Army Detainee Operations Report: DOD Questionnaire of Official re: Detainee Operations

An Army questionnaire, including forty-four questions, given to a soldier regarding soldier training, soldier morale and the treatment of detainees. The handwritten responses are mostly illegible or redacted.
In response to his/her awareness of abuse, the interviewee stated "nothing that hasn't heard before."

Doc_type: 
Interview
Doc_rel_date: 
Monday, October 3, 2005
Doc_text: 

CDR/OIC & SGM/NCOIC INTERNMENT FACILITY INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
Rank ~ '7 Branch «\P Date
Unit----------------
Duty Position ________How Long in Job_________________ Interviewer
1. Can you tell me what basic publications you use for Detainee Operations (doctrine and standards)? Describe the basic principles of detainee operations and how you are applying them? (1.1, 4.1) (AR 190-8, 000 Directive
5100.77,1949 Geneva Convention, FM 3-19.40 I/R Operations FM 3-19.4 MP Commander's Handbook are th~ basic/primary sources for doctrine and standards.
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2. Whatstandards were used in establishing this facility? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 6~1 thru 6-16
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3. What procedures do you have in place to ensure Soldiers and leaders understand the use of fqrce and rules of engagement for the interment facility? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1) RM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-29, An MP commander ensures that
soldiers understand use-of-force guidelines and the ROE established by higher headquarters for each mission. Because the use of force qnd ROE vary depending on the category of housed personnel and the operational environment, the commander develops SOPs that follow the guidance provide'd. He balances the physical security of force with mission accomplishment and the prot~ction of deployed forces. ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE." V
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4. . How did you prepare yourself and your junior leaders to become familiar ",with and understand the applicable regulations, OPORD/FRAGOs, directives, international laws and administrative procedures to operate an IIR facility? (1.1,
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1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-2, Commanders are familiar with applicable regulation, directives, international laws, and administrative procedures. ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251600Z Apr 03 para 10 (U) All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflictand with these ROE.") Frvi 3-19.40, paragraph 2-29,An MP commander ensures that soldiers understand use-of-force guidelines and the ROE established by higher headquar1ers for each mission. AR 350-1 para 4-14 c (2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1-5 (4) (C), DOD Directive 5100.77, All prisoners will receive humane treatment and that the following acts are prohibited mwder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence to include
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6; Describe the training the guard force received to prepare them for their duties. (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, para 2-48. Personnel assigned or attached to I/R facilities are trained on the care and control of housed personnel. They are fully cognizant of the provisions of the Geneva and UN Conventions and applicable regulations as they apply to the treatment of housed personnel. A formal training program should include-'" Principles and laws of land warfare, specifically provisions of Geneva and UN Conventions and HN laws and customs. * Supervisory and human relations techniques. * Methods of self-defense. *The use of force, the ROE, and the ROL "'Firearms qualification and familiarization. ·Public relations,

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particularly CONUS operations. *First aid. *Stress management techniques. *Facility regulations and SOPs. *lntelligence and counterintelligence techniques. * Cultural customs and habits of ­internees. *The basic language of internees. FM 3-19.40 para 2-49. The guard force should receive additional training in-*Riot control measures, control agents, and dispersers. *QRF actions. *Searching techniques, including the use of electronic detection devices. *Nonlethal equipment and weapons. '
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7. How does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee Operations or training for newly assigned personnel? When did your unit last conduct this training? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4,4.1) 00002310.1 (The U.S.' Military Services shall be given the
necessary training to ensure they have knowledge of their obligations under the Geneva Conventions (references (b) through (e)) and as required by 000 Directive 5100.77 (reference (f)) before an assignment to a foreign area where capture or detention of enemy personnel is possible.) AR 350-1 para 4-14 c (2) and table G-1 Refresher training, dated 9 April 2003), Level B training is conducted in units for officers, warrant officers, NCOs and enlisted personnel commensurate with the missions of the unit. AR 190-8 para 1-5 (4) (C), DOD Directive 5100.77; All prisoners will receive humane treatment and that the follciwing acts are prohibited murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, taking of hostages, sensory deprivation,collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. Prisoners will be protected against all acts of violence to include public curiosity
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8. Describe some of the basic operations of the camp relating to detainee segregation, captured medical/religious personnel, feeding, sanitation, etc? Where do you maintain copies of the Geneva Convention around the facility? (Is it posted in the detainee's home language within the facilities)? Are camps segregating Detainees by nationality, language, rank, and sex? How are captured Medical personnel and Chaplains being used in the camps? What provisions are in place for the receipt and distribution of Detainee correspondence/mail? Are the daily food rations sufficient in quantity or quality and variety to keep detainees in good health? Are personal hygiene items and needed clothing being supplied to the Detainees? Are the conditions within the camp sanitary enough to ensure a clean and healthy environment free from disease and epidemics? Is there an infirmary located within the camp? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-5 a"g,
(All persons detained, captured, interned, or otherwise held in U S Armed Forces custody during the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of U S forces until final release and repatriation. All persons taken into custody by U S forces will be provided with the protection of the GPW until some other legal status is determined by competent authority.) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-4. AR 190-8 para 3-4.b ...females will"be separated from males. AR 190-8,1-5, g (1) EPW, and RP will enjoy latitude in the exercise of
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their religious practices, including attendance at service of their faith, on condition that they
comply with the disciplinary routine prescribed by the military authorities. (2) Military chaplains
who fall into the hands of the U.S. and who remain or are retained to assist EPW, and RP, will be
allowed to minister to EPW, RP, of the same religion Para 6-6, g: (1) Hygiene and sanitation
measures will conform to those prescribed in AR 40-5 and related regulations. (2) A detailed sanitary order meeting the specific needs of each CI camp or branch camp will be published by the CI camp commander. Copies will be reproduced in a language that the CI understands and will be posted in each compound. (3) Each CI will be provided with sanitary supplies, service, and facilities necessary for their personal cleanliness and sanitation. Separate sanitary facilities will be provided for each sex. (4) All CI will have at their disposal, day and night, latrine facilities conforming to sanitary rules of the Army. . }
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9. How are you organized to handle the different categories of personnel
(EPW, CI, OD, females, JVs, and refuges)? How about female Detainees?
How and where do you house them? Do you maintain a separate site for sick or
wounded Detainees? If so where is it and how does your unit maintain the

.. security and safeguarding of Detainees there? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 2.1, 3.1) AR 190-8 para 3-4.i.(2) Every camp will have an infirmary. AR 190-8 para 3-4.b .. .females will be separated from males. FM 3-19040, paragraph 2-1, AnMP battalion commander tasked with operating an I/R facility is also the facility commander. As such, he is responsible for the safety and well being of all personnel housed withiri the facility. Since an MP unit may be tasked to handle different categories if personnel (EPW, CI, 00 refuges, and US military prisoner), the commander, the cadre, and support personnel must be aware of the requirements for each category. . fu. 1V-f'l
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10. Describe the procedures you use when you inprocess a detainee. (CPA Forces Apprehension Form, two sworn statements, EPW tag, where do you store Detainees' confiscated personal affects (if any) and how are they accounted for (are they tagged with DD Form 2745)? How is evidence tagged? What procedures are in place to dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipment?) How is the transfer of Detainees handled between different services and Other Governmental Organizations? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8,4.1)
(AR 190-8, para 2-1, a. (1) (b) (c), All equipment, documents, and personal property confiscation during the search must be tagged and administratively accounted for by the capturing unit. DO Form 2745, Part C is attached to the property confiscated from the Detainee, so that it may later be matched to that Detainee.) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-4g(3), (Commanders will collect and dispose of captured enemy supplies and equipment through theater logistics and EOO channels.) FM 3-19.40 para 3-14.-Property Accountability. When seizing property from a captive-*Buridle it or place it in a bag to keep it intact and separate from other captives' possessions. *Prepare OA Form 4137 for confiscated and impounded property. * Prepare a receipt for currency and negotiable instruments to be signed by the captive and the receiver. Use cash collection vouchers so that the value can be credited to each captive's account. List currency and negotiable
)
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Doc_nid: 
3902
Doc_type_num: 
73