fire for the movement, and
ensured that the convoy had 360-degree coverage while moving.

e.
Designated en route rally points and the actions to be taken at those points.

f.
Coordinated with the battalion Operations and Training Officer (US Army)
(S3) for indirect fire along the planned route.

g.
Received an update from the battalion Intelligence Officer (US Army) (S2)

on probable enemy actions influencing the convoy route or the mission. NOTE: Digital units receive updated intelligence information through the Force XXI Command Brigade and Below (FBCB2) System or the Maneuver Control System (MCS).
2. The element prepares for combat operations. Members—
a. Loaded vehicles, stowed or tied down all loose equipment, and ensured
that there was enough space to bring weapons to bear. NOTE: Air guards are present.
b.
Ensured that weapons were functional and had their basic load of
ammunition.

c.
Rehearsed the procedures for enemy contact before the start point (SP).

d.
Ensured that each vehicle commander knew the route and all standing
operating procedures (SOPs).

3. The convoy reacts to enemy contact. Members—
a. Scanned the area for the enemy and returned fire at identified enemy
positions.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
b. Sought available cover. c. Maneuvered vehicles to allow the gunner to engage the enemy and moved all unarmed vehicles to cover. d. Provided suppressive gunnery fire on the enemy. e. Deployed the security teams and reported the situation to the element leader.
• 4. The element leader develops the situation. He— a. Initiated fire and maneuver. b. Requested indirect-fire support. c. Sought information on the enemy's strength, composition, and disposition. d. Evaluated the direction and volume of the enemy fire, confirmed or suspected enemy positions, and the terrain capacity for the masking forces.
* 5. The element leader selects a course of action based on mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available, and civilian considerations (METT-TC) factors and the developing situation. He— a. Maneuvered to attack the enemy's flank. b. Conducted a frontal assault. c. Broke contact and moved away from the enemy position by fire and maneuver.
6. The security element engages the enemy (within capabilities).
• 7. The element leader reports the tactical situation to higher headquarters (HQ).
8. The element reorganizes and resumes its convoy. Members— a. Reconstituted the security force. b. Treated and evacuated casualties. c. Reported casualties. d. Redistributed ammunition and equipment. e. Recovered any damaged equipment or destroyed it in place.
TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.

Task Number 052-194-3500 061-283-1002 071-326-5505 071-326-5605 071-326-5611 071-332-5022 081-831-0101 091-309-0711
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS Task Title
Conduct a Patrol
Locate a Target by Grid Coordinates
Issue an Oral Operation Order
Control Movement of a Fire Team
Conduct the Maneuver of a Squad
Prepare a Battalion Situation Report (SITREP)
Request Medical Evacuation
Direct Vehicle and Equipment Recovery Operations
Task Number 113-573-0002 113-573-8006 121-030-3534
Task Number 07-2-1301.05-TO1A 07-3-1112.05-T01A 10-2-0318.05-TO1A
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Title
Conduct Operations Security (OPSEC) Procedures Use an Automated Signal Operation Instruction (S01) Report Casualties
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Title
Conduct a Convoy React to an Ambush Perform Unit Graves Registration (GRREG) Operations
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the
locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the units preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4, Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct an Extraction From a Minefield (05-3-0113) (FM 20-32)M (FM 5-250)M (FM 5-34)
ITERATION:: 1M2M3M4M5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT::TMP:UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element is supporting a construction mission in a tactical environment. Remotely delivered mines impact on or around the element. Personnel have fragmentation armor and ballistic glasses (if available). Each vehicle is equipped with 30 meters of line and light grapnels. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be
_
performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element extracts all vehicles and personnel from the minefield. Digital units send and receive orders and reports and update the common operational picture (COP) using frequency­modulated (FM) or digital means. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
1. The individual who first discovers a mine initiates the alarm according to the
unit's standing operating procedure (SOP). NOTE: Digital units send alert messaging and populate the Army Battle Command System (ABCS) with the location and/or send reports using FM or digital means according to the unit's tactical standing operating procedure (TACSOP).
2. Command post (CP) personnel receive the alarm and alert units.
a.
Notified all elements. If the element was— .

(1)
Mounted, it accelerated and moved out of the area. When tactically feasible, the element moved in a column along a hard-surfaced road, watching for mines along the route.

(2)
Dismounted, it moved rapidly out of the area along the best-cleared route, watching for mines and trip wires.

(3)
Dismounted and deployed in a bivouac or assembly area (AA), it
departed immediately along a hard-surfaced road (if practical),
watching for mines along the route. The element abandoned all
equipment and vehicles that came in contact with mines.

(4)
Unable to depart immediately, it remained in covered or protected positions until the minefield was deployed. The element carefully cleared mines from positions through detonation and departed as soon as it was feasible, following a hard-surfaced road (if practical) and watching for mines along the route. The element abandoned all equipment and vehicles that came in contact with mines.

b.
Informed higher headquarters (HQ) and adjacent units of the situation and
included a description of the mines and the extent to which they were
employed.

c.
Requested counterbattery fire (if the mines were artillery-delivered).

*
3. Vehicle commanders check the immediate area and element personnel remove any mines and trip wires from vehicles. Element personnel—

a.
Dismounted and inspected the vehicles for mines and trip wires.

b.
Removed trip wires from soft-skinned vehicles using a grapnel or a similar
device.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
NOTE: When using a grapnel to remove trip wires, throw the grapnel away from the covered position. Sound a warning to others in the area before throwing the grapnel.
c. Left any vehicles touching or blocked in by antitank (AT) mines until the rest
of the unit was out of the minefield.

* 4. Element leaders identify unmovable vehicles and designate one or more lanes as exit lanes to allow remaining personnel and vehicles to leave the minefield, normally along previously used access routes.
5. Element personnel mark designated lanes and destroy or remove mines within
them.M •

a.
Used visual means to locate mines and marked the vehicle lanes. The
lanes were at least 5 meters wide. The lanes were marked according to the
tactical situation and threat; however, marked areas also allowed personnel
to reenter the minefield and recover equipment or vehicles.

b.
Destroyed or removed all mines in the lanes (using a grapnel hook or other
means) as directed by the company commander. Detonated only
unmovable mines, reducing the likelihood of fragmentation injuries and
equipment damage.

*
6. Vehicle commanders direct the personnel ground-guiding vehicles out of the minefield, ensuring that—

a.
Individual elements moved only when directed to do so by the chain of
command.

b.
Any equipment not in contact with a mine or a trip wire was placed onto
vehicles.

c.
Individual crews ground-guided vehicles to a designated lane or allowed
them to exit the minefield on their own.

7. Company personnel remove any equipment or vehicles remaining after the initial
extraction from the minefield.

a.
Reentered the minefield using the same exit routes.

b.
Detonated the minimum number of mines necessary to remove vehicles or
equipment from the minefield.

c.
Avoided contact with mines and took all possible precautions to ensure that
they were not jarred.

d.
Placed sandbags near mines to minimize vehicle and equipment damage.

e.
Removed mines from the equipment using a line or other remote means,
and ensured that all personnel remained at a safe distance.

f.
Placed explosive charges to minimize vehicle damage when detonating
mines on the ground.M .

8. If the position cannot be evacuated, element personnel clear sufficient mines to
allow mission accomplishment.

a.
Cleared the communication lanes between positions.

b.
Marked the communication lanes between positions.

c.
Placed sandbags around mines to prevent injury and damage to the
equipment from the detonation.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
052-192-2150 Setup an M93 Hornet (Wide-Area Munition [WAM]), Preoperation
052-192-2151 Operate an M71 Remote Control Unit (for the Hornet)
052-192-2152 Emplace an M93 Hornet (Wide-Area Munition [WAM]) for Remote Operations
052-192-3201 Direct the Emplacement of an M93 Hornet (Wide-Area Munition [WAM]) for Area

Distribution
052-192-3202 Direct the Emplacement of an M93 Hornet (Wide-Area Munition [WAM]) in a
Gauntlet
052-192-3203 Direct the Employment of an M93 Hornet (Wide-Area Munition [WAM]) with a
Conventional Minefield
052-192-4201 Supervise the Placement of an M93 Hornet (Wide-Area Munition [WAM]) Field
052-193-2030 Clear Misfires

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number. Task Title
0521218MConduct Report Procedures
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarrnor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
5 - 168
DODDOA 020528
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the
locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a
visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area
to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and
supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts
CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the urit.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Disable Critical Equipment and Material (05-3-0210) (FM 5)(TM 750-244-2)M (TM 750-244-3)
-250M (TM 750-244-6)M (TM 750-244-7)
ITERATION:: 1M2M3M4M5M
MM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: :TMPMUM(Circle).
CONDITIONS: An enemy assault penetrates the element's position. The element leader is ordered to evacuate the position and disable items that the platoon cannot haul or move. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element evacuates the position and disables all critical items that cannot be hauled or moved. Digital units send and receive reports via frequency-modulated (FM) or digital means. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
. * 1. The element leader prioritizes the equipment to be disabled. a. Used information in the unit's standing operating procedure (SOP). b. Identified critical equipment as communication (radios and keying material), transportation assets (tracked and wheeled vehicles and construction equipment), barrier material (mines, wire, and explosives), and weapons
systems. c. Prioritized the disabling of the equipment based on its value to the enemy. .
* 2. The element leader determines the method for disabling tracked and wheeled vehicles, including the construction equipment, and directs unit members. a. Smashed vital elements, such as the gearbox, the starter, the battery, the engine block, the transmission, the instrument panel, and the communications equipment. b. Drained the hydraulic system and cut the hoses. c. Used explosives to disable transportation assets, such as tracked or wheeled vehicles and trailers.
d. Used a bayonet or another cutting tool to slash all tires. e. Drained the oil and ran the engine until it seized.
* 3. The element leader determines the method for disabling the communications equipment and directs the unit members. a. Smashed vital elements using an ax, a pick, a sledgehammer, or any heavy implement. Smashed all dials, knobs, and gauges and demolished all
antennas.
b. Used explosives to disable the communications equipment.
* 4. The element leader determines the amount of barrier material (mines, wire, and explosives) to use and destroys the remaining items with explosives.
* 5. The element leader determines the method for disabling an organic bridge with demolitions.
a. Considered whether to use partial or complete destruction. b. Considered the quantity and type of explosive.

GO NO-GOTASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
c.
Considered whether to use an electric or nonelectric firing system.

d.
Considered what the appropriate time would be to disable or demolish the
bridge.

e.
Considered the method of coordination to use with adjacent forces.

6.
The element members disable critical equipment during the evacuation
according to the platoon leader's plan.

7.
The element leader submits status reports to the company according to the unit's
SOP.

*
TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTALITERATION
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
052-193-2014 Determine the Safe Distance When Firing Explosives
052-193-2016 Place Steel-Cutting Charges
052-193-2030 Clear Misfires
052-193-3023 Calculate Steel-Cutting Charges

052-193-3054 Prepare a Demolition Reconnaissance Report
052-193-4040 Supervise Engineer Demolition Missions

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number Task Title
05-2-1218.Conduct Report Procedures

OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
5 - 175
DODDOA 020535
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus"
orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing
vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor
weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of
approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.

STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designate kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports
actions to superiors.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area
to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and
supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts
CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldierS retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying Markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main.body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of
casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Construct a Protective Obstacle (05-3-0230)
(FM 5-102). (FM 3-20.15) (FM 5-100)
(FM 5-250). (FM 5-34)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The platoon is conducting defensive or assembly area operations in a tactical environment, is stationary, and has identified the need to construct a protective obstacle across or along a probable threat avenue of approach. The company commander has authorized the construction of the obstacle. Sufficient time, manpower, and materials are available. Threat contact is not expected until after the "defend-no later than (NLT)" time specified in the operation order (OPORD) or operation plan (OPLAN). Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The obstacle accomplishes the commander's intent by delaying, stopping or channeling the enemy advance on the chosen avenue of approach. The time required to prepare is increased when conducting this task in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO•GO
*
1. The element leader determines the location for the proposed obstacle.

a.
Conducted a reconnaissance to determine the most effective location for
the obstacle.

b.
Based the decision on siting the obstacle on likely threat avenues of
approach.

c.
Ensured that the proposed location could be continuously overwatched by
elements of the platoon.

d.
Ensured that the proposed obstacle site tied into existing obstacles.

e.
Identified the type of obstacle to accomplish the commander's intent from
the category of demolition, constructed, land mines, contamination, or
expedient.

*
2. The element leader coordinates the obstacle.

a.
Ensured that the obstacle complemented other defensive measures.

b.
Ensured that the obstacle did not hamper the platoon's or company's
scheme of maneuver.

c.
Reported the initiation of obstacle construction.

d.
Reported the completion of the obstacle.

3. The platoon emplaces the obstacle.
a. Emplaced the obstacle to the specifications and at the location directed by
the element leader.

b. Continued work until the obstacle achieved the desired intent against the
type of threat expected along the avenue of approach.
4. The platoon continuously overwatches the obstacle.
a.
Detected and denied opposing forces (OPFOR) attempts to reconnoiter the
obstacle.

b.
Detected OPFOR attempts to breach the obstacle.

c.
Denied OPFOR breach of obstacle by the use of effective fire.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"


"*" indicates a leader task step.

SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
052-192-2026 Direct a Minefield Marking Party
052-193-2015 Place Timber-Cutting Charges
052-193-2016 Place Steel-Cutting Charges
052-193-2017 Place Breaching Charges
052-193-2018 Place Cratering Charges
052-193-3022 Calculate Timber-Cutting Charges
052-193-3023 Calculate Steel-Cutting Charges
052-193-3024 Calculate Breaching Charges
052-193-3025 Calculate Explosive Requirements for Road Craters
052-195-1004 Install Pickets, Barbed Wire, and Concertina
052-195-2101 Direct Construction of Wire Entanglements
071-311-2007 Engage Targets with an M16A1or M16A2 Rifle
071-311-2027 Load an M16A1or M16A2 Rifle
071-311-2029 Correct Malfunctions of an M16A1or M16A2 Rifle
071-325-4425 Employ an M18A1Claymore Mine
071-325-4426 Recover an M18A1Claymore Mine
071-326-5703 Construct Individual Fighting Positions
071-326-5705 Establish an Observation Post
071-331-0804 Perform Surveillance Without the Aid of Electronic Devices
071-331-0852 Clear a Field of Fire

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
-
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
5 - 182
DODDOA 020542
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers.retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor
weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical
Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines
operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main
body of either the moving or the stationary unit.

TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014) CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an
attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of
maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed
routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to
support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts
heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10.
Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS
base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OP'0R-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Clear Obstacles With Engineer Equipment (05-3-0767) (FM 3-34.2). (FM 5-34)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The maneuver force encounters a series of obstacles and conducts an in-stride breach to pass the attacking forces. The engineer element is directed to clear the obstacles. The element has its organic assets and enough attached equipment to accomplish the task. The area is secure, but enemy contact with squad-size elements or smaller is possible. The maneuver task force (TF) provides security. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Using organic or attached engineer equipment, the element removes designated obstacles as specified in the order. Obstacles must be cleared of mines and booby traps before the removal operation begins. The element accomplishes the mission by the time specified in the order without causing damage to equipment or injury to personnel. Digital units send and receive reports using frequency-modulated (FM) or digital means to update the common operational picture (COP). The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader determines the type, location, and dimensions of the obstacle from information provided by the maneuver force personnel or an obstacle reconnaissance.

a.
Performed a detailed reconnaissance, time permitting, of the obstacle and
surrounding terrain when the maneuver force did not provide sufficient
details.

b.
Determined the type of obstacle (log, wire, nuclear weapons effect,
antiairbome, water or beach rubble, snow or ice, ditches, or craters).

c.
Determined the obstacle location and dimensions (as a minimum, the depth
and frontage).

2.
The platoon clears the lane or obstacle of all mines and booby traps (as
required).

3.
The platoon fills the antitank (AT) ditch and road craters with organic equipment
(armored combat earthmovers [ACEs], a high-mobility engineer escalator
[HMEE], bulldozers, scoop loaders, and backhoes).

a.
Started blade work 30 meters from the depression, making a shallow incline
by means of small cuts.

b.
Cut and filled the AT ditch and road craters until vehicles could cross to the
far bank.

c.
Ensured that once the depression was filled, the vehicle crossed to the far
bank, and then cut down the berm with the blade until the incline was
traversable by the maneuver unit.

d.
Compacted the roadway to allow passage of TF vehicles.

4. The platoon clears log obstacles with organic equipment, allowing free passage
of wheeled vehicles.

a. Removed dug-in logs.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
(1)
Pushed against log posts to break them off.

(2)
Lifted log posts out of the ground by pushing against them while
raising the blade.

b.
Breached an abatis.

(1)
Used explosives to remove some of the tree trunks.

(2)
Drove over the top of the abatis, if branches permitted.

(3)
Cleared a path on one side by pushing over the tree stumps, if the
abatis was too high or wheeled vehicles were to follow.

c.
Used HMEEs and chainsaws, when required, to assist in destroying log and
timber obstacles.

d.
Used explosives to demolish obstacles, and then used an ACE, dozer, or
HMEE to push aside debris, allowing free passage of vehicles.

5. The platoon clears wire obstacles.
a.
Used an ACE or a dozer.

(1)
Used the blade to push wire to the side, starting at one end of the wire or where the wire had been breached.

(2)
Pushed the wire at an angle (making numerous passes, if necessary) to stop wire from becoming entangled in the road wheels.

(3)
Dug deep enough to remove pickets, if present.

b.
Used an HMEE...

(1)
Backed the vehicle up to the wire.

(2)
Used the backhoe to rip the wire apart.

(3)
Lowered the backhoe onto the wire and drove forward dragging the
wire along.

6. The platoon clears rubble obstacles.
a. Used the blade on an ACE or dozer to push the rubble aside.
(1)
Cut rubble away to one side if the pile of rubble was too large to move in one pass, and removed the rubble by spreading on successive passes.

(2)
Cut through the top of the rubble when the sides of the pile of rubble were not exposed, and worked down until it was breached or removed.

(3)
Formed a ramp by pushing and loosening the rubble when the top of the pile of rubble was too high to reach, and then backblading with down pressure. Repeated the procedure until the top was reached.

(4)
Used the bucket on the HMEE or ACE to pick up rubble and remove it.

7. The platoon clears the contaminated area.
a.
Used the blade on an ACE or dozer to dig up contaminated dirt and either
remove it or push it aside.

b.
Used the bucket on the HMEE to dig up contaminated dirt and remove it.

c.
Decontaminated the vehicle.

8. The platoon breaches the minefield.
a.
Breached the minefield manually.

b.
Used an ACE to breach the minefield. NOTE: Using the ACE to breach a minefield is a last resort. It is not recommended nor is it the primary use for the vehicle. To prevent damage, the angled, herringbone skimming technique should be used.

(1)
Secured the hatch and ensured that no one was on the outside of the vehicle.

(2)
Began operating about 10 meters from the minefield edge with the
blade placed at a 2- to 4-inch cut.

(3)
Pushed forward to the left or right at least three vehicle lengths and
stopped.

ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES (4) Backed off to where the breaching started, performed the same cut, and pushed in the opposite direction. (5) Backed off again and made the same cut, overlapping the first cut to ensure that no area was missed, extending at least one vehicle length beyond the first cut. (6) Repeated the above process until the vehicle had cleared a path through the minefield. NOTE: Adjust the height of the blade so that no surface is left unscraped in the ACE pass through the minefield. Give special attention to a washboard or otherwise uneven terrain. GO NO-GO
* 9. The element leader reports mission completion to higher headquarters (HQ) according to the unit's standing operating procedure (SOP).
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
Task Number 052-192-1127 052-192-3034 052-192-3050 • 052-192-3060 052-192-4045 052-192-4052 052-193-2030 052-193-3022 052-193-3023 052-193-3024 052-193-3054 052-227-3302 SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS Task Title Prepare an AN/PSS-12 Mine Detector for Operation Direct a Deliberate Minefield Reconnaissance Patrol Direct a Mine-Sweeping Party Conduct a Breach of a Minefield Conduct Route Sweep Operations Supervise Minefield Clearing Operations Clear Misfires Calculate Timber-Cutting Charges Calculate Steel-Cutting Charges Calculate Breaching Charges Prepare a Demolition Reconnaissance Report Direct Armored Combat Earthmover (ACE) Dozer/Scraper Operations
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number 05-2-0408 05-2-1218 05-2-7008 Task Title Plan and Direct an Engineer Reconnaissance Conduct Report Procedures Prepare an Operation Order (OPORD) (Company/Platoon)
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
5 - 190

CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Gather Intelligence (5-OPFOR-0011)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) small element, operating in the rear area, is planning attacks on enemy bases. Information is needed to complete the plans.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates, gathers intelligence information, and submits its findings to
the command. 1. Identifies all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence
requirements. 2. Passes through any outpost, defensive wire, or warning devices undetected. 3. Moves
to an observation point that offers cover and concealment and is clear enough to gather PIR and other
intelligence requirements. 4. Gathers all PIR and other intelligence requirements. 5. Withdraws from
the area undetected. 6. Reports all information to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus"
orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing
vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that tha mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts
heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10.
Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS
base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: React to Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) (09-2-0337.05-TO1A) (FM 21-16)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: During combat operations, the unit encounters a UXO hazard. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element reacts to the UXO hazard while continuing the mission, without loss of personnel or equipment. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
1. The element recognizes the UXO hazard.
a.
Identified the UXO by type.

b.
Identified the UXO by subgroup.

c.
Observed all safety precautions.

*
2. The element leader takes immediate action for the UXO hazard.

a.
Evacuated the area as appropriate.

b.
Determined the appropriate action.

(1)
Avoided the UXO hazard.

(2)
Instituted protective measures.

*
3. The element leader designates the element to mark the area.

a.
Chose leaders to mark the area.

b.
Briefed leaders on the area to be marked.

*
4. The element marks the UXO hazard.

a.
Marked all the logical approach routes.

b.
Ensured that the UXO was visible from all markers.

*
5. The element reports the UXO hazard.

a.
Initiated the UXO spot report.

b.
Determined the priority based on the current situation.

c.
Forwarded the report to the next higher headquarters (HQ) by the fastest
means available.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
093-403-5010 Recognize Military Explosive Ordnance by Type
093-403-5020 Take Immediate Action Based on Confirmation of an Explosive Hazard
093-403-5030 Report Explosive Hazard

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS Task Number. Task Title
05-2-1218.Conduct Report Procedures
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage tc-vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information: 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Employ Physical Security Measures (19-3-2204.05-T01A) (FM 3-19.30). (FM 3-19.4)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: An opposing forces (OPFOR) squad-size patrol attempts reconnaissance or intrusion into the command post (CP) perimeter. This task should not be trained in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element maintains 24-hour security in its assigned sector and is not surprised by the OPFOR.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader prepares a physical security plan.

a.
Controlled the entry of vehicles into the CP.

b.
Developed procedures for selecting and manning perimeter positions.

c.
Developed procedures for detecting and reporting OPFOR intrusion or
observation of the CP perimeter.

d.
Controlled access to the elements defensive areas.

e.
Established communications links between observation posts (OPs) and
the reaction force.

f.
Developed procedures for initial response to ground attacks.

2. The element operates a guard force.
a.
Established communications with the guard commander.

b.
Stopped unauthorized entry into restricted areas.

c.
Conducted random exterior patrols to find and neutralize OPFOR intruders
before they breached the CP perimeter.

3. The element reacts to an OPFOR ground attack.
a.
Assumed preplanned positions.

b.
Denied intrusion into the CP perimeter.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
5 - 202
DODDOA 020562
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the u,it.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6.
Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
• ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuc'ear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.

STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Use Passive Air Defense Measures (44-1-C220.05-TO1A) (FM 44-100). (FM 44-64) (FM 44-8) (FM 44-80)
3.4.5.M.(Circle)
ITERATION:. 1.2.
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element is in a tactical position. Hostile aerial platforms (rotary-wing, fixed-wing, and unmanned aerial vehicles [UAVs]) have been operating in the general area. The element's weapon control status (WCS) is WEAPONS HOLD. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element's aerial platforms (rotary-wing, fixed-wing, and UAVs) do not detect the unit. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4 or blackout conditions.
GO NO-GOTASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
*
1. The element leader uses passive air defense measures in a tactical position.

a.
Used all available resources (camouflage, cover, concealment, and

dispersion) to hide personnel and equipment to limit vulnerability. NOTE: Air situational awareness (SA) is achieved by the unit's monitoring the simplified handheld terminal units (SHTUs).
b. Covered or shaded any shiny items, particularly windshields and optics.
c. Established and rehearsed the air attack alarms.
d.
Dispersed vehicles, tents, and supplies to reduce vulnerability to an air
attack.

e.
Constructed field fortifications with organic equipment as necessary to
protect personnel and vulnerable mission-essential equipment.

f.
Manned observation posts (OPs), daytime or nighttime, to provide warning
of approaching aerial platforms (rotary-wing, fixed-wing, and UAVs).

g.
Established a listening watch on the air defense early-warning net, if the
equipment was available and operational.

*
2. The element leader uses passive air defense measures in a convoy.

a.
Ensured that all personnel received the convoy commander's briefing.

b.
Camouflaged vehicles and equipment before moving out.

c.
Selected a column interval based on instructions, the mission, and the
terrain.

d.
Placed crew-served weapons throughout the convoy to cover the avenues
of approach (front, rear, and flank).

e.
Assigned soldiers to air guard duties with specific search sectors covering
360 degrees.

f.
Identified threat aerial platforms (rotary-wing, fixed-wing, and UAVs)
visually.

g.
Reported all aircraft actions to the higher headquarters (HQ).

h.
Established and rehearsed the air attack alarms.

3. Element personnel use passive air defense measures when occupying or
displacing a position.

a.
Maintained the vehicle interval specified in the movement order.

b.
Staggered vehicles to avoid linear patterns.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
c.
Assigned air guards to the sectors of search that covered 360 degrees, and
maintained the coverage until the convoy completed the movement.

d.
Identified threat aerial platforms (rotary-wing, fixed-wing, and UAVs)
visually.

e.
Reported all aircraft actions to the higher HQ.

f.
Established the vehicle order of precedence.

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of.documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
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DODDOA 020569
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operat'ng on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the
movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment
and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy
the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area
(AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical
Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS
base is•reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-0PFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Perform Risk Management Procedures (71-2-0326.05-TO1A) (AR 385-10). (FM 25-100). (FM 3-0)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element is deployed performing its combat mission. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Leaders and soldiers are aware of potential safety problems when conducting the task. The element trains to standard and does not take shortcuts that endanger element members. All risks taken are necessary to accomplish the training objectives. Appropriate measures are taken to minimize risks. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The commander identifies the risk or safety hazards.

a.
Analyzed the operation plan (OPLAN), the fragmentary order (FRAGO),
and the operation order (OPORD) for specified and implied missions
(tasks).

b.
Integrated safety into every phase of the planning process.

c.
Assessed the risks before issuing a FRAGO when the mission or conditions
changed.. •

*
2. Leaders evaluate the risk or safety hazards identified in the operation.

a.
Compared the risk to the acceptable level of risk in the commander's intent,
based on the stated training objective.

b.
Determined the likelihood of equipment and personnel losses from
accidents.

c.
Described the operation in terms of high, medium, or low risk.

d.
Prepared courses of action (COAs) that minimized accidental losses.

*
3. The commander (or leaders) eliminates or reduces the risk or safety hazards.

a.
Chose a COA that maximized the operation and minimized the risk.

b.
Developed procedures that reduced the risk or safety hazards.

c.
'Prescribed the safety or protective equipment.

d.
Briefed the elements before all operations.

4. The element carries out the safety procedures.
a.
Received safety briefings before all operations.

b.
Practiced the safety procedures during all mission rehearsals.

c.
Made on-the-spot safety corrections. NOTES:

1.
Safety is a part of realism—and realism includes building safety into the training so that safe practices, which eliminate accidents, become second nature during war (refer to Field Manual [FM] 25-100).

2.
FM 3-0 emphasizes the need for boldness and that commanders must take "risks and tenaciously press soldiers and systems" as an imperative of the Air Land Battle. However, such an imperative is founded on the premise that protecting the force to the maximum extent possible ensures winning the battle. Formally, risk is an expression of possible loss over a specific period of time or number of operational

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
cycles as defined by the Center for Army Safety.
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS “GO"/"NO-
GO"
indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
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DODDOA 020576
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages
the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy
casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6.
Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports
actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the
movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment
and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy
the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical
Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along
selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in
the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire,
antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and
chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the
element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent
casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the
element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Prepare Construction Estimates (05-1-0716) (FM 5-412)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3 4.
5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The battalion receives a construction mission from higher headquarters (HQ). A mission statement, construction drawings, and specifications are included. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The completed construction estimate includes a bill of materials (BOM.),..equipment and personnel requirements, and a logic network diagram. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The unit prepares a project activity list and a construction sequencing network.

*
2. The unit prepares material estimates.

a.
Planned project activities (work items) in detail.

b.
Used the construction drawings and specifications to compute quantities of
materials, including a waste factor for each activity.

c.
Made material estimates on estimating work sheets.

*
3. The unit prepares equipment and personnel estimates.

a.
Considered all available resources and construction methods.

b.
Determined work rates for activities in order of priority, experience, record, • and references.

c.
Determined the personnel effect of each activity.

d.
Determined the equipment effort for each activity.

e.
Prepared a consolidated, itemize lilt of required equipment and personnel.

f.
Made equipment and personnel estimates on estimating work sheets.

*
4. The unit prepares the critical path method (CPM).

a.
Determined the time duration based on equipment and personnel
estimates.

b.
Determined the duration of the project from the CPM.

c.
Highlighted the critical path.

d.
Crashed the critical path if the calculated project completion was longer

than the required project completion date. NOTE:.If the critical path cannot be crashed to meet the project completion date, the unit must request an extended project duration.
5. The Operations and Training Officer (US Army) (S3) section presents the BOM,
equipment and personnel requirements, and the CPM to higher HQ.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS 'GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
052-227-3302 Direct Armored Combat Earthmover (ACE) Dozer/Scraper Operations
052-256-4141 Determine Events in a Construction Project
052-256-4143 Schedule Work in a Construction Project
052-256-4144 Execute a Quality Control Plan
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
5 - 223
DODDOA 020583
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element ha3 located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the
locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a
visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area
(AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of
maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts
heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10.
Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS
base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has
orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
• ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Coordinate for Food Service Support (05-2-0051) (FM 10-23). (AR 30-1)
1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
ITERATION:.
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)

CONDITIONS: The company does not have an organic mess capability. Coordination for food service support is required. The unit is conducting continuous tactical operations. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The unit coordinates for three nutritious meals daily for all assigned and attached soldiers. Soldiers do not miss meals because of coordination lapses. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
GO NO-GOTASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
*
1. The company commander or food service officer (FSO) determines the daily feeding plan.

a.
Determined personnel strength, including attached and supporting
personnel.

b.
Identified locations and times for meals. Developed a distribution plan to
support the mission.

c.
Considered consolidation of subunits.

d.
Determined the type of rations based on mission constraints, that is A-, T­or meal, ready-to-eat (MRE) rations.

*
2. The company commander or FSO requests and coordinates for meals as required.

a.
Prepared a feeding report and fogvarded the report to the brigade Supply Officer (US Army) (S4) accordinao the tacticaLstanding operating. MIL procedure (TACSOP).

(1)
Identified the nature of the requirement.

(2)
Established the date the meals were required.

(3)
Determined the total number of meals required.

(4)
Established the time of meal pickup or delivery.

(5)
Determined the location of the units needing delivery.

b.
Informed the brigade S4 of any changes that would affect the operation.

Maintained a tolerance of plus or minus 5 percent of the total head count for
hot meals.

c.
Submitted requests for hot meals at least 8 hours before the meal, if
possible.

d.
Coordinated the times and locations for pick up or delivery.

3. The FSO supervises Class I operations.
a.
Followed the company's standing operating procedure (SOP) for the tactical
feeding plan.

b.
Served hot meals as soon after pickup or delivery as possible.

c.
Ensured that all soldiers had their mess kits available, if used.

d.
Set up a one-way staggered serving line (one line on each side of the
central-distribution site) if in danger of being attacked.

e.
Set up a one-way straight serving line (one line on each side of the central­distribution site) if attack was unlikely.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
f.
Dispersed the serving line in 5-meter intervals to reduce casualty potential.

g.
Ensured that soldiers dispersed while eating to prevent mass casualties
from an enemy attack.

h.
Established washing facilities.

i.
Disposed of all trash/garbage properly.

' 4. The company commander ensures that proper field sanitation measures are followed.
5. The FSO ensures that proper signature head count and cash collection
procedures are used during the tactical operation. NOTE: One-line entries may be authorized during training in the field where the collection of signatures is impractical as determined by the company commander or the FSO (for example, limited feeding time, troop dispersion, or weather conditions).
* 6. The company commander ensures that the food containers are promptly returned and all trash/garbage is properly disposed of.
TASK PERFORMANCE l EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED

TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*0 indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number. Task Title

05-3-1600.Receive a Logistics Package (LOGPAC)
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Gather Intelligence (5-OPFOR-0011)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) small element, operating in the rear area, is planning attacks on enemy bases. Information is needed to complete the plans.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates, gathers intelligence information, and submits its findings to the command. 1. Identifies all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements. 2. Passes through any outpost, defensive wire, or warning devices undetected. 3. Moves to an observation point that offers cover and concealment and is clear enough to gather PIR and other intelligence requirements. 4. Gathers all PIR and other intelligence requirements. 5. Withdraws from the area undetected. 6. Reports all information to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019) CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations-and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
• ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013) CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the
element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent
casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the
element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR)
element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned
along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENT: Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Quarry Operations (05-2-0828) (FM 5-434)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: An engineer reconnaissance report containing quarry-specific information is available from the Operations and Training Officer (US Army) (S3). Respective intelligence information is available from the Intelligence Officer (US Army) (S2). Authorized equipment and personnel are available. An operation order (OPORD)/fragmentary order (FRAGO) to conduct quarry operations has been received. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Formulate a quarry site layout. The total site must include the rock excavation area, rock-processing area, administrative area, haul and access roads with traffic control, security requirements, and a development plan to anticipate enlarging and sustaining crushing operations. The time required to prepare is increased when conducting this task in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
NOTE: Proceed to step 2 for a new site.
* 1. The unit leaders conduct troop-leading procedures.
2.
The unit analyzes all quarry intelligence reports and assembles site information. NOTE: This includes but is not limited to— 1. Location maps. 2. Site plans and profiles. 3. Geologic map and cross sections. 4. Laboratory test results. 5. Photographs.

3.
The unit develops a new or existing quarry site.

4.
The unit sets up equipment.

5.
The unit conducts quarry operations.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
Task Number 05-2-0726 05-2-0830 05-2-0832 05-2-0834 05-2-0836 05-3-0760 05-3-1018
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Title
Conduct Dump Truck Hauling Operations Develop a New/Existing Quarry Site Set up Crushing Equipment Conduct Rock-Crushing Operations Produce Blast Rock Conduct Construction Drainage Operations Conduct Troop-Leading Procedures
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019) CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (6-0PFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area
(M) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014) CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HO).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on n combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENT: Team LC Quarry
TASK: Develop a New/Existing Quarry Site (05-2-0830) (TM 5-331C)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: An engineer reconnaissance report containing quarry-specific information is available from the Operations and Training Officer (US Army) (S3). Respective intelligence information is available from the Intelligence Officer (US Army) (S2). Authorized equipment and personnel are available. An operation order (OPORD)/fragmentary order (FRAGO) to develop a new or existing quarry site has been received. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Formulate a quarry site layout. The total site must include the rock excavation area, rock-processing area, administrative area, haul roads and access roads with traffic control, security requirements, and a development plan to anticipate enlarging and sustaining crushing operations. The time required to prepare is increased when conducting this. task in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
NOTE: Proceed to step 2 for development of a new site.
* 1. The unit leaders conduct troop-leading procedures.
2.
The unit analyzes all quarry intelligence reports and assembles site information . NOTE: This includes but is not limited to— 1. Location maps. 2. Site plans and profiles. 3. Geologic map and cross sections. 4. Laboratory test results. 5. Photographs.

3.
The unit verifies quarry-site information.

a.
Checked quality and quantity of deposits.

b.
Assessed overburden.

c.
Ensured that drainage is provided to eliminate surface and seepage water.

d.
Checked existing facilities.

e.
Considered environmental impact.

4. The unit evaluates site data and prioritizes findings.
a.
Assessed materials.

b.
Determined site development and operation requirements.

c.
Determined equipment and personnel requirements.

d.
Established the plan for jobsite security.

5. The unit plans a quarry layout.
a.
Preplanned a quarry layout, determining shape, direction, and dimension.

b.
Designed quarry site operations.

c.
Developed a layout plan.

d.
Formulated a plan for future development, enlarging and sustaining quarry
operations.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number. Task Title
05-3-0407.Perform an Engineer Reconnaissance
05-3-1018.Conduct Troop-Leading Procedures
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
5 - 243
DODDOA 020603
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence •
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element
surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy
items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful
capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying
markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of
enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENT: Team LC Quarry
TASK: Set up Crushing Equipment (05-2-0832)
(TM 5-331 C)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The platoon has received a mission to set up crushing equipment. The quarry site is established with proper drainage. Authorized equipment and personnel are available. Support equipment augmentation is available upon request. The platoon leader receives guidance providing anticipated gradient specifications. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The plant (quarry equipment and components) will be positioned, cribbed, leveled, secured; plant accessories will be attached, installed, or stored; and the plant will be prepared for operation. All crushing unit components must be operated, testing the interoperability of the plant setup. The time required to prepare is increased when conducting this task in mission-oriented protection posture ( MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The platoon leader conducts troop-leading procedures.

a.
Briefed project/support personnel.

b.
Supervised plant layout.

c.
Made work assignments.

d.
Ensured that crushing equipment was calibrated to the proper
specifications.

e.
Ensured that all safety regulations were followed.

*
2. The platoon leader/sergeant executes the specifications of the equipment layout chart.

a.
Checked the position of equipment/components.

b.
Ensured that cribbing and leveling were accomplished.

' 3. The platoon leader/sergeant inspects the coordinated effort of project personnel.
a.
Inspected equipment setup.

b.
Directed the installation of accessories, attachments, and components.

c.
Ensured the adjustments/calibration of equipment/components.

*
4. The platoon leader/sergeant directs the utilization of support equipment and personnel.

a.
Conducted inspections and spot checks of setup and provided feedback.

b.
Identified discrepancies and determined corrective action.

c.
Provided feedback and made on-the-spot corrections.

d.
Ensured a complete rock-processing plant setup.

*
5. The platoon leader/sergeant establishes safety procedures, and observes and enforces safety compliance.

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
.
Task Number Task Title
.
052-251-1145 Erect a Washing and Screening Plant
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the • engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-0PFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
5 - 250
DODDOA 020609
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the
movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines
operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping . operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of
maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed
routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to
support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts
heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10.
Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS
base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
ELEMENT: Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Rock-Crushing Operations (05-2-0834)
(TM 5-331 C). (TM 5-3820-205-10-1).(TM 5-3820-205-10-2)
(TM 5-3820-210-10/1).(TM 5-3820-210-10/2).(TM 5-3910-202-15)
(TM 5-4320-300-14)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The quarry site is established with proper drainage and equipment layout. Rock­processing equipment is operational. The platoon leader receives guidance providing gradient specifications, the expected date of the first issue of rock, and the anticipated daily requirement, to include the total project requirement in volume and tonriage. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The primary and secondary crushing units will be adjusted to meet the specifications. Assigned personnel will operate rock-producing equipment in a safe and efficient manner. The rock that is produced will be suitable for each phase/purpose of construction (crushed, washed, and graded [separated]) and will be the quantity and quality required. Preventive-maintenance checks and services (PMCS) will be performed to support sustained crushing operations. The time required to prepare is increased when conducting this task in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader conducts troop-leading procedures.

*
2. The element leader/sergeant establishes site safety plan and SOP.

3.
The platoon receives information on production methods and calibrations.

4.
The platoon conducts plant operation and rock production.

a.
Determined the amount and type of equipment, personnel, and support.

b.
Ensured that unit time requirements were met.

' 5. The element leader/sergeant specifies project plans and requirements.
a.
Spot-checked performance, operations, personnel, and equipment.

b.
Identified problems and selected methods for correction.

c.
Ensured the quality and quantity of products.

d.
Evaluated overall performance, operation, and production.

e.
Prepared production reports.

f.
Received and reviewed Department of the Army (DA) Forms 2404.

g.
Submit reports in accordance with unit SOP.

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"`" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE

SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
.
Task Number Task Title
.
05-2-1218 Conduct Report Procedures
.
05-3-1018 Conduct Troop-Leading Procedures
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area
to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019) CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing
vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor . weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the units preparations (prevents or delays beyond the units allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area
(AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.

Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014) CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines
operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HO).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The , OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from Ms with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6.
Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENT: Team LC Quarry
TASK: Produce Blast Rock (05-2-0836) .(FM 5-250). (TM 5-3820-239-15) (TM 9-1375-213-12)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The quarry site is established with proper drainage and equipment layout. Overburden is . removed. A shelf must be established or maintained. All authorized drilling and blasting equipment is operational. All operators and trained demolitions teams are on hand. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The area is prepared by marking off the drill pattern and drilling holes on line (properly spaced, to the specified depth, and recorded in the drill log). The blast rock produced will be manageable and sized to permit 95 percent to pass through the primary crusher without hanging up. Blast rock is produced in a safe manner using explosives with electric or nonelectric priming. The time required to prepare is increased when conducting this task in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The platoon leader conducts troop-leading procedures. (See T&EO 5-3-1018.)

*
2. The platoon leader/sergeant establishes site safety.

*
3. The platoon leader/sergeant plans the operation, and platoon members conduct drilling.

a.
Assessed adequacy of work site, tools, and equipment.

b.
Directed the marking off of the drilling site and patterns.

c.
Planned and prepared the cut design. •

d.
Calculated the ratio of explosives to rock mass.

e.
Inspected drilling and blasting patterns.

*
4. The platoon leader/sergeant prepares the site for blasting.

a.
Determined the amount and type of explosives.

b.
Ensured that boreholes were drilled to the proper depth.

c.
Supervised the preparation and testing of the firing circuit.

*
5. The platoon leader/sergeant ensures the safe transportation of explosives.

a.
Ensured that proper loading and handling techniques were used.

b.
Ensured that soldiers had proper protection.

c.
Ensured that appropriate security measures were taken.

*
6. The platoon leader/sergeant supervises the quarry blast.

a.
Ensured that the explosives were command-detonated.

b.
Ensured that all safety precautions were followed.

c.
Ensured that no personnel or equipment were affected by debris.

d.
Inspected the blast area for completeness and effect.

e.
Provided for the disposition of unexploded ordnance (UXO).

*
7. The platoon leader/sergeant estimates the amount of new material produced and
records it on the summary sheet.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1

2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body: 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
5 - 263
DODDOA 020620
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the
assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in
the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains
no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements
to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy
items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of
enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Coordinate for Organizational Maintenance Support (05-2-1126)
(DA PAM 738-750).(AR 725-50). (AR 750-43)
(FM 4-30.3)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: A company is performing continuous tactical operations in support of a maneuver force. The absence of maintenance capabilities requires the unit to coordinate for organizational maintenance support in order to sustain the unit equipment. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The commander or his designated representative coordinates for and receives organizational maintenance support necessary to support continuous operations. Digital units send and receive reports and requests using frequency-modulated (FM) or digital means. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The company commander identifies the need for organizational maintenance support.

a.
Reviewed the requests from the subordinate elements and key leaders.

b.
Determined if the equipment needed to be serviced, recovered, repaired, or
evacuated to the unit maintenance collection point (UMCP).

c.
Determined what repair parts or services were needed.

*
2. The company commander reviews the operation order (OPORD) and determines whether the supported unit or the battalion will provide support.

' 3. The company commander or the maintenance officer requests support.
a.
Included the following information in the request:

(1)
The location of the equipment and the routes to the site.

(2)
The extent of the damage or the type of service required.

(3)
The parts needed to repair the equipment, if known.

b.
Submitted the request within one hour of notification that the equipment
was non-mission -capable (NMC).

4. Company personnel support and assist the maintenance team in the repair or
evacuation of equipment.

a.
Provided personnel support as needed.

b.
Provided logistical support to include rations; petroleum, oil, and lubricants
(POL); and power generation equipment (if available).

' 5. The company maintenance officer provides an equipment status and condition
report to the supporting unit.

a.
Used Department of the Army (DA) Form 2406.

b.
Provided the reports as specified in the OPORD or the standing operating
procedure (SOP).

* 6. The company commander or his designated representative coordinates with the
supporting maintenance activity for the pickup of NMC supply (NMCS) or
maintenance equipment.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
a.
Inspected the vehicles to ensure that the repairs were completed and that
the equipment was mission-capable.

b.
Submitted an updated status report to higher headquarters (HQ).

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
052-197-3085 Supervise Fixed-Bridge Maintenance
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number Task Title
05-2-1131 Establish Unit Maintenance Operations
05-2-1218 Conduct Report Procedures
05-2-7008 Prepare an Operation Order (OPORD) (Company/Platoon)
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Gather Intelligence (5-OPFOR-0011)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) small element, operating in the rear area, is planning attacks on enemy bases. Information is needed to complete the plans.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates, gathers intelligence information, and submits its findings to
the command. 1. Identifies all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence
requirements. 2. Passes through any outpost, defensive wire, or warning devices undetected. 3. Moves
to an observation point that offers cover and concealment and is clear enough to gather PIR and other
intelligence requirements. 4. Gathers all PIR and other intelligence requirements. 5. Withdraws from
the area undetected. 6. Reports all information to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
5 - 270
DODDOA 020627
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007) CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the M. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of
casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Clearing, Grubbing, and Stripping Operations (05-3-0762) (FM 5-430-00-1). (FM 5-430-00-2)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The platoon receives the mission to clear, grub, and strip a site for a construction project. The boundaries of the site have been established and equipment is available. Plans and specifications are provided. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The platoon removes all unwanted vegetation and obstacles from the site. The site is prepared for follow-on construction. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element leader conducts troop-leading procedures.

a.
Verified the accuracy of the construction plans and specifications.

b.
Designated the boundaries for clearing.

c.
Located disposal areas based on the shortest haul, the downgrade slope,
effective camouflage, and accessibility.

d.
Conducted platoon movement after the operation order (OPORD) was
issued to subordinates and all preparations were completed.

' 2. The element leader/sergeant establishes jobsite security.
• 3. The element leader submits requests for changes to improve or correct construction plans and specifications according to the unit standing operating procedure (SOP), when needed.
4. lhe platoon clears and grubs using dozers.
a.
Avoided removing or breaking off trees and bushes outside the designated
clear area to aid in camouflaging the construction site.

b.
Sequenced operations depending on the type of trees, the terrain, and the
construction to follow.

c.
Began clearing at the disposal area and moved away from it.

d.
Used one or two dozers to clear small trees and brush first.

e.
Used a second pair of dozers to remove larger trees and stumps bypassed
by the first unit.

f.
Used more dozers for a third cycle to remove the heaviest material, if
necessary.

g.
Removed all unwanted vegetation and obstacles from the site.

h.
Uprooted and removed all trees not needed on the site.

i.
Pushed or pulled cleared material to the disposal area.

j.
Used other types of equipment if available where most effective in multiple
operations, such as power saws to fall large trees and clearing units to
uproot large stumps and work in areas inaccessible to dozers.

5. The platoon performs light clearing operations using graders.
a.
Removed grass, weeds, small bushes, and dead vegetation.

b.
Windrowed cleared materials.

c.
Cleared the area for drainage.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
6. The platoon salvages timber. a. Trimmed timber useful for logs, piles, and lumber. b. Stockpiled timber for future use in bridge, culvert, and other types of construction.
7. The platoon constructs temporary drainage. a. Developed a drainage system before or concurrent with other construction. b. Used original or natural drainage features. c. Constructed ditches if heavy rain was expected or earthwork was delayed. d. Filled and compacted all holes to prevent accumulation of surface water.
8. The platoon performs stripping operations. a. Performed stripping operations concurrently with clearing and grubbing operations. b. Removed and disposed of topsoil and sod which would be objectionable as a subgrade. c. Removed the unsuitable material, in shallow fill sections of 0.6 meters or less to a depth great enough to enable placing at least 0.9 meter of suitable subgrade material. d. Stockpiled all good topsoil and sod for later use, if needed.
9. The platoon disposes of cleared material. a. Selected a disposal method consistent with the camouflage, salvage, and drainage needs of the clearing operation. (1) Pushed or skidded the material off the construction site into the surrounding timber. (2) Piled or dumped material adjacent to the work area. (3) Constructed an off-site disposal area by clearing a portion of the adjacent land. (4) Used cleared material as fill-in revetment construction, if required. (5) Disposed of debris under favorable conditions by burning according to the procedures in Field Manual (FM) 5-430-00-1. b. Ensured that the cleared material did not interfere with drainage or equipment operating in the work area.
*10. The element leader/sergeant submits status reports to higher headquarters (HQ) according to the unit SOP.
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Tisk Number. Task Title 052-254-1037.Construct a Ditch with the Crawler Tractor 052-2541038.Construct a Stockpile with the Crawler Tractor

Task Number 052-254-1042 052-254-1043 052-254-1044 052-254-1045 052-254-1046 052-254-1047 052-254-1048 052-254-1052 052-254-1055 052-254-1058 052-254-1060 052-254-1061 052-254-1063
052-256-3034 052-256-3042 052-256-3043 052-256-3045 052-256-3047 052-256-4141 052-256-4143
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Title Level Fill Material in a Fill Area with the Angle Blade of the Crawler Tractor Push Load the Scraper with the Crawler Tractor Recover Equipment with the Crawler Tractor Winch Remove Trees with the Crawler Tractor Remove Brush with the Crawler Tractor Remove Stumps with the Crawler Tractor Remove Boulders with the Crawler Tractor Construct a V Ditch with the Motorized Grader Spread Piles of Loose Material with the Motorized Grader Construct a Stockpile with the Scoop Loader Load a Haul Unit with the Scoop Loader Move a Load with the Scoop Loader Clamshell Excavate Material from an Area with the Wheeled-Tractor Scraper/Motorized Scraper Organize Jobsite Security Direct Drainage Operations Direct Crawler Tractor Operations Direct Motor Grader Operations Direct Scoop Loader Operations Determine Events in a Construction Project Schedule Work in a Construction Project
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
.
Task Number Task Title
05-3-0904.05-R01AMEstablish Jobsite Security
05-3-1018MConduct Troop-Leading Procedures
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has
orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.

STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.

TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
-
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio
frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus"
orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate
frequency.

TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of
approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but.has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualf es among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines
operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft hove been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element
surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy
items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful
capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying
markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of
enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Lifting and Loading Operations (05-3-0779) (FM 5-434)) (FM 5-412)
ITERATION:) 1M2 3 4M
5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: )TMP UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The platoon is on a mission requiring lifting and loading. Crane attachments (a hook, blocks, a clamshell, a dragline, and a pile driver), slings, piles, and materiaUitems to be loaded are available. Haul equipment (dump trucks, cargo trucks, and semitrailers) is available. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Crane attachments are selected and installed. MateriaUitems are loaded or lifted without damage to cranes, material, or haul units. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The platoon leader/sergeant conducts troop-leading procedures.

*
2. The platoon leader/sergeant conducts preoperational and safety checks.

a.
Selected the proper size/type crane for the mission. NOTE: Use only the lattice boom crane for a dragline; the clamshell is not efficient with hydraulic cranes.

b.
Scheduled haul equipment to ensure that the equipment did not sit idle for
long periods of time.

c.
Ensured proper installation of attachments.

d.
Designated the signalman.

e.
Checked for overhead obstacles, paying particular attention to utility lines.

. 3. The platoon positions/prepares equipment for operation.
a.
Ensured that outriggers were down and that the crane was on firm, level
ground.

b.
Positioned the crane to eliminate unnecessary swinging.

c.
Avoided swinging loads above anyone on the ground.

4. The platoon conducts lifting/loading operations.
a.
Ensured that the load was within the weight-lifting capacity of the crane.

b.
Rigged the load to ensure a balanced lift.

c.
Used tag lines on all hook loads.

d.
Ensured that the operator took all directions from the designated
signalman.

e.
Positioned the load on the truck.

f.
Secured the load to the truck.

* 5. The platoon leader/sergeant submits progress reports according to the unit standing operating procedure (SOP).
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS
Task Number Task Title
052-255-1038 Install Hook Block
052-255-1039 Move a Load With Crane and Hook Block
052-255-1040 Install Clamshell
052-255-1041 Load Haul Unit with Clamshell Attachment on Mechanical Crane
052-255-1042 Install Dragline
052-255-1043 Excavate an Area with the Dragline Bucket
052-255-1044 Install Pile Driver
052-256-3049 Direct Crane Operations
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
Task Number. Task Title
05-3-0904.05-R01AMEstablish Jobsite Security
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
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DODDOA 020642
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of
approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5 OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates
and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas, 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013) CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HO).
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured. the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6.
Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The
OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Transport Casualties (for Units Without Medical Treatment Personnel) (08-2-C316.05-TO1A)
(FM 8-10-6)M (AR 200-1)M (AR 385-10)
(FM 12-6)M (FM 57-38)
ITERATION:. 1M2M3 4M
5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.TMP UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: Unit personnel are wounded and some may be chemically contaminated. The unit has no organic medical treatment personnel. Threat force contact has been broken. Unit defenses have been reorganized. Casualties are transported from defensive positions to designated casualty collection points. All methods of transport are employed. Some wounded enemy prisoner of war (EPW) casualties may require transport. This task is performed simultaneously with other reorganization tasks. The tactical standing operating procedure (TACSOP) and the higher headquarters (HQ) operation order (OPORD) are available. Simplified collective-protection equipment (SCPE) is on hand and/or field­expedient and natural shelters are available. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Casualties are transported as soon as the tactical situation permits according to the TACSOP, the OPORD, provisions of the Geneva Convention, and Field Manual (FM) 8-10-6. At mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4, performance degradation factors increase the time required to transport casualties.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
* 1. The commander and leaders supervise the transport of casualties.
a.
Monitored casualty transport operations for compliance with FM 8-10-6 and
the TACSOP.

b.
Identified casualty collection points.

c.
Identified transport requirements.

d.
Supervised the preparation of casualties for transport.

e.
Coordinated the transport of casualties from the unit's area with the higher
HO personnel element according to FM 8-10-6 and the TACSOP.

f.
Coordinated security requirements for the pick-up site with subelements
and the higher HQ operations element.

g.
Disseminated transport information to unit personnel.

h.
Forwarded the casualty feeder report and witness statements to the higher
.HO personnel element according to FM 12-6 and the TACSOP.

2. Element personnel prepare casualties for transport.
a.
Provided first aid treatment to casualties. NOTE: See Task 08-2-0003.05-T01A for detailed treatment procedures.

b.
Reported casualties, as required.

c.
Collected classified documents such as the signal operation instructions
(S01) and standing signal instructions (SSI), maps, overlays, and key lists.

d.
Secured the custody of organizational equipment according to the
TACSOP.

e.
Forwarded casualty feeder reports to unit HQ according to the TACSOP.

3. Element personnel transport casualties to casualty collection points using
manual carries.

a. Selected the type of manual carry appropriate to the situation and the
injury.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
b. Transported the casualty without causing further injury according to FM 8­10-6.
4. Unit personnel transport casualties to casualty collection points using litter
carries.

a.
Identified litter teams.

b.
Constructed an improvised litter from available material, as required.

c.
Secured the casualty on the litter.

d.
Transported the casualty without causing further injury according to FM 8­10-6.

5. Element personnel transport casualties to a medical treatment facility (MTF) using available vehicles.
a.
Loaded the maximum number of casualties according to FM 8-10-6.

b.
Secured casualties in the vehicle.

c.
Transported casualties without causing further injury according to FM 8-10-

6.
*
6. The commander and leaders request aeromedical evacuation.

a.
Transmitted the request according to FM 8-10-6, the OPORD, and the TACSOP.

b.
Selected the landing site (which provides sufficient space for helicopter hover, landing, and take-off) according to FMs 8-10-6 and 57-38.

c.
Supervised the removal of all dangerous objects likely to be blown about before aircraft arrival.

d.
Supervised the security of the landing site according to the TACSOP.

e.
Ensured that the landing zone (LZ) was appropriately marked (light sets, smoke, and so forth) according to the TACSOP, if required.

7. Element personnel assist in loading the ambulance.
a.
Employed the proper carrying and loading techniques according to FM 8-10-6.

b.
Loaded casualties in the sequence directed by the crew.

c.
Loaded casualties without causing unnecessary discomfort.

d.
Employed safety procedures according to Army Regulation (AR) 385-10, FM 8-10-6, and the TACSOP.

e.
Employed environmental-protection procedures according to AR 200-1 and the TACSOP.

8. Element personnel transport chemically contaminated casualties.
a.
Assumed MOPP 4.

b.
Marked contaminated casualties according to the TACSOP.

c.
Notified the supporting MTF that contaminated casualties were en route to their location.

d.
Transported casualties directly to a designated decontamination and treatment station.

e.
Protected casualties from further contamination during transport.

9. Unit personnel transport EPW casualties.
a.
Maintained security of EPW casualties according to the TACSOP.

b.
Searched EPW casualties for weapons and ordnance before transport.

c.
Transported EPW casualties according to the provisions of the Geneva Convention and the TACSOP.

GO NO-GO

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
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DODDOA 020650
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and
supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts
CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares en ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under presiure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order
(FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and
antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the
element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises
the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Battlefield Stress Reduction and Stress Prevention Procedures (08-2-R303.05-T01A) (FM 8-51)M (FM 22-51)
ITERATION:. 1M2M3M4M5MMM(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T P UM(Circle)
CONDITIONS: Combat health support (CHS) operations have commenced. Element personnel are
deployed in support of higher headquarters (HQ) operations. The unit's sleep plan and the tactical
standing operating procedure (TACSOP) to manage battle fatigue (BF) soldiers have been developed.
Personnel have been cross-trained on critical tasks. Operations are continuous over a prolonged period,
causing stressful situations for personnel. The commander has directed that procedures for managing
battlefield stress be implemented. Simplified collective-protection equipment (SCPE) is on hand or field­expedient and natural shelters are available.

NOTE: Due to the technical knowledge and skills required to perform some military occupational
specialty (MOS) specific tasks, caution must be exercised when cross-training personnel. For instance,
nonmedical personnel cannot be cross-trained to perform MOS specific medical tasks. Some iterations of
this task should be performed in MOPP4.

TASK STANDARDS: The element applies techniques that counter battlefield stress. At mission-oriented
protection posture (MOPP) 4, performance degradation factors increase the need for stress prevention
implementation. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in MOPP 4.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The commander and leaders perform stress prevention leader actions.

a.
Issued warning orders, operation orders (OPORDs), and fragmentary
orders (FRAGOs) to the lowest possible level.

b.
Provided soldiers with an accurate assessment of the friendly and enemy
situation.

c.
Briefed the leaders' intention to all unit personnel.

d.
Spoke positively concerning the unit's missions, purpose, and abilities.

e.
Encouraged a positive attitude throughout the unit.

f.
Instituted an information dissemination plan designed to quell and prevent
rumors.

g.
Informed personnel of the availability of religious support.

*
2. The commander and leaders implement the sleep plan.

a.
Provided a safe and secure area away from vehicles and other high-noise
activities.

b.
Adjusted the sleep plan as dictated by the tactical situation.

c.
Enforced the sleep plan according to the TACSOP.

*
3. Leaders implement task rotation or restructuring procedures.

a.
Alternated cross-trained unit personnel on critical tasks, as required.

b.
Rotated unit personnel between demanding and nondemanding tasks.

c.
Assigned two soldiers to function independently on tasks requiring a high
degree of accuracy.

d.
Adjusted task rotation policies and procedures to the tactical situation.

*
4. Leaders implement stress coping and management techniques.

a.
Integrated new unit members into the unit immediately.

ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES b. Assisted soldiers in resolving home front problems. c. Implemented a buddy system to observe signs of stress or battle fatigue (BF) among soldiers and leaders. d. Provided instruction on relaxation techniques to all personnel before deployment. e. Conducted after-action debriefings. f. Scheduled a critical-event debriefing after any especially traumatic event according to Field Manual (FM) 22-51. g. Conducted unit award, decoration, recognition, and memorial ceremonies. GO NO-GO
* 5. The commander and leaders implement stress control techniques. a. Implemented a plan to deal with mild, seriously stressed, or BF cases. b. Assigned soldiers showing signs of severe stress or BF to simple tasks. c. Directed personnel to be supportive of stressed or BF soldiers. d. Referred soldiers showing signs of serious stress or BF to the supporting medical treatment facility (MTF) for evaluation. e. Reintegrated return-to-duty (RTD) soldiers into their specific element.
6. Element personnel employ stress prevention measures. a. Maintained a positive attitude concerning the unit's mission, purpose, and abilities. b. Complied with the commander's sleep plan. c. Identified other soldiers with signs of stress or BF. d. Provided immediate buddy aid support. e. Reported signs of stress or BF in other soldiers to their immediate supervisor. f. Accepted new unit members immediately. g. Practiced relaxation techniques at appropriate times and places. h. Participated in buddy systems and after-action debriefings.
TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO" TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS Task Number. Task Title 05-2-7008MPrepare an Operation Order (OPORD) (Company/Platoon)
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
5 - 300
DODDOA 020657

CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces
.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarrnor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
-
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-0PFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of • casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Perform Field Sanitation Functions (08-2-R315.05-T01A)
(FM 21-10). (AR 200-1) (AR 385-10)
(AR 40-5). (FM 4-25.12)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: Health hazards exist that require field sanitation measures. The element is in the field without permanent sanitation or water facilities. The commander has selected and trained the unit's field sanitation team (FST). The combat health support (CHS) plan, the tactical standing operating procedure (TACSOP), and higher headquarters (HQ) operation order (OPORD) are available. All required sanitation equipment is available. Field sanitation measures are continuous and are performed simultaneously with other operational tasks. Simplified collective-protection equipment (SCPE) is on hand and field-expedient and natural shelters are available. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The FST performs field sanitation measures according to the TACSOP, Field Manuals (FMs) 21-10 and 21-10-1, and the commander's guidance. At mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4, only minimum-essential field sanitation activities are performed. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in MOPP 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The commander directs field sanitation measures.

a.
Directed field sanitation activities to counter a medical threat.

b.
Monitored field sanitation activities for compliance with FMs 21-10 and 21­10-1 and the TACSOP.

c.
Enforced individual field sanitation measures.

d.
Requested assistance from the supporting preventive medicine
(PVNTMED) element for sanitation problems that were beyond the
expertise of the unit's FST according to the TACSOP and the OPORD.

e.
Corrected field sanitation deficiencies.

f.
Reported field sanitation deficiencies that could not be corrected by unit
personnel to the FST.

g.
Enforced safety procedures according to Army Regulation (AR) 385-10 and
the TACSOP.

h.
Enforced environmental-protection procedures according to AR 200-1 and
the TACSOP.

2. The FST supervises the unit's field sanitation measures.
a.
Maintained the field sanitation basic load according to AR 40-5 and FM 21­10-1.

b.
Supervised the distribution of field sanitation basic load items according to
AR 40-5 and FM 21-10-1.

c.
Tested the unit's water supply for the required chlorine residual level
according to FM 21-10-1 and the TACSOP.

d.
Inspected water containers and trailers according to FM 21-10-1 and the
TACSOP.

e.
Monitored personnel to ensure that they used personal protective measures
(skin, clothing, and bed net repellent) against arthropods and rodents
according to applicable directives and the commander's guidance.

f.
Conducted rodent surveys, as required.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
g.
Monitored personnel for the employment of correct hygiene measures.

h.
Monitored waste facilities and procedures for compliance with AR 40-5, FM
21-10-1, and the TACSOP, as required.

i.
Inspected latrines and urinals according to FM 21-10-1 and the TACSOP.

j.
Inspected liquid and solid waste-disposal facilities to ensure their
compliance with AR 40-5, FM 21-10-1, and the TACSOP.

k.
Inspected hand-washing devices according to FM 21-10-1 and the
TACSOP.

I.
Inspected the transport, storage, preparation, and service of food for
compliance with FM 21-10-1 and the TACSOP.

m.
Provided advice, recommendations, and training requirements to the
commander.

n.
Enforced safety procedures according to AR 385-10 and the TACSOP.

o.
Enforced environmental-protection procedures according to AR 200-1 and
the TACSOP.

3. Unit personnel employ field sanitation measures.
a.
Maintained the prescribed load of water purification materials according to
AR 40-5, FM 21-10, and the TACSOP.

b.
Prepared nonpotable water for personal use according to FM 21-10 and the
TACSOP.. .

c.
Consumed only water designated as potable.

d.
Maintained latrines and hand-washing facilities according to FM 21-10 and
the TACSOP.

e.
Employed preventive measures against cold and heat injuries.

f.
Employed personal-hygiene measures.

g.
Employed preventive measures against arthropod and rodent infestation, to
include using skin, clothing, and bed net repellent.

h.
Reported field sanitation deficiencies to the FST.

i.
Employed safety procedures according to AR 385-10 and the TACSOP.

j.
Employed environmental-protection procedures according to AR 200-1 and
the TACSOP.

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"

"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
5 - 307
DODDOA 020664
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1.
Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3.
Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all
personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of
approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle
before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the
engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the
obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007) CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines
operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the
element's AA. 2. Probes the M with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent
casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the
element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack.. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Perform Unit Graves Registration (GRREG) Operations (10-2-0318.05-TO1A) (FM 10-64). (FM 3-4). (FM 3-5)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The element has sustained fatalities. The tactical situation permits GRREG operations to be performed. Some remains may be contaminated. The tactical standing operating procedure (TACSOP) is available. There are no GRREG personnel available: nonmortuary affairs personnel perform the task. The theater commander has authorized emergency burials.
NOTE: Only those tasks deemed mission-essential by the commander are performed in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element either recovers the killed in action (KIA) and evacuates them to a designated mortuary-affair collection point or performs an emergency burial. Personal possessions are not lost. Locations of the emergency graves are recorded and reported to higher headquarters (HQ). These activities are curtailed in MOPP 4. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in MOPP 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element commander designates a search-and-recovery team.

a.
Selected a team leader.

b.
Issued guidance.

*
2. The search-and-recovery team leader prepares for the search.

a.
Performed a map or aerial reconnaissance of the search area.

b.
Identified additional support requirements.

c.
Requested additional support requirements from higher HQ.

d.
Identified the search pattern to be used.

e.. Coordinated nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) and explosive
ordnance disposal (EOD) assistance with higher HQ.

f. Coordinated area security with higher HQ.
*
3. The search-and-recovery team leader supervises the search-and-recovery and the evacuation operations.

a.
Briefed the search-and-recovery team on the operational procedures.

b.
Issued personal effects bags, human remains pouches, if available, and
NBC agent tags.

c.
Assigned the search area.

d.
Monitored the search-and-recovery team operations for compliance with the
TACSOP and the commander's guidance.

e.
Coordinated evacuation operations with higher HQ.

f.
Forwarded the situation report (SITREP) to higher HQ according to the
TACSOP.

4. The search-and-recovery team conducts the search.
a. Checked the area immediately for mines or booby traps.

b. Searched the assigned areas for remains and personal effects.

c.
Marked the terrain location of the remains with pegs.

d.
Collected all disassociated personal effects.

ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
' TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES e. Recorded the eight-digit grid coordinates of the recovery site. 5. The search-and-recovery team recovers remains. a. Established tentative identification. b. Attached the NBC tag or a tag marked with a large C to the contaminated and contagious remains. c. Attached personal effects to the remains. d. Shrouded the remains with available materials. e. Prepared a sketch of the recovery site. 1. Prepared a map overlay of the recovery site. 6. The search-and-recovery team evacuates remains. a. Verified that personal effects were attached to the remains. b. Loaded the remains in ground transportation, feet first and in aircraft, headfirst. c. Transported the remains in a covered vehicle or aircraft to a designated mortuary-affair collection point. 7. The search-and-recovery team leader supervises emergency burials. a. Identified the specific burial site. b. Supervised the marking of the grave site. c. Supervised the burying of all recovered remains and their personal effects. 8. The search-and-recovery team performs emergency burials. a. Prepared the grave site. b. Placed the remains in the grave. c. Marked all grave sites. d. Buried the United States, allied, and enemy forces remains with their personal effects in separate grave sites. GO NO-GO
TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO" TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO" M TOTAL
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
5 - 314
DODDOA 020671

CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008) CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4. Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping .operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment
damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The
enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6.
Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body. •
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-0PFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Provide Company Supply Support (10-2-0320.05-T01A)
(DA PAM 710-2-1).(AR 710-2) (FM 3-4)
(FM 3-5)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDERILEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The company headquarters (HQ) is receiving requests for supplies from subordinate elements. The equipment and supplies are arriving through supply channels, but additional supplies may be required. Extra small arms and ammunition are stored in the supply area. The unit tactical standing operating procedure (TACSOP) and the battalion operation order (OPORD) are available. The supply area has been established and supply support is a continuous task that is performed simultaneously with other support and operational tasks. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The equipment and supplies are distributed without interfering with mission requirements as established by the TACSOP and the OPORD. At mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4, unit supply support is reduced to the minimum-essential actions. Digital units send and receive reports using frequency-modulated (FM) or digital means according to the unit's TACSOP. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in MOPP 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The company commander directs unit supply operations.

a.
Inspected the supply records and status to ensure compliance with supply
regulations, directives, and the TACSOP.

b.
Directed inventories of the supplies and equipment to calculate assets on
hand.

c.
Inspected the unit's equipment, weapons, and ammunition storage areas
for compliance with supply regulations, directives, and the TACSOP.

d.
Directed the issue of supplies and equipment according to the battalion's
guidance and the TACSOP or both sustainment controls.

*
2. The supply sergeant supervises unit supply operations.

a.
Inspected the supply status to determine total assets.

b.
Conducted inventories to calculate assets on hand.

c.
Developed the supply storage plans.

d.
Monitored supply transactions to ensure compliance with established
supply procedures.

e.
Supervised the control of weapons and ammunition.

f.
Prepared input to the material condition status reports (MCSR).

3. Supply personnel request additional supplies.
a.
Coordinated requirements with the elements.

b.
Calculated resupply requirements.

c.
Recorded requests on the appropriate document register.

d.
Forwarded resupply requests to the Supply Officer (US Army) (S4).

4. Supply personnel receive supplies.
a.
Inspected incoming supplies for quantity and condition.

b.
Recorded receipt of supplies on the appropriate document register.

c.
Stored supplies according to the storage plans.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
d. Notified the requesting element of the availability of supplies for issue.
5. Supply personnel issue supplies.
a.
Processed supply requests according to the appropriate regulations,
directives, and the TACSOP.

b.
Prepared transaction documents according to the appropriate regulations,
directives, and the TACSOP.

c.
Issued supplies as prescribed in the commander's guidance.

d.
Maintained the prescribed copies of the transactions according to the
appropriate regulations and directives.

6. Supply personnel maintain small arms and ammunition.
a.
Controlled stored weapons and ammunition according to the appropriate
regulations and command policies.

b.
Requested ammunition resupply from the S4.

c.
Performed unit-level maintenance on small arms.

d.
Forwarded weapons beyond organizational-repair capabilities to the
support maintenance elements.

TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
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DODDOA 020678
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from Its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke
attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the units preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3.
Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence
requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical
nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area
(AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and
infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3.
Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5.
Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Provide a Field Cable or Wire System (11-5-0121.05-TO1A)
(FM 24-19). (TC 24-20). (TM 11-3895-203-15)
(TM 11-5805-262-12).(TM 11-5805-294-12)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3 4.
5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P.U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The unit receives a fragmentary order (FRAGO) and a briefing on the size and shape of the facility or supported command post (CP), the location of each element, the required instruments, and the installation priority. Digital units have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The internal communications network is set up according to the unit's standing operating procedure (SOP) or the commander's guidance, and is operational by the time specified in the order. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO•GO
*
1. The section leader prepares a telephone cable or wire installation plan.

a.
Selected a wire route (based on a map study) that met the requirements of
the tactical situation and was easy to construct and maintain.

b.
Selected the most direct primary and alternate wire routes after conducting
a ground reconnaissance.

c.
Prepared an interim plan indicating the routes of the wire lines.

d.
Allocated the manpower and materials to accomplish the task.

e.
Prepared a telephone traffic diagram showing the number of telephone
circuits in the communications system.

f.
Prepared a telephone directory according to the signal operation
instructions (S01) or the standing signal instructions (SSI). Included the
names and numbers of the telephone system users.

2. The section installs a telephone switchboard (SB).
a.
Inspected the equipment for accountability and serviceability according to
the packing list and the appropriate technical manual (TM). Used the end­item list if no packing list was available.

b.
Positioned the telephone SB on a flat surface, such as a table, packing box,
or ledge in a foxhole, but not directly on the ground. Used a poncho,
shelter half, or canvas to protect the SB from the elements.

c.
Laid the SB on its side with the nameplate up.

d.
Grounded the equipment using proper grounding techniques according to
the appropriate TM.

e.
Performed SB preoperation procedures according to the appropriate TM.

f.
Labeled the SB according to the traffic diagram.

g.
Connected the local and trunk wire lines.

3. The section installs internal wiring and telephones.
a.
Installed the distribution box.

b.
Tested the field cable or wire before installing.

c.
Laid the field wire and installed telephones according to the priority
established by the communications section leader.

ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES d. Secured the field wire at all the starting points and at any changes of direction to reduce the strain. e. Used proper hardware (anything that did not cut or damage the wire) and ties (basket hitch, loop knot, clove hitch, or drop loop) for hanging tension bridges and securing points. f. Tagged the wire ties. g. Used the terrain and vegetation to enhance concealment. h. Ensured that all overhead wire construction met clearance requirements of at least 5.5 meters above secondary roads and 7.2 meters above primary roads. i. Finished the line route map indicating the routes of wire lines, SBs, switching centrals, and test stations; the number of circuits along a route; and the type of wire construction. GO NO-GO .
4. The section operates the telephone SB. a. Tested the SB to ensure that it was operational. b. Used the turning hand-ringing generator on the telephone (TA 312/PT) to terminate and ring off circuits as they became available to called parties. c. Processed calls. d. Updated the traffic diagram, as required. e. Performed operator preventive-maintenance checks and services (PMCS) on the SB according to the appropriate TM.
5. The section performs PMCS on the field cable or wire lines. a. Maintained a 20-percent slack in the field cable or wire lines. b. Kept all wire splices and cable locks clear of standing water.
TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO" TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO" M TOTAL
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS Task Number. Task Title 052-191-1501.Perform Individual Camouflage
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS Task Number. Task Title 05-4­1005.Perform Preventive-Maintenance Checks and Services (PMCS)
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
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DODDOA 020685

CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the smoke.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of
.
operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Handle Enemy Prisoners of War (EPWs) (19-3-3106.05-TO1A) (FM 3-19.40 (FM 19-40)).(AR 190.8)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3 4.
5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The enemy soldiers surrendered or were captured. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The capturing element takes charge of and evacuates EPWs according to the unit's standing operating procedure (SOP) and the search, silence, segregate, speed, safeguard, and tag (5 Ss and T) method. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission­oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
1. The element searches EPWs.
a.
Removed weapons and documents that had intelligence value.

b.
Returned the personal items of no military intelligence value, such as
protective clothing and equipment.

c.
Furnished receipts to the prisoners for their personal property taken.

2. The element segregates EPWs.
a.
Segregated EPWs by rank, sex, deserters, civilians, nationality, and
ideology, when possible.

b.
Turned the wounded EPWs over to the medical personnel for evacuation


through the medical channels.
3. The element silences EPWs. ..
a.
Prevented the EPW leaders from giving orders.

b.
Prevented EPWs from planning escape.

c.
Did not talk in front of EPWs except to issue orders and maintain discipline.

4. The element safeguards EPWs.
a.
Removed EPWs from the dangers of the battlefield.

b.
Did not allow anyone to abuse EPWs.

c.
Treated EPWs humanely.

5. The element tags EPWs with a Department of Defense (DD) Form 2745.
a.
Annotated the date and time of the capture, the capturing unit, the grid
coordinates of the capture, and the circumstances of the capture.

b.
Attached Part A to EPWs.

c.
Retained Part B for the unit records.

d.
Attached Part C to the property.

6. The element speeds EPWs to the rear.
a.
Notified higher headquarters (HQ) that the company had EPWs.

b.
Removed EPWs rearward to the nearest military police (MP) collecting
point.

c.
Exploited the intelligence information.

TASK PERFORMANCE I EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK
ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 M TOTAL
TOTAL TASK STEPS
EVALUATED
TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO"
TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-
GO"
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS
.
Task Number Task Title
05-21218.Conduct Report Procedures
-
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4. Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1. Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
5 - 335
DODDOA 020692
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes,
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2. Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019) CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-0PFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014) CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
-
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5 OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Unit-Level Maintenance Operations (43-2-0001.05-TO1A) (FM 4-30.3). (AR 220-1). (AR 385-40) (AR 700-138). (AR 750-1). (DA PAM 738-750) (FM 9-43-2)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT:.T.P.U.(Circle) .
CONDITIONS: The element maintenance personnel receive requests to repair the inoperative organic equipment. The element maintenance area is established. The required tools, equipment, and personnel are available. Operators are performing preventive-maintenance checks and services (PMCS) on the equipment. Recovery operations with injured operators on board may be required. The element's tactical standing operating procedure (TACSOP) is available. Element maintenance is a continuous task and is performed simultaneously with other internal support and operational tasks. Digital elements have performed functionality checks, and systems are operational. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: The element's vehicles and equipment are maintained according to the appropriate technical manuals (TMs) and the commander's guidance. Digital elements send and receive reports using frequency-modulated (FM) or digital means. The time required to perform this task is increased when conducting it in mission-oriented protection posture (MOPP) 4.
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
*
1. The element commander directs the element's maintenance program.

a.
Supervised the implementation of the unit's maintenance program for
compliance with the commanders guidance and the TACSOP.

b.
Identified the company operational levels by reviewing the vehicle and
equipment status reports.

c.
Approved the use of controlled exchanges when the required repair parts
were not available.

d.
Approved repairs using the battle damage assessment and repair (BDAR)
procedures when the established repair procedures could not be used.

e.
Checked the material condition status report (MCSR) for accuracy and
completeness.

f.
Identified the current or anticipated maintenance problems to minimize their
impact on the element's readiness.

g.
Coordinated the resolution of maintenance problems with the battalion
maintenance officer (BMO).

h.
Forwarded the MCSR to the BMO.

i.
Conducted periodic inspections of personnel and equipment to ensure that
the safety program was enforced.

*
2. Section leaders supervise operator maintenance.

a.
Monitored PMCS performance for compliance with the appropriate TMs and
the commander's guidance.

b.
Inspected personnel and equipment to ensure compliance with the safety
program.

c.
Coordinated maintenance assistance with the motor sergeant.

d.
Monitored the supply of the repair parts for the platoon's equipment to
..ensure that the repair parts were on order.

e.
Requested approval for the BDAR through the motor sergeant.

TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES
f.
Maintained the maintenance status of vehicles, weapons, and equipment.

g.
Provided input for the MCSR to the commander.

3. Company personnel perform operator maintenance.
a.
Performed PMCS according to the appropriate TMs.

b.
Notified the supervisor of any maintenance problems beyond the operator's capability.

c.
Requested approval for the BDAR through the platoon leader when the established repair procedures could not be used.

d.
Performed the BDAR according to the appropriate BDAR manual.

e.
Assisted the unit's maintenance personnel with the repairs and services.

*
4. The motor sergeant supervises the unit's maintenance personnel.

a.
Organized the element's maintenance personnel to perform element­maintenance activities.

b.
Supervised The Army Maintenance Management System (TAMMS) and the prescribed load list (PLL) procedures for completeness and accuracy.

c.
Supervised the repair and inspection procedures to ensure that they were done safely and according to the appropriate references.

d.
Requested approval for the BDAR from the commander when the established repair procedures could not be used.

e.
Supervised the BDAR procedures to ensure that they were done according to the appropriate BDAR manuals.

f.
Requested approval for controlled exchanges from the commander when the required repair parts were not available.

g.
Supervised the use of controlled exchanges for compliance with the commander's guidance.

h.
Notified the platoon or section leaders upon completion of the repairs.

i.
Supervised the recovery operations to ensure that the correct recovery and safety procedures were used.

j.
Supervised the Army Oil Analysis Program (AOAP) procedures to ensure that the testing of oil samples was done at the required intervals.

k.
Coordinated the maintenance status with the platoon leader.

I.
Provided the unit's maintenance status to the commander.

5. Unit maintenance personnel repair organic equipment.
a.
Diagnosed faults on the inoperative equipment.

b.
Requested the required repair parts from the PLL clerk.

c.
Repaired the equipment according to applicable TMs.

d.
Requested approval for the BDAR through the motor sergeant when the established repair parts were not available.

e.
Performed the BDAR according to the appropriate BDAR manual.

f.
Requested approval for controlled exchanges through the motor sergeant when the required repair parts were not available.

g.
Performed controlled exchanges.

h.
Performed a final inspection to ensure quality control of repairs.

i.
Employed safety procedures to minimize accidents.

6. Unit maintenance personnel conduct transactions with support maintenance.
a.
Identified the category of the repair as direct support or higher.

b.
Corrected unit-level deficiencies.

c.
Prepared the required documentation for submission to support maintenance.

d.
Evacuated the equipment to support maintenance.

e.
Verified the completion of repairs.

f.
Picked up the equipment upon the completion of repairs.

GO NO-GO

ARTEP 5-520-10-MTP
TASK STEPS AND PERFORMANCE MEASURES GO NO-GO
7. Unit maintenance personnel perform administrative-support functions. a. Maintained the PLL. b. Requested repair parts for the element's equipment. c. Turned in unserviceable, repairable items. d. Maintained technical publications on all organic equipment. 8. Unit maintenance personnel recover disabled vehicles. a. Verified the location of the disabled vehicle. b. Identified the best route to the vehicle, given the tactical situation. c. Coordinated the indirect-fire support along the route with the Intelligence Officer (US Army) (S2) and the Operations and Training Officer (US Army) (S3). d. Maintained security while en route to the recovery site. e. Established local security at the recovery site. f. Removed casualties from vehicles. g. Treated casualties. h. Requested medical assistance, if required. i. Evacuated casualties, if required. j. Performed a battle damage assessment to determine if repairs were required. k. Performed repairs and the BDAR on site, if possible. I. Recovered nonrepairable equipment back to the unit's maintenance area according to the established recovery procedures. m. Requested the disposition of unrecoverable equipment from the commander. n. Conducted salvage operations to remove all usable equipment. o. Prepared vehicles for destruction according to the TACSOP.
TASK PERFORMANCE / EVALUATION SUMMARY BLOCK ITERATION 1 2 3 4 5 TOTAL TASK STEPS EVALUATED TOTAL TASK STEPS "GO" TRAINING STATUS "GO"/"NO-GO" M TOTAL
"*" indicates a leader task step.
SUPPORTING INDIVIDUAL TASKS: NONE
SUPPORTING COLLECTIVE TASKS: NONE
OPFOR TASKS AND STANDARDS
TASK: Disrupt a Route Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0021)
5 - 342
DODDOA 020699

CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a route reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt a squad/section conducting a route
reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to
deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from reaching its assigned destination. 4.
Surprises the squad/section. 5. Inflicts casualties on the unit.
TASK: Conduct an Attack (5-OPFOR-0008)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting tactical operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element
receives orders to attack the enemy, the area of occupation, or the main supply route (MSR) with smoke.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts the enemy's movement and smoke operations. 1.
Determines the delivery method of the smoke attack. 2. Locates the target. 3. Delivers the smoke attack downwind. 4. Attacks the enemy with smoke, and surge attacks when the enemy responds to the
smoke.
TASK: Conduct a Raid (5-OPFOR-0004)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has occupied an objective rally point and has orders to conduct a raid on a combat service support (CSS) base.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element infiltrates the enemy's base and destroys all of the targets. 1. Surprises the enemy forces. 2. Assaults the support base and accomplishes the assigned tasks. 3. Destroys the specified equipment and supplies. 4. Avoids being decisively engaged. 5. Withdraws all personnel from the objective areas within the time prescribed. 6. Obtains all priority intelligence requirements (PIR) from the raid site. 7. Sustains only light casualties from enemy fire.
TASK: Conduct an Aerial Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0010)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) headquarters (HQ) element requires intelligence on the locations and identification of enemy elements. An aircraft is dispatched to take photographs and make a visual inspection of the enemy rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element gathers photograph intelligence of the enemy. 1. Photographs the assigned sectors. 2. Makes quick visual checks where the ceiling is low. 3. Locates enemy positions in the area, particularly support and storage bases, and command and control (C2) facilities. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Reports priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other information requirements to the OPFOR HQ.
TASK: Defeat Obstacles (5-OPFOR-0009)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element encounters an obstacle that blocks the avenue of approach as it advances upon the enemy forces.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element bypasses or breaches the enemy obstacle. 1. Detects the obstacle before halting its main body. 2. Defeats the obstacle. a. Bypasses the obstacle without entering the engagement areas. b. Breaches the obstacle within 45 minutes and passes its entire force through the obstacle. 3. Does not incur degradation to the point that the mission must be discontinued.
TASK: Disrupt Construction of Vehicle Fighting Positions (5-OPFOR-0020) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate the enemy is constructing vehicle fighting positions within its defensive area. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt the enemy's efforts to establish vehicle fighting positions. 1. Locates the defensive area. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the defensive area with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts casualties on the unit. 5. Destroys vehicles. 6. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt an Engineer Reconnaissance (5-OPFOR-0022)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting an engineer reconnaissance. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts an engineer reconnaissance. 1. Prevents the unit from meeting its specified time schedule. 2. Forces the unit to deviate from its specified route. 3. Prevents the unit from accomplishing its assigned engineer reconnaissance. 4. Surprises the unit conducting the
reconnaissance.
TASK: Defend a Minefield (5-OPFOR-0023)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting a minefield sweeping operation. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has a minefield placed in the enemy's path. The minefield is under constant observation and fire.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element defends a minefield against an enemy element conducting a minefield sweeping operation. 1. Prevents the unit from detecting the obstacle. 2. Disrupts the minefield sweeping operation. 3. Prevents the unit from conducting the minefield sweeping operation, prevents the unit from moving all personnel through the breach or delays the completion of the minefield sweeping operation for more than 45 minutes.
TASK: Conduct Terrorist and Saboteur Attacks (5-OPFOR-0005)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element dispatches small teams into the enemy's rear area
to disrupt combat service support (CSS) operations.
STANDARD: The enemy sustains disrupted command and control (C2), destroyed equipment and
supplies, and light casualties. 1. Locates rear support bases and C2 facilities. 2. Delays and disrupts
CSS operations through probes. 3. Infiltrates CSS bases to conduct sabotage and terrorist activities. 4.
Inflicts light casualties. 5. Destroys supplies and equipment.
TASK: Conduct Sniper Operations (5-OPFOR-0006)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has assigned snipers (regular or irregular elements) in the enemy's rear area along the main supply route (MSR) and near support sites.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element kills or wounds targets. 1. Sets up a well-concealed location. 2.
Engages vehicle drivers or personnel on foot with short bursts of semiautomatic fire. 3. Kills or wounds
selected targets. 4. Prevents the position from being discovered by enemy forces. 5. Evacuates the
area without being spotted. 6. Reports all specified priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other
intelligence requirements to the OPFOR headquarters (HQ).
TASK: Maintain Contact (5-OPFOR-0003)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is engaged with enemy base defense forces. The enemy forces are withdrawing under pressure.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element maintains enemy contact while the enemy withdraws. 1. Engages the enemy forces decisively. 2. Advances the OPFOR as the enemy forces withdraw. 3. Inflicts heavy casualties. 4. Captures the members of the enemy force. 5. Captures documents and equipment. 6. Safeguards captured documents, equipment, and personnel.
TASK: Conduct an Ambush (5-OPFOR-0007)
CONDITION: The enemy is moving in a convoy. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element is positioned along the enemy's route.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element inflicts casualties on the enemy and causes vehicle and equipment damage. 1. Prepares an ambush site before the element arrives. 2. Surprises march element forces.
3. Inflicts heavy casualties within the designated kill zone. 4. Inflicts heavy damage to vehicles and equipment within the designated kill zone. 5. Delays the march element from reaching a specified destination for a specified period of time. 6. Withdraws on order. 7. Sustains no casualties. 8. Reports actions to superiors.
TASK: Surrender to the Capturing Unit on the Battlefield (5-OPFOR-0024)
CONDITION: The enemy has captured the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's soldiers, documents, and equipment sensitive to the OPFOR tactical operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR soldiers retain or destroy documents and equipment. The OPFOR element surrenders documents and equipment of no tactical use to the enemy and attempts to conceal or destroy items of tactical value. The OPFOR element attempts escape and evasion. 1. Prevents the successful capture of documents and equipment. 2. Destroys documents and equipment. 3. Removes identifying markings from equipment. 4. Removes unit-identifying insignia. 5. Provides misleading information. 6. Plans an escape. 7. Delays movement to the nearest collection point. 8. Prevents safeguarding of enemy prisoners of war (EPWs) in order to cause embarrassment to the United States (US).
TASK: Disrupt a Net Control Station (NCS) (5-OPFOR-0019)
CONDITION: The enemy has established a NCS. The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has radio and jamming equipment.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to disrupt an NCS. 1. Attempts to locate the radio frequency that the unit is operating on. 2. Attempts to enter the radio net. 3. Attempts to issue "bogus" orders to a unit on the net. 4. Jams the radio frequency and forces the unit to go to an alternate frequency.
TASK: Disrupt Defensive Preparations (5-OPFOR-0018)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements obtained by OPFOR patrols indicate that the enemy elements are establishing defensive positions. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts and delays the enemy's defensive preparations. 1. Locates and penetrates the enemy's security system. 2. Forces the enemy to delay defensive preparations. 3. Disrupts the enemy's obstacle preparations.
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Tactical Nuclear Weapons (5-OPFOR-0016) CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. Tactical nuclear weapons are employed against key locations in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations. 1. Disrupts or delays the movement of the enemy's equipment and supplies to the forward areas. 2. Destroys enemy equipment and supplies. 3. Inflicts a high rate of nuclear casualties among the enemy forces. 4. Denies the enemy the use of specified areas. 5. Contaminates the enemy's equipment and supplies.
TASK: Disrupt Quartering Party Operations (5-OPFOR-0017)
CONDITION: The enemy is conducting quartering party operations. It has established an assembly area (AA) but has not moved in the main body.
STANDARD: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element attempts to disrupt quartering party operations and infiltrate the enemy's AA. 1. Locates the quartering party and the AA. 2. Surprises the main body. 3. Penetrates the AA with squad-size probes. 4. Inflicts personnel casualties and vehicle damage. 5. Disrupts the unit's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the unit's allotted time).
TASK: Disrupt Enemy Movement and Operations Using Persistent and Nonpersistent Chemical Weapons (5-OPFOR-0015)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. Priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR units deliver chemical agents, by means of conventional artillery weapons or aircraft, along selected supply routes and key bases in the rear area.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element disrupts enemy movement and operations using persistent and nonpersistent chemical weapons. 1. Delivers chemical agents in low and densely wooded areas. 2. Delays the movement of enemy supplies and equipment to the forward areas. 3. Restricts the movement of the enemy units in the rear area. 4. Channels the movement of enemy units into .• predesignated ambush areas. 5. Contaminates enemy supplies and equipment. 6. Inflicts a high rate of casualties on enemy forces.
TASK: Disrupt Movement (5-OPFOR-0014)
CONDITION: The enemy is expected to move through the opposing forces (OPFOR) element's area of operations. The OPFOR element has received an operation order (OPORD) or fragmentary order (FRAGO) to disrupt enemy movement. The enemy has the capability to defend with direct fire and antiarmor weapons.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays enemy movement. 1. Delays the element. 2. Forces the element to deviate from its route. 3. Prevents the element from reaching its destination. 4. Surprises the element's main body.
TASK: Counter Passage of Lines (5-OPFOR-0012)
CONDITION: Enemy forces are in defensive positions, but they are expected to attempt passage-of-lines operations. The opposing forces (OPFOR) received orders to disrupt enemy passage-of-lines operations.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element delays or prevents enemy passage of lines. 1. Delays the passage.
2. Prevents the company from moving all personnel through the stationary unit. 3. Engages the main body of either the moving or the stationary unit.
TASK: Disrupt Assembly Area (AA) Activities (5-OPFOR-0013)
CONDITION: Intelligence reports indicate that platoon- and company-size enemy units are operating in the opposing forces (OPFOR) area of operations. Enemy units can defend from AAs with direct fire, antiarmor weapons, and indirect fire. The enemy has close air support (CAS) and nuclear, biological, and chemical (NBC) capabilities.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element locates and disrupts the enemy's AA activities. 1. Locates the element's AA. 2. Probes the AA with squad- or team-size elements. 3. Inflicts more than 5 percent casualties on the element. 4. Disrupts the element's preparations (prevents or delays beyond the element's allotted time).
TASK: Attack (5-OPFOR-0001)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element has located the enemy. The priority intelligence requirements (PIR) and other intelligence requirements have been obtained by OPFOR patrols. The OPFOR element has automatic and antiarmor weapons and light mortars.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to seize the terrain, vehicles, or equipment. 1. Develops an attack plan. 2. Surprises the enemy unit's main body. 3. Initiates the attack using a scheme of maneuver that exploits the enemy's flanks, gaps, and weaknesses. 4. Uses covered and concealed routes to approach the enemy forces' flanks, gaps, or weakly held areas. 5. Employs indirect fire to support the attack. 6. Penetrates enemy defenses. 7. Destroys equipment and supplies. 8. Inflicts heavy casualties. 9. Isolates the combat service support (CSS) base by blocking reinforcements. 10. Forces enemy units to displace. 11. Avoids being fixed in one position. 12. Withdraws before the CSS base is reinforced with tactical combat forces.
TASK: Conduct Air Attacks (5-OPFOR-0002)
CONDITION: The opposing forces (OPFOR) element in the rear area has forwarded the positions of the enemy support sites or the locations of moving elements. The OPFOR aircraft have been dispatched to attack enemy installations or convoys.
STANDARD: The OPFOR element attempts to delay, disrupt, or damage the enemy targets by air. 1. Locates the target (support sites or convoys). 2. Makes attack runs on the designated targets. 3. Inflicts heavy damage to the selected target. 4. Sustains no loss of aircraft. 5. Delays moving the force for more than one hour.
ELEMENTS: Team Team LC Quarry
TASK: Conduct Quality Control Operations (05-1-0719) (DA PAM 738-750).(FM 5-412)
ITERATION:. 1.2.3.4.5.M.(Circle)
COMMANDER/LEADER ASSESSMENT: .T P U.(Circle)
CONDITIONS: The battalion has established quality control procedures for construction projects. Units of the battalion are accomplishing construction projects and are subject to announced or unannounced inspections. Some iterations of this task should be performed in MOPP4.
TASK STANDARDS: Battalion compliance with its established quality control procedures is ensured. Inspections include recommendations for corrective action and timely follow-up to ensure compliance. No projects are delayed or rejected because of inadequate quality control measures. The time require