Army Detainee Operations Report: DOD Questionnaire of Sergeant First Class re: Detainee Operations

Questionnaire asked the Sergeant First Class forty one questions regarding soldier training, soldier morale and the treatment of detainees. [Contents redacted].

Doc_type: 
Interview
Doc_date: 
Wednesday, April 7, 2004
Doc_rel_date: 
Thursday, July 14, 2005
Doc_text: 

POINT OF CAPTURE-- CDR/ 1SG/ PU PS
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RankASL Br DatelAA PP 'unit A
Duty Position How Long in Job 1.--c-D AA 4-,
How Long in Country Current MOS I. t hi.k o S A
Interviewee"." .(ww)-2

1. (ALL) How did you prepare yourself and your junior leaders to become familiar with and understand the applicable regulations, OPORD/FRAGOs directives, international laws and administrative procedures to operate a unit . 1
Collection Point?
(1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-2, Commanders are , familiar with applicable regulation, directives, international lawS, and Administrative procedures.)
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2. (ALL) Did you and all of your Soldiers undergo Law of War training prior to
deployment? Explain what training occurred. Did thistraining include ttie
treatment of Detainees? Is there a plan to train new Soldiers (replacements) to
the. unit? Explain. (1.'1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1) (AR 350-1 pare 4-14c.(2) and table G-1 Refresher

training, dated -0 April 2063), Level B training is cohductedin units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1 ; , 5(4)(C DOD Directive 5100.77), All prisbners will receive humane treatment and' that thee• following acts are prohibited murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence to include public curiosity. (DoD Directive 5100.77, para 5.5.1, The Secretaries of the Military Departments shall provide directives, publications, instructions, and training so that the principles and rules of law of war will be known to members of their respective Departments, the extent of such knowledge to be commensurate with each individual's duties and responsibilities.)

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3. (ALL) What Home Station/Mob Siteeining did your unit conduct prior to deployment to help your unit prepare for Detainee Operations? Describe it. How did the training prepare you to conduct Detainee Operations for this deployment? How did this training distinguish between the different categories of Detainees (EPWs, RPs, Cls, etc.)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 4.1) (DoDD 2310.1 (The U.S. Military
Services shall be given the necessary training to ensure they have knowledge of their obligations under the Geneva Conventions (references (b) through (e)) and as required by DoD Directive 5100.77 (reference (f)) before an assignment to a foreign area where capture or detention of enemy personnel is possible.) AR 350-1 para 4-14 c (2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOS and enlisted personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1-5 (4) (C), DOD Directive
1
DAIG - 606
DOD-016190

5100.77, All prisoners will receive humane treatment and that the following acts are prohibited
murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation,
collective punishments, execution without trial kr proper authority, and all cruel and degrading
treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence .to'includepublic curiosity.
(DoD Directive. 5100.77, para 5.5.1, The Secretaries of the Military Departrrients shall provide
directives, publications, instructions, and training so that the principles and rules of law of war will
be known to members of their respective Departments, the extent of suah.knowledge to be
commensurate with each individual's duties and responsibilities.)
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4. (ALL) What training did you receive on the established Rulespf Engagement (ROE)? How often does this occur? Does this training include Rules of Interaction (R01)? (1.4, 4.1) (ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated Apr-03
para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE." AR 190-8; paragraph 3-6 a, The following acts will not be permitted: (1) Fraternization between EPW, RP and U.S. military or civilian personnel. Fraternization is defined as impro Lip or intimate col niticirs or actions between U.S. Ar e• orc s personnel and EWP/RP) LO
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5. (ALL) Describe the training you received at the last Professional Military Education on handling/processing Detainees. How was it helpful in preparing you for Detainee Ope tions? How would you improve the training at the schoolhouse? (1.1, 1.4)
6. (ALL) Describe the training the guard force received to prepare them for their
duties. How do you ensure your guards understand their orders? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4,
1.6, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, para 2-49) FM 3-19.40 , paragraph 2-23, The force has a commander of the guard, one or more sergeants of the guard, a relief commander for each shift, and necessary number of guards. There are two types of orders for guards: General orders. All guards are required to know, understand, and comply with the general orders outlined for sentinels in FM 22­
6. Special orders. They apply to particular posts and duties. Special orders supplement general orders and are established by the commanders.)
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DAIG - 607

DOD-016191

7. (ALL) How does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee
Operations? How often does this occur end please describe it? When did your unit last conduct this training? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1) DoDD 2310.1 (The U.S. Military Services shall be given the necessary training to ensure they have knowledge of their obligations
under the Geneva Conventions (references (b) through (e)) and as required by DoD Directive 5100.77 (reference (f)) before an assignment to a foreign area where capture or detention of enemy personnel is possible.) AR 350-1 para 4-14 c (2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1-5 (4) (C), DOD Directive 5100.77, All prisoners will receive humane treatment and that the following acts are prohibited murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence to include public curiosity.) (ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Apr 03para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE."
8. (CDR/1SG) What are your policies on the establishment of a unit holding area? How do you ensure that these areas operate IAW Law of War? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) R 190-8, paragraph 3-2, Internment facilities will be established in the communications zone of e h theater of operations for the purpose of receiving, accounting for, administering, and
logistically s porting DO. The operation of all EPW internment facilities is governed. The Theater comm der remains responsible for the location of EPW facilities; detainees may be interned only in pr ises located on land and affording proper health and hygiene standards. Except in extreme cir stances, in the best interests of the individual, detainees will not be interned in correctional fa 'ties housing military or civilian prisoners. Prisoners will not normally be interned in unhealthy are or where the climate proves to be injurious to them, and will be removed as soon as possible to favorable climate. Transit camps or collecting points will receive the same treatment as in pe de ince camps. The internment facility will be marked with the letters 'PW' (Prisoner p) and will be placed so they will be clearly
visible from the air during the daytime ngs may be used when agreed to by the combatant commanders and approve• by HO ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 2516002 Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders ill ure their personnel are famifiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE." AR 350-1 p r 14 c. (2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is,conducte in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel commensurate with the miss s of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1-5 (4) (C), DOD Directive 5100.77, All prisoners will receive humane atment and that the following acts are prohibited murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilatio taking of hostage's; sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper thority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of viol ce to include public curiosity.)
3
DAIG - 608
DOD-016192

9. (PUPS) What is the units' policy on the establishment of a unit holding area? How do you know that you are operating the holding areas IAW Law of War? ? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) (AR 190-8, paragraph 3-2, Internment facilities will be established in the
communications zone of each theater of operations for the purpose of receiving, accounting for, administering, and logistically supporting DO. The operation of all EPW internment facilities is governed. The Theater commander remains responsible for the location of EPW facilities; detainees may be interned only in premises located on land and affording proper health and
hygiene stane
s. Except in extreme circumstances, in the best interests of the individual, detainees will not b- terned in correctional facilities housing military or civilian prisoners. Prisoners will not normebe interned in unhealthy areas, or where the climate proves to be injurious to them, and will be -mo d as soon as possible to a more favorable climate. Transit camps or collecting points will re e
a th same treatment as in permanent detainee camps. The internment facility will be marked elee
'PW' (Prisoner of War camp) and will be placed so they will be clearly visible from t e
daytime. Other markings may be used when agreed to by the combatant comme
oved by Hi:MA.) AR 350-1 para 4-14 c (2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 00 eevel B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCO and enliste e
nel commensurate with the missions of the
unit. AR 1'90-8 para 1-5 (4) (C), DOD Directive 510' 7, All prisoners will receive humane
treatment and that the following acts are prohibited mur -r, torture, corporal punishment,

mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collects punishments, execution without trial
by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. eoners will be -protected against all
acts of violence to include public curiosity.)
10. (ALL) How do you administratively process each detainee, (i.e., tagging pax and equipment, evidence, witness statements, etc.)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6) (FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-3, The commander is responsible for the administrative processing of each
internee. When processing is complete, he submits a DA Form 2674-R to the servicing
internment/resettlement information center (IRIC), which function as the field operations agency
for the national !RIC located in CONUS. ) (AR 190-8, para 2-1, a. (1) (b) (c), All equipment,
documents, and personal property confiscation during the search must be tagged and
administratively accounted for by the capturing unit. DD Form 2745, Part C is attached to the
property confiscated f m the Detainee, so that it may later be matched t that 'etainee.)

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11. (AL 1 ow do you maintain good morale and discipline with Soldiers and leaders to enhance the security of the unit collection point? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6) (AR 600-20 para 4-1, Military discipline a. Military discipline is founded upon self-discipline, respect for
properly constituted authority, and the embracing of the professional Army ethic with its supporting individual values. Military discipline will be developed by individual and group training to create a mental attitude resulting in proper conduct and prompt obedience to lawful military authority. b. While military discipline is the result of effective training, it is affected by every feature of military life. It is manifested in individuals and units by cohesion, bonding, and a spirit of teamwork; by smartness of appearance and action; by cleanliness and maintenance of dress,
4
DAIG - 609
DOD-016193

equipment, and quarters; by deference to seniors and mutual respect between senior and subordinate personnel; by the prompt and willing execution of both the letter and the spirit of the legal orders of their lawful commanders; and by fairness, justice, and equity for all soldiers, regardless of race, religion, color, gender, and national origin. c. Commanders and other leaders will maintain discipline according to the policies of this chapter, applicable laws and regulations,
and the orders of seniors.)
12. (ALL) What procedures do you hav- in place to ensure Soldiers and leaders understand the use of force and rules of engagement for the unit collection point?
(ROE Card, sustainment tng, etc) (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6; 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-
29, An MP commander ensures that soldiers understand use-of-force guidelines and the ROE
established by higher headquarters for each mission. Because the use of force and ROE vary
depending on the category of housed personnel and the operational environment, the
commander develops S e- ..t fo idance provided. He balances the physical security
of force with mission accomplish d the pr-tion of deployed forces. ROE from CJCS ISO
Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Ap — 0 ( (IIII I o manders will ensure their personnel
are familiar with the law of armed conflict: ,• the OE.)
13. (ALL) What procedures are in place to dispose of captured contraband (enemy supplies and equipment)? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) (AR 190-8, paragraph 1-4g(3), (Commanders will collect and dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipment through ,
theater logistics and EOD channels.L_ A (b)(2).4
14.(CDR/1SG) What policies/procedures . do you have in place to ensure that all Detainees are protected, safeguarded, and accounted for (5Ss & T)? What policies/procedures does your unit have to ensure the humane treatment of Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4. 1) (AR 190-8, paragraph 2-1a(1), (The commanding officer of the capturing unit will ensure that all Detainees are protected, safeguarded, and accounted for IAW
AR 190-8. This regulation applies from the time of capture until evacuation to designated internment facilities.) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-5 a-g, (All persons detained, captured, interned, or otherwise held in U S Armed Forces custody during the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of U S forces until final
5
DAIG - 610

DOD-016194

release and repatriation. All persons taken into custody by U S forces will be provided with the protection of the GPW until some other legal status is determined y competent a thority.)
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15. (ALL)Aat re your procedures for questioning Detainees? (Isinte ation taking place?) Who is interrogating the detainees? (1.1, 1.2,4.1) AR 19 aragraph 2-1d, (The use of physical or mental torture or any coercion to compel prisoners to provi formation 's prohibited. Detainees may voluntarily cooperate with PSYOP
personnel in the develop nt, alu tion, or dissemination of PSYOP messages Cr procicts, Detainees may not be threate in items •
exposed to unpleasant or disparate treatment of any kind because of their refus t qu stions. Intelligence or counterintelligence personnel will normally perform te oqes
16.(ALL) What are your procedures to evacuate a detainee from the point of capture to the Battalion/Brigade collection point? What transportation problems is the unit experiencing either to move troops or detainees during the operation? How do you process detainees too sick or wounded to be evacuated? (1.1, 1.2,
1.3, 1.5, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 2-1(1) e, (Detainees will be humanely evacuated from the
combat zone and into appropriate channels as quickly as possible. Instructions given to detainees
during evacuation from the combat zone will be, if possible, in their own language and as brief as possible. When military necessity requires delay in evacuation beyond a reasonable period of time, health and comfort items will be issued, such as food, potable water, appropriate clothing shelter, and medical attention. Detainees will not be unnecessarily exposed to danger while awaiting evacuation. The capturing unit may keep detainees in the combat zone in cases where, due to wounds or sickness, prompt evacuation would be more dangerous to their survival than retention in the combat zone.) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-4g(5), (Commanders will establish •
guidance for the use trans rt, and evacuati f detainees i logi 'cal su •portenels.)
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17. What is the number of personnel that is needed to move prisoners within the holding area and then to higher? (i.e. for medical sick call, evacuation, etc.)? (1.1, 1.7, 2.1, 3.1) FM 3-19.40, para 4-34, A transfer may be a result of reclassification or
another situation requiring the movement of an EPW. Transfer an EPW from one facility to another under conditions that are comparable to those for a member of the US armed forces when possible. Security measures are determined by MP and are influenced by the type of EPW being transferred, the mode of transportation used, and other pertinent conditions. AR 190-47, 11-3.b.(4), Guard requirements for prisoners being transported outside an ACS facility, by means
6
DAIG - 611
of foot, motor vehicle, or aircraft (other than AIREVAC or U.S. Marshals Service aircraft) are asfollows: (a) Trained correctional, military police or security personnel: Under maximum custody circumstances, there will be one guard per restrained prisoner and two unarmed guards or one armed guard per unrestrained prisoner. Under medium custody circumstances, there will be one guard per five p • oners. In minimum custody circumstances there will be one guard per tenprisoners. Trustee • ards will be determined by the ACS facility commander. (b) Non-correctional personnel: s required that at least one guard be a SGT or above who is equal or senior to prisoners in a pre status. Under maximum custody circumstances, prisoners will have two guards per prisoner. In •.ediu cu ody circumstances, prisoners will have one guard
per two prisoners, and in minimum co
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there will be one guard per fiveprisoners.
18.(ALL) What medical personnel are available to support DO? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, •2.1, 3.1, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-4g(6) a-e, (Commanders will identify the requirements and allocations for Army Medical units ISO the EPW, CI and RP program, and ensure that the medical annex of OPLANS, OPORDs and contingency plans include procedures for treatment of Detainees; Medical support will specifically include: First aid and all sanitary aspects of food service including provisions for potable water s pest management, and entomological support, preventive medicine, professional medical services and medical supply; reviewing, recommending, and coordinating the use and assignment of medically trained EPW, CI, RP, and OD personnel and medical material; establishing policy for medical repatriation of EPW, CI, and RP a • monitoring the actions of the mixed Medical commission.)
19. (ALL) What procedures are in place when a detainee in U S custody dies? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-3a (20): Report allegations of criminal acts or war crimes committed by or against EPW/RP to the supporting element of the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC). Deaths resulting from other than natural causes will be investigated by USACIDC. Para 3-10 c: When an EPW or RP in US custody dies, the attending
medical officer furnish the camp (or hospital) commander or other officer charged with their custody before death, the following information: (1) Full name of deceased. (2) ISN of deceased.
(3) Date, place, and cause of death. (4) Statement that death was, or was not, the result of the deceased's own misconduct. (5) When the cause of death is undetermined, the attending medical officer will make a statement to that effect. When the cause of death is finally determined, a supplemental report will be made as soon as possible. e. The attending medical officer and the appropriate camp commander will complete a DA Form 2669-R (Certificate of Death). DA Form 2669-R will be reproduced locally on 8 1/2 by 11-inch paper. The form is located at the back of this regulation. This form is for the use of Army only. Enough copies of form will be made out to provide distribution as follows: (1) Original-information center. (2) Copy-information center (branch), if necessary. (3) Copy-The Surgeon General. (4) Copy-EPW or RP personal file. (5) The proper civil authorities responsible for recording deaths in the particular state if the EPW dies
in the United States.
7
DAIG - 612
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20.(ALL) What equipment is the unit experienOing as a shortfall concerning
detainee operations, (i.e., restraints, uniformS, CIF items, radios, weapons,
etc.)? (CDR) Are any of these USR shortages and if so are you reporting them
on your USR? (1.5)
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21.(ALL) What types of supplies i
s greater in-demand for the unit during detainee operations? What about health and comfort items? And are these items regularly filled? (1.5)
22. (ALL) What duties put the most stress on soldiers in terms of personnel
resources? (1.1, 1.7)
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23. (ALL) What is the most important factor that you would address in terms of personnel resource•ards to a ccessful detainee operation? (1.7)
24.(ALL) What AARs or lessons learned have you written or received r garding detainee operations? Can I het a copy? (preferably on disk) (2.1, 2.2)
8
DAIG - 613

DOD-016197

25. Do you know of the procedures to get stress counseling (Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? Do your Soldiers know of the procedures to get counseling (Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 2.1, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-48: Personnel assigned or attached to I/R facilities are trained on the care and control of
housed personnel. They are fully cognizant of the provisions of the Geneva and UN Conventions and applicable regulations as they apply to the treatment of housed personnel. A formal training program should include stress management techniques. FM 8-51, Appendix D, D-2 f (3): Combat stress control units should provide routine mental health consultation to EPW confinement facilities. This should include: stress control advice to the command regarding the stressors of US Army MP personnel and any allied or coalition personnel working at the confinement facility; individual evaluation and intervention for guards or prisoners when indicated. AR 190-8, Paragraph 1-5, (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is not justified by the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable violation under international law and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ).

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26.Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-40 para 2-1, Military and civilian personnel assigned to or accompanying a DoD Component know that they shall report reportable incidents through their chain of command and that such reports also may also be made through other channels, such as the military police, a judge advocate, or an Inspector General.) AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident.
27. Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or become aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) AR 190-40 para 2-1, Military and civilian personnel assigned to or accompanying a DoD Component know that they shall report reportable incidents through their chain of command and that such reports also may also be made through other channels, such as the military police, a judge advocate, or an
Inspector General. AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident
the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:
g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force,
9
DAIG-614
DOD-016198

wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
28. What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of alleged Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190­8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act • allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of
this regulation will be reported to HQDA (D O-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in A 190-40 will be used.)
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DAIG - 615 El
29. Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse
outside Command channels (IG, CID) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)

(AR 190-40, Appendix B,
Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:

b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or e, potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C. Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases
they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The Cl .
will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
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30. What procedures do you have to report suspected 'detainee abuse (IG, CID,Next Level Commander) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1
Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions,and atrocities. 82. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to
-
HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190­8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of
11
DAIG - 616
DOD-016200

violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
31. What systems are in place for detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) AR 190-8, para 5-1, g. Appeals and periodic review of security internment cases (1) Appeals. The CI who are interned for imperative security reasons will be accorded the rig o appeal the order directing their internment. Such appeals will be decided with the least • •ssible
delay by a board of officers. Appeals will be decided only on the grounds of the exist ce or nonexistence of imperative security reasons requiring the internment of the protec d person. 6­
4. Internee Committee a. Election. At each camp and branch camp, CI will be -cted by secret
written ballot to the Internee Committee. This committee is empowered to r, 'resent the camp to the protecting powers, International Committee of the Red Cross, or oth authorized relief or aid organizations and U.S. military authorities. e. Duties. (3) (c) The pre-station and transmittal of petitions and complaints to the appropriate authorities in proportio . o the kind of labor performed. 6-9. Complaints and requests to camp commanders and prote g power, a. Persons may make
complaints or requests to the camp commander, who will try resolve the complaints and
answer the requests. If the CI are not satisfied with the wa e commander handles a complaint
or request, they may submit it in writing, through channe , to HQDA, ODCSOPS (DAMO - ODL)
NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400. b. Persons exercisi• • the right to complain to the protecting
power about their treatment and camp may do s. ) By mail. (2) In person to the visiting representatives of the protecting power. (3) Thr..gh their Internee Committee. c. Written complaints to the protecting power will 4 , • • -rded promptly through HQDA (DAMO - ODL) NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400. A sep tter with the comments of the camp commander
will be included. Military endorsem s •e placed on any CI communications. d. If a
- • protecting power communicate- with ' I ; p commander about any matter requiring an answer, the communication and .:4,401-nder's reply will belorwarded to HQDA (DAMO-ODL)
NPWIC, WASH DC 20310-0400, • 'per action. e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of is gulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Inci ent Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.
32. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance of your role in that mission. (Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude concerning unit mission and their role) AR 600
-
-
20 Command Policy 21. Chain of Command
a. The chain of command assists commanders at all levels to achieve their primary function of
12
DAIG - 617

DOD-016201

accomplishing the unit's assigned mission while caring for personnel and property in their charge. A simple and direct chain of command facilitates the transmittal of orders from the highest to the lowest levels in a minimum of time and with the least chance of misinterpretation. b. Commanders delegate sufficient authority to soldiers in the chain of command to accomplish their assigned duties, and commanders may hold these soldiers responsible for their actions.
33. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7) FM 10-1, Ch. 7, para. 3, 'Tactical Vision. A primary QMC focus at the tactical level will continue to be on sustainment of the soldier. Each company-sized unit will have two cooks and a small, state-of-the-art field kitchen. This provides a limited capability to prepare or heat meals and supplements. An improved containerized capability for providing responsive laundry and shower support well forward on the battlefield must be developed. Frontline soldiers require brief respites from the rigors associated with combat. A facility complex (Force Provider) will be
available in which they can shower, clean their clothes, eat hot meals, and rest in an environmentally controlled shelter.

liviviktrA-66 Dom
.
34. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or evolved since you have been in Theater? (Identifies Soldier's perception of the chain of command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel the Command cares? Are they getting clear guidance?) 1 AR 600-20 • 13 May 2002 1-5. Command, b. Elements of command. c. The commander is responsible for establishing leadership climate of the unit and developing disciplined and cohesive units. This sets the
parameters within which command will be exercised and, therefore, sets the tone for social and duty relationships within the command. (1) Commanders and other leaders committed to the professional Army ethic promote a positive environment. If leaders show loyalty to their soldiers, the Army, and the Nation, they earn the loyalty of their soldiers. If leaders consider their soldiers' needs and care for their well being, and if they demonstrate genuine concern, these leaders build
-
a positive command climate. (2) Duty is obedient and disciplined performance. Soldiers with a sense of duty accomplish tasks given them, seize opportunities for self-improvement, and accept responsibility from their superiors. Soldiers, leader and led alike, work together to accomplish the mission rather than feed their self-interest..
13 DAIG - 618 0
DOD-016202

35. Are you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit? AR
190-8, 1-5. General protection policy a. U.S. policy, relative to the treatment of EPW, CI and RP in the custody of the U.S. Armed Forces, is as follows: (1) All persons captured, detained, interned, or otherwise held in U.S. Armed Forces custody during the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of U.S. forces
until final release or repatriation. (2) All persons taken into custody by U.S. forces will be
provided with the protections of the GPW until some other legal status is determined by
competent authority. (3) The punishment of EPW, CI and RP known to have, or suspected of
having, committed serious offenses will be administered LAW due process of law and under
legally constituted authority per the GPW, GC, the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the
Manual for Courts Martial. (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is not

justified by the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable violation under international law and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). b. All prisoners will receive humane treatment without regard to race, nationality, religion, political opinion, sex, or other criteria. The following acts are prohibited: murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, the taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. c. All persons will be respected as human beings. They will be protected against all acts of violence to include rape, forced prostitution, assault and theft, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, and reprisals of any kind. They will not be subjected to medical or scientific experiments. This list is not exclusive. EPW/RP are to be protected from all threats or acts of violence. d. Photographing, filming, and video taping of individual EPW, CI and RP for other than internal Internment Facility administration or intelligence/counterintelligence purposes is strictly prohibited. No group, wide area or aerial photographs of EPW, CI and RP or facilities will be taken unless approved by the senior Military Police officer in the Internment Facility commander's chain of command. e. A neutral state or an international humanitarian organization, such as the ICRC, may be designated by the U.S. Government as a Protecting Power (PP) to monitor whether protected persons are receiving humane treatment as requited by the Geneva Convention's. The . text of the Geneva Convention, its annexes, and any special agreements, will be posted in each camp in the
language of th
ADVISEMENT OF RIGHTS (For military personnel)
The text of Article 31 provides as follows a. No person subject to this chapter may compel any
person to incriminate himself or to answer any questions the answer to which may tend to
incriminate him. b. No person subject to this chapter may interrogate or request any statement
from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing him of the nature of the accusation and advising him that he does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which he is accused or suspected, and that any statement made by him may be used as evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. c. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military tribunal if the, statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade him. d. No statement obtained from any person in violation of this article, or through the use of coercion, unlawful influence, or unlawful inducement, may be received in evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. (1.2, 1.6)
14
DAIG - 619
I am A(grade, if any, and name), a member of the (DAIG). I am part of a team inspecting detainee operations, this is not a criminal investigation. I am reading you your rights because of a statement you made causes me to suspect that you may have committed A . (specify offense, i.e. aggravated assault, assault, murder). Under Article 31, you have the right to remain silent, that is, say nothing at all. Any statement you make, oral or written, may be used as evidence against you in a trial by courts-martial or in other judicial or administrative proceedings. You have the right to consult a lawyer and to have a lawyer present during this interview. You have the right to military legal counsel free of charge. In addition to military counsel, you are entitled to civilian counsel of your own choosing, at your own expense. You may request a lawyer at any time during this interview. If you decide to answer questions, you may stop the questioning at any time. Do you understand your rights? Do you want a lawyer? (If the answer is yes, cease all questions at this point). Are you
willing to answer questions?
36.
Describe what you understand happened leading up to and during the incident(s) of abuse. (No applicable standard)

37.
Describe Soldier morale, feelings and emotional state prior to and after these

incidents? (Identifies unit and Soldier morale, atmosphere, mood, attitude, stress, retaliation, preemption, family crisis)
38. Was this incident reported to the chain of command? How, when & what was
done? What would you have done? (Identifies compliance, procedure, timeliness,
Soldier perception of action taken and effect on unit morale.) (1.2, 1.6) (AR 190-40, Appendix 8, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, 8-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not
15
DAIG 620 8

DOD-016204

constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and with-out adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
How could the incident have been prevented? (Identifies root cause and perceived solution) (No applicable standard)
39. Describe any unit training or other programs that you are aware of that teach leaders and Soldiers how to recognize and resolve combat stress. FM 22-51, para 11-5. Prevention of Misconduct Stress Behaviors. The measures which reduce battle fatigue and prevent battle fatigue casualties should also help reduce the incidence of misconduct stress behaviors. However, additional actions also need to be practiced consistently by leadership at all echelons and by buddies at the small unit level.. FM 22-51, para 1-3, Stress control requires special involvement from direct (small unit) leaders. The responsibility extends up through the organizational leaders and their staffs (both officers and noncommissioned officers [NCOs]) at all echelons. Appendix A describes combat stress risk factors and prescribes leaders' actions to control them. Leaders, staffs, and individual soldiers all receive assistance from the supporting chaplains, the medical personnel, and combat stress control/mental health personnel (see
Appendix B for information pertaining to combat stress control units). If any link in the chain of responsibility is weak, it is the responsibility of the other members of the chain to strengthen it.
FM 8-51, para 1-1, b. Responsibility For Stress Control. Control of stress is the commander's
responsibility (see FM 22-51) at all echelons. The commander is aided in this responsibility by the noncommissioned officer (NCO) chain of support; the chaplaincy; unit medical personnel; general, principal, and special staff, and by specialized Army CSC units and mental health
personnel. )
16
DAIG - 621

DOD-016205

40. What measures are in place to boost morale or to relieve stress? (Identifies
perceived solution.) FM 22-51, para 11-5. Prevention of Misconduct Stress Behaviors. The measures which reduce battle fatigue and prevent battle fatigue casualties should also help reduce the incidence of misconduct stress behaviors. However, additional actions also need to be practiced consistently by leadership at all echelons and by buddies at the small unit level. FM 22­51, para 1-3, Stress control requires special involvement from direct (small unit) leaders. The responsibility extends up through the organizational leaders and their staffs (both officers and noncommissioned officers [NCOs]) at all echelons. Appendix A describes combat stress risk factors and prescribes leaders' actions to control them. Leaders, staffs, and individual soldiers all receive assistance from the supporting chaplains, the medical personnel, and combat stress control/mental health personnel (see Appendix B for information pertaining to combat stress control units). If any link in the chain of responsibility is weak, it is the responsibility of the other members of the chain to strengthen it. FM 8-51, para 1-1, b. Responsibility For Stress Control. Control of stress is the commander's responsibility (see FM 22-51) at all echelons. The commander is aided in this responsibility by the noncommissioned officer (NCO) chain of support; the chaplaincy; unit medical personnel; general, principal, and special staff, and by specialized
Army CSC units and mental health personnel.
41. What measures could the command enact to improve the morale and command climate of your unit? (Identifies perceived solution.) FM 22-103, Leadership and Command at Senior Levels, 21 Jun 1987, p. 6, - "Leadership. The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation." AR 600-100, Army Leadership, 17 Sep 1993, p. 8, 1987- "Senior-level leadership is the art of direct and indirect influence and the skill of creating the conditions for sustained organizational success to achieve the desired result. But, above all, it is the art of taking a vision of what must be done,
communicating it in a way that the intent is clearly understood, and then being tough enough to ensure its execution."
17 DAIG - 622
DOD-016206

Doc_nid: 
3652
Doc_type_num: 
73