Army Memo re: Interrogation Facilities Inspection Report - Findings and Recommendations

This report provides Commanding General with report of investigations conducted in July 2004. It finds that the inspection area contains overlapping checklist items from the other four inspection areas and that the facilities inspected did not violate criteria established for operating the facilities. It recommends numerous improvements, but is generally favorable to the training soldiers receive; the facilities; and the treatment of detainees.

Doc_type: 
Non-legal Memo
Doc_date: 
Thursday, July 22, 2004
Doc_rel_date: 
Sunday, October 30, 2005
Doc_text: 

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
HEADQUARTERS, 1ST CAVALRY DIVISION APO, AE 09344
ABLY TO
ATTENTION OF

FIVA-IG (20-1) 22 July 2004
MEMORANDUM FOR COMMANDING GENERAL, 1 51 CAVALRY DIVISION
SUBJECT: Inspector General's Brigade and Division Interrogation Facilities Inspection Report
of Findings and Recommendations _

1. PURPOSE. To provide the Commanding General (CG), 1 st Cavalry Division (1CD), a report of the Inspector General's findings and recommendation pertaining to the July 2004 inspection of the Division's Brigade Interrogation Facilities (BIFs) and Division Interrogation Facility
(DIF).
2.
REFERENCES. No change.

3.
BACKGROUND. No change.

4.
METHODOLOGY. Inspections .for the month of July 2004 were a combination of announced inspections by a DoDIG Inspection Team, 2-4 July 2004, and unannounced inspections by the 1CD Inspection Team, 17-18 July 2004. The DoDIG Team inspected the DIF, 1BCT, 2BCT, and 5BCT. The 1CD Team inspected 3BCT and 39BCT.

5.
SCOPE. No change.

6.
FINDINGS.

a. Objectives.
(1)
Assess BIF and DIF operations' compliance and adherence to standards defined in the 1CD A&D SOP, version 5.

(2)
Identify areas of non-compliance and systemic issues and recommend corrective measures.

b.
Inspection Focus Areas (Staff Proponent).

(1)
Staff Lead (IG).

FOR 0 IAL USE ONLY
This docummontains information
ut
Dissemin i n is prohibited

EXEMPT F M MANDATORY
except as horized by
DISCLOS under the FOIA.
AR 20- .
Exemptiom5, 6, & 7 apply.
3704
SUBJECT: Inspector General's Brigade and Division Interrogation Facilities Inspection Report of Findings and Recommendations
(2) Medical and Environmental (Division Surgeon). Inspection included nineteen
checklist items.

items. (3) Interrogation and Counter Resistance (G2X). Inspection included fifteen checklist
(4)
BIF and DIF Operations (PM). Inspection included sixty-nine checklist items.

(5)
Evidence and Legal Process (SJA). Inspection involved ten checklist items.

(6)
Safety (Safety). Inspection involved standards derived from the Occupational Safety and Health Standards 29 CFR 1910.

c.
Standard. 1 CD Apprehension and Detention SOP, version 5.

d.
Inspection Results. The results annotated in this report only include those results for
3BCT and 39BCT.

• (1) Medical and Environmental findings. 2 of 2 facilities inspected did not violate shut­down criteria. 1 of 2 facilities inspected received all "GOs" on checklist items. Detailed findings listed in Enclosure 2.
(2)
Interrogations and Counter Resistance Findings. 2 of 2 facilities inspected did not violate shut-down criteria. 2 of 2 facilities inspected received all "GOs" on checklist items. Detailed findings listed in Enclosure 3.

(3)
BIF and DIF Operations Findings. 2 of 2 facilities inspected did not violate shut­down criteria. 0 of 2 facilities inspected received all "GOs" on checklist items. Detailed findings listed in Enclosure 4.

(4)
Evidence and Legal Process Findings. 2 of 2 facilities inspected did not violate shut­down criteria. 1 of 2 facilities inspected received all "GOs" on checklist items. Detailed findings listed in Enclosure 5.

(5)
Safety Findings. Most common deficiency: Electrical safety stemming from exposed wiring and routing of electrical lines. Detailed findings listed in Enclosure 6.

FOR OFF I AL USE ONLY
2 This document co ins information
Disseminat is prohibited
EXEMPT FRO NDATORY

except as a orized by
DISCLOSURE der the FOIA.

AR 2 0 - 1 .
Exemptions , 6, & 7

apply.
DA IG
3795

(6)
The 1CD IG conducted interviews with detainees at all facilities. At all locations, detainees stated they were treated fairly and humanely. The detainees also stated they were receiving adequate food, water and medical treatment.

(7)
MNC-I IG visited the DIF, 1BCT, and 39BCT during July 2004. MNC-I IG has stated that 1CD facilities are in compliance with standards.

7. RECOMMENDATIONS (Staff Lead).
a.
The CG, 1 CD, approve these findings.

b.
The IG continue the BIF and DIF inspection program and to provide feedback via a monthly written report to the CG, 1CD.

c.
Subsequent monthly inspections be further tailored to inspect two (2) of the five (5) specific areas. Each subsequent month's inspections will include the IG and the 31 E representative. One (1) each of the following safety, interrogations, legal, and medical will rotate on a quarterly basis beginning with the August inspection. (IG)

d.
Continue to monitor implementation of last month's recommendations. (IG)

8.
CONCLUSION. 1CD continues to treat all detainees within the BIFs and DIF with dignity and respect.

9.
Point of contact for this inspection is MAJ

6 Encls rMtItt4U,
1.
Month to Month ComparisonmMAJ, IG

2.
Medical and Environmental FindingsmInspector General

3.
Interrogation and Counter Resistance Findings

4.
BIF and DIF Operations Findings

5.
Evidence and Legal Process Findings

6.
Safety Finding

FOR OFF AL USE ONLY This document cont information Disseminat is prohibited EXEMPT FROM DATORY except as a orized by DISCLOSURE un r he FOIA.
AR 20-1. Exemptions 5, 6, & 7
apply.
379 6
Enclosure 2 (Medical and Environmental Findings) to Inspector General's Brigade and Division Interrogation Facilities Inspection Report of Findings and Recommendations
1. Findings. 2 of 2 facilities inspected did not violate shut-down criteria.
1 of 2 facilitiesinspected received all "GOs" on checklist items.
2. Objectives.
a.
Assess BIF and DIF operations' compliance and adherence to standards defined in the 1CD A&D SOP, version 5.

b.
Identify areas of non-compliance and systemic issues and recommend corrective measures.

3.
Standard. 1 CD Apprehension and Detention SOP, version 5.

4.
Inspection Results.

a. 3BCT.
(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 16 of 19 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteriaviolated.

(b)
Latrine and shower areas needed to be cleaned and sanitized. It appeared as if the two

facilities had not been cleaned for several days. The inspector pointed this out to the NCOIC forimmediate correction.
(c)
Overhead cover is still under contract. As of the writing of this report, renovation to the facility in regards to the overhead cover had begun. Two swamp coolers that have been on order have been received by the unit and are in place at the facility.

(2)
Recommendation. Medical documentation and screening need to be reviewed by BCT Surgeon and improved to meet minimum standard IAW 1CD A&D SOP, version 5.

b.
39BCT.

(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 19 of 19 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteria

violated.
(b) The facility met the public health and sanitation requirements. The facility provided adequate drinking water and living space protected from the environment.
FOR OFF IAL USE ONLY
Dissemina n is prohibited except as a orized by AR 20-1. 1 This document o tains information EXEMPT FR MANDATORY DISCLOS der the FOIA.
Exemptionsm6, & 7apply.
DA IG

3797

Enclosure 2 (Medical and Environmental Findings) to Inspector General's Brigade and Division Interrogation Facilities Inspection Report of Findings and Recommendations
(c)
Facility keeps a medic on site 24/7. Medical documentation and screening processes were by far, the best during this inspection period. Daily sick call being conducted by CHCP.

(2)
Recommendation. Maintain all current processes in regards to providing drinking water, and protected living space.

FOR OF AL USE ONLY This document c tains information
Dissemina n is prohibited EXEMPT FRO MANDATORY
except as a horized by DISCLOSURE er the FOIA.
AR 20 -1. Exemptions ,m6, , & 7
apply.

Enclosure 3 (Interrogation and Counter Resistance Findings) to Inspector General's Brigade and Division Interrogation Facilities Inspection Report of Findings and Recommendations
1.
Findings. Interrogations and Counter Resistance Findings. 2 of 2 facilities inspected did not violate shut-down criteria. 2 of 2 facilities inspected received all "GOs" on checklist items.

2.
Objectives.

a.
Assess BIF and DIF operations' compliance and adherence to standards defined in the 1CD A&D SOP, version 5.

b.
Identify areas of non-compliance and systemic issues and recommend corrective measures.

3.
Standard. 1 CD Apprehension and Detention SOP, version 5.

4.
Inspection Results.

a. 3 BCT. 1CD.
(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 15 of 15 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shutdown criteria violated.

(b)
All interrogators knowledge of 1CD Interrogation and Counter-Resistance policy was excellent to even the lowest level.

(c)
Comprehensive Summary Interrogation Reports are kept on file.

(d)
Ability to video tape interrogations is an advantage

(2)
Recommendations. Remind the BCT Surgeon of the necessity of immediate thorough

medical screening during in processing of the BIF. Ensure all detainee packet paperwork is consolidated in one packet.
b. 39th BCT BIF.
(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 15 of 15 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteria violated.

FOR OF I IAL USE ONLY Dissemin t n is prohibited EXEMPT F 'MANDATORY except as thorized by DISCLOS under the FOIA. AR 20- . Exemption 5, 6, & 7
apply.
i This documen ntains information
Enclosure 3 (Interrogation and Counter Resistance Findings) to Inspector General's Brigade and Division Interrogation Facilities Inspection Report of Findings and Recommendations
(b)
All interrogators knowledge of 1 CD Interrogation and counter-Resistance policy was excellent to even the lowest level.

(c)
Comprehensive Summary Interrogation Reports are kept on file.

(d)
Senior interrogators' knowledge of interrogation operations excellent.

(2)
Recommendations. There needs to be a place that interrogators can have to lock up and use video surveillance equipment.

FOR OFF IAL USE ONLY
2 This document ntains information Dissemina i n is prohibited
EXEMPT FR MANDATORY
except as horized by
D1SCLOS under the FOIA.
AR 20-
Exemptions , 6, & 7
apply.

1. Findings. 6 of 6 facilities inspected did not violate shut-down criteria.
0 of 6 facilities
inspected received all "GOs" on checklist items. Evidentiary procedures still continue to be the
area of greatest concern.

2. Objectives.
a.
Assess BIF and DIF operations' compliance and adherence to standards defined in the
1CD A&D SOP, version 5.

b.
Identify areas of non-compliance and systemic issues and recommend corrective measures.

3.
Standard. 1CD Apprehension and Detention SOP, version 5.

4.
Inspection Results.

a. 3BCT.
(1) Findings.
(a)The facility received 62 of 69 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteria
violated. This inspection area contains overlapping checklist items from the other four
inspection areas. Only those new findings will be addressed in this section.

(b)Emergency procedures are in place but need to be practiced. Need protective area for
detainees and guards.
(c) Need additional guards if detainees have to be escorted outside of the facility.
(d)No weapon's clearing barrel or procedures' signs at the facility. guard. (e) Meals, water, showers and other items not documented on a log book for cellblock
(f)
No shower shoes available for detainees

(2)
Recommendations.

(a)
Implement (crawl, walk and run phase). Conduct frequent drills to ensure all personnel are aware of their responsibilities during emergencies. Protective barriers are on order.

(b)Construct clearing barrel and emplace with procedures' signs.
il

FOR OFFI AL USE ONLY
This document co ins information
Disseminati is prohibited

EXEMPT FRO ANDATORY
except as a t orized by

DISCLOSURE er the FOIA.
AR 20-1.
Exemptions.

6, & 7

apply.
DA IG
b. 39BCT.
(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 61 of 69 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteria
violated. This inspection area contains overlapping checklist items from the other four
inspection areas. Only those new findings will be addressed in this section.

(b)
Main entrance, Tower guard, Cellblock guard, have no use of force SOP's.

(c)
No computer/printer for evidence room. No SIPR for MI to submit reports. DNVT line goes out occasionally.

(d)
No clearing procedures at Main Vehicle Entrance Gate.

(e)
New guards on detail that have not received 31E MIT training.

(2)
Recommendations.

(a)
Ensure that an updated SOP is at each post which describes the duties and responsibilities and the RUF/ROE from the 1 st CD A and D SOP.

(b)
Order needed communication equipment.

(c)
Post weapons clearing procedures at Main Vehicle Entrance Gate.

(d)
Need to post necessary signs around the entire facility.

(e)
New guards need to review training packets left behind by the 31 E NITT before working at the facility. New guards need to right seat ride with experienced guards prior to assuming duties.

FOR OFFI USE ONLY
2 This documen ntains information
Disseminatims prohibited
EXEMPT F M MANDATORY
except as amrized by DISCLOS under the FOIA.
AR 20-1.
Exemptions 5, 6, & 7 apply.
38 0 2

DA IG
Enclosure 5 (Evidence and Legal Process Findings) to Inspector General's Brigade and
Division Interrogation Facilities Inspection Report of Findings and Recommendations

1. Findings. 2 of 2 facilities inspected did not violate shut-down criteria.
1 of 2 facilities
inspected received all "GOs" on checklist items.

2. Objectives.
a.
Assess BIF and DIF operations' compliance and adherence to standards defined in the
1CD A&D SOP, version 5.

b.
Identify areas of non-compliance and systemic issues and recommend corrective measures.

3.
Standard. 1CD Apprehension and Detention SOP, version 5.

4.
Inspection Results.

a. 3BCT.
(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 9 of 10 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteria
violated.

(b)
The area receiving not receiving a "GO" during this inspection period was the lack of
giving the detainees receipts for their property.

(2)
Recommendations.

(a)
Maintain current practices; however, the unit must ensure that receipts are given to the detainees for their property.

b.
39BCT.

(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 10 of 10 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteria violated.

(b)
Great looking evidence room.

(c)
There is a sign posted in each cell stating that copies of the GC III and IV are available to the detainees if they request it. It also states that an Iraqi translator and the SJA's office will assist them in translating/explaining it if necessary.

FOR OFF IAL USE ONLY
1 This document c imins information
Dissemina n is prohibited
EXEMPT FRO ANDATORY
except as orized by DISCLOS u der the FO1A.
AR 20-1 Exempt ions 5 6, & 7 apply .
DA IG
3 8 p3
'
(d)
Copies of the camp rules were posted in Arabic and English. Each detainee reads them
out loud as part of the in-process.

(e)
Each guard and interrogator carries with him/her a copy of the Rules of Force.

(2)
Recommendations. Maintain all current processes.

1.
Findings. Most common deficiency: Electrical safety stemming from exposed wiring and routing of electrical lines.

2.
Objectives.

! I
FOR OFFt AL USE ONLY
2 . This document c ins information
Dissemina o is prohibited EXEMPT FRO MANDATORYexcept as a orized by DISCLOSURE der the FOIA.
AR 20-1
Exemptions 5 6, & 7
apply.

3 8k) 4

a.
Assess BIF and DIF operations' compliance and adherence to standards defined in the
ICD A&D SOP, version 5.

b.
Identify areas of non-compliance and systemic issues and recommend corrective measures.

3. Standard.
a.
1 CD Apprehension and Detention SOP, version 5.

b.
AR 385-10, Army Safety Program

c.
29 CFR 1910, Occupational Safety and Health Standards

4. Inspection Results.
a. 3BCT.

(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 40 of 43 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteria violated.

(b)
Unprotected power cables hanging on fence and wire cage. If power cable insulation is broken, electricity can transfer to the fence or cage producing an electrocution hazard.

(c)
Commo wire used as electrical conductor to operate a light in the toilet.

(d)
Food products and eating utensils stored in the same location with hazardous materials (gun lubricant, liquid cleaning products, hydraulic fluid).

(2)
Recommendations.

(a)Remove electrical wires from fences and wire cages. Provide conduit for power cable protection.
(b)
Use only authorized electrical wire to provide electricity for lights and other appliances. Remove all commo wire that is used for electricity.

(c)
Protect all electrical cables from damage.

t

FOR OF 1AL USE ONLY
2 This document tains information

Dissemin ' n is prohibited
EXEMPT FR MANDATORY

except as thorized by
DISCLOS nder the FOIA.

AR 2 0 -
. Exemption 5, 6, & 7

apply.
3805

(d)
Separate food, food products and eating utensils from hazardous substances. Store in separate lockers or storage cabinets.

(e)
Provide adequate storage area for equipments, cleaning materials and food.

(f)
Ensure there are sufficient quantities of fire extinguishers available and personnel areproperly trained to use them.

b.
39BCT.

(1)
Findings.

(a)
The facility received 41 of 43 "GOs" in this inspection area. No shut-down criteria
violated.

(b)
Exposed wires in several electrical outlets.

(c)
A barrier should be placed at the top of the steps leading to the roof of the building to prevent someone from turning left or right onto the sidewalk overhang. Platforms over four feet high are required to have rails as fall protection, placing a barrier to prevent someone from walking onto the overhang will eliminate the need for rails.

(2)
Recommendations.

(a)
Replace/repair all broken electrical boxes.

(b)
Install railing or emplace a barrier to prevent someone from walking onto the overhang.

FOR OFF!t USE ONLY Disseminatii is prohibited except as a rized by AR 20-1.
3 This document co s information EXEMPT FRO ANDATORY DISCLOS u er the FOIA. Exemptions si 6, & 7 apply. 38b 6
DA IG
DOD-038360

Doc_nid: 
4028
Doc_type_num: 
63