Army Detainee Operations Report: DOD Questionnaire of Official re: Detainee Operations

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Questionnaire asked the officer forty one questions regarding soldier morale and the treatment of detainees.
The interviewee stated, "ROE [Rules of Engagement] training was simple, but it was fuzzy when they first got." Described incident where Iraqi police beat a detainee that they caught. Incident was investigated and the detainee was taken away from them.
[Contents redacted].

Thursday, July 14, 2005

(bX6)-4 & (&)(7)(C)-4
3 LTs EA
Rank Branch Date: Unit Duty Position How Long in Job How Long in Country/Current MOS Interviewer
1. (ALL) How did you prepare yourself and your junior leaders to become familiar with and understand the applicable regulations, OPORD/FRAGOs directives, international laws and administrative procedures to operate a unit Collection Point? (1 1, 1.2, 1.4, .6, 4.1)
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2. (ALL) Did you and all of your Soldiers undergo Law of War training prior to deployment? Explain what training occurred. Did this training include the

Ve treatment of Detainees? Is there a plan to train 7w roievrsLrepla5eDnits) to the unit?Explain..—(-1-1,-1-,A-4÷4-1), h ei,d

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(ALL) What Home Station/Mob Site Training did your unit conduct Nor to

conduct deployment to help your unit prepare for Detainee Operations? Describe it. How did the training prepare you to conduct Detainee Operations for this deployment? How did this training distinguish between the different categories of Detainees (EPWs, RPs, Cls, etc.)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 4.1)

(ALL) What training did you receive on the established Rules of Engagement (ROE)? How often does this occur? Does this training include Rules of Interacti•n (R01)? (1 4,

4.1 -0
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DAIG - 500 2
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5. (ALL) Describe the training you received at the last Professional Military Education on handling/processing Detainees. How was it helpful in preparing you for Detainee Operations? How would you improve the training at the schoolhouse? (1.1, 1.4
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(ALL) Describe the training the guard force received to prepare them for their duties. How do you ensure your guards understand their orders? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4b)(2)-4

(ALL) How'does your unit conduct sustainment training for Detainee Operations? How often does this occur and please describe it? When did your unit Last conduct this training? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4,

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(CDR/1SG) What are your policies on the establishment of a unit holding area? How do you ensure that these areas operate IAW Law of War? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)

(PUPS) What is the units' policy on the establishment of a unit holding area? How do you know that you are operating the holding areas JAW Law of War? ?

(1.1, 1.2,
DAIG -501
10.(ALL) How do you admin'siratively proCess each detainee, (i.e., tagging pax and equipment, evidence, witness statements, etc.)? (1.1, 1.2,
11.(ALL) How do you maintain good morale and discipline with Soldiers and leaders to enhance the security of the unit collection point? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6 fi
12.(ALL) What procedures do you have in place to ensure Soldiers and leaders understand the use of force and rules of engagement for the unit collection point?
(ROE Card, sustainment tng, etc) (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6,
13.(ALL) What procedures are in place to dispose of captured contraband (enemy supplies and equipment)? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
14.(CDR/1SG) What policies/procedures do you have in place to ensure that all Detainees are protected, safeguarded, and accounted for (5Ss & T)? What policies/procedures does your unit have to ensure the humane treatment of Detainees? (1.1, 1.2,
3 DAIG -502
15.(ALL) What are your procedures for questioning Detainees? (Is interrogation taking place?) Who is interrogating the detainees?
(1.1, 1.2,
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16. (ALL) What are your procedures to evacuate a detainee from the point of
capture to the Battalion/Brigade collection point? What transportation problems is
the unit experiencing either to move troops or detainees during the operation?
How do you process detainees too sick or wounded to be evacuated? (1.1, 1.2,
1.3, 1.5, 4.1)

17.What is the number of personnel that is needed to move prisoners within the
holding area and then to higher? (i.e. for medical sick call, evacuation, etc.)?
(1.1, 1.7, 2.1, 3.1)

18. (ALL) What medical personnel are available to support DO? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3,2.1, 3.1, 4.1)
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1.1, 1.2,
AR 190-8, paragraph 3-3a (20): Report allegations of criminal acts or war crimes committed by or against EPW/RP to the supporting element of the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC). Deaths resulting from other than natural causes will be investigated by USACIDC. Para 3-10 c: When an EPW or RP in US custody dies, the attending medical officer furnish the camp (or hospital) commander or other officer charged with their custody before death, the following information: (1) Full name of deceased. (2) ISN of deceased.
DAIG - 503

(3) Date, place, and cause of death. (4) Statement that death was, or was not, the result of the deceased's own misconduct. (5) When the cause of death is undetermined, the attending medical officer will make a statement to that effect. When the cause of death is finally determined, a supplemental report will be made as soon as possible. e. The attending medical officer and the
appropriate camp commander will complete a DA Form 2669-R (Certificate of Death). DA Form
2669-R will be reproduced locally on 8 1/2 by 11-inch paper. The form is located at the back of
this regulation. This form is for the use of Army only. Enough copies of form will be made out to
provide distribution as follows: (1) Original-information center. (2) Copy-information center
(branch), if necessary. (3) Copy-The Surgeon General. (4) Copy-EPW or RP personal file. (5)
The proper civil authorities responsible for recording deaths in the particular state if the EPW dies
in the United States.
20. (ALL) What equipme-Firi the'unit experiencing as a shortfall concerning detainee operations, (i.e., restraints, uniforms, CIF items, radios, weapons, etc.)? (CDR) Are any of these USR shortages and if so are you reporting them on your USR? (1.5) 'b)C2)-4
CALL`) What types df supplies isAreater in-demand fclfie unit during detainee operations? What about health and comfort items? And are these items regularly filled? (1.5)

(ALL) What duties put the most stress on soldiers in terms of personnel resources? (1.1, 1.7)

22. (ALL) What is the most important factor that you would address in terms of personnel resources in regards to a successful detainee operation? (1.7)
DAIG - 504 n

24.(ALL) What AARs or lessons learned have you written or received regarding detainee operations? Can I get a copy? (preferably on disk) (2.1, 2.2)
25. Do you know of the procedures to get stress counseling (Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? Do your Soldiers know of the procedures to get counseling (Psychiatrist, Chaplain, Medical)? 1.1, 1.2, 1.6 2.1, 4.1)
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26. Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or become aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1
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27. What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident o alleged Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1 e
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DAIG 505
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28. Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse outside Command channels (1G, CID) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6,
29.What procedures do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (1G, CID, Next Level Commander) (1.1, 1.2, 1.6,
30. What systems are in place for detainees to report alleged abuse? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1)
32. What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance
of your role in that mission. (Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude concerning unit mission and their role.
33. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in
Theater. (Identify physical and psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7.
34. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or evolved since you have been in Theater?
7 DAIG -506
35. Are you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit?
ADVISEMENT OF RIGHTS (For military personnel)
The text of Article 31 provides as follows a. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to incriminate himself or to answer any questions the answer to which may tend to incriminate him. b. No person subject to this chapter may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing him of the nature of the accusation and advising him that he does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which he is accused or suspected, and that any statement made by him may be used as evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. c. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military tribunal if the statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade him. d. No statement obtained from an •erson in violation of this article, or throu h the use of coercion, unlawful
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I am (grade, if any, and name), a member of the (DAIG). I am part of a team inspecting detainee operations, this is not a criminal investigation. I am reading you your rights because of a statement you made causes me to suspect that you may have committed . (specify offense, i.e. aggravated assault, assault, murder). Under Article 31, you have the right to remain silent, that is, say nothing at all. Any statement you make, oral or written, may be used as evidence against you in a trial by courts-martial or in other judicial or administrative proceedings. You have the right to consult a lawyer and to have a lawyer present during this interview. You have the right to military legal counsel free of charge. In addition to military counsel, you are entitled to civilian counsel of your own choosing, at your own expense. You may request a lawyer at any time during this interview. If you decide to answer questions, you may stop the questioning at any time. Do you understand your rights? Do you want a lawyer? (If the answer is yes, cease all questions at this point). Are you
DAIG - 507

Describe what you understand happened leading up to and during the incident(s) of abuse. (No applicable standard)

Describe Soldier morale, feelings and emotional state prior to and after these incidents? (Identifies unit and Soldier morale, atmosphere, mood, attitude, stress, retaliation, preemption, family crisis)

Was this incident reported to the chain of command? How, when & what was done? What would you have done? (Identifies compliance, procedure, timeliness, Soldier perception of action taken and effect on unit morale.) (1.2, 1.6

How could the incident have been prevented? (Identifies root cause and perceived solution) (No applicable standard)
Describe any unit training or other programs that you are aware of that teach leaders and Soldiers how to recognize and resolve combat stress.

What measures are in place to boost morale or to relieve stress? (Identifies perceived solution

DAIG - 508 8
41. What measures could the command enact to improve the morale and command climate of your unit? (Identifies perceived solution

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10 DAIG -509