Army Presentation re: Detention Operations for Collection and Handling of Detainees

<p>Army Presentation re: Detention Operations for Collection and Handling of Detainees. Also gives &quot;Issues,&quot; or problems within detainee operations, including &quot;excessive detention period at BCTs,&quot; &quot;All evidence not transported with detainee,&quot; and &quot;Incomplete coalition capture forms/statements&quot;</p>

Tuesday, April 5, 2005

Agenda, -Overview -Definitions -References -Property accountability -Use of force -Back-haul operations -Release process (Division level) 002047 1 Jong TFIH Security Internee Operations 1 BCI - 2 BCT • 3 BC11 '173 BCT . Collection Collection Collect) n ' Collection Point Point Point Point -24 hour advance notice from BCT Collection Points -Transportation Is METT-17/Div MP PIU lx per week 01111••¦•=11111¦ -Not to exceed 14 days -BCT CDR determines release/ movement to DCCPIX-for to IZ police -Battalion collection points not authorized (24 hr trans hold) -41D CoS dotermlnos release/ movement to CHA -No direct drop off from capturing unit TFIH Security Internee Operations 1 BCT 2 BCT 3 BCT 173 BCT Collection Collection Collection Colliti lon Point Point Point Poi t -24 hour advance notice from BCT -Transportation Is METT-T g •tr..4 ditsu,.F4i0, PPS, VAntbiViriON.A4-.4„..,_, 4,, ,,,t ,.4, , . ,,•.,•., ' l q, ,PON'iitr.• i- Ov0-1,..;r P roo•T4 ' ' a . 9. '1 t' ANIN (40) hg..14:'44 ¦;".44e,A; -.0.IA,;.4.s .si.04,.p,it ME" -BCT CDR determines release/ movement to DCCP UMW -4ID CoS determines roloaso/ movement to CHA 111111111. 2 002048 DOD 001007 Detainee Information Flow/Feedback — Request for release feedback loop Intel feedback loop — Feedback loop currently non-existent 002049 3 IT" •6111ANYZ I WILIArKtmirg , 4, • Definitions-(General) CI CIVILIAN INTERNEE-A person who is Interned during armed conflict or occupation If he/she Is considered a security risk, needs protection or has committed an offense (insurgent or criminal) against the detaining power. A civilian internee Is protected according to Geneva convention IV (protection of civilian persons in time of war). CRIMINAL DETAINEE-A person detained because he/she is reasonably suspected of having committed a crime against Iraqi nationals of Iraqi property of a crime related to the coalition force mission. SECURITEE INTERNEE-A civilian interned during conflict or occupation for their own protection or because they pose a threat to the security of coalition forces, its mission, or are of intelligence value. This includes persons detained for committing offenses (including attempts) against coalition forces (or previous coalition forces) members of the provisional government, NGOs, state infrastructure or any person accused of committing war crimes or crimes against humanity. Certain security Internees may also be classified as a high value detainee (HVD). HIGH VALUE DETAINEE-Are security internees of significant intelligence or political value. EPW- A member of armed or uniformed security forces that conform to the requirements of article 4, Geneva convention relating to treatment of prisoners of war. 002050 4 Definitions-(Security Internee Sub-Categories) CATEGORY A - High level EPW/Detalned Persons/Civilian Internees, including black list individuals, suspected war criminals, and violators of UN resolutions whose broad or specific knowledge makes It necessary for them to be questioned without delay by specially qualified interrogators or de-briefer. This category requires multiple Interrogations and/or debriefings a mobile interrogation team (MIT) from the Iraqi survey group (ISG), comprised of specially qualified interrogators and/or de-briefer, and possibly technical exports should be dispatched to the location of category a EPW/ Detained Persons/Civilian internees. Immediately transfer category A personnel to the task force central collection point (TFCCP) CATEGORY Al — Mid-level EPW/Detained Persons/Civilian Internees, including gray list individuals, whose broad or specific knowledge of regional and national level ba'ath party and fodayeon activities, leadership and cell structure, identities of members, recruiting, Intelligence capabilities, financing, training, planning, communications and/or locations, makes It necessary for them to be questioned without delay by operationally focused Interrogators. Also includes persons suspected of affiliation with terrorist organizations, foreign Intelligence services and foreign fighters. Transfer category Al personnel to the TFCCP immediately so that they may be processed and transported to the coalition interrogation facility via Baghdad International Airport (BIAP) within 24 hours of categorization. Definitions-(Security Internee Sub-Categories) CATEGORY B-Non-mid/high level EPW/Detained Persons/Civilian Internees who have enough Information on any subject of intelligence value, Including information of Immediate tactical value, to warrant a follow-on Interrogation or debriefing. Transfer category B personnel to the CIF NLT 72 hours after categorization. CATEGORY C— EPW or other detainees who have only information of immediate tactical value and do not warrant further questioning. CATEGORY 0— EPW or other detainees who have no information of intelligence value. 5 002051 DOD 001010 Task Force Iron horse Division Central Control Point Glossary • DCCP: Division Central Collection Point • CI: Civilian Internee • CD: Civilian Detainee • SI: Security Internee • HVD: High Value Detainee • EPW: Enemy Prisoner of War • DP: Detained Persons • RP: Retained Persons • TCN: Third Country National .4. 'I • Task Force Iron horse Division Central Control Point Glossary Irl, • CHA: Corps Holding Area • PAO: Public Affairs Office • SJA: Staff Judge Advocate • PSYOP: Psychological Operations • CA: Civil Affairs • HN: Host Nation • IFRC: international Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies • IHO: International Humanitarian Organization • IG: Inspector General 6 002052 . s$210M6431650VOMIZ Task Force Iron horse Division Central Control Point References • The Hague Regulations 1907 • Geneva Hague Conventions 1949 • UN Security Council Regulation 1483 • AR 190-8 Enemy Prisoners of War • AR 190-47 Tho Army Corrections System • AR 195-2 Criminal Investigations Command • FM 3-19-40 Military Police Internment-Resettlement Operations • FM 19-10 Military Police Law and Order Operations • FM 19.15 Civil Disturbances 002053 Task Force Iron horse Division Central Control Point References • FM 19-20 Law Enforcement Investigations • FM 21-10 Field Hygiene and Sanitation • STP 19-95B1-SM Soldiers Manual MOS 95B Military Police Skill Level 1 • Coalition Provisional Authority Forces Apprehension Form • DA Form 2823 Sworn Statement • DA Form 4137 Evidence/Property Custody Document • DD Form 2745 Capture Tag • DD Form 629 Receipt for Prisoner or Detained Person • FBI Form FD-249 Arrest and Institutional Fingerprint Card 8 002054 Task Force Ironhorse Division Central Control Point PROPERTY DURING IN-PROCESSING Account for each captive .and his/her equipment when they arrive at the CP: • Inventory and record property (in the presence of EPWs) brought from temporary property storage areas. • Make separate, lists for returned, stored, impounded, and confiscated property. • List property to be returned to EPWs or stored during Internment on a separate list. • Provide receipts for property placed in temporary storage. • Provide receipts for money placed in EPW accounts (AR 190-8 and DFAS-IN 37-1). Task Force Ironhorso Division Central Control Point PROPERTY DURING IN-PROCESSING • Return retained property that was taken from the EPW at Station 1 of In-processing. • Supervise the movement of EPWs throughout in-processing. • Maintain control and accountability until EPWs are received by the serving power or designated protecting power. • Have MI sign for property on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708 • Return confiscated property to supply/storage area after It is cleared by MI teams • Evacuate retained Items with the captive when he/she moves to the next level of Internment. 9 002055 Task Force ironhorse Division Central Control Point Control and Accountability • Maintain a manifest that contains the- • Name • Rank/status • ISN • Power served/nationality • Physical condition • NOTE: A manifest is used as an official receipt of transfer and becomes a permanent record to ensure accountability of each EPW until his/her final release. Task Force ironhorse Division Central Control Point Control and Accountability • Records • Ensure the copies of appropriate personnel, finance; and medical records accompany released and repatriated EPWs. • Transfer the records to the designated official receiving EPWs. • Ensure that confiscated personal property (that can be released) accompanies released and repatriated EPWs. • Conduct an inventory and identity discrepancies. • Ensure that EPWs sign property receipts. 00205.6 Task Force ironhorse Division Central Control Point • Retained Items: Captive is allowed to keep certain items during his/her captivity. Generally two groups, these lists are not all Inclusive. • Group 1 • Military mess equipment (except knives and forks). • Helmet • Protective clothing and equipment for use during evacuation from the CZ • Personal clothing if detainee uniforms are not available • Badges of rank and nationality • ID cards and tags • Rations (in tho early stages of captivity). • Group 2 • Religious literature (within reason) • Personal Items having no intelligence value (Jewelry and pictures) Task Force lronhorse Division Central Control Point • Impounded Items: A captive is not allowed to keep impounded items during his/her internment. • Cameras • Radios • Currency • Negotiable Instruments. • Confiscated Items: The following items are confiscated when searching a captive. • Weapons • Ammunition • Items of Intelligence value (maps and orders). • Other inappropriate Items. 11 002057 Task Force Ironhorse Division Central Control Point 01 USE OF FORCE LEVELS OF FORCE • 1st: Verbal Persuasion • rd: Show of Force • 3rd: Chemical Spray (Guard Must Bo Certified To Use) • 4th: Use of Physical Force (I.E. Restraints, Riot Batons, Tasers) • 5th: Presontation Of Deadly Force • 6th: Deadly Force 12 002058 Task Forco Ironhorso Division Central Control Point USE OF FORCE Deadly Force causes death or serious bodily harm. Deadly Force is authorized for the following reasons only: • Self-Defense And Defense Of Others • Protection Of Assess Involving National Security • Protection Of As .sets Dangerous To Others • Serious Offenses Against Persons • Escapes (Guard Must Command Halt three (3) Times In the Detainees Native Language) breaching outer perimeter of compound Task Force Ironhorse Division Central Control Point USE OF FORCE JAW with TF IH Frago 1291 (Detainee Operations) detention Officials will handle all prisoners with the minimum amount of force necessary as required by the situation. Use of deadly force against unarmed prisoners is authorized only in cases when the following situations apply: • US/Coalition Forces Are At Risk Of Loss Of Life • Other Prisoners Are At risk Of Loss Of Life • Escape Is Apparent 13 002050 Task Force Ironhorse Division Central Control Point Back-haul Operations • The DCCP will back-haul detainees from the BCPs to the DCCP on a weekly basis withtho exception of 1 BCT duo to their closo proximity to FOB ironhorse , • CORPS will back-haul detainees from tho DCCP on a weekly basis • The scheduio for back-haul is 12a.y.' Unit ResponsIblo.Pick-up location Monday.DCCP...173RD ABN Wednesday.DCCP.. VD / 3RD BCT Friday.CORPS.DCCP • Units need to be prepared to roport the numbor of dotalnoos expected to be ready for transfer the day prior to transferring detainees 14 002060 Task Force Ironhorse Division Contra! Control Point Back-haul Operations • Detainees may be transferred by respective units to the DCCP provided prior coordination is made with the PM0 (534-8003) at least 24 hours prior to transfer • Detainees will be transferred with all personal property recorded on a DA 4137. All personal property will accompany the detainee when transferred unless It requires special handling (vehicles, explosives, largo equipment, ect). Property not transferred with the detainee will be photographed with a copy attached to the detainees packet • Detainees will be transferred with CPA form, witness statements, screening paperwork, medical screenings, photograph, and all related paperwork • No detainees in U.S custody will be transferred to the control of another coalition forco nation without U.S. Secretary of Defense approval Task Force Ironhorse Division Central Control Point Back-haul Operations • Detainees being released will be released in cities from their respective provinces as close to their home as possible • Detainees being transferred to IZ police will be delivered to police stations nearest their home 15 002061 ::044.66YA Task Force Ironhorse Division Central Control Point Release Process at the DCCP Detainee is recommended for release (410 Chiof of Staff is the release authority for the DCCP) I BCT S-2 Is notified by email BCT CDR, XO or S-3 have the option to concur or non-concur with the recommendation I I BCT non concurs Detainee is released to their Unit provides documentation provincial area on the next to substantiate continued available day the DCCP is detention of the detainee going there • A request will be sent to the unit 3 times per detainee no less than 48 hours apart. After a negative response from the unit the packet will be returned to the CoS for recommendation 16 002062 Issues -Excessive detention period at BCTs -All evidence not transported with detainee -Detention facilities not operating IAW AR 190-8 -Improper property accountability -Incomplete coalition capture forms/statements -Back-haul from BCTs not properly coordianted -Release feedback takes to Ing from BCTs 17 002063 090( ci DOD 001022