Army Detainee Operations Report: DOD Questionnaire of Lieutenant Colonel re: Detainee Operations

Questionnaire asked the Lieutenant Colonel forty-two questions regarding soldier training, soldier morale and the treatment of detainees.
Officer described an incident in which a detainee was cuffed inside a building inside the wire and was shot and killed. There was an investigation but "procedures were so bad"... "had weapon in area where should not have had weapon."
[Contents redacted].

Doc_type: 
Interview
Doc_date: 
Monday, April 5, 2004
Doc_rel_date: 
Thursday, July 14, 2005
Doc_text: 

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MP BDE COMMANDER INTERVIEW QUESTIONS 41.44 La4r arl-
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hat references/standards/publications/SOPs do you require your subordinates to 177 r Detainee Operations? (1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 4.1) AR 190-8, DoD Directive 5100.77, 1949 iStd(30,,,4t,,. Geneva Convention, FM 3-19.40, These are the primary source for standards and doctrine concerning 40.:4.4* 4, Detainee Operations). i C .
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What MP units under your command operate US military controlled Internment Facilities? (Battalion and Company) How many Internment Facilities under U.S. Military Control, do you operate? Where are they positioned across the Theater? Have you visited any of DIV /BDE Collection Points? (1.3, 1.7, 2.1, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, Appendix
D, Table D, Lists and provides details of MP organizations and their duties regarding internment facilities.) (FM 3-19.40, Ch 2, all MP commanders and staff members must be familiar with applicable ARs, Army directIves, and international laws necessary fo(the successful operation of IR and confinement facilities.)
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3. What are the policies on the establishment of Internment facilities? How do you
Z-er5?: ensure the units are operating these locations/facilities under the provisions of the
Geneva Convention and AR 190-8(ROE, Interrogation Techniques, general orders,
humane treatment, etc)? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, paragraph 3-1, Internment facilities will be

established in the communications zone of each theater of operations for the purpose of receiving, accounting for, administering, and logistically supporting EPW/RP. Para 3-2 a. The operation of all EPW internment facilities is governed by the provisions of the Geneva Conventions. Para 3-2 b. The Theater commander remains responsible for the location of EPW facilities; detainees may be interned only in
premises located on land and affording proper health and hygiene standards. Except in extreme
circumstances, in the best interests of the individual, detainees will not be interned in correctional facilities
housing military or civilian prisoners. Prisoners will not normally be interned in unhealthy areas, or where
the climate proves to be injurious to them, and will be removed as soon as possible to a more favorable
climate. Transit camps or collecting points will receive the same treatment as in permanent detainee
camps. The internment facility will be marked with the letters 'PW' (Prisoner of War camp) and will be
placed so they will be clearly visible from the air during the daytime. Other markings may be used when
agreed to by the combatant commanders and approved by HQDA.) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-4g.
(Combatant Commanders, Task Force Commanders, and joint Task Force Commander have the overall
responsibility for the EPW, Cl, and RP program, operations, and contingency plans in the theater of
operation involved to ensure compliance with international law of war. DoD Directive 2310.1 provides that
persons captured or detained by the U S Military services shall normally be handed over for safekeeping
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4. Are your operations employing detainees for work? If so, what are the General policy and procedures for the Employment and Compensation of Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) (AR 190-8, Para 7-1, b. & c., The CI will be employed so far as possible for the construction,
administration, management, and maintenance of the CI Camps. The CI compensation procedures will
be accomplished IAW AR 37-1.) AR 190-8, para 5-2, a. Establishment. A safety program for the CI will be established and administered in accordance with the policies prescribed in AR 385-10 and other pertinent safety directives. AR 190-8, para 7-5, The working conditions for the CI, to include protective clothing, equipment, and safety devices, will be at least as favorable as those prescribed for the civilian population of the occupied territory by the national laws and regulations and as provided for in existing practice. In no case will the working conditions for the CI be inferior to those for the civilian population employed in work of the same nature and in the same strict.)
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.411111.1s there (or do you have) a policy on the ratio of guards to Detainees? If so, what is it? Is this standard being met? If not, what is the shortfall and how are your units managing the challenge? (local sop)(1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 3.1, 4.1) FM 3-19.40, Appendix D,
Table d-1 MP I/R Units, MP company (guard) TOE 19667L000, Assigned to I/R battalion, Duties Provides
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ita guards for EPWs, Cls, US military prisoners, DCs, and installations and facilities at an I/R facility. Is
capable of securing 500 US military prisons, 2000 EPWs, 2000 Cls, or 4,000 DCs in an IA, facility

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-6. What is your detainee segregation policy? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.8, 2.1, 3.1, 4.1) ((EPWs, Females, Juveniles, Civilian Internees (to include those that are security threats, those that are hostile to coalition forces, and possible HVT/HVD, and Retained Persbns, Criminals, etc.)) What can you tell me about the categories of Detainees that you are holding? What are they and what are the definitions of the different categories that your organizations detain? How are you organized to handle the
different categories of Detainees (EPW, CI, HVD, OD, and refugees?) (AR 190-8, para 6-
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, h5‘ 1, b. (4), Cl shall be administered and housed separately from EPW/RP. Except in the case of families,
Init‘" jA, female Cl shall be housed in separate quarters and shall be under the direct supervision of women.) (FM
P-2-0 4 N--.. ' 3-19.40, paragraph 2-1, An MP battalion commander tasked with operating an I/R facility is also the

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/cal facility commander. As such, he is responsible for the safety and well being of all personnel housed within ta %toad?' the facility. Since an MP unit may be tasked to handle different categories if personnel (EPW, CI, OD 1pci..5tS cr--# refuges, and US military prisoner), the commander, the cadre, and support personnel must be aware of rvi...p.NeS

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7. What is the minimum living space standard for each Detainee? Who set the P of minimum living space for Internment Facilities? (when possible, consult lamp imeks, the preventative medicine authority in theater for provisions of minimum living-e -a-sivae
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space and sanitary facilities). Has a preventative medicine expert given advice on 1.04., this? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 2.1, 2.2, 4.1) (AR 190-8, para 6-1, b. (2) (3), The sleeping quarters shall be. 111-441c rni tic,b1"--41$sufficiently spacious and well ventilated and the internees shall have suitable bedding and sufficient
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blankets, account being taken of the climate and the age, sex, and state of health of the internees.
Internees shall have for their use, day and night, sanitary conveniences, which conform to the rules of hygiene and are constantly maintained in a state of cleanliness.) AR 190-8, para 3-4, e. When possible consult the preventive medicine authority in theater for provisions of minimum living space and sanitary facilities.
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8. Are the Corps of Engineers involved in any facility upgrades/improvements in Theater for Detainees? If so, what are some ongoing projects? What do you know of the Engineer Corps' Theater Construction Management System (TCSM). Were you aware that they have plans, specifications, and materiel requirements for Internment Facilities based on Detainee population? (1.1, 1.2, 1.8, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, paragraph 6-6. The
Engineer Corps' Theater Construction Management System (TCMS) contains basic plans, specifications, and material requirements for UR facilities based on the anticipated internee population. The plans can be easily modified for temperate, frigid, tropic, and desert climates. The TCMS also provides specifications and material requirements for the facilities when dimension and/or population requirements are supplied.)
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9. Do you use Military Working Dogs (MWD) within detention facilities? (1.1, 4.1) FM 3­19.40, 5-74, The MWDs enhance the security and safety of an I/R facility. They can be used for patrolling and detecting explosive and narcotics.)
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10.What is the current policy to grant conditional access to the International Red Cross/Crescent to Detainees? Has this always been the policy? Are they the only NGOs that have conditional access? If not, who are the other organizations? (1.1, 1.2, 2.2, 4.1) (AR 190-8, para 5-1, a. (5), e. (1), The CI will be entitled to apply for assistance to the
protecting powers, the International Committee of the Red Cross, approved religious organizations, relief
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societies, and any other organizations that can assist the Cl. As individually determined by the theater commander, protected civilian persons who are detained as alleged spies or saboteurs or as persons under definite suspicion of activities hostile to the security of the United States as an occupying power, will be regarded as having forfeited rights of communication with the outside world under the Geneva Convention (GC) for reasons of military security. Such forfeiture will be viewed as an exceptional and temporary measure. Due to the seriousness of the charges, such persons will not be processed as ordinary CJ. EPWs also have access IAW 190-8, para 3-16.)
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11. Explain how medical information is kept on each individual Detainee? (1.1, 1.2, 1.5,
4.1) (AR 190-8, para 6-6, f. (1), The medical records and forms used for the hospitalization and treatment of U.S. Arw personnel and for EPWs will be used for Cl.)
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12.What is your responsibility to the National Detainee Reporting Center (NDRC)? What is your relationship with the Theater Detainee Reporting Center (TDRC)? To the best of your knowledge, when were these centers stood up? Describe the Detainee Reporting System? (Software used, Data Base Management, Data Validation, Contingencies, Security and Privacy, etc.) Who has access? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.5, 2.2, 4.1) (AR 190-8, para 1-8, a, b, and (1) The Branch PWIC functions as the field operations agency for the NPWIC. It is central agency responsible to maintain information on all EPW, Cl, and RP and their personal property within an assigned theater of operations or in CONUS. b. The Branch PWIC serves as the theater repository for information pertaining to: (1) Accountability of EPW, CI, and RP and
iroplementationAof DOD policy_
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13.When are Detainees assigned Internment Serial Numbers (ISNs) (from point of
capture to internment? Are there any reasons why Detainees would not be assigned
ISNs? (AR 190-8, para 6-2, d., Internment serial number (ISN). ISNs for each CI will be assigned according to the procedure set forth for EPW. The letters ACI@ will be substituted for AEPW@ e.g. US9AB-0001CI.) (AR 190-8, Appendix B discusses in detail ISNs.) FM 3-19.40, para 4-16. If the situation permits, the IRIC processes EPWs at division CPs and CHAS. Assign ISNs as early as possible. However, if an ISN is not assigned until Station 1 (see Table 4-1, page 4-3), use the capture tag number, the manifest number, or another control number until an ISN is assigned.
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14.What are the policies and procedures for US Forces transferring detainees to other Coalition Forces/Host Nation Forces? Has this been done? (1.1, 1.2, 2.2) (AR 190-8, paragraph 1-4g(1) (Commanders will provide for an EPW, CI, and RP camp liaison and assistance program to ensure the protection of U S interests per the Geneva Conventions upon the capture and transfer of detainees to a host or other nations.)
15. What are the procedures that allow other United States Government Agencies eibeehiA
timp , (OGA) access to Detainees? Who is the approval authority? How much notice do they s ..,4 have to provide the chain of command? Do Detainees ever leave U.S. Military Control ' Ir..ttim.3* for interrogation? How about U.S. Military Police control to MI contrork-What is the J µ,,,, l process for turnover and accountability of the Detainee2181.hathappensi detainaLe isee Lo?
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occurred? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, para 3-68, The interrogation area accommodates an -'%------ dot,Iv 4.tou,
interrogator, captive, a guard, and an interpreter as well as furniture. Accountability procedures are Pi `tea wLu^u.— implemented and required forms are available.) (FM 3-19.40 para 3-14. Property Accountability. *Have MI sign for property on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708. *Return confiscated property F-1-4?'"' to supply after it is cleared by MI teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence value are forwarded through MI channels. * Evacuate retained items with the captive when he moves to the next level of nmpnt *Maintain r-nntrnIlAd Pccacc to rnnfiqratpri anri imnntintipri nmnertv
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16. How are interpreters (linguists/translators) integrated within the Detainee Detention system (within each facility)? (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.7, 3.1, 4.1) (FM 319.40, para 4-
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17.What are your biggest issues concerning logistical, contractor and inter•r- -71"— Fift support for Detainee Operations? ? (1.1, 1.5, 4.1) (FM 3-19.40, para 7-101, Supp l ctions Uhl a in a confinement facility are the same as those in other military units. However, stronger security
74014 measures are necessary to prevent certain supplies and equipment from falling into the hands of prisoners.)
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18.What are your biggest issues concerning adequate facilities for Detainees? (1.1, d:4
i2 1.8, 4.1) (AR 190-8, para 6-1, Discusses in detail, the standard for internment facilities for Cls.)
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I9.Can you describe the in-processing actions required for Detainees? What are some of the reasons that Detainees are not accepted to the internment facility? Are capturing
)0 0 .,..,..nits/subordinate units properly processing Detainees? If not, what are they doing wrong? Is it administrative in nature or in the physically handling of Detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) (AR 190-8, para 6-2, Discusses in detail, the administrative processing by MP units of
Cls.) AR 190-8, para 2-1, a. (1) (b) (c), All equipment, documents, and personal property confiscation
during the search must be tagged and administratively accounted for by the capturing unit. DD Form
2745, Part C is attached to the property confiscated from the Detainee, so that it may later be matched to
that Detainee.) AR 190-8, paragraph 1-4g(3), (Commanders will collect and dispose of captured enemy
supplies and equipment through theater logistics and EOD channels.) FM 3-19.40 para 3-14. Property
Accountability. When seizing property from a captive—* Bundle it or place it in a bag to keep it intact and
separate from other captives' possessions. *Prepare DA Form 4137 for confiscated and impounded
property. * Prepare a receipt for currency and negotiable instruments to be signed by the captive and the
receiver. Use cash collection vouchers so that the value can be credited to each captive's account. List
currency and negotiable instruments on the captive's personal-property list, but treat them as impounded
property. Keep the original receipt with the property during evacuation. Give the captive a copy of the
receipt, and tell him to keep it to expedite the return of his property. *Have MI sign for property on DA
Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708. *Return confiscated property to supply after it is cleared
by MI teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence value are forwarded through MI channels. *
Evacuate retained items with the captive when he moves to the next level of internment. Maintain
controlled access to confiscated and impounded property. FM 3-19.40 para 3-14. Property Accountability.
*Have MI sign for property on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708. *Return confiscated
property to supply after it is cleared by Ml teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence value are
forwarded through MI channels. * Evacuate retained items with the captive when he moves to the next
level of internment. Maintain controlled access to confiscated and impounded property. FM 190-8, para
6-2, c. (1) DA Form 4237-R will be prepared for each protected civilian processed in an occupied territory
as a CI or dependent child.
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2 • What is the process to account for and dispose of weapons and con
nfiscated from Detainees? What happens to personal property s it disposed of/tagged along with the Detainee and is it stored properly and accounted for?) Why is the DD Form 2745 (Capture Tag) not being used? What are units using in lieu of (if any)? ((Detainee Capture Card found in draft MTTP, Detainee Ops—this card does not require near as much data as DD 2745 0. The CPA Apprehension Form helps offset the lack of info on the Detainee, however it is usually filled out in a single copy (not the 3 required))) Who decided on the use of the Coalition Provisional Authority Apprehension Form and why? (1.1, 1.2, 1.4, 2.1, 2.2, 4.1) (AR
190-8, paragraph 1-4g(3), (Commanders will collect and dispose of captured enemy supplies and
7:t 7-Nrim.\ equipment through theater logistics and EOD channels.) (FM 3-19.40 para 3-7 and 3-8, The Five Ss an T procedure is performed by the capturing unit. When a captive arrives at a division CP or a CHA, he is processed by the STRESS method.) (FM 3-19.40, para 5-32. The information flow begins when the prisoner is captured and a DD Form 2745 is initiated. The ISN, which is assigned upon arrival at a CHA
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or an I/R facility,7re key to racking Is throughout the I/R system.) (FM 3-19.40 para4-12 (for EP s and para 5-28 (for Cls) "Store personal property in a temporary storage area..."AR 190-8, para 2-1, a. (1
(b) (c), All equipment, documents, and personal property confiscation during the search must be tagged
and administratively accounted for by the capturing unit. DD Form 2745, Part C is attached to the property confiscated from the Detainee, so that it may later be matched to that Detainee.) FM 3-19.40 para 3-14. Property Accountability. When seizing property from a captive—* Bundle it or place it in a bag to keep it intact and separate from other captives' possessions. *Prepare DA Form 4137 for confiscated and impounded property. * Prepare a receipt for currency and negotiable instruments to be signed by the captive and the receiver. Use cash collection vouchers so that the value can be credited to each captive's account. List currency and negotiable instruments on the captive's personal-property list, but treat them as impounded property. * Keep the original receipt with the property during evacuation. Give the captive a copy of the receipt, and tell him to keep it to expedite the return of his property. •Have MI sign
for property on DA Form 4137 and for captives on DD Form 2708. *Return confiscated property to supply after it is cleared by MI teams. Items kept by MI because of intelligence value are forwarded through MI channels. * Evacuate retained items with the captive when he moves to the next level of internment. * Maintain controlled access to confiscated and impounded property. Property seized from a CI (AR 190-8, 6-3b), will be documented on the DA Form 4237-R. Use of the DA Form 4137 is not required. Property seized from an EPW/RP [AR 190-8, 2-2b(1)] will be documented on the DA Form 4137.
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twit 21. Does the current force structure meet the requirements i‘run Internment Facilities?
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to Detainee Operations and how would you fix/incorporate into updated doctrine and,.. itics:".._ li ..,.,.e. r•-e" accomplish differently? (1.1, 1.3, 1.5, 1.7, 2.1, 4.1) AR 190-8, DoD Directive 5100.77, 1949 '-,,,
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ire ro h44441 Geneva Convention, FM 3-19.40, These are the primary source for standards and doctrine concerning 104 1.1fr tA" Detainee Operations). (FM 3-19.40, Appendix D, Table D, Lists and provides details of MP arlizations and their duties reaardina internment facilities .1
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22.What is the ROE concerning Detainees? Fi7A d45 you ensttelfrat this ROE is being
followed and understood by all Soldiers in your command that have any contact with A51:. .
Detainees? What is the policy to train on the established Rules of Engagement (ROE)? $0 la 1 v-46.

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4.1. %us How often does this occur? Does this training include Rules of Interaction (R01)? (1.1, esx, Po

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1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 4.1) (DoD Directive 5100.77, para 5.5.1, The Secretaries of the Military Departments 0.-k
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1 .k.1- shall provide directives, publications, instructions, and training so that the principles and rules of law of
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commensurate with each individual's duties and responsibilities.) FM 3-19.40, paragraph 2-29, An MP to il) pNo1 ,
commander ensures that soldiers understand use-of-force guidelines and the ROE established by higher dive ‘:fheadquarters for each mission. Because the use of force and ROE vary depending on the category of
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housed personnel and the operational environment, the commander develops SOPs that follow the
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protection of deployed forces. ROE from CJCS ISO Iraqi operations dated 251 00Z Apr 03 para 10 (U)
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1.441. s • /di : ---
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pr.:4A ,
tr004'N DAIG - 668 2 - d*-1.4...—
DOD-016252

All commanders will ensure their personnel are familiar with the law of armed conflict and with these ROE."
23. What procedures are in place when a detainee in U S custody dies? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1)
AR 190-8, paragraph 3-10, When an EPW or RP in U.S. custody dies, the attending medical officer will
immediately furnish the camp (or hospital) commander or other officer charged with their custody before
death, the following information: AR 190-8, paragraph 3-3a (20): Report allegations of criminal acts or
war crimes committed by or against EPW/RP to the supporting element of the U.S. Army Criminal
Investigation Command (USACIDC). Deaths resulting from other than natural causes will be investigated
by USACIDC. Para 3-10 c: When an EPW or RP in US custody dies, the attending medical officer furnish
the camp (or hospital) commander or other officer charged with their custody before death, the following
information: (1) Full name of deceased. (2) ISN of deceased. (3) Date, place, and cause of death. (4)
Statement that death was, or was not, the result of the deceased's own misconduct. (5) When the cause
of death is undetermined, the attending medical officer will make a statement to that effect. When the
cause of death is finally determined, a supplemental report will be made as soon as possible. e. The
attending medical officer and the appropriate camp commander will complete a DA Form 2669-R
(Certificate of Death). DA Form 2669-R will be reproduced locally on 8 1/2 by 11-inch paper. The form is
located at the back of this regulation. This form is for the use of Army only. Enough copies of form will be
made out to provide distribution as follows: (1) Original-information center. (2) Copy-information center
(branch), if necessary. (3) Copy-The Surgeon General. (4) Copy-EPW or RP personal file. (5) The proper
civil authorities responsible for recording deaths in the particular state if the EPW dies in the United
States.
het d /Vc
/ f ris fit P Bete_ )1. v- Pin rs
4/1,7i irthlz Ck tos•. .c-c gz-R / S -Co
24. What are the procedures for repatriation? (1.1, 1.2, 4.1) AR 190-8, para 3-12 thru 3-14, has detail on repatriation.

\DIs
(ow, tilL4 C132
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1.."•"4
clQ.44adz'

25. What religious activities are permitted? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6) (AR 190-8, Ch 1-5, g (1), (g), EPW, and RP will enjoy latitude in the exercise if their religious practices, including attendance at the service of their faith, on condition that they comply with the disciplinary routine prescribed by the military authorities. Adequate space will be provided where religious services may be held.)
Lam-{ h uPee.,. 969
77
_
26.Are you aware of your requirement to report abuse or suspected abuse of detainees? (1.1, 1.2, 1.6, 4.1) AR 190-40 para 2-1, Military and civilian personnel assigned to or accompanying a DoD Component know that they shall report reportable incidents through their chain of
8
DAIG - 669
DOD-016253

command and that such reports also may also be made through other channels, such as the military police, a judge advocate, or an Inspector General.) AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:
b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any
other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident.
ier V P1444.*\711 LiOS 5L7Cr

r/t-afe41 $i h 17he.i
27. Do your subordinates know the reporting procedures if they observe or become
aware of a Detainee being abused? (1.2, 1.6) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable
Serious Incidents, 5-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including
mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any
other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature,
gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C
Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g.
Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape
from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a
prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of
concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences
of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee,
a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the CI. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and with-out adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of
inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH
DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)

28.What steps would you take if a subordinate reported to you an incident of alleged Detainee abuse? (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category I Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following:
g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences
of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a
9
DAIG - 670
DOD-016254

prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190-8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-040Q as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
X22. c (e2
29. Do you feel you can freely report an incident of alleged Detainee abuse outside Command channels (1G, CID) (1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment
of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident
the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential
for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C. Category 2,
Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents
involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences
of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The Cl will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and without adverse distinction
based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR 190 -8, para 6-9, e. Any act or allegation of inhumane treatment or other violations of this regulation will be reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)
30.What procedures do you have to report suspected detainee abuse (IG, CID, Next Level Commander) (1.2, 1.6, 4.1) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1 Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. B-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C, Category 2,
Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from
10 DAIG - 671 la
DOD-016255

‘1 4-4-10
410-401X-
What do you perceive as the mission of your unit? Describe the importance of your e in that mission. (Insight to the Soldier's understanding and attitude concerning unit
mission and their role) AR 600-20 Command Policy 2-1. Chain of Command a. The chain of command assists commanders at all levels to achieve their primary function of accomplishing the unit's assigned mission while caring for personnel and property in their charge. A simple and direct chain of command facilitates the transmittal of orders from the highest to the lowest levels in a minimum of time and with the
least chance of misinterpretation. b. Commanders delegate sufficient authority to soldiers in the chain of command to accomplish their assigned duties, and commanders may hold these soldiers responsible for their actions. 5,sfiga,41: t 1.9 Son-, .0-41 ykl.
v1P? ,bX2)-4
35X2)-4 119 7)..2
(
S 2 Leet."04 %ds — -keel ds , tow; e..4(
IPC•a 6P-A 33. Describe your working environment and living conditions since being in Theater.
toN41. "erTh-jfsicId psychological impact on Soldier's attitude). (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7) FM 10-
---ird-y-f71h
42,..e..0-`41 1, Ch. 7, para. 3, "Tactical Vision. A primary QMC focu at the tactical level will continue to be on sustainment of the soldier. Each company-sized unit I have two cooks and a small, state-of-the-art field kitchen. This provides a limited capability to prepare r heat meals and supplements. An improved
t.ct e 1,/,,f containerized capability for providing responsive la dry and shower support well forward on the
jeu,...04 battlefield must be developed. Frontline soldiers r quire brief respites from the rigors associated with
Li oil combat. A facility complex (Force Provider) will e available in which they can shower, clean their clothes,
VKr , eat hot meals, and rest in an environmental ontrolled shelter.

.
ht9 /1/4.5r/..r ?oar food,. f e C Fide's T 5".40-01.i0 /cam d eent..904, 101.,
hetai-hly
7 kyr" bt.514t .
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-75 /A...7...y d h od.5 Au -Irk, Jam. — 6/ot k d CNITLS e-crys.tp, det...•• 5 7-iyop . iVec.5 e Ze..t err,ei
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m41,4,4,04;41.
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34. Describe the unit command climate and Soldier morale. Has it changed or evolved since you have been in Theater? (Identifies Soldier's perception of the chain of command and Soldier attitude. Does the Soldier feel supported? Do Soldiers feel the Command cares? Are
they getting clear guidance?) 1 AR 600-20 • 13 May 2002 1-5. Command, b. Elements of command.
c. The commander is responsible for establishing leadership climate of the unit and developing disciplined and cohesive units. This sets the parameters within which command will be exercised and, therefore, sets the tone for social and duty relationships within the command. (1) Commanders and other leaders
committed to the professional Army ethic promote a positive environment. If leaders show loyalty to their soldiers, the Army, and the Nation, they earn the loyalty of their soldiers. If leaders consider their soldiers' needs and care for their well-being, and if they demonstrate genuine concern, these leaders build a positive command climate. (2) Duty is obedient and disciplined performance. Soldiers with a sense of duty accomplish tasks given them, seize opportunities for self-improvement, and accept responsibility from their superiors. Soldiers, leader and led alike, work together to accomplish the mission rather than feed their self-interest..
C-A4 t Q l I rku - -) 77-4e. ci go lei er hi-.
C .5 !As; go d) he
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12
DAIG - 672

DOD-016256

35. Are you aware of any incidences of detainee or other abuse in your unit? AR 190-8, 1-
5. General protection policy a. U.S. policy, relative to the treatment of EPW, CI and RP in the custody of
the U.S. Armed Forces, is as follows: (1) All persons captured, detained, interned, or otherwise held in

U.S. Armed Forces custody during the course of conflict will be given humanitarian care and treatment from the moment they fall into the hands of U.S. forces until final release or repatriation. (2) All persons taken into custody by U.S. forces will be provided with the protections of the GPW until some other legal status is determined by competent authority. (3) The punishment of EPW, CI and RP known to have, or suspected of having, committed serious offenses will be administered IAW due process of law and under legally constituted authority per the GPW, GC, the Uniform Code of Military Justice and the Manual for Courts Martial. (4) The inhumane treatment of EPW, CI, RP is prohibited and is not justified by the stress of combat or with deep provocation. Inhumane treatment is a serious and punishable violation under international law and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ). b. All prisoners will receive humane treatment without regard to race, nationality, religion, political opinion, sex, or other criteria. The following acts are prohibited: murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation, the taking of hostages, sensory deprivation, collective punishments, execution without trial by proper authority, and all cruel and degrading treatment. c. All persons will be respected as human beings. They will be protected against all acts of violence to include rape, forced prostitution, assault and theft, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, and reprisals of any kind. They will not be subjected to medical or scientific experiments. This list is not exclusive. EPW/RP are to be protected from all threats or acts of violence. d. Photographing, filming, and video taping of individual EPW, CI and RP for other than internal Internment Facility administration or intelligence/counterintelligence purposes is strictly prohibited. No group, wide area or aerial photographs of EPW, CI and RP or facilities will be taken unless approved by the senior Military Police officer in the Internment Facility commanders chain of command. e. A neutral state or an international humanitarian organization, such as the ICRC, may be designated by the U.S. Government as a Protecting Power (PP) to monitor whether protected persons are receiving humane treatment as required by the Geneva Conventions. The text of the Geneva Convention, its annexes, and any special agreements, will be posted in each the language of the EPW, Cl and RP.

4I • I I .1 Mg_.;-11 if a 7i el c we/
-.4...6. 4.4...
CaLOAF u--d _1,, s , di, c.... .6 L., Idati_el,YM-a,i20 .e:.-6u/ Jr/ 1 h 1.
ADVISEMENT OF RIGHTS (For military personnel) The text of Article 31 provides as follows a. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to incriminate himself or to answer any questions the answer to which may tend to incriminate him. b. No person subject to this chapter may interrogate or request any statement from an accused or a person suspected of an offense without first informing him of the nature of the accusation and advising him that he does not have to make any statement regarding the offense of which he is accused or suspected, and that any statement made by him may be used as evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. c. No person subject to this chapter may compel any person to make a statement or produce evidence before any military tribunal if the statement or evidence is not material to the issue and may tend to degrade him.
d. No statement obtained from any person in violation of this article, or through the use of coercion, unlawful influence, or unlawful inducement, may be received in evidence against him in a trial by court-martial. (1.2, 1.6)
I am (grade, if any, and name), a member of the (DAIG). I am part of a team inspecting detainee operations, this is not a criminal investigation. I am reading you your rights because of a statement you made causes me to suspect that you may have committed . (specify offense, i.e. aggravated assault, assault, murder). Under Article 31, you have the right to
13
DAIG - 673
DOD-016257

remain silent, that is, say nothing at all. Any statement you make, oral or written, may be used as evidence against you in a trial by courts-martial or in other judicial or administrative proceedings. You have the right to consult a lawyer and to have a lawyer present during this interview. You have the right to military legal counsel free of charge. In addition to military counsel, you are entitled to civilian counsel of your own choosing, at your own expense. You may request a lawyer at any time during this interview. If you decide to answer questions, you may stop the questioning at any time. Do you understand your rights? Do you want a lawyer? (If the answer is yes, cease all questions at this point). Are you willing to answer questions?
36.
Describe what you understand happened leading up to and during the incident(s) of abuse. (No applicable standard)

37.
Describe Soldier morale, feelings and emotional state prior to and after these

incidents? (Identifies unit and Soldier morale, atmosphere, mood, attitude, stress, retaliation, preemption, family crisis)
38. Was this incident reported to the chain of command? How, when & what was done? What would you have done? (Identifies compliance, procedure, timeliness, Soldier perception of action taken and effect on unit morale.) (1.2, 1.6) (AR 190-40, Appendix B, Category 1
Reportable Serious Incidents, B-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: b. War crimes, including mistreatment of enemy prisoners of war, violations of the Geneva Conventions, and atrocities. 13-2. Any other incident the commander determines to be of immediate concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-40, Appendix C Category 2, Reportable Serious Incidents, C-1. Actual or alleged incidents involving the following: g. Incidents involving prisoners or detainees of Army confinement or correctional facilities to include escape from confinement or custody, disturbances which require the use of force, wounding or serious injury to a prisoner, and all prisoner deaths. C-2. Any other incident that the commander determines to be of concern to HQDA based on the nature, gravity, potential for adverse publicity, or potential consequences of the incident. AR 190-8, 5-1. General protection policy—civilian internee, a. Treatment. (1) No form of physical torture or moral coercion will be exercised against the Cl. This provision does not constitute a prohibition against the use of minimum force necessary to effect compliance with measures authorized or directed by these regulations. (2) In all circumstances, the CI will be treated with respect for their person, their honor, their family rights, their religious convictions and practices, and their manners and customs. At all times the CI will be humanely treated and protected against all acts of violence or threats and insults and public curiosity. In all official cases they will be entitled to a fair and regular trial as prescribed by this regulation. (3) The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults, public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault. (4) The CI will be treated with the same consideration and with-out adverse distinction based on race, religion, political opinion, sex, or age. AR
14
DAIG - 674
DOD-016258

.bX7XA)
T K""'
haf
b)(7XA)
y 6Ftt(5)-5& (b)(7)(C)-5
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190-8, para 6-9, e. Andy ac or allegation of inhumane :reatment or other violations of this rE&TafWbillb '4(7)CA)
i wi ­reported to HQDA (DAMO-ODL), WASH DC 20310-0400 as a Serious Incident Report. Reporting
instructions in AR 190-40 will be used.)

b)(6)-5 8
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h tIr P fret rh.r r tie (4 er 6 r mues ''"I.r1e:ir A2 cr /,...c..... 20 OG . C.A.ca....e) Li_J-0-t.e,_
:13X6)-5 & (b)(7)(C)-5
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39. How could the incident have been prevented? (Identifies root cause and perceived
solution) (No applicable standard)

AL. cs.4.s.42, FD it DM, Crt CILL. \ PM. 0 C774% 0-1..e. 4 a_ ILL,. )44. P
d e.e.eeA-s--4-•1" c' & ..42-, 4i a hecd..e, •
40. Describe any unit training or other programs that you are aware of that teach
leaders and Soldiers how to recognize and resolve combat stress. FM 22-51, para 11-5.

Prevention of Misconduct Stress Behaviors. The measures which reduce battle fatigue and prevent battle
fatigue casualties should also help reduce the incidence of misconduct stress behaviors. However,
additional actions also need to be practiced consistently by leadership at all echelons and by buddies at
the small unit level. FM 22-51, para 1-3, Stress control requires special involvement from direct (small
unit) leaders. The responsibility extends up through the organizational leaders and their staffs (both
officers and noncommissioned officers fNCOs]) at all echelons. Appendix A describes combat stress risk
factors and prescribes leaders' actions to control them. Leaders, staffs, and individual soldiers all receive
assistance from the supporting chaplains, the medical personnel, and combat stress controUmental health
personnel (see Appendix B for information pertaining to combat stress control units). If any link in the
chain of responsibility is weak, it is the responsibility of the other members of the chain to strengthen it.
FM 8-51, para 1-1, b. Responsibility For Stress Control. Control of stress is the commander's
responsibility (see FM 22-51) at all echelons. The commander is aided in this responsibility by the
noncommissioned officer (NCO) chain of support; the chaplaincy; unit medical personnel; general,
principal, and special staff, and by specialized Army CSC units and mental health personnel. )

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41. What measures are in place to boost morale or to relieve stress? (Identifies perceived
solution.) FM 22-51, para 11-5. Prevention of Misconduct Stress Behaviors. The measures which
reduce battle fatigue and prevent battle fatigue casualties should also help reduce the incidence of
misconduct stress behaviors. However, additional actions also need to be practiced consistently by
leadership at all echelons and by buddies at the small unit level. FM 22-51, para 1-3, Stress control
requires special involvement from direct (small unit) leaders. The responsibility extends up through the
organizational leaders and their staffs (both officers and noncommissioned officers [NCOs]) at all
echelons. Appendix A describes combat stress risk factors and prescribes leaders' actions to control
them. Leaders, staffs, and individual soldiers all receive assistance from the supporting chaplains, the
medical personnel, and combat stress control/mental health personnel (see Appendix B for information
pertaining to combat stress control units). If any link in the chain of responsibility is weak, it is the
responsibility of the other members of the chain to strengthen it. FM 8-51, para 1-1, b. Responsibility For

15
DAIG - 675
DOD-016259

- duls -
40.
ALI Id 1 2_hA5
Stress Control. Control of stress is the commander's responsibility (see FM 22-51) at all echelons. The -i t An- L
ce44;:c. commander is aided in this responsibility by the noncommissioned officer (NCO) chain of support; the
e)dchaplaincy; unit medical personnel; general, principal, and special staff, and by specialized Army CSC units and mental health personnel. .itEig e n te r? frice--Sfc6e.A.o..417- Ow ) Aad
1,17
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42. What measures could the command enact to improve the morale and command climate of your unit? (Identifies perceived solution.) FM 22-103, Leadership and Command at Senior Levels, 21 Jun 1987, p. 6, - "Leadership. The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation." AR 600-100, Army Leadership, 17 Sep 1993, p. 8, 1987- "Senior-level leadership is the art of direct and indirect influence and the skill of creating the conditions for sustained organizational success to achieve the desired result. But, above all, it is the art of
taking a vision of what must be done, communicating it in a way that the intent is clearly understood, and then being tough enough to ensure its execution."
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7:244-34; .7z-th/es,
16
DAIG - 676 El
DOD-016260

Doc_nid: 
3656
Doc_type_num: 
73