Army Action Plan: Standard Operating Procedures for Behavior Science Consultation Team Joint Intelligence Group, Joint Task Force

Army Action Plan: Standard Operating Procedures for Behavior Science Consultation Team Joint Intelligence Group, Joint Task Force.

Doc_type: 
Non-legal Memo
Doc_date: 
Monday, March 28, 2005
Doc_rel_date: 
Tuesday, November 29, 2005
Doc_text: 

Behavioral Science Consultation Team
28 March 2005 Joint Intelligence Group, Joint Task Force-GTMO Standard Operating Procedures (U)
1.
(U) Purpose. The purpose of this document is to establish Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for
the daily operation and administration of the Behavioral Science Consultation Team (BSCT), Joint
Interrogation Group (JIG), Joint Task Force-Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (JTF-GTMO).

2.
(U) Scope. This SOP applies to all personnel assigned to the BSCT and supersedes the previous BSCT

SOP.
3. (U) BSCT Personnel.
a. (U) BSCT Chief (BSCT1). Clinical Psychologist, USA, 73B. Chief, responsible for all issues
relating to BSCT operations. Develops detailed BSCT policies and operating procedures. Reports to the
Director, JIG; coordinates with the Commander, Joint Detention Operations Group (JDOG); and, as
directed, provides special staff officer functions to the Commander, JTF-GTMO. In the event that the
USAF 42P3 is senior in rank to the USA 73B, JIG Director will designate team chief based on experience

and training in interrogation support.
b. (U) Assistant BSCT Chief (BSCT2). Clinical Psychologist, USAF, 42P3. Assumes duties of
BSCT1 in his/ her absence. Provides consultation and interrogation support to the Interrogation Control
Element (ICE). Works with JDOG-S2 (Counter-Intelli ce) to identifytrends in detainee behavio

may support Deployment Cycle Support program by providing training on
Posttraumanc Stress and Anger Management for personnel departing JTF-GTMO.

c. (U) BSCT NCOIC (BSCT3). Mental Health Specialist, USA, 91X. Provides consultation and
interrogation support to the ICE. Assesses camp climate and provides feedback to BSCT1 on issues and
trends. May provide training in behavioral principles/ management to ICE and JDOG personnel; may
support Deployment Cycle Support program by providing training on Posttraumatic Stress and Anger
Management for personnel departing JTF-GTMO.

4.
(U) Mission. Provide psychological consultation in order to support safe, legal, ethical, and effective
detention and interrogation operations at JTF-GTMO.

5.
(U) Objectives.

a. (U) Provide psychological expertise to assess the individual detainee and his environment; provide recommendations to enhance the effectiveness of interrogation operations.
b.(U) Use psychological expertise to provide monitoring, consultation, and feedback regarding the entire detainee environment in order to assist the command in ensuring humane treatment of detainees, the prevention of abuse, and the safety of U.S. personnel.
CLASSIFIED BY: JTF-GTMO Classification Guide dated 10 June 2004 REASON: 1.4(C) or Intelligence Activity, Source, or Methods DECL ON: 28 March 2030
@EMET flfl5RE2 NOVO 043 5
JTF-GTMO-JIG-BSCT
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP (U)

6. (U) Mission Essential Tasks.
a. (U) Provides consultation to interrogation staff in support of the intelligence collection mission.
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b. (U) Monitors interrogations and other staff-detainee interactions; provides consultation on policies and strategies for ensuring the safety of detainees and JTF-GTMO personnel; provides direct feedback to command on issues involving psychological risk factors affecting detainee operations.
(I)
(U) Provide psychological oversight to ensure that staff-detainee interactions are safe for both detainees and U.S. personnel. Immediately call attention to and appropriately report any interactionsthat are considered unsafe, unethical, illegal or in violation of applicable policies and procedures.

(2)
(U) Provide feedback to command in verbal or written form to JIG Director, JDOG Commander, or JTF Commander, as appropriate, regarding potential risks to detainees and U.S. personnel

at JTF-GTMO.
3./FOUO
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BSCT SOP 2
,sEeRri--) 005363
NOV00436
JTF-GTMO-JIG-BSCT
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP (U)
c. (U) Monitors behavioral trends in the detainee population and integrates findings into
consultation in support of interrogation and detention operations.

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(6)co (2
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d. (U) Provides selected JIG and JDOG personnel with training on behavioral, psychological,
and cultural issues pertaining to the detainee population.

(1) (U//FOUO

C FS
(,)(z) (2) (U//F000
(3)(W/FOU0) Provides training to facilitate the maintenance of a stable and secure detention
environment, such as appropriate ways to respond to detainee misbehavior, recognition and reporting of
behavior patterns, minimizing transfer of information from guard staff to detainees, and strategies for
increasing pro-American sentiment.

(4)(U) Provides training to increase awareness of religious and cultural issues unique to the detainee population, such as proper handling of Queens, ways to demonstrate respect for religious practices, and special practices during religious holidays (e.g., Ramadan).
e. (U) Advises JIG and JDOG on use of material for the Detainee Library and sits on theLibrary Advisory Board.
(1)(U) Participates on Library Advisory Board to review library materials and advise JIG andJDOG on future acquisitions.
(2)(U) As a member of the Board, reviews library operations and forwards recommendations tothe JIG Director and JDOG commander
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BSCT SOP
3
SECRET
005364
NOV00437
JTF-GTMO-JIG-BSCT
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP (U)
C OM
g. (U) Assists in the development of detention facility behavior management plans.
(1)
(U) Consults with JDOG S-3, JDOG S-2, Medical, Behavioral Health, and ICE personnel to develop camp-wide strategies for improving behavioral levels of detainees.

(a)
(U) Provides input into the development of strategies for reducing unwanted behavior, such as re-location or movement of detainees, disciplinary actions, structural or procedural changes within the camp.

(b)
(U) Provides input into the development of strategies for increasing positive behavior, such as implementation of incentive programs, reinforcement programs for positive behavior, and increasing access to recreational and social activities.

b (
lz. (U) Consults with TIF Commander on detainee issues, staff issues, and camp dynamics, and
provides recommendations on ways to improve camp operations. BSCT personnel have full and
direct access to JTF Commander to consult on all aspects of JTF mission.
i. (U) Other duties as assigned.
7. (U) Mental Health and Medical Services.
a. (U) BSCT personnel shall not conduct mental health evaluations or provide mental health treatment to detainees or JTF-GTMO personnel. BSCT personnel will take all reasonable steps to ensure that they are not perceived as healthcare providers for detainees or JTF-GTMO personnel.
(1) (U) The Joint Medical Group (JMG) provides all medical treatment, including mental health evaluation and treatment, for detainees and JTF-GTMO personnel. Services for detainees are provided through the Detention Hospital, Detention Clinic, and Detainee Behavioral Health Service. Services for JTF-GTMO personnel are provided through the Combat Stress Control, Joint Aid Station, and U.S. Naval
Hospital, GTMO.
(2) (U) The JMG is responsible for advising JIG personnel (i.e., BSCT and ICE Operations) if there are any known physical, psychological, or medical conditions; limitations to functioning; or restrictions to usual activities that one is required to consider in order to ensure the safety of the detainee and U.S. personnel, e.g., diabetes, heart condition, special diet, psychological instability, contagious
conditions.
b. (U) BSCT personnel will function as Medical Liaison Officers for the intelligence unit based
on procedures established in conjunction with Joint Medical Group. When concerns about health
status or medical condition of detainees are raised through observation by BSCT personnel, inquiries

BSCT SOP 4
111152E5
NOV00438
JTF-GTMO-JIG-BSCT
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP (U)
raised by interrogators or other reporting mechanisms, BSCT will convey these concerns to appropriate medical personnel for evaluation, treatment, and disposition.
(1)
(U) Neither BSCT personnel nor interrogation teams have access to medical records of detainees. The BSCT acts as medical liaison between interrogation teams and medical personnel in order to maintain the separation between medical care and intelligence-collection.

(2)
(U) The BSCT will direct requests for information and issues of medical concerns brought up by interrogation teams to the JTF-GTMO-JMG organizational box. From there it will be routed to the appropriate medical/ dental personnel for response to BSCT personnel who will forward to originator of the inquiry.

(3)
(U) The kind of information shared will generally fall into two categories. The first is that of physical or medical conditions, or functional limitations, that one is required to consider in order to ensure the safety of the detainee and U.S. personnel, e.g., diabetes, heart condition, special diet, or contagious conditions. The other category of information shared is whether medical personnel were aware of the condition, if it had been evaluated and treated, or if an appointment is pending to address the concern.

(4)
(U) The BSCT will meet on a regular basis with the Director, Joint Medical Group; Director, Medical Plans and Operations; OIC, SMO, and other staff from the Detention Hospital and Detainee Behavioral Health Service in order to discuss any issues related to policies and procedures.

8. (U) Intelligence Collection with Juveniles. JTF-GTMO does not normally detain Juvenile Enemy Combatants, however, in order to deal with this possibility, special procedures must be established. Juveniles are defined as any person below the age of 16. Gathering intelligence from juveniles will require special precautions and extra care because juveniles are often more vulnerable with less developed coping skills than adults. in order to ensure proper care for the juvenile detainee, the following procedures will be followed:
a. (U) For any person under the age of 16, a BSCT personnel will be present for the entire time of interrogation. A medical provider will evaluate the juvenile prior to and after the interrogation. The interrogation plan must be reviewed by the BSCT psychologist, ICE Regional Team Chief, ICE Chief, and the JIG Director.
NCI)
(2) (U) Since many juvenile detainees have come from deprived environments, special effort will
be made to ensure their protection, to provide necessary emotional support, and to provide education asavailable.
BSCT SOP
5
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JTF-GTMO-JIG-BSCT
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP (U)
(3) (U) Transportation and theof the detainees will be and implemented the
!DOG personnel.

O)
9. (U) Other Operational Procedures. The following procedures apply to the daily BSCT operations.
a. (U) OPSEC. All operations of the BSCT must conform to guidance set forth in JTF-GTMO
General Order Number 2. Specific considerations for BSCT personnel are as follows.

(1)
(U) Ensure that classified material (files, papers, photos, disks) are properly secured in the
safe designated for BSCT use; at no time shall classified materials be left unattended in BSCT offices.

(2)
(U) Do not discuss detainee operations or other classified information over unclassified
phone lines.

(3)
(U//FOU0) Sanitize uniforms by placing tape over the name when working in or visiting
areas where contact with detainees is possible, including detainee blocks, interrogation buildings, and
medical facilities.

(4)
(U//FOUO) Use a courier bag when transporting classified or sensitive documents. Do not
use courier bags for transportation of unclassified or prohibited materials.

(5)
(U) Do not discuss detainee operations in areas where individuals without appropriate
clearance or need to know could overhear information.

(6)
(U) Do not discuss operations, current events, or personal information in the presence of
detainees.

(7)
(U) Ensure BSCT offices are locked at the end of the day and that the security checklist is
completed. The last person leaving the building must also complete the security checklist for the building
and ensure the front door is secured using the combination lock.

b.
(U) Vehicle Operations. Ensure the BSCT vehicle is taken to motor pool for reassignment and
routine maintenance NLT the end of each month.

e.
(U) Supplies. Required office/administrative supplies can be obtained through the ICE Admin office. Other supplies and equipment can be ordered through ICE Admin office by completing the appropriate purchase order request.

10. (U) Battle Rhythm. Successful execution of day-to-day mission requirements requires flexibility,
self-discipline, and ability to multi-task and prioritize in all BSCT personnel. There are often competing urgencies. Many tasks are self-directed; many demands are made with little or no notice while others are scheduled in advance. Assessments typically require a series of observations in different settings and hours of research. Many day-to-day activities are determined by response to requests for consultation and
observation; often, rapid response is required. Some committee meetings and working groups follow established schedules while others are generated by the BSCT for specific purposes.
a. (U) Ethical and legal responsibilities. In addition to the other duties and qualifications noted in this document, it is the responsibility of all BSCT personnel to familiarize themselves with and adhere to
BSCT SOP 6
•SECRET
005367
NOV00440
JTF-GTMO-JIG-BSCT
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP (U)

the UCMJ, Geneva Conventions, applicable rules of engagement, local policies, as well as professional
ethics and standards of psychological practice. All BSCT personnel will be expected to:

(1)(U) Read and adhere to JTF-GTMO policy memoranda, regulations, and SOPs.
(2)
(U) Immediately report any suspicions of abuse of detainees or misconduct by U.S. personnel to JIG Director who is responsible for further reporting to JTF Commander.

(3)
(U) Consult with colleagues and their chain of command regarding any conflicts that may
arise between professional requirements and performance of their duties.

b.
(U) Referral process for consultations. Interrogators may request consultation to support
interrogations or other requirements by contacting any member of the BSCT. This will most typically
occur in person at BSCT offices, by telephone, or by email.

c.
(U) Committee Membership. BSCT personnel participate in the following committees, working
groups, and meetings.

(1)(U) Interrogation Strategy Meeting (ISM, BSCTI): weekly in the JIG conference room.
(2)(U) JIG Command and Staff Meeting (BSCT1): weekly in the JIG conference room.
(3)(U) JIG pre-ISM (BSCT12): weekly in the JIG conference room.
(4)(U) ICE Coordination Meeting (BSCTI/2): weekly in the ICE Conference Room.
(5)(U) JDOG Coordination Meeting (BSCT1/2): weekly in the ICE Conference Room.
(6)(U) JDOG Company Training (BSCT1/2/3): Camp America Chapel as convened by JDOG.

needed. (7) (U) ICEbox Review Committee (BSCT1/2/3): ICE Conference Room; convened by BSCT as
(8)(U) Library Advisory Board (BSCT1/2): Meetings as convened by chair.
(9)(U) Other committees/ roundtables/ working groups, as appropriate.

11. (U) Point of Contact. The point of contact for this SOP is BSCT Chief at
Attachments: Annex A — BSCT Assessment Guidelines & Format (U) Annex B — BSCT Observation Report: Guidelines & Format (U) Annex C — BSCT Risk Assessment: Guidelines & Format (U)
BSCT SOP 7

2g March
2005 Mal Draft
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP - Annex A BSCT Assessment: Guidelines & Format (U) JTF-armo-111111/1111 Date MEMORANDUM FOR RECORD SUBJECT: Behavioral Science Consultation Team Assessment; ISN XXX
4. (U//FOLIO) Physical/ moiled lhaltations: Include here a statement of any known physical or medical conditions, or limitations to functioning, that one is required to consider in order to ensure the safety of the detainee and U.S. personnel, e.g. . diabetes, heart condition, special diet, or contagious conditions.
S. (U) Social histo
C. J
CLASSIFIED BY: JTF-GTMO Classification Guide dated (date of current guide)
REASON: 1.4(C) or Intelligence Activities, Sources, or Methods
DECL ON: (Future date - dependent on rcpon content and Classification Guide noted)

BSCT SOP, Annex A I
WARNING NOTE: Paragraph classification markings in this document are specific to the Information contained in the template. Classification makings in future generated reports mustbe determined by the originator (Le., BSCT personnel writing the report) and may vary based on contest and information provided in each section.
005369
NOVO 0442
25 Mardi 2005 Final Draft
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP - Annex A
BSCT Amassment Guidelines & Format (U)

BSCT2
Note: Sample morn may be found in electronic files.
BSCT SOP, Annex A 2
WARNING NOTE: Paragraph elassificatioa maridngs in this tiontnient are specific to the information contained la the template. Chwelfication makinp in future generated reports mast be determined by the originator (Lc, BSCT personnel writing the report) and may vary based on content and informatioa provided in each maim
FtzemPmesPeowitran
'5112Fr
28 March200sal Draft
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP - Annex B BSCT Observation Report: Guidelines & Format (U) JTF-anvio-111/111 Date MEMORANDUM FOR RECORD SUBJECT: Behavioral Science Observation Report - ISN XXXXX
BSCT3

CLASSIFIED BY: JTF-GTMO Classification Guide dated (date of current guide)
REASON: I .4(C) or Intelligence Activities, Sources, or Methods
DECL ON: (Future due - dependent on report content and Classification Guide noted)

BSCT SOP, Annex B 1
WARNING NOTE: Paragraph classification markiap is this docameat are specific to the information contained is the template. Cbmdfication msidsp in future 'aerated reports must be determined by the originator (i.e., BSCT persoand writing the report) and may vary based on contest and information provided is such martial'.
„SECRET'
FCIAIOnm Awnameon
CleFinal Draft
28 Idarc:100
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP - Annex C
BSCT Risk Assessment Guidelines & Format (U)

JTF-GTMO-Date MEMORANDUM FOR RECORD SUBJECT: Behavioral Science Consultation Team Risk Assessment; ISN )CODOCXXXX
2. (U) Sources of Information: It is useful to identify in the risk assessment the sources used. There are many potential sources of information for these assessments including:
CLASSIFIED BY: JTF-GTMO Classification Guide dated (dote of current guide)
REASON: 1.4(C) or Intelligence Activities, Sources, or Methods
DECL ON: (Future date - dependent on report content and Classification Guide noted)

BSCT SOP, Annex CI
WARNING NOTE: Mark-ups in this document are specific to this template. Claselficadon makings In future generated reports must be determined by the originator and may vary based on content and information provided in each section.
SE
FOIAWsnowinwaran
005372.
NOV00445
ARICICET
28 March 2005 Final Draft

SUBJECT: BSCT SOP - Annex C
BSCT Risk Assessment: Guidelines & Format (U)
3.
(U//FOUO) Psychesoeial History: Provide a brief history based on information from database and hard copy files available at the time of review. Include age, place of birth, family of origin, motivations for violent jihad-travels, training/ education, capture, custody, language(s) spoken and fluency.

4.
(U///r0U0) Health Status: Provide a brief summative statement based on medical and other reports, interviews with medical personnel, and possibly direct observation. A general statement will have beenprovided to DAB by medical personnel and will be used to develop the assessment as noted below. BSCTwill need to use medical summary to identify the three elements of function — physical, cognitive and

behavioral.
a. (U//FOUO) History: a brief statement of overall medical condition, provided by medical
personnel.
b.(U//FOLIO) Treatment: primary focus of this section will be on treatment provided while in custody but may include prior history if significant. This may include both medical and behavioral health treatment Medical personnel will provide information necessary for the purposes of the DAB assessment
c. (W/FOU0) Function: section is comprised of a series of three statements regarding detainee'scurrent level of functioning — physical, cognitive, and behavioral.
(I) (U//FOU0) Thyziod: a statement of overall physical functimin g, including any significant
Iitations.
P" (2) (U//FOLIO) Cognitive: a statement of general cognitive functioning including any significantlimitations or deficits, and demonstrated intellectual abilities.
(4) (U//FOLIO) Behavioral: an observationally-based statement of behavioral functioning while
in detention.
j. (U//FOUO) Prognosis: a statement of prognosis based on current health map.
BSCT SOP, Annex C 2
WARNING 140TE: Mark-ups hi this document are sped& to this template. Classiflestios makings in torture generated reports mast be determined by the originator and may vary basedon content and lemonades provided le each section.
satyr
FCMArsea Amara,
005373
NOV00446
SST 28 March 2005 Masi Draft
SUBJECT: BSCT SOP - Annex C
BSCT Risk Assessment: Guidelines & Format (U)

Note: Sample reports may be found in electronic files.
BSCT SOP, Annex C 3
WARNING NOTE: Mark-ups in this document are specific to this to plats. Ciamification makings in future generated reports must be determined by the originator and may vary based oa content and information provided in each section.
.EIRCRLIT
NOV00447
005374

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TIF-GTMO-IIG-BSCT N December 20€64
MEMORANDUM FOR. Joint Intelligence Group, Joint Task Potts - 'Guantanamo, APO AB
SUBJECT: Operational POlicyllaanorandunt a 14, Bebutiond-Soienne Onandtation Tem (BSCT)
1. Purpose: The propose oftbis instructionisto estabhsh
patty fortbe operations. ofthe Behavioral Science Consultation.Tean(BSCT), Joint lutnrroption (hoop {HO), Joint Task Force-Guantanamo ffey, Cuba (TrF-GTM0).
2.
Scope: Thispolicy docusacinappliestoallpersonnel ausignedicalieBSCT.

3.
BSC'T Personnel:

a. BSCT CliieftBSCTO: Cbietleaponsible ibrissues -reliant& 'MT operations. -,mss detailed BSCT polioiesand opesattug_ procedures. Reports beibefftrector, Be; eterdinstosiavith thKoninisader, Joint Detention Operations Group MOO); and, as directed, pnryides apecialinaff ofEcarfaeuticeatothe
Commander,. IMO:MO.
b. Assistant BSCT atief (13SCT2): ClinicalPsyelicingist, I I,. of BSCT1 in hisiher absence. Proilides conapItationand,inteirogatic Inturrogadon ContralikanentrICE). WatitaSaith 1130004Ciall identitarendsinatisinet if.¦ ' :-.Asstunts-tinties othe • encOto

tOtt) Defteytaten-CrIeUpportpieirain by providing training on -Postmann& Shen and Anger Management for personnel departing XTF-MMO.
c. BSCT NCOIC (BSCT3): Mental Health Specialist, USA, 91X Provides -consult:4k*
and in support to ICE. A31108803 C climate and provides feedback toBSCT1 anissuesond trends.
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DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
JTF GTMO
GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA
APO AE 09360

JTF GTMO-BSCT 11 November 2002
MEMORANDUM FOR Record
SUBJECT: BSCT Standard Operating Procedures
1.
Purpose. The purpose of this memorandum is to establish procedures for the daily operation
and administration of the BSCT working under the Joint Interrogation Group (JIG) of JTF
GTMO.

2.
Personnel. The BSCT is comprised of the following U.S. Army occupational specialties.

a.
1 Clinical Psychologist, 73B.

b.
1 Psychiatrist, 60W.

c.
1 Mental Health Specialist, 91X.

3.
Mission. Provide behavioral science consultation in support of JTF GTMO's interrogation
mission.

4.
Mission Essential Tasks.

a. Consult on interrogation roach techni • ues.
1.
12(t)
c.

d.
Assist in the development of detention acility behavior management plans.

e.
Act as a liaison between the JIG and the JTF GTMO medical assets. Describe the implications of medical diagnoses and treatment for the interrogation process_

f.
Support good stress management, morale, cohesion and organizational functioningin the JIG.

005378
•¦•
JTF GTMO-BSCT SUBJECT: BSCT SOP
5.
Referral Process for Consultations to Support Interrogation. Interrogators may request consultation by contacting any member of the BSCT at ION (OW

6.
Detainee Mental Health Evaluations and Medical Care.

a.
Interrogators should contact the JTF GTMO camp medical clinic at "Alto request a mental health evaluation for a detainee.

b.
The BSCT does not conduct medical evaluation or treatment of detainees and does not participate in determining medical treatment protocols for detainees.

c.
The health status of detainees is solely the responsibility of the JTF GTMO medical staff.

d.
The BSCT is available on request to observe a detainee to provide input on the appropriateness of a mental health referral for that individual.

7.
Security Clearance. All members of the BSCT will have a clearance of Secret or higher.

8.
Point of contact for these SOP is 0.)C4 (6)l.)

!)(G)
1111C1
2
00537 9
NOV00452
DODDON-000777

Doc_nid: 
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Doc_type_num: 
63