Army Memo re: Inspector General Questionnaire for the Soldiers of Forward Operating Base 191 and Firebase Chapman

Army Questionnaire: Questions for the soldiers of Forward Operating Base 191 and Firebase Chapman concerning their observations and experience in dealing with detainees, training before deployment and Rules of Engagement. The questionnaire appears to be in response to the accusations of detainee abuse and an effort to elicit information on the matter.

Doc_type: 
Non-legal Memo
Doc_date: 
Sunday, March 7, 2004
Doc_rel_date: 
Tuesday, December 20, 2005
Doc_text: 

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
COMBINED/JOINT TASK FORCE (CJTF)-180
OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM
BAGRAM AIRFIELD, AFGHANISTAN
APO AE 09354

REPLY TO
ATTENTION OF

CJTF-180-IG 7 MAR 04
MEMORANDUM FOR Commander, CJTF-180, Bagram, Afghanistan, APO AE 09354
SUBJECT: Inspector General Sensing Session, FOB 191, Firebase Chapman, 29
February 2004

1. The CJTF-180 IG conducted a sensing session of the FOB 191 at Chapman as part of an inspection on detainee operations on 29 February 2004. The sensing session consisted of only 1 group of NCOs. The following paragraphs contain comments from this session. These comments are perceptions of soldiers who participated and are not
necessarily founded facts.
2. Sensing Session Group 1 — NCOs.
The only sensing session held was for NCOs.Their questions and responses are as follows:
Question #1 Do you have a unit SOP to take, handle, and care for detainees/PUCs?
12 of 12 NCOs replied yes that they had an SOP, but it was the 191 FOB SOP and it
came from higher, that they did not create an SOP.

Question #2 How quickly do you hand over PUCs to MPs? The NCOs unanimously replied that the PDR is submitted within the first 72 hours of capture. However, they stated that it might take 2 to 3 weeks to move the PUC. The reason is the lack of ring support and the fact that the FOB escorts the PUC. Rarely do MPs or other soldiers come from the rear to escort a PUC back to a detention facility.
Question #3 Is mistreatment of a PUC an SIR? 12 of 12 NCOs replied yes and that whoever observed it would report it, and that the chain of command would initiate the SIR and the commander FOB 191 would initiate a commander's inquiry.
Question #4 Did your unit train on Law of War prior to deploying or during deployment?
FOR OFFICI E ONLY "This document ins information

"Disseminatio Is rohibited except
EXEMPT FROM ATORY DISCLOSUREauthoriz y AR 20-1."
under the F xemptions 5 & 6 apply."
'3968
DA IG
AFZS-IG (20)
SUBJECT: Inspector General Sensing Session, FOB 191, Firebase Chapman, Task 29 Feb, 1 Mar 04
12 of 12 NCOs replied yes that they had received both the annual briefing and one at the MUIC (mobilization site). They unanimously stated that it was a briefing and that it wasn't hands on training. Their SRC folders were not brought forward to Afghanistan. Their Operations Sergeant Major has the SRC packets.
Question #5 What do you use to track and account for captured personnel? Capture
Reports, interrogation notes, custody logs, OPSUM/INTSUMs.
Question #6 How do you account for money taken from captured/detained personnel? Everything goes into a bag. If it is significant we log it. In a dangerous environment we will wait to inventory the belongings until we get back.
Question #7 What do you allow a captured/detained person to keep on their person? A blue PUC uniform, other than that 12 of 12 NCOs stated that they allowed a detained person to keep nothing.
Question #8 Do you tag captured or detained persons or their property? Some NCOs
said that they never get tagged,-except when they are flying to BAF. The ODA puts a
number on their forehead.
Question#9 Does your SOP cover the 5 S's? What do you consider an item of
intelligence. 12 of 12 NCOs stated that their SOP did cover the 5 S's. They consider
items of intelligence radios, papers, phone numbers, and money in large sums.
Question #10 Does your SOP include the date of capture, grid coordinates of capture, and how the person was captured? All said yes and that they record any injuries that the PUC acquired before he was captured. They make an assessment of the medications that they have on their person. They stated that each PUC usually has a package of medicines on him.
Question #11 How do you prevent physical or mental torture or coercion of the detained person? Don't do it. They stated that they provided professional treatment to the PUCs. In their opinion, the PUCs have a better standard of living than our criminals in jail in the US. They told a story about a PUC that they shot at the front gate and they gave him 10 liters of blood and kept him alive when they could have let him bleed to
death for firing upon their firebase.
FOR OFFICI SE ONLY "Disseminatio is rohibited except authori d y AR 20-1." 2 "This document c information EXEMPT FROM M D ORY DISCLOSURE under the FOI mptions 5 & 6 apply."

;3969
DA IG
AFZS-IG (20)
SUBJECT: Inspector General Sensing Session, FOB 191, Firebase Chapman, Task 29
Feb, 1 Mar 04

Question #12 If a detained person refuses to answer your questioning can threaten the
Detainee? Can you insult the Detainee? They stated that they could threaten the PUC
that he was going to Cuba. 12 of 12 said they couldn't threaten bodily harm. They can
accuse him of lying, but, they don't really know what the interpreter is saying to the PUC
or how it translates.
Question #13 How do you take care of prisoners basic needs for food, water, clothing,
shelter, and medical treatment? 12 of 12 NCOs replied good. They get 3 hots and a
cot. During Ramadan we fed the PUCs at 0300 am because they won't eat in the day.
Question #14 Do you keep detainees near fuel, ammo, or commo equipment? 12 of 12
NCOs replied no, that the enemy could exploit them.

Question #15 Do you believe that you are required to report acts of poor treatment of
detainees or PUCs? 12 of 12 said yes.
Question #16 Do you know whom you could report violations of detainees or PUCs
rights to? Chain of command, CID, IG, and SJA.
Question #17 Has anyone ever witnessed anyone murder anyone? 12 of 12 NCOs
replied No.
Question #18 Have you ever seen anyone torture or beat anyone? 12 of 12 NCOs
replied No.
Question #19 Have you ever seen anyone deprive a PUC of their 5 senses? If so, why and for how long. 12 of 12 NCOs replied Yes. They stated that they did this during movement, within the compound, and upon initial capture.
Question #20 Has anyone seen anyone cruelly treat or degrade a PUC? 12 of 12 NCOs replied No.
Question #21 How do you treat PUCs or detainees? Good/Fair/Poor? 12 of 12 felt that we were treating PUCs good.
3
FOR OFFI I USE ONLY
"This document s information "Dissemin o is prohibited except EXEMPT FROM M N
ORY DISCLOSURE
auth iz by AR 20-1." under the FOI

mptions 5 & 6 apply."
3970
DA IG
AFZS-IG (20) SUBJECT: Inspector General Sensing Session, FOB 191, Firebase Chapman, Task 29 Feb, 1 Mar 04
Question #22 How do you safeguard a PUC against public curiosity? 12 of 12 felt that we were safeguarding PUCs good. In fact they stated that they were building a new facility so that the Local National workers can't see them. We keep PUCs from hurting themselves.. Transport in a closed vehicle, GMVs, or a Pickup truck.
Question #23 Has anyone ever taken a picture of a PUC? Standard photo for intelligence value. To document past injury.
Question #24 What would you do if you found a PUC with large sums of money? We use a PUC kit, flexicuffs, cravat, prisoner tag, screening report, Ziploc bag; basic stuff. (Kerlix wrap). We are not supposed to use sandbags.
Question #25 What is the rule for deadly for against a PUC in the event that they are escaping? 4 of 12 NCOs dead not believe that deadly force was authorized against n escaping prisoner. They stated to use common sense and that within their perimeter they would use the minimum amount of force.
5. Point of contact is the undersigned at DSN Or
MAJ, IG CJTF-180 Inspector General
4
FOR OFF IA USE ONLY "This document n Ks information
"Dissemin s prohibited except auth iz by AR 20-1." EXEMPT FROM A ATORY DISCLOSURE under the F emptions 5 & 6 apply."

X9 71
DA IG

Doc_nid: 
4261
Doc_type_num: 
63